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OSPF Stub Router Advertisement
RFC 3137

Document type: RFC - Informational (June 2001; No errata)
Obsoleted by RFC 6987
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2013-03-02
Other versions: plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: (None)
Document shepherd: No shepherd assigned

IESG State: RFC 3137 (Informational)
Responsible AD: (None)
Send notices to: No addresses provided

Network Working Group                                          A. Retana
Request for Comments: 3137                                     L. Nguyen
Category: Informational                                         R. White
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                                A. Zinin
                                                           Nexsi Systems
                                                            D. McPherson
                                                          Amber Networks
                                                               June 2001

                     OSPF Stub Router Advertisement

Status of this Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This memo describes a backward-compatible technique that may be used
   by OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) implementations to advertise
   unavailability to forward transit traffic or to lower the preference
   level for the paths through such a router.  In some cases, it is
   desirable not to route transit traffic via a specific OSPF router.
   However, OSPF does not specify a standard way to accomplish this.

1. Motivation

   In some situations, it may be advantageous to inform routers in a
   network not to use a specific router as a transit point, but still
   route to it.  Possible situations include the following.

      o  The router is in a critical condition (for example, has very
         high CPU load or does not have enough memory to store all LSAs
         or build the routing table).

      o  Graceful introduction and removal of the router to/from the
         network.

      o  Other (administrative or traffic engineering) reasons.

Retana, et al.               Informational                      [Page 1]
RFC 3137             OSPF Stub Router Advertisement            June 2001

   Note that the proposed solution does not remove the router from the
   topology view of the network (as could be done by just flushing that
   router's router-LSA), but prevents other routers from using it for
   transit routing, while still routing packets to router's own IP
   addresses, i.e., the router is announced as stub.

   It must be emphasized that the proposed solution provides real
   benefits in networks designed with at least some level of redundancy
   so that traffic can be routed around the stub router.  Otherwise,
   traffic destined for the networks reachable through such a stub
   router will be still routed through it.

2. Proposed Solution

   The solution described in this document solves two challenges
   associated with the outlined problem.  In the description below,
   router X is the router announcing itself as a stub.

      1) Making other routers prefer routes around router X while
         performing the Dijkstra calculation.

      2) Allowing other routers to reach IP prefixes directly connected
         to router X.

   Note that it would be easy to address issue 1) alone by just flushing
   router X's router-LSA from the domain.  However, it does not solve
   problem 2), since other routers will not be able to use links to
   router X in Dijkstra (no back link), and because router X will not
   have links to its neighbors.

   To address both problems, router X announces its router-LSA to the
   neighbors as follows.

      o  costs of all non-stub links (links of the types other than 3)
         are set to LSInfinity (16-bit value 0xFFFF, rather than 24-bit
         value 0xFFFFFF used in summary and AS-external LSAs).

      o  costs of stub links (type 3) are set to the interface output
         cost.

   This addresses issues 1) and 2).

Retana, et al.               Informational                      [Page 2]
RFC 3137             OSPF Stub Router Advertisement            June 2001

3. Compatibility issues

   Some inconsistency may be seen when the network is constructed of the
   routers that perform intra-area Dijkstra calculation as specified in
   [RFC1247] (discarding link records in router-LSAs that have
   LSInfinity cost value) and routers that perform it as specified in
   [RFC1583] and higher (do not treat links with LSInfinity cost as
   unreachable).  Note that this inconsistency will not lead to routing
   loops, because if there are some alternate paths in the network, both
   types of routers will agree on using them rather than the path
   through the stub router.  If the path through the stub router is the
   only one, the routers of the first type will not use the stub router

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