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A Framework for Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Operations and Management (OAM)
RFC 4378

Network Working Group                                      D. Allan, Ed.
Request for Comments: 4378                               Nortel Networks
Category: Informational                                   T. Nadeau, Ed.
                                                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                                                           February 2006

         A Framework for Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS)
                    Operations and Management (OAM)

Status of This Memo

   This memo provides information for the Internet community.  It does
   not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of this
   memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

   This document is a framework for how data plane protocols can be
   applied to operations and maintenance procedures for Multi-Protocol
   Label Switching (MPLS).  The document is structured to outline how
   Operations and Management (OAM) functionality can be used to assist
   in fault, configuration, accounting, performance, and security
   management, commonly known by the acronym FCAPS.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................2
   2. Terminology .....................................................2
   3. Fault Management ................................................2
      3.1. Fault Detection ............................................2
      3.2. Diagnosis ..................................................6
      3.3. Availability ...............................................7
   4. Configuration Management ........................................7
   5. Accounting ......................................................7
   6. Performance Management ..........................................7
   7. Security Management .............................................8
   8. Security Considerations .........................................9
   9. Acknowledgements ................................................9
   10. Normative References ...........................................9

Allan & Nadeau               Informational                      [Page 1]
RFC 4378                A Framework for MPLS OAM           February 2006

1.  Introduction

   This memo outlines in broader terms how data plane protocols can
   assist in meeting the Operations and Management (OAM) requirements
   outlined in [RFC4377] and [Y1710] and can apply to the management
   functions of fault, configuration, accounting, performance, and
   security (commonly known as FCAPS) for MPLS networks, as defined in
   [RFC3031].  The approach of the document is to outline functionality,
   the potential mechanisms to provide the function, and the required
   applicability of data plane OAM functions.  Included in the
   discussion are security issues specific to use of tools within a
   provider domain and use for inter-provider Label Switched Paths
   (LSPs).

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   OAM          Operations and Management

   FCAPS        Fault management, Configuration management,
                Administration management, Performance
                management, and Security management

   FEC          Forwarding Equivalence Class

   ILM          Incoming Label Map

   NHLFE        Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry

   MIB          Management Information Base

   LSR          Label Switching Router

   RTT          Round Trip Time

3.  Fault Management

3.1.  Fault Detection

   Fault detection encompasses the identification of all data plane
   failures between the ingress and egress of an LSP.  This section will
   enumerate common failure scenarios and explain how one might (or
   might not) detect the situation.

Allan & Nadeau               Informational                      [Page 2]
RFC 4378                A Framework for MPLS OAM           February 2006

3.1.1.  Enumeration and Detection of Types of Data Plane Faults

   Lower-layer faults:

      Lower-layer faults are those in the physical or virtual link that
      impact the transport of MPLS labeled packets between adjacent LSRs
      at the specific level of interest.  Some physical links (such as
      SONET/SDH) may have link-layer OAM functionality and detect and
      notify the LSR of link-layer faults directly.  Some physical links
      (such as Ethernet) may not have this capability and require MPLS

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