Internet Identifiers and Bidirectionality

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Author Martin Dürst 
Last updated 2001-07-16
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


This memo describes how to deal with Internet identifiers containing characters from scripts such as Arabic and Hebrew, which use right-to- left or bidirectional writing. The solution proposed addresses three different contexts: The purely graphical representation of such identifiers, e.g. on paper, the embedding of such identifiers into running text with established rules for bidirectionality, and the processing and resolution of such identifiers.


Martin Dürst (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)