Ruby in the Hypertext Markup Language

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Author Martin Dürst 
Last updated 1997-03-03 (latest revision 1998-03-17)
Stream (None)
Intended RFC status Informational
Expired & archived
pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Stream Stream state (No stream defined)
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
RFC Editor Note (None)
IESG IESG state Expired
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


The Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language used to create hypertext documents that are platform independent. Initially HTML was designed primarily for Western European languages; most of the issues of basic internationalization to make HTML better usable for other languages have in the meantime been addressed. Ruby are important phonetic annotations used mainly for ideographic characters in East Asia. This document proposes markup for ruby in HTML and explains its usage.


Martin Dürst (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)