Centralized Conferencing WG
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The focus of this working group is to develop a standardized suite of
protocols for tightly-coupled multimedia conferences, where strong
security and authorization requirements are integral to the solution.
Tightly-coupled conferences have a central point of control and
authorization (known as a focus) so they can enforce specific media and
membership relationships, and provide an accurate roster of
participants. The media mixing or combining function of a tightly-
coupled conference need not be performed centrally, however.
The scope of this effort is intentionally more narrow than previous
attempts to standardize conferencing (e.g. centralized control), and is
intended to enable interoperability in a commercial environment which
already has a number of non-standard implementations using some of the
Privacy, security, and authorization mechanisms are integral to the
solution generated by the working group. This includes allowing
participants to be invisible to all but the conference owner, or to be
visible but participate anonymously with respect to some or all of
the other participants.
Authorization rules allow for participants and non-participants
to have roles (ex: speaker, moderator, owner), and to be otherwise
authorized to perform membership and media manipulation for or on
behalf of other participants. In order to preserve these properties,
the protocols used will require implementation of channel security
and authentication services.
Due to the centralized architecture of the WG, XCON's mechanisms will
place requirements on the signaling protocol used between the focus
and the participants. At a high level, the signaling protocol must be
able to establish, tear down, modify, and perform call control
operations on multimedia streams, including voice, video, and instant
messaging, in both a centralized and distributed mixing architecture.
SIP will be the reference session signaling protocol used for examples;
however, none of the XCON solutions themselves will be signaling
protocols, nor will XCON extend existing signaling protocols. Other
signaling protocols than SIP may be used between the focus and
participants, including non-IETF protocols, but the requirements and
possible extensions needed for other signaling protocols to utilize the
full functionality of the XCON architecture is outside the scope of
The deliverables for the group will be:
- A mechanism for membership and authorization control
- A mechanism to manipulate and describe media "mixing" or "topology"
for multiple media types (audio, video, text)
- A mechanism for notification of conference related events/changes
(for example a floor change)
- A basic floor control protocol
The initial set of protocols will be developed for use in unicast media
conferences. The working group will perform a second round of work to
enhance the set of protocols as necessary for use with multicast media
after their initial publication.
The following items are specifically out-of-scope:
- Fully distributed conferences
- Loosely-coupled conferences (no central point of control)
- Far-end device control
- Protocol used between the conference controller and the mixer(s)
- Capabilities negotiation of the mixer(s)
- Master-slave cascaded conferences
The working group will coordinate closely with the SIPPING and
MMUSIC working groups. In addition the working group will cooperate
with other groups as needed, including SIP, MSEC, AVT, and the W3C
SMIL working groups. In addition, the working group will consider
a number of existing drafts as input to the working group.