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HTTP Origin-Bound Authentication (HOBA)

Document type: Replaced Internet-Draft (candidate for httpauth WG)
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2013-05-14 (latest revision 2012-10-05)
Intended RFC status: Unknown
Other versions: (expired, archived): plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: Call For Adoption By WG Issued
Document shepherd: No shepherd assigned

IESG State: Replaced by draft-ietf-httpauth-hoba
Responsible AD: (None)
Send notices to: No addresses provided

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found here:


HTTP Origin-Bound Authentication (HOBA) is a design for an HTTP authentication method with credentials that are not vulnerable to phishing attacks, and that does not require a server-side password database. The design can also be used in Javascript-based authentication embedded in HTML. HOBA is an alternative to HTTP authentication schemes that require passwords with all the negative attributes that come with password-based systems. HOBA can be integrated with account management and other applications running over HTTP and supports portability, so a user can associate more than one device or origin-bound key with the same service. We also describe a way in which the HOBA design can be used from a Javascript web client. When deployed, HOBA will be a drop-in replacement for password-based HTTP authentication or JavaScript authentication.


Stephen Farrell <>
Paul Hoffman <>
Michael Thomas <>

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid)