IP Fragmentation Considered Fragile

Document Type Replaced Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Ron Bonica  , Fred Baker  , Geoff Huston  , Bob Hinden  , Ole Trøan  , Fernando Gont 
Last updated 2018-07-23
Replaced by RFC 8900
Stream (None)
Intended RFC status (None)
Expired & archived
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Stream Stream state (No stream defined)
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IESG IESG state Replaced by draft-ietf-intarea-frag-fragile
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


This document provides an overview of IP fragmentation. It also explains how IP fragmentation reduces the reliability of Internet communication. Finally, this document proposes alternatives to IP fragmentation and provides recommendations for application developers and network operators.


Ron Bonica (rbonica@juniper.net)
Fred Baker (fredbaker.ietf@gmail.com)
Geoff Huston (gih@apnic.net)
Bob Hinden (bob.hinden@gmail.com)
Ole Trøan (ot@cisco.com)
Fernando Gont (fgont@si6networks.com)

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)