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Internet Identifiers and Bidirectionality

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Expired & archived
Author Martin J. Dürst
Last updated 2001-07-16
RFC stream (None)
Intended RFC status (None)
Stream Stream state (No stream defined)
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
RFC Editor Note (None)
IESG IESG state Expired
Telechat date (None)
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft is available in these formats:


This memo describes how to deal with Internet identifiers containing characters from scripts such as Arabic and Hebrew, which use right-to- left or bidirectional writing. The solution proposed addresses three different contexts: The purely graphical representation of such identifiers, e.g. on paper, the embedding of such identifiers into running text with established rules for bidirectionality, and the processing and resolution of such identifiers.


Martin J. Dürst

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)