Low Latency, Low Loss, Scalable Throughput (L4S) Internet Service: Problem Statement
draft-briscoe-tsvwg-aqm-tcpm-rmcat-l4s-problem-02

Document Type Replaced Internet-Draft (individual)
Last updated 2016-07-08
Replaced by draft-briscoe-tsvwg-l4s-arch
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at
https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-briscoe-tsvwg-aqm-tcpm-rmcat-l4s-problem-02.txt

Abstract

This document motivates a new service that the Internet could provide to eventually replace best efforts for all traffic: Low Latency, Low Loss, Scalable throughput (L4S). It is becoming common for _all_ (or most) applications being run by a user at any one time to require low latency. However, the only solution the IETF can offer for ultra-low queuing delay is Diffserv, which only favours a minority of packets at the expense of others. In extensive testing the new L4S service keeps average queuing delay under a millisecond for _all_ applications even under very heavy load, without sacrificing utilization; and it keeps congestion loss to zero. It is becoming widely recognized that adding more access capacity gives diminishing returns, because latency is becoming the critical problem. Even with a high capacity broadband access, the reduced latency of L4S remarkably and consistently improves performance under load for applications such as interactive video, conversational video, voice, Web, gaming, instant messaging, remote desktop and cloud-based apps (even when all being used at once over the same access link). The insight is that the root cause of queuing delay is in TCP, not in the queue. By fixing the sending TCP (and other transports) queuing latency becomes so much better than today that operators will want to deploy the network part of L4S to enable new products and services. Further, the network part is simple to deploy - incrementally with zero-config. Both parts, sender and network, ensure coexistence with other legacy traffic. At the same time L4S solves the long- recognized problem with the future scalability of TCP throughput. This document explains the underlying problems that have been preventing the Internet from enjoying such performance improvements. It then outlines the parts necessary for a solution and the steps that will be needed to standardize them. It points out opportunities that will open up, and sets out some likely use-cases, including ultra-low latency interaction with cloud processing over the public Internet.

Authors

Bob Briscoe (ietf@bobbriscoe.net)
Koen Schepper (koen.de_schepper@nokia.com)
Marcelo Bagnulo (marcelo@it.uc3m.es)

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)