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ALTO Protocol
draft-ietf-alto-protocol-27

Document type: Active Internet-Draft (alto WG)
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2014-03-20 (latest revision 2014-03-05)
Intended RFC status: Proposed Standard
Other versions: plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: Submitted to IESG for Publication
Consensus: Unknown
Document shepherd: Enrico Marocco
Shepherd Write-Up: Last changed 2013-12-12

IESG State: RFC Ed Queue
IANA Action State: RFC-Ed-Ack
RFC Editor State: AUTH48
Responsible AD: Spencer Dawkins
Send notices to: alto-chairs@tools.ietf.org, draft-ietf-alto-protocol@tools.ietf.org

ALTO WG                                                    R. Alimi, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                    Google
Intended status: Standards Track                           R. Penno, Ed.
Expires: September 6, 2014                                 Cisco Systems
                                                            Y. Yang, Ed.
                                                         Yale University
                                                           March 5, 2014

                             ALTO Protocol
                    draft-ietf-alto-protocol-27.txt

Abstract

   Applications using the Internet already have access to some topology
   information of Internet Service Provider (ISP) networks.  For
   example, views to Internet routing tables at looking glass servers
   are available and can be practically downloaded to many network
   application clients.  What is missing is knowledge of the underlying
   network topologies from the point of view of ISPs.  In other words,
   what an ISP prefers in terms of traffic optimization -- and a way to
   distribute it.

   The Application-Layer Traffic Optimization (ALTO) Service provides
   network information (e.g., basic network location structure and
   preferences of network paths) with the goal of modifying network
   resource consumption patterns while maintaining or improving
   application performance.  The basic information of ALTO is based on
   abstract maps of a network.  These maps provide a simplified view,
   yet enough information about a network for applications to
   effectively utilize them.  Additional services are built on top of
   the maps.

   This document describes a protocol implementing the ALTO Service.
   Although the ALTO Service would primarily be provided by ISPs, other
   entities such as content service providers could also operate an ALTO
   Service.  Applications that could use this service are those that
   have a choice to which end points to connect.  Examples of such
   applications are peer-to-peer (P2P) and content delivery networks.

Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

Status of this Memo

Alimi, et al.           Expires September 6, 2014               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                ALTO Protocol                   March 2014

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 6, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Alimi, et al.           Expires September 6, 2014               [Page 2]
Internet-Draft                ALTO Protocol                   March 2014

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     1.1.  Problem Statement  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     1.2.  Design Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   2.  Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     2.1.  Endpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     2.2.  Endpoint Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     2.3.  Network Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     2.4.  ALTO Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     2.5.  ALTO Information Base  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9

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