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Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) Extension to Establish Keys for the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)
RFC 5764

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                         D. McGrew
Request for Comments: 5764                                 Cisco Systems
Category: Standards Track                                    E. Rescorla
ISSN: 2070-1721                                               RTFM, Inc.
                                                                May 2010

  Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) Extension to Establish Keys
           for the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)

Abstract

   This document describes a Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS)
   extension to establish keys for Secure RTP (SRTP) and Secure RTP
   Control Protocol (SRTCP) flows.  DTLS keying happens on the media
   path, independent of any out-of-band signalling channel present.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5764.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

McGrew & Rescorla            Standards Track                    [Page 1]
RFC 5764                 SRTP Extension for DTLS                May 2010

   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Conventions Used In This Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Overview of DTLS-SRTP Operation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  DTLS Extensions for SRTP Key Establishment . . . . . . . . . .  5
     4.1.  The use_srtp Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
       4.1.1.  use_srtp Extension Definition  . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
       4.1.2.  SRTP Protection Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
       4.1.3.  srtp_mki value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     4.2.  Key Derivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     4.3.  Key Scope  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     4.4.  Key Usage Limitations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   5.  Use of RTP and RTCP over a DTLS-SRTP Channel . . . . . . . . . 13
     5.1.  Data Protection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
       5.1.1.  Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
       5.1.2.  Reception  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     5.2.  Rehandshake and Rekey  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
   6.  Multi-Party RTP Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
   7.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     7.1.  Security of Negotiation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     7.2.  Framing Confusion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     7.3.  Sequence Number Interactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
       7.3.1.  Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
       7.3.2.  Renegotiation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     7.4.  Decryption Cost  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
   8.  Session Description for RTP/SAVP over DTLS . . . . . . . . . . 19
   9.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

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