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Clarification of IPv6 Address Assignment Policy
draft-carpenter-6man-addr-assign-01

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Brian E. Carpenter , Suresh Krishnan , David Farmer
Last updated 2024-05-22
RFC stream (None)
Intended RFC status (None)
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Stream Stream state (No stream defined)
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
On agenda 6man at IETF-120
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IESG IESG state I-D Exists
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draft-carpenter-6man-addr-assign-01
6man                                                     B. E. Carpenter
Internet-Draft                                         Univ. of Auckland
Updates: 7249 (if approved)                                  S. Krishnan
Intended status: Best Current Practice                             Cisco
Expires: 24 November 2024                                      D. Farmer
                                                 University of Minnesota
                                                             23 May 2024

            Clarification of IPv6 Address Assignment Policy
                  draft-carpenter-6man-addr-assign-01

Abstract

   This document specifies the approval process for changes to the IPv6
   Address Space registry.  It also updates RFC 7249.

About This Document

   This note is to be removed before publishing as an RFC.

   Status information for this document may be found at
   https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-carpenter-6man-addr-assign/.

   Discussion of this document takes place on the 6MAN Working Group
   mailing list (mailto:ipv6@ietf.org), which is archived at
   https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/browse/ipv6/.  Subscribe at
   https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/ipv6/.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 24 November 2024.

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2024 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
   described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Approval Level of IPv6 Address Allocations  . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  RFC Editor Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   6.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   Appendix A.  IPv6 Registry Title Inconsistencies  . . . . . . . .   5
   Appendix B.  Change Log [RFC Editor: please remove] . . . . . . .   5
     B.1.  Draft-00  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     B.2.  Draft-01  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

1.  Introduction

   Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) and its address space are
   currently defined by [STD86] and [RFC4291].  The management of the
   IPv6 address space was delegated to IANA by [RFC1881], some years
   before the current relationship between the IETF and IANA was
   formalized [RFC2860] and registry details were clarified [RFC7020],
   [RFC7249].

   Occasionally, IPv6 address space allocations are performed outside
   the scope of routine allocations to regional address registries.  For
   example, recently a substantial allocation was requested by an IETF
   document approved by the IESG [I-D.ietf-6man-sids].

   The present document clarifies the status of RFC 1881 and the
   approval level needed for non-routine address allocations.

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   This clarification is necessary because RFC 1881, a joint publication
   of the IAB and IESG, is incorrectly listed in the RFC index at the
   time of writing as "legacy", whereas it remains current.  Also the
   allocation policy in the IANA IPv6 Address Space registry [IANA] is
   shown as "IESG approval", whereas for major allocations a more
   stringent policy is appropriate.

2.  Approval Level of IPv6 Address Allocations

   Portions of the IPv6 address space are shown in the registry as
   "Reserved by IETF".  This is the address space held in reserve for
   future use if ever the current 125-bit unicast space (2000::/3) is
   found inadequate or inappropriate.

   RFC 1881 did not specify an allocation policy for this.  At some
   point, IANA listed "IESG approval".  This is defined in [BCP26] as a
   rather weak requirement ("Although there is no requirement that the
   request be documented in an RFC, the IESG has the discretion to
   request documents...") and as "a fall-back mechanism in the case
   where one of the other allowable approval mechanisms cannot be
   employed...".

   For something as important as the majority of the spare IPv6 address
   space, this is clearly insufficient.  The present document replaces
   this by the "IETF Review" process as defined by BCP 26.  It is not
   considered necessary to require the stricter "Standards Action"
   policy, because there might be cases where opening up a new range of
   address space did not in fact require a new protocol standard.

   This change requires an extension to section 2.3 of [RFC7249].  The
   phrase ', through "IETF Review" as defined in [BCP26]' is added to
   the end of the first paragraph.

   It may be noted that the recent allocation for [I-D.ietf-6man-sids],
   which was processed as a working group document, did indeed follow
   the more stringent "IETF Review" process proposed by this document.

3.  RFC Editor Considerations

   The RFC Editor is requested to update the "Stream" information for
   [RFC1881] to "IAB" in place of "Legacy".

4.  IANA Considerations

   IANA is requested to update the "Registration Procedure(s)" section
   of the Internet Protocol Version 6 Address Space registry to show the
   policy as "IETF Review".

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5.  Security Considerations

   Carefully reviewed address allocation mechanisms are necessary for
   any form of address-based security.

6.  Acknowledgements

   Useful comments were received from [TBD] ...

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [BCP26]    Best Current Practice 26,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp26>.
              At the time of writing, this BCP comprises the following:

              Cotton, M., Leiba, B., and T. Narten, "Guidelines for
              Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26,
              RFC 8126, DOI 10.17487/RFC8126, June 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8126>.

   [RFC4291]  Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing
              Architecture", RFC 4291, DOI 10.17487/RFC4291, February
              2006, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4291>.

   [STD86]    Internet Standard 86,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/std86>.
              At the time of writing, this STD comprises the following:

              Deering, S. and R. Hinden, "Internet Protocol, Version 6
              (IPv6) Specification", STD 86, RFC 8200,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8200, July 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8200>.

7.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-6man-sids]
              Krishnan, S., "SRv6 Segment Identifiers in the IPv6
              Addressing Architecture", Work in Progress, Internet-
              Draft, draft-ietf-6man-sids-06, 15 February 2024,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-6man-
              sids-06>.

   [IANA]     "IPv6 Address Space registry", n.d.,
              <https://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv6-address-space/ipv6-
              address-space.xhtml>.

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   [RFC1881]  IAB and IESG, "IPv6 Address Allocation Management",
              RFC 1881, DOI 10.17487/RFC1881, December 1995,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc1881>.

   [RFC2860]  Carpenter, B., Baker, F., and M. Roberts, "Memorandum of
              Understanding Concerning the Technical Work of the
              Internet Assigned Numbers Authority", RFC 2860,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2860, June 2000,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc2860>.

   [RFC7020]  Housley, R., Curran, J., Huston, G., and D. Conrad, "The
              Internet Numbers Registry System", RFC 7020,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7020, August 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7020>.

   [RFC7249]  Housley, R., "Internet Numbers Registries", RFC 7249,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7249, May 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7249>.

Appendix A.  IPv6 Registry Title Inconsistencies

   The authors would like to draw attention to inconsistencies in the
   titles for two of the IPv6 Address Registries: the "Internet Protocol
   Version 6 Address Space" registry and the "IPv6 Global Unicast
   Address Assignments" registry.  These two titles are inconsistent
   with the titles for the "IANA IPv6 Special-Purpose Address Registry"
   and the similar IPv4 registries, the "IANA IPv4 Address Space
   Registry" and the "IANA IPv4 Special-Purpose Address Registry."

   While these are mostly editorial issues, likely within IANA's
   control, confusion caused by these different titles could have easily
   contributed to not updating the Registry Procedures for the "Internet
   Protocol Version 6 Address Space" registry at the time of RFC 7249.

   The "IANA IPv6 Address Space Registry" and the "IANA IPv6 Global
   Unicast Address Space Registry" are possibly more consistent titles
   for these registries.

Appendix B.  Change Log [RFC Editor: please remove]

B.1.  Draft-00

   *  Original version

B.2.  Draft-01

   *  Added author

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   *  Added citations

   *  Small update to RFC 7249

   *  Added appendix on registry names

Authors' Addresses

   Brian E. Carpenter
   The University of Auckland
   School of Computer Science
   PB 92019
   Auckland 1142
   New Zealand
   Email: brian.e.carpenter@gmail.com

   Suresh Krishnan
   Cisco
   Email: suresh.krishnan@gmail.com

   D. Farmer
   University of Minnesota
   Office of information Technology
   United States of America
   Email: farmer@umn.edu

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