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Standard Public Key Cryptography (PKC) Test Keys

The information below is for an old version of the document that is already published as an RFC.
Document Type
This is an older version of an Internet-Draft that was ultimately published as RFC 9500.
Authors Peter Gutmann , Corey Bonnell
Last updated 2023-12-08 (Latest revision 2023-08-11)
RFC stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status Informational
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Document shepherd Paul Wouters
Shepherd write-up Show Last changed 2023-06-15
IESG IESG state Became RFC 9500 (Informational)
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Network Working Group                                         P. Gutmann
Internet-Draft                                    University of Auckland
Intended status: Informational                                C. Bonnell
Expires: 12 February 2024                                       DigiCert
                                                          11 August 2023

                         Standard PKC Test Keys


   This document provides a set of standard public-key cryptography
   (PKC) test keys that may be used wherever pre-generated keys and
   associated operations like digitial signatures are required.  Like
   the EICAR virus test and GTUBE spam test files, these publicly-known
   test keys can be detected and recognised by applications consuming
   them as being purely for testing purposes without assigning any
   security properties to them.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 12 February 2024.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2023 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
   described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.

   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
   modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
   the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified
   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Publicly-known Test Keys  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  RSA Keys  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  DLP Keys  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     2.3.  ECDLP Keys  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
   3.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
   4.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32

1.  Introduction

   The widespread use of PKCs on the Internet has led to a proliferation
   of publicly-known but not necessarily acknowledged keys used for
   testing purposes or that ship preconfigured in applications.  These
   keys provide no security, but since there's no record of them relying
   parties are often unaware that they provide no security.  In order to
   address this issue, this document provides a set of standard public
   test keys that may be used wherever a preconfigured or sample key is
   required, and by extension in situations where such keys may be used
   such as when testing digitally signed data.  Their purpose
   corresponds roughly to that of the European Institute for Computer
   Antivirus Research (EICAR) test file, a non-virus used as a test file
   for antivirus products, and the Generic Test for Unsolicited Bulk
   Email (GTUBE) file, a similar file used with spam detection products.

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   The keys provided cover three major algorithm families, RSA, DLP-
   based algorithms such as DSA, DH, and Elgamal, and ECDLP-based
   algorithms such as ECDSA and ECDH.  Although some of the algorithms
   and key sizes are no longer recommended, keys corresponding to those
   algorithms and key sizes are provided in order to accommodate the
   large installed based of existing implementations that use them.

   This document does not try to cover every possible algorithm family
   and type, since there are far too many of these and new ones are
   constantly appearing and, in some cases, disappearing.  If similar
   documents are created for further algorithm families they should
   update this document and, for ease of implementation and use, try and
   maintain compatibility with the format and naming conventions used

2.  Publicly-known Test Keys

   This section provides the test keys for the algorithm groups in
   various sizes in a C-like notation that may be directly used in
   crypto code written in C-like languages such as C, C++, Java,
   JavaScript, Go, Swift, and Rust, covering the majority of languages
   likely to be used to implement crypto code.

   Alongside the source-code format, they are also provided in encoded
   form, specifically the OpenSSL private-key format which many
   applications can process directly.

   Each element of the key is given in a form consisting of a count in
   bits (the value from which the nominal key size is taken) followed by
   a byte string containing that key element in big-endian form.  For
   example for the RSA p value it might be:

   Sample key component

       /* p */
       { 0xCF, 0xDA, 0xF9, 0x99, 0x6F, 0x05, 0x95, 0x84,
         0x09, 0x90, 0xB3, 0xAB, 0x39, 0xB7, 0xDD, 0x1D,
         0xE1, 0x2C, 0x0D, 0xF7, 0x30, 0xE2, 0xB8, 0x09,
         0x73, 0x50, 0x28, 0xF6, 0x55, 0x85, 0x57, 0x03 },

   where 0xCF is the most-significant byte of the RSA p value and 0x03
   is the least-significant byte of the value.

   In addition to the key data, each key is given a recommended name for
   use in source code as a means of providing a standard reference for
   each one.

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2.1.  RSA Keys

   The following publicly-known test keys may be used for RSA.

   RSA-1024 key "testRSA1024"

           /* n */
           { 0xB0, 0xD1, 0x83, 0x52, 0xA8, 0x8F, 0x53, 0xD5,
             0x51, 0x6F, 0x46, 0xC2, 0x0E, 0x7A, 0x36, 0x7D,
             0x7D, 0xE8, 0x8A, 0xCF, 0x54, 0xA0, 0x19, 0xF6,
             0xDE, 0xF5, 0x7A, 0xB9, 0xB4, 0x4C, 0xED, 0xDB,
             0x22, 0x42, 0xB1, 0xBC, 0xA0, 0xFB, 0x1B, 0x5C,
             0xB8, 0x2B, 0x30, 0x36, 0x17, 0x6A, 0x63, 0x90,
             0x35, 0x64, 0xDE, 0xC6, 0xEB, 0x41, 0xDB, 0x2F,
             0x8F, 0xC7, 0x87, 0xF4, 0xE5, 0x2E, 0x11, 0x49,
             0xE3, 0x33, 0x47, 0x57, 0x29, 0x73, 0xF6, 0x60,
             0xC3, 0xC7, 0x7C, 0xA9, 0xE0, 0x82, 0x1C, 0x2B,
             0x69, 0x5B, 0xE7, 0xAE, 0x9D, 0x7D, 0x30, 0xF4,
             0x07, 0x91, 0x10, 0xF4, 0x8A, 0xAE, 0x6F, 0x8B,
             0x70, 0x2D, 0x47, 0x4B, 0x29, 0x00, 0x81, 0x7F,
             0x28, 0x66, 0x24, 0x9B, 0xEC, 0x12, 0xA2, 0xB1,
             0x9B, 0x82, 0x78, 0x41, 0x68, 0x08, 0xF8, 0x1A,
             0xE1, 0xFC, 0xF9, 0xB7, 0x77, 0x8A, 0x62, 0x3F },
           /* e */
           { 0x01, 0x00, 0x01 },
           /* d */
           { 0x48, 0x2E, 0x9F, 0x8F, 0xA4, 0xE4, 0x2D, 0xF3,
             0x0D, 0x75, 0x81, 0xCB, 0x42, 0xA1, 0xBD, 0x90,
             0xE9, 0x4F, 0x7F, 0x2B, 0x38, 0x7E, 0xCB, 0x5A,
             0xAE, 0x96, 0x43, 0xED, 0x7F, 0x9F, 0x50, 0x12,
             0x7F, 0x1F, 0xFE, 0xF2, 0xE4, 0x3C, 0xDE, 0x64,
             0xB1, 0x82, 0x60, 0x02, 0x14, 0xF9, 0x07, 0x80,
             0x1D, 0x6B, 0xFA, 0x4D, 0xF6, 0x48, 0x42, 0x34,
             0x5E, 0x5B, 0xB4, 0x32, 0xD3, 0x44, 0x45, 0x25,
             0xD8, 0x30, 0x16, 0x54, 0xC5, 0x44, 0x2B, 0x0A,
             0x5E, 0x11, 0xB9, 0xC7, 0xE2, 0x01, 0xFA, 0x32,
             0xF4, 0x1A, 0xBA, 0xF4, 0xF0, 0xA6, 0xE0, 0x3C,
             0xF0, 0xE0, 0xCB, 0x82, 0x66, 0xC6, 0x2A, 0xD1,
             0x1D, 0x95, 0x6D, 0x53, 0xC9, 0x46, 0x6E, 0x48,
             0x99, 0x5F, 0xEA, 0x26, 0x0C, 0x85, 0x36, 0xF0,
             0x41, 0xCB, 0x35, 0x62, 0xFA, 0xAC, 0x51, 0x1C,
             0x4D, 0x66, 0xA8, 0xFE, 0xD1, 0x11, 0xB2, 0x91 },
           /* p */
           { 0xE9, 0xD8, 0x6E, 0x4D, 0xC3, 0x4A, 0x98, 0x5A,

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             0x7E, 0xC7, 0x5A, 0x6F, 0x54, 0xA7, 0x5C, 0xE4,
             0x51, 0x39, 0xE4, 0x52, 0x40, 0xB3, 0x86, 0xAB,
             0x71, 0x1D, 0xB7, 0x91, 0xBC, 0xD9, 0x87, 0x18,
             0xA1, 0x3B, 0xAF, 0x21, 0x8C, 0x24, 0x49, 0x36,
             0x46, 0x68, 0x07, 0x56, 0xCB, 0x50, 0xA6, 0xCB,
             0xEE, 0x15, 0x8E, 0x25, 0x21, 0x44, 0x99, 0x12,
             0x30, 0x1C, 0x0D, 0x41, 0x49, 0x11, 0x18, 0x45 },
           /* q */
           { 0xC1, 0x91, 0xFA, 0x3B, 0x55, 0x0B, 0x39, 0x1A,
             0x7C, 0xB0, 0x72, 0x83, 0x76, 0x27, 0x72, 0x95,
             0xE6, 0x1C, 0x65, 0x4F, 0x0B, 0xEF, 0x2F, 0x58,
             0xDC, 0xE5, 0xC9, 0x62, 0xA1, 0x0B, 0x7D, 0xD7,
             0x5F, 0x06, 0x01, 0x54, 0x65, 0xE5, 0x50, 0x76,
             0xE4, 0x66, 0x26, 0x3E, 0xEB, 0xCA, 0xED, 0x20,
             0xD2, 0xEB, 0xAB, 0x39, 0x31, 0x3E, 0x8B, 0xC5,
             0x67, 0x32, 0x0F, 0xE8, 0xB2, 0xDC, 0x62, 0xB3 },
           /* u */
           { 0xB9, 0x9D, 0x7F, 0x8F, 0x4D, 0x4D, 0x45, 0x5F,
             0x1F, 0xBA, 0x46, 0x2D, 0x99, 0x0A, 0x2E, 0x84,
             0x8C, 0x42, 0x8C, 0x1E, 0xBE, 0xE0, 0x1D, 0xC0,
             0x01, 0x84, 0xC8, 0xA7, 0x65, 0x83, 0xAD, 0x37,
             0x9F, 0x69, 0xAD, 0xAF, 0x54, 0x75, 0x54, 0x30,
             0xF6, 0x3C, 0x42, 0x53, 0xD1, 0xBB, 0x78, 0xCC,
             0x9B, 0xD2, 0x32, 0x64, 0x34, 0x00, 0x80, 0xB8,
             0x4C, 0x1A, 0x91, 0x7D, 0xE0, 0x8B, 0x6E, 0xDB },
           /* exponent1 */
           { 0xE7, 0x3A, 0xE0, 0x37, 0x7C, 0xB8, 0xB2, 0x56,
             0x29, 0xAE, 0xAE, 0xBA, 0x0F, 0x97, 0x3E, 0xBF,
             0x75, 0xA2, 0x2D, 0x27, 0x38, 0x5B, 0x4C, 0xFB,
             0x11, 0xEB, 0x34, 0xAD, 0xA3, 0x73, 0xE5, 0xA6,
             0x71, 0x28, 0x37, 0x50, 0x90, 0xE7, 0x00, 0x8D,
             0xEE, 0xA8, 0xC7, 0x39, 0x07, 0xEA, 0x44, 0x44,
             0xBA, 0xB4, 0x0D, 0xCE, 0xA1, 0x4A, 0xD7, 0xA1,
             0xA8, 0x78, 0xD4, 0x92, 0x8D, 0xD1, 0x9D, 0x91 },
           /* exponent2 */
           { 0x41, 0x99, 0x79, 0x16, 0x16, 0x72, 0x21, 0x3E,
             0x0A, 0xB7, 0xB9, 0x77, 0x37, 0xD9, 0x92, 0x89,
             0x9E, 0x5C, 0x4D, 0x31, 0x06, 0xB8, 0x5E, 0x71,
             0x5D, 0x1B, 0x3A, 0xAE, 0x84, 0x29, 0x62, 0xD2,
             0x54, 0x4F, 0xB2, 0xAF, 0xA9, 0x80, 0x97, 0x4E,
             0x53, 0x85, 0x12, 0xBD, 0x0C, 0x27, 0xCF, 0x48,
             0xEA, 0x72, 0x17, 0xAA, 0xE0, 0x37, 0x74, 0x22,
             0xC8, 0x20, 0x3D, 0x27, 0xFD, 0x45, 0x96, 0xE5 }

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   RSA-1024 key in encoded form

   -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----

   RSA-2048 key "testRSA2048"

           /* n */
           { 0xB0, 0xF9, 0xE8, 0x19, 0x43, 0xA7, 0xAE, 0x98,
             0x92, 0xAA, 0xDE, 0x17, 0xCA, 0x7C, 0x40, 0xF8,
             0x74, 0x4F, 0xED, 0x2F, 0x81, 0x48, 0xE6, 0xC8,
             0xEA, 0xA2, 0x7B, 0x7D, 0x00, 0x15, 0x48, 0xFB,
             0x51, 0x92, 0xAB, 0x28, 0xB5, 0x6C, 0x50, 0x60,
             0xB1, 0x18, 0xCC, 0xD1, 0x31, 0xE5, 0x94, 0x87,
             0x4C, 0x6C, 0xA9, 0x89, 0xB5, 0x6C, 0x27, 0x29,
             0x6F, 0x09, 0xFB, 0x93, 0xA0, 0x34, 0xDF, 0x32,
             0xE9, 0x7C, 0x6F, 0xF0, 0x99, 0x8C, 0xFD, 0x8E,
             0x6F, 0x42, 0xDD, 0xA5, 0x8A, 0xCD, 0x1F, 0xA9,
             0x79, 0x86, 0xF1, 0x44, 0xF3, 0xD1, 0x54, 0xD6,
             0x76, 0x50, 0x17, 0x5E, 0x68, 0x54, 0xB3, 0xA9,
             0x52, 0x00, 0x3B, 0xC0, 0x68, 0x87, 0xB8, 0x45,
             0x5A, 0xC2, 0xB1, 0x9F, 0x7B, 0x2F, 0x76, 0x50,
             0x4E, 0xBC, 0x98, 0xEC, 0x94, 0x55, 0x71, 0xB0,
             0x78, 0x92, 0x15, 0x0D, 0xDC, 0x6A, 0x74, 0xCA,
             0x0F, 0xBC, 0xD3, 0x54, 0x97, 0xCE, 0x81, 0x53,
             0x4D, 0xAF, 0x94, 0x18, 0x84, 0x4B, 0x13, 0xAE,
             0xA3, 0x1F, 0x9D, 0x5A, 0x6B, 0x95, 0x57, 0xBB,
             0xDF, 0x61, 0x9E, 0xFD, 0x4E, 0x88, 0x7F, 0x2D,
             0x42, 0xB8, 0xDD, 0x8B, 0xC9, 0x87, 0xEA, 0xE1,
             0xBF, 0x89, 0xCA, 0xB8, 0x5E, 0xE2, 0x1E, 0x35,
             0x63, 0x05, 0xDF, 0x6C, 0x07, 0xA8, 0x83, 0x8E,
             0x3E, 0xF4, 0x1C, 0x59, 0x5D, 0xCC, 0xE4, 0x3D,

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             0xAF, 0xC4, 0x91, 0x23, 0xEF, 0x4D, 0x8A, 0xBB,
             0xA9, 0x3D, 0x39, 0x05, 0xE4, 0x02, 0x8D, 0x7B,
             0xA9, 0x14, 0x84, 0xA2, 0x75, 0x96, 0xE0, 0x7B,
             0x4B, 0x6E, 0xD9, 0x92, 0xF0, 0x77, 0xB5, 0x24,
             0xD3, 0xDC, 0xFE, 0x7D, 0xDD, 0x55, 0x49, 0xBE,
             0x7C, 0xCE, 0x8D, 0xA0, 0x35, 0xCF, 0xA0, 0xB3,
             0xFB, 0x8F, 0x9E, 0x46, 0xF7, 0x32, 0xB2, 0xA8,
             0x6B, 0x46, 0x01, 0x65, 0xC0, 0x8F, 0x53, 0x13 },
           /* e */
           { 0x01, 0x00, 0x01 },
           /* d */
           { 0x41, 0x18, 0x8B, 0x20, 0xCF, 0xDB, 0xDB, 0xC2,
             0xCF, 0x1F, 0xFE, 0x75, 0x2D, 0xCB, 0xAA, 0x72,
             0x39, 0x06, 0x35, 0x2E, 0x26, 0x15, 0xD4, 0x9D,
             0xCE, 0x80, 0x59, 0x7F, 0xCF, 0x0A, 0x05, 0x40,
             0x3B, 0xEF, 0x00, 0xFA, 0x06, 0x51, 0x82, 0xF7,
             0x2D, 0xEC, 0xFB, 0x59, 0x6F, 0x4B, 0x0C, 0xE8,
             0xFF, 0x59, 0x70, 0xBA, 0xF0, 0x7A, 0x89, 0xA5,
             0x19, 0xEC, 0xC8, 0x16, 0xB2, 0xF4, 0xFF, 0xAC,
             0x50, 0x69, 0xAF, 0x1B, 0x06, 0xBF, 0xEF, 0x7B,
             0xF6, 0xBC, 0xD7, 0x9E, 0x4E, 0x81, 0xC8, 0xC5,
             0xA3, 0xA7, 0xD9, 0x13, 0x0D, 0xC3, 0xCF, 0xBA,
             0xDA, 0xE5, 0xF6, 0xD2, 0x88, 0xF9, 0xAE, 0xE3,
             0xF6, 0xFF, 0x92, 0xFA, 0xE0, 0xF8, 0x1A, 0xF5,
             0x97, 0xBE, 0xC9, 0x6A, 0xE9, 0xFA, 0xB9, 0x40,
             0x2C, 0xD5, 0xFE, 0x41, 0xF7, 0x05, 0xBE, 0xBD,
             0xB4, 0x7B, 0xB7, 0x36, 0xD3, 0xFE, 0x6C, 0x5A,
             0x51, 0xE0, 0xE2, 0x07, 0x32, 0xA9, 0x7B, 0x5E,
             0x46, 0xC1, 0xCB, 0xDB, 0x26, 0xD7, 0x48, 0x54,
             0xC6, 0xB6, 0x60, 0x4A, 0xED, 0x46, 0x37, 0x35,
             0xFF, 0x90, 0x76, 0x04, 0x65, 0x57, 0xCA, 0xF9,
             0x49, 0xBF, 0x44, 0x88, 0x95, 0xC2, 0x04, 0x32,
             0xC1, 0xE0, 0x9C, 0x01, 0x4E, 0xA7, 0x56, 0x60,
             0x43, 0x4F, 0x1A, 0x0F, 0x3B, 0xE2, 0x94, 0xBA,
             0xBC, 0x5D, 0x53, 0x0E, 0x6A, 0x10, 0x21, 0x3F,
             0x53, 0xB6, 0x03, 0x75, 0xFC, 0x84, 0xA7, 0x57,
             0x3F, 0x2A, 0xF1, 0x21, 0x55, 0x84, 0xF5, 0xB4,
             0xBD, 0xA6, 0xD4, 0xE8, 0xF9, 0xE1, 0x7A, 0x78,
             0xD9, 0x7E, 0x77, 0xB8, 0x6D, 0xA4, 0xA1, 0x84,
             0x64, 0x75, 0x31, 0x8A, 0x7A, 0x10, 0xA5, 0x61,
             0x01, 0x4E, 0xFF, 0xA2, 0x3A, 0x81, 0xEC, 0x56,
             0xE9, 0xE4, 0x10, 0x9D, 0xEF, 0x8C, 0xB3, 0xF7,
             0x97, 0x22, 0x3F, 0x7D, 0x8D, 0x0D, 0x43, 0x51 },
           /* p */
           { 0xDD, 0x10, 0x57, 0x02, 0x38, 0x2F, 0x23, 0x2B,

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             0x36, 0x81, 0xF5, 0x37, 0x91, 0xE2, 0x26, 0x17,
             0xC7, 0xBF, 0x4E, 0x9A, 0xCB, 0x81, 0xED, 0x48,
             0xDA, 0xF6, 0xD6, 0x99, 0x5D, 0xA3, 0xEA, 0xB6,
             0x42, 0x83, 0x9A, 0xFF, 0x01, 0x2D, 0x2E, 0xA6,
             0x28, 0xB9, 0x0A, 0xF2, 0x79, 0xFD, 0x3E, 0x6F,
             0x7C, 0x93, 0xCD, 0x80, 0xF0, 0x72, 0xF0, 0x1F,
             0xF2, 0x44, 0x3B, 0x3E, 0xE8, 0xF2, 0x4E, 0xD4,
             0x69, 0xA7, 0x96, 0x13, 0xA4, 0x1B, 0xD2, 0x40,
             0x20, 0xF9, 0x2F, 0xD1, 0x10, 0x59, 0xBD, 0x1D,
             0x0F, 0x30, 0x1B, 0x5B, 0xA7, 0xA9, 0xD3, 0x63,
             0x7C, 0xA8, 0xD6, 0x5C, 0x1A, 0x98, 0x15, 0x41,
             0x7D, 0x8E, 0xAB, 0x73, 0x4B, 0x0B, 0x4F, 0x3A,
             0x2C, 0x66, 0x1D, 0x9A, 0x1A, 0x82, 0xF3, 0xAC,
             0x73, 0x4C, 0x40, 0x53, 0x06, 0x69, 0xAB, 0x8E,
             0x47, 0x30, 0x45, 0xA5, 0x8E, 0x65, 0x53, 0x9D },
           /* q */
           { 0xCC, 0xF1, 0xE5, 0xBB, 0x90, 0xC8, 0xE9, 0x78,
             0x1E, 0xA7, 0x5B, 0xEB, 0xF1, 0x0B, 0xC2, 0x52,
             0xE1, 0x1E, 0xB0, 0x23, 0xA0, 0x26, 0x0F, 0x18,
             0x87, 0x55, 0x2A, 0x56, 0x86, 0x3F, 0x4A, 0x64,
             0x21, 0xE8, 0xC6, 0x00, 0xBF, 0x52, 0x3D, 0x6C,
             0xB1, 0xB0, 0xAD, 0xBD, 0xD6, 0x5B, 0xFE, 0xE4,
             0xA8, 0x8A, 0x03, 0x7E, 0x3D, 0x1A, 0x41, 0x5E,
             0x5B, 0xB9, 0x56, 0x48, 0xDA, 0x5A, 0x0C, 0xA2,
             0x6B, 0x54, 0xF4, 0xA6, 0x39, 0x48, 0x52, 0x2C,
             0x3D, 0x5F, 0x89, 0xB9, 0x4A, 0x72, 0xEF, 0xFF,
             0x95, 0x13, 0x4D, 0x59, 0x40, 0xCE, 0x45, 0x75,
             0x8F, 0x30, 0x89, 0x80, 0x90, 0x89, 0x56, 0x58,
             0x8E, 0xEF, 0x57, 0x5B, 0x3E, 0x4B, 0xC4, 0xC3,
             0x68, 0xCF, 0xE8, 0x13, 0xEE, 0x9C, 0x25, 0x2C,
             0x2B, 0x02, 0xE0, 0xDF, 0x91, 0xF1, 0xAA, 0x01,
             0x93, 0x8D, 0x38, 0x68, 0x5D, 0x60, 0xBA, 0x6F },
           /* u */
           { 0x0A, 0x81, 0xD8, 0xA6, 0x18, 0x31, 0x4A, 0x80,
             0x3A, 0xF6, 0x1C, 0x06, 0x71, 0x1F, 0x2C, 0x39,
             0xB2, 0x66, 0xFF, 0x41, 0x4D, 0x53, 0x47, 0x6D,
             0x1D, 0xA5, 0x2A, 0x43, 0x18, 0xAA, 0xFE, 0x4B,
             0x96, 0xF0, 0xDA, 0x07, 0x15, 0x5F, 0x8A, 0x51,
             0x34, 0xDA, 0xB8, 0x8E, 0xE2, 0x9E, 0x81, 0x68,
             0x07, 0x6F, 0xCD, 0x78, 0xCA, 0x79, 0x1A, 0xC6,
             0x34, 0x42, 0xA8, 0x1C, 0xD0, 0x69, 0x39, 0x27,
             0xD8, 0x08, 0xE3, 0x35, 0xE8, 0xD8, 0xCB, 0xF2,
             0x12, 0x19, 0x07, 0x50, 0x9A, 0x57, 0x75, 0x9B,
             0x4F, 0x9A, 0x18, 0xFA, 0x3A, 0x7B, 0x33, 0x37,
             0x79, 0xED, 0xDE, 0x7A, 0x45, 0x93, 0x84, 0xF8,
             0x44, 0x4A, 0xDA, 0xEC, 0xFF, 0xEC, 0x95, 0xFD,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024                [Page 8]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0x55, 0x2B, 0x0C, 0xFC, 0xB6, 0xC7, 0xF6, 0x92,
             0x62, 0x6D, 0xDE, 0x1E, 0xF2, 0x68, 0xA4, 0x0D,
             0x2F, 0x67, 0xB5, 0xC8, 0xAA, 0x38, 0x7F, 0xF7 },
           /* exponent1 */
           { 0x09, 0xED, 0x54, 0xEA, 0xED, 0x98, 0xF8, 0x4C,
             0x55, 0x7B, 0x4A, 0x86, 0xBF, 0x4F, 0x57, 0x84,
             0x93, 0xDC, 0xBC, 0x6B, 0xE9, 0x1D, 0xA1, 0x89,
             0x37, 0x04, 0x04, 0xA9, 0x08, 0x72, 0x76, 0xF4,
             0xCE, 0x51, 0xD8, 0xA1, 0x00, 0xED, 0x85, 0x7D,
             0xC2, 0xB0, 0x64, 0x94, 0x74, 0xF3, 0xF1, 0x5C,
             0xD2, 0x4C, 0x54, 0xDB, 0x28, 0x71, 0x10, 0xE5,
             0x6E, 0x5C, 0xB0, 0x08, 0x68, 0x2F, 0x91, 0x68,
             0xAA, 0x81, 0xF3, 0x14, 0x58, 0xB7, 0x43, 0x1E,
             0xCC, 0x1C, 0x44, 0x90, 0x6F, 0xDA, 0x87, 0xCA,
             0x89, 0x47, 0x10, 0xC3, 0x71, 0xE9, 0x07, 0x6C,
             0x1D, 0x49, 0xFB, 0xAE, 0x51, 0x27, 0x69, 0x34,
             0xF2, 0xAD, 0x78, 0x77, 0x89, 0xF4, 0x2D, 0x0F,
             0xA0, 0xB4, 0xC9, 0x39, 0x85, 0x5D, 0x42, 0x12,
             0x09, 0x6F, 0x70, 0x28, 0x0A, 0x4E, 0xAE, 0x7C,
             0x8A, 0x27, 0xD9, 0xC8, 0xD0, 0x77, 0x2E, 0x65 },
           /* exponent2 */
           { 0x8C, 0xB6, 0x85, 0x7A, 0x7B, 0xD5, 0x46, 0x5F,
             0x80, 0x04, 0x7E, 0x9B, 0x87, 0xBC, 0x00, 0x27,
             0x31, 0x84, 0x05, 0x81, 0xE0, 0x62, 0x61, 0x39,
             0x01, 0x2A, 0x5B, 0x50, 0x5F, 0x0A, 0x33, 0x84,
             0x7E, 0xB7, 0xB8, 0xC3, 0x28, 0x99, 0x49, 0xAD,
             0x48, 0x6F, 0x3B, 0x4B, 0x3D, 0x53, 0x9A, 0xB5,
             0xDA, 0x76, 0x30, 0x21, 0xCB, 0xC8, 0x2C, 0x1B,
             0xA2, 0x34, 0xA5, 0x66, 0x8D, 0xED, 0x08, 0x01,
             0xB8, 0x59, 0xF3, 0x43, 0xF1, 0xCE, 0x93, 0x04,
             0xE6, 0xFA, 0xA2, 0xB0, 0x02, 0xCA, 0xD9, 0xB7,
             0x8C, 0xDE, 0x5C, 0xDC, 0x2C, 0x1F, 0xB4, 0x17,
             0x1C, 0x42, 0x42, 0x16, 0x70, 0xA6, 0xAB, 0x0F,
             0x50, 0xCC, 0x4A, 0x19, 0x4E, 0xB3, 0x6D, 0x1C,
             0x91, 0xE9, 0x35, 0xBA, 0x01, 0xB9, 0x59, 0xD8,
             0x72, 0x8B, 0x9E, 0x64, 0x42, 0x6B, 0x3F, 0xC3,
             0xA7, 0x50, 0x6D, 0xEB, 0x52, 0x39, 0xA8, 0xA7 }

   RSA-2048 key in encoded form

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024                [Page 9]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

   -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----

   RSA-4096 key "testRSA4096"

           /* n */
           { 0xB3, 0x8B, 0x49, 0x60, 0xE6, 0x3B, 0xE6, 0xA8,
             0xDB, 0xA8, 0x9A, 0x82, 0x97, 0x8E, 0xF1, 0xF6,
             0x32, 0x44, 0xE5, 0x57, 0x7D, 0x8C, 0xF5, 0x86,
             0x16, 0xD5, 0xCA, 0x57, 0x59, 0xD4, 0x9C, 0xC8,
             0xD9, 0x36, 0xC3, 0x38, 0xAA, 0x3C, 0xB9, 0xB1,
             0x11, 0xC1, 0x49, 0x7E, 0x5B, 0x51, 0xAF, 0x69,
             0x2F, 0x26, 0x11, 0xE6, 0x89, 0xF7, 0x67, 0x54,
             0x80, 0xC0, 0xB0, 0xF4, 0xC3, 0x65, 0x4F, 0x43,
             0xAF, 0x85, 0xFE, 0x8C, 0x8A, 0xD7, 0x34, 0xE0,
             0x42, 0xA8, 0xAD, 0xA0, 0x5F, 0xD7, 0x65, 0x08,
             0xE0, 0x0B, 0xA0, 0xF7, 0x56, 0xC3, 0x44, 0x3B,
             0xBE, 0x83, 0x3E, 0xA7, 0xD1, 0x00, 0xD4, 0xFB,
             0x36, 0x7E, 0xEB, 0xD6, 0x0B, 0xDB, 0x64, 0x86,
             0x77, 0xFC, 0x7D, 0xEB, 0x94, 0x24, 0x4D, 0xAD,
             0x1A, 0xF8, 0xEE, 0xD1, 0xC6, 0x58, 0x12, 0xC0,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 10]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0x3E, 0x7C, 0x73, 0xF7, 0xF3, 0x58, 0xE9, 0x41,
             0xBC, 0x66, 0x45, 0x8F, 0xF7, 0xBB, 0x97, 0xA4,
             0x9A, 0x98, 0xA1, 0x18, 0x07, 0xE0, 0x2C, 0x1A,
             0x3B, 0x9A, 0xD3, 0x3A, 0x57, 0x3A, 0xE1, 0x80,
             0xE1, 0xFF, 0x43, 0x2A, 0xE5, 0x58, 0x0C, 0xC9,
             0xCA, 0xBF, 0xAB, 0x60, 0x2F, 0x32, 0x5B, 0xCD,
             0xA0, 0x97, 0xE8, 0x7B, 0xC7, 0xA6, 0xD7, 0x4E,
             0x34, 0xA8, 0x7D, 0x60, 0x8A, 0x43, 0xFE, 0xB2,
             0xE4, 0xFF, 0xF1, 0xF4, 0xB8, 0xE7, 0x68, 0x6A,
             0x98, 0x47, 0x5D, 0xB5, 0x1A, 0x6E, 0xBD, 0x08,
             0x17, 0x2A, 0x57, 0x41, 0x77, 0x49, 0x24, 0x8B,
             0x21, 0x55, 0xC8, 0xB9, 0x06, 0xE0, 0xD5, 0x40,
             0xE8, 0xCB, 0x28, 0xF4, 0xC0, 0x0A, 0xDC, 0x9F,
             0xE4, 0x75, 0x8A, 0x1A, 0xC3, 0x64, 0xAB, 0x39,
             0xE4, 0xE1, 0x55, 0x28, 0x98, 0x54, 0x44, 0x15,
             0x3F, 0xEE, 0xC6, 0xAD, 0x4C, 0x53, 0x48, 0xB2,
             0xE3, 0x8F, 0xF5, 0x50, 0xF5, 0xFA, 0x58, 0x33,
             0x97, 0x93, 0x37, 0x30, 0xC8, 0x08, 0x81, 0xBF,
             0x11, 0xEE, 0xE8, 0xFE, 0x38, 0x6D, 0x5B, 0x51,
             0x28, 0x49, 0xA9, 0x83, 0x99, 0x43, 0xAB, 0xF3,
             0xD9, 0x72, 0x20, 0x76, 0x97, 0xB8, 0xEC, 0x24,
             0x11, 0xA2, 0x61, 0x9D, 0x55, 0xCA, 0x04, 0x23,
             0x3C, 0x5A, 0x2C, 0xED, 0xC6, 0xF2, 0x86, 0xD8,
             0x29, 0xD0, 0xE8, 0x37, 0x20, 0x7B, 0x76, 0x52,
             0x9A, 0xA2, 0x44, 0x87, 0x21, 0x26, 0x8D, 0xC0,
             0x15, 0x0B, 0xB7, 0xB0, 0x7E, 0x73, 0x31, 0x3A,
             0x71, 0x3E, 0x58, 0x95, 0xBA, 0xAF, 0x3A, 0xDF,
             0xFA, 0x60, 0x39, 0x58, 0xC5, 0x67, 0xF8, 0x5C,
             0xF2, 0x5B, 0x1D, 0x80, 0xA2, 0x77, 0x56, 0xA3,
             0x0D, 0x1A, 0x50, 0xA1, 0xE4, 0x69, 0x8E, 0xDA,
             0x9A, 0x12, 0x2B, 0xB0, 0xAA, 0x7A, 0x60, 0xF7,
             0xCD, 0x22, 0x6C, 0xB1, 0x16, 0x5C, 0xFC, 0xF9,
             0xCA, 0x83, 0x0A, 0x60, 0x6C, 0xC0, 0xFB, 0x14,
             0x87, 0xF2, 0x49, 0xE5, 0xE0, 0xC7, 0x1C, 0x88,
             0x62, 0x6C, 0x57, 0x12, 0x80, 0x81, 0xDE, 0x76,
             0xC1, 0x23, 0x84, 0xB6, 0xD4, 0x48, 0xB6, 0x7F,
             0x0E, 0x71, 0x23, 0xAE, 0xEF, 0x74, 0xA8, 0x85,
             0x96, 0x03, 0x74, 0x75, 0x54, 0x83, 0xF2, 0x90,
             0xA7, 0xDE, 0x66, 0x46, 0x5E, 0x22, 0x7B, 0x2B,
             0x17, 0x31, 0x8F, 0x8A, 0x49, 0x05, 0x2B, 0x01,
             0x45, 0xFB, 0xA2, 0x83, 0x77, 0x2B, 0xC2, 0x9A,
             0x5B, 0x58, 0x12, 0xAC, 0xCE, 0xE3, 0xAB, 0x62,
             0x81, 0x70, 0x19, 0xE5, 0x48, 0x07, 0xF2, 0x88,
             0x97, 0x12, 0xB7, 0xB8, 0xF3, 0x03, 0xBA, 0x5F,
             0xE1, 0x47, 0xF9, 0xC2, 0xF3, 0x43, 0x4A, 0xB7,
             0x03, 0xC1, 0xD9, 0x46, 0x73, 0x43, 0x82, 0xA0,
             0xA3, 0x53, 0xF4, 0xE0, 0xCB, 0xBE, 0xA2, 0x6A,
             0x4B, 0xBF, 0x21, 0xCE, 0x9E, 0xB5, 0xE7, 0x9D,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 11]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0x47, 0x57, 0xD7, 0xDE, 0x02, 0x7F, 0x20, 0xE5 },
           /* e */
           { 0x01, 0x00, 0x01 },
           /* d */
           { 0x6A, 0xD1, 0xB0, 0xBB, 0x7C, 0xDF, 0x20, 0x91,
             0x4F, 0xF6, 0x94, 0xCE, 0xA3, 0x7B, 0x01, 0x4B,
             0xD7, 0x86, 0x93, 0xE8, 0x24, 0xA3, 0x4B, 0xA4,
             0x16, 0x4B, 0xE5, 0xD1, 0x68, 0x79, 0x8D, 0x3A,
             0x15, 0xB9, 0x76, 0x16, 0x6D, 0x7A, 0x29, 0x84,
             0x46, 0xAA, 0xF7, 0x9D, 0xBC, 0x98, 0xF1, 0xC2,
             0xA3, 0xB1, 0x83, 0xAE, 0xE4, 0x60, 0x94, 0x52,
             0x7B, 0x33, 0xA9, 0x54, 0x46, 0x38, 0x2D, 0x1B,
             0x78, 0xFF, 0x40, 0x7D, 0xBF, 0x50, 0xE0, 0x7D,
             0x98, 0x4B, 0x20, 0xD9, 0xAC, 0x8B, 0xCA, 0xE9,
             0xA7, 0xDA, 0x63, 0x4F, 0x24, 0x88, 0x92, 0x3C,
             0xF5, 0x50, 0xC2, 0x63, 0x37, 0x7E, 0xC6, 0x38,
             0x1B, 0xA9, 0x11, 0x88, 0xCC, 0x8F, 0x1F, 0xD4,
             0xBC, 0xE8, 0x34, 0xC6, 0x86, 0xE1, 0xBE, 0x71,
             0x01, 0xFE, 0x1E, 0xA0, 0x21, 0xE0, 0x5E, 0x6F,
             0x8F, 0xFD, 0x9D, 0x45, 0x64, 0xBB, 0x7E, 0x33,
             0x84, 0xF2, 0x57, 0xEA, 0x9A, 0x9A, 0x3A, 0x53,
             0x4D, 0x43, 0x07, 0x7C, 0xF3, 0x9A, 0x94, 0xC2,
             0x9A, 0xB9, 0xB7, 0x78, 0x1B, 0x53, 0xC5, 0xBC,
             0x57, 0x38, 0xF6, 0x6E, 0x3B, 0xFA, 0xD1, 0xC8,
             0xF0, 0xDE, 0x6E, 0x08, 0x90, 0xAB, 0xE6, 0x60,
             0x85, 0x6E, 0x3B, 0x7C, 0x01, 0x41, 0xAB, 0x11,
             0x35, 0x55, 0x15, 0x1A, 0xED, 0xC8, 0x1C, 0x6D,
             0xB4, 0xBE, 0xED, 0xE6, 0x0A, 0x68, 0x6B, 0x00,
             0x18, 0x4F, 0x45, 0x5A, 0x2D, 0x3A, 0xBB, 0x2E,
             0x68, 0x11, 0xE1, 0xCD, 0xEA, 0x39, 0x53, 0x0B,
             0x8F, 0xAE, 0xA8, 0xF8, 0x24, 0x36, 0x79, 0xC9,
             0xDF, 0x76, 0x97, 0x8C, 0x5E, 0x01, 0x58, 0x57,
             0xAC, 0xA5, 0x9D, 0x9F, 0xE4, 0xA6, 0x2D, 0x15,
             0x09, 0xAE, 0x62, 0x6A, 0xFF, 0x8E, 0x0A, 0xDF,
             0x95, 0xA4, 0xEB, 0x01, 0x49, 0xCA, 0xB7, 0x12,
             0xEF, 0x3E, 0xC3, 0xD6, 0x02, 0x32, 0x8A, 0x6C,
             0x50, 0x21, 0xBA, 0x1B, 0x35, 0xB8, 0x58, 0x3D,
             0x9A, 0x90, 0x40, 0x55, 0x03, 0xF5, 0xFA, 0x0F,
             0x42, 0x4C, 0x72, 0x86, 0x23, 0xFC, 0x81, 0xD3,
             0xDD, 0x7B, 0xFF, 0x1B, 0xF7, 0x8C, 0x8E, 0x2E,
             0xBD, 0x03, 0xA5, 0x11, 0x2D, 0xEB, 0x65, 0x89,
             0x98, 0x6E, 0x49, 0xBD, 0x30, 0x07, 0x1A, 0xD8,
             0x41, 0xA3, 0xCC, 0xA8, 0x07, 0x6C, 0xCF, 0xC7,
             0x94, 0x63, 0x30, 0xB1, 0xFD, 0x1C, 0x21, 0x2A,
             0xD3, 0xEB, 0xD3, 0x7D, 0x9A, 0x4D, 0x0A, 0x96,
             0x95, 0xB8, 0x16, 0x8A, 0x08, 0x89, 0x32, 0x7D,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 12]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0x52, 0x6F, 0x16, 0xD1, 0x56, 0x37, 0xFA, 0x9D,
             0xBF, 0x04, 0xB0, 0xB8, 0x3D, 0xD8, 0xB5, 0xC4,
             0x05, 0x2D, 0xC5, 0x38, 0xB6, 0xCA, 0xE9, 0xC9,
             0x2E, 0xC9, 0x70, 0x10, 0x7A, 0x2F, 0x1E, 0xE4,
             0xD4, 0x7A, 0x65, 0xCC, 0xA5, 0xB9, 0x59, 0x6E,
             0x42, 0x74, 0x91, 0x9B, 0xE7, 0xD1, 0xEC, 0x90,
             0xE4, 0x50, 0xFE, 0x58, 0x58, 0xDC, 0x2E, 0x01,
             0xE8, 0x4E, 0xBD, 0x92, 0x07, 0xD8, 0xEA, 0x20,
             0xFA, 0x37, 0x14, 0x0E, 0x89, 0xD0, 0x10, 0xD6,
             0x50, 0x1F, 0x22, 0x61, 0x97, 0x18, 0x04, 0xDE,
             0x73, 0x68, 0x0F, 0xE6, 0x1C, 0x23, 0x5C, 0x8F,
             0x4E, 0x63, 0x1F, 0xF0, 0x6D, 0xBD, 0xEE, 0x66,
             0x6D, 0xBB, 0x9A, 0xFB, 0xFD, 0xA3, 0xB9, 0x71,
             0xC3, 0x29, 0x0D, 0x7B, 0xDE, 0xF5, 0xC5, 0x78,
             0x5A, 0x07, 0x1B, 0xE9, 0x4A, 0xE1, 0x8A, 0x0B,
             0x2E, 0xD8, 0xAE, 0x67, 0x9A, 0xBA, 0xA6, 0x10,
             0x85, 0x28, 0xA8, 0x5E, 0x31, 0x7F, 0x87, 0xA8,
             0x99, 0xC5, 0x89, 0xF4, 0xA8, 0xAD, 0x42, 0x90,
             0xA6, 0xCA, 0x1E, 0xF9, 0xF1, 0x4D, 0x8D, 0x0A,
             0x7A, 0x66, 0xDC, 0x75, 0x0B, 0x69, 0xB1, 0x9C,
             0xB2, 0x58, 0x28, 0xC3, 0xEA, 0xF0, 0x42, 0x21,
             0x5C, 0x09, 0xAA, 0xD4, 0xA9, 0x54, 0xE8, 0x55 },
           /* p */
           { 0xE0, 0x41, 0xBD, 0xF1, 0xC9, 0xB5, 0x69, 0xAC,
             0xF5, 0xE8, 0x02, 0x2D, 0x21, 0x1B, 0x87, 0x1B,
             0x5F, 0x29, 0x21, 0x41, 0xA5, 0x89, 0xFD, 0x0F,
             0x6D, 0xCB, 0x59, 0x47, 0x6B, 0x1C, 0x1D, 0xA4,
             0x01, 0x8D, 0xD7, 0xA1, 0xE1, 0x08, 0x39, 0x32,
             0x74, 0x5E, 0xF3, 0xC6, 0x6C, 0xF7, 0xFF, 0x31,
             0x3E, 0xED, 0x4C, 0xB1, 0x68, 0x1D, 0xEF, 0x9D,
             0x29, 0xCC, 0x3F, 0xE8, 0x7A, 0xF7, 0xAD, 0x19,
             0xE9, 0xEF, 0x34, 0x56, 0x62, 0xC9, 0xC4, 0xF4,
             0xE6, 0xE7, 0x07, 0xAA, 0x4E, 0x99, 0x49, 0x63,
             0x4C, 0x08, 0x64, 0x71, 0xA5, 0x5B, 0x67, 0x46,
             0xC2, 0xAE, 0xEF, 0x87, 0x71, 0xEF, 0x21, 0xA2,
             0xEE, 0x8A, 0xB4, 0xDE, 0xC4, 0xC2, 0x04, 0x3C,
             0x70, 0xCF, 0xBA, 0x89, 0xE5, 0xEB, 0x2F, 0x62,
             0xEA, 0x07, 0xC7, 0x4B, 0xD4, 0x16, 0x67, 0x69,
             0x12, 0xA9, 0x58, 0x9F, 0xB3, 0xED, 0x70, 0x28,
             0x8F, 0x8A, 0x03, 0xD1, 0x91, 0xC5, 0x8A, 0x88,
             0x96, 0xE8, 0xB2, 0x0F, 0x1E, 0xDE, 0x91, 0x80,
             0xCE, 0xD3, 0x03, 0x59, 0xF7, 0x5F, 0x48, 0xAF,
             0xE9, 0x7C, 0x46, 0xEE, 0x59, 0xC9, 0x27, 0x1E,
             0x71, 0x37, 0x55, 0x4A, 0xD7, 0x05, 0x56, 0x17,
             0x84, 0x8F, 0xD3, 0x04, 0x1C, 0xD6, 0x30, 0x47,
             0xF6, 0x46, 0x2C, 0x0E, 0x66, 0xE1, 0x83, 0x9F,
             0x63, 0xC6, 0x12, 0xD4, 0xA3, 0x57, 0xF5, 0xE5,

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             0x76, 0x35, 0x6A, 0xAA, 0xE7, 0xC6, 0x4A, 0xC0,
             0xBF, 0xD9, 0xD6, 0x5E, 0xDF, 0x4B, 0x2F, 0x34,
             0xDA, 0xDB, 0xDF, 0x69, 0x06, 0x20, 0xC8, 0x95,
             0xCA, 0x44, 0xD9, 0x61, 0xDA, 0x05, 0xB1, 0x36,
             0x2B, 0x4A, 0xD5, 0xDA, 0xAC, 0xB9, 0x0F, 0xF5,
             0x86, 0x33, 0x5E, 0xCD, 0x7E, 0x1D, 0x7A, 0x16,
             0x00, 0xCB, 0x1A, 0xB3, 0x72, 0x69, 0x5B, 0x6E,
             0xC7, 0x71, 0x76, 0x21, 0xDB, 0xBE, 0x93, 0x57 },
           /* q */
           { 0xCC, 0xF5, 0x51, 0x29, 0xD3, 0xB9, 0x24, 0xC8,
             0x38, 0xA7, 0x6C, 0xD3, 0x69, 0xD4, 0x6E, 0x9C,
             0xB8, 0x13, 0xFE, 0x3B, 0x39, 0xBA, 0xF1, 0xEB,
             0x10, 0x18, 0x47, 0xD3, 0x1D, 0x09, 0x13, 0x50,
             0x03, 0xAB, 0x2F, 0xC2, 0x39, 0x43, 0x1C, 0xDA,
             0x6E, 0x99, 0x08, 0x88, 0x3D, 0xE8, 0xA0, 0x54,
             0x6E, 0x35, 0x28, 0x37, 0xD4, 0xEB, 0x95, 0xCB,
             0x41, 0xD8, 0xEE, 0xC1, 0x4A, 0x66, 0xCD, 0x38,
             0xC2, 0x24, 0x7E, 0x82, 0xA3, 0x94, 0x39, 0x29,
             0x27, 0xBB, 0xF5, 0x70, 0xA8, 0x65, 0x5E, 0x0F,
             0x2A, 0xC2, 0x43, 0xE5, 0xFB, 0x87, 0x6F, 0xD2,
             0x0B, 0x48, 0x76, 0x73, 0xA2, 0x77, 0x2D, 0xA9,
             0x70, 0xC1, 0xDF, 0x47, 0xA3, 0x2D, 0xEA, 0x8A,
             0x75, 0xE7, 0x09, 0x54, 0x73, 0x22, 0x9C, 0x69,
             0x3C, 0x88, 0x6A, 0x31, 0x6D, 0x2C, 0xEC, 0xBF,
             0x03, 0x59, 0x7B, 0x04, 0xCA, 0x9E, 0xCA, 0xBD,
             0xA3, 0x36, 0x6E, 0x07, 0x64, 0x88, 0x05, 0x9B,
             0x24, 0x59, 0x6F, 0x5D, 0xF6, 0xE8, 0x56, 0x97,
             0xDB, 0xE6, 0x2A, 0xB2, 0xF8, 0xCC, 0x71, 0xAC,
             0x7F, 0x74, 0x3B, 0x64, 0x12, 0x6D, 0x01, 0xF2,
             0xB3, 0x61, 0x27, 0x16, 0xEC, 0xA7, 0x69, 0x75,
             0xE5, 0x14, 0xED, 0x4D, 0x78, 0xA3, 0x22, 0x90,
             0xBE, 0x0A, 0x82, 0xF1, 0x44, 0x14, 0x99, 0x2B,
             0xD1, 0x80, 0x3D, 0xAD, 0xC9, 0x83, 0xDD, 0xF2,
             0x76, 0xD2, 0xCA, 0xE1, 0xA0, 0xA9, 0x03, 0xF9,
             0x1E, 0x78, 0xBE, 0x3C, 0x0B, 0xCA, 0xF5, 0x8F,
             0x3C, 0xE9, 0x8D, 0x12, 0x3A, 0xA6, 0xC8, 0x5F,
             0x65, 0x51, 0xC5, 0x70, 0x07, 0xFE, 0x47, 0x7A,
             0xC8, 0x7E, 0x03, 0x8B, 0x9A, 0x94, 0xAC, 0xC6,
             0x20, 0xDE, 0x12, 0x25, 0x81, 0x05, 0x34, 0x4A,
             0x0C, 0xFB, 0x37, 0x65, 0x50, 0x5E, 0x8E, 0x7E,
             0xC8, 0x6A, 0xC0, 0x86, 0xF6, 0x55, 0x64, 0x23 },
           /* u */
           { 0xD1, 0x0C, 0x91, 0x8D, 0xA9, 0xF2, 0x6D, 0xA9,
             0x4D, 0xFF, 0x3B, 0x09, 0x24, 0x3C, 0x8C, 0xC3,
             0xD4, 0x39, 0x02, 0x6D, 0xE6, 0x2B, 0x9E, 0x9F,
             0x37, 0xAC, 0x60, 0xBB, 0xD7, 0xA9, 0x52, 0xCB,

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             0x07, 0x84, 0x94, 0xBD, 0x73, 0x7E, 0xCC, 0x3A,
             0x65, 0x0C, 0x93, 0xC4, 0x2E, 0xD7, 0xF6, 0x49,
             0x02, 0x07, 0xAE, 0x99, 0x6B, 0x3C, 0xD1, 0xFF,
             0x1F, 0x4D, 0x63, 0x9D, 0x61, 0xDD, 0xD1, 0xE7,
             0x12, 0x8D, 0x56, 0x3C, 0x1C, 0x16, 0xC8, 0xB3,
             0x9D, 0x94, 0xD5, 0xDE, 0x5E, 0x93, 0x7F, 0xE6,
             0x5A, 0x38, 0xB8, 0x19, 0xE4, 0x69, 0xF8, 0x8C,
             0x3C, 0xE0, 0x25, 0x21, 0xE2, 0xAD, 0xA9, 0xE3,
             0x46, 0xE6, 0xA1, 0xBD, 0x51, 0x27, 0xC7, 0xBD,
             0xB2, 0x1D, 0xA2, 0xC6, 0x11, 0xE3, 0x5F, 0x6C,
             0x89, 0xE7, 0xDD, 0x66, 0xA0, 0x66, 0xCB, 0x23,
             0x3E, 0xF9, 0x6B, 0xAD, 0x1A, 0xD3, 0x99, 0x94,
             0x0C, 0xAD, 0x05, 0x5A, 0xDF, 0x5C, 0x58, 0x79,
             0xF8, 0x30, 0xA8, 0x08, 0x3C, 0xA6, 0xD6, 0xC0,
             0x58, 0x58, 0xC2, 0x66, 0x03, 0x0A, 0x33, 0xBF,
             0xB4, 0xAD, 0x83, 0xB5, 0xCC, 0x92, 0x9F, 0x2F,
             0x6C, 0xA2, 0x1E, 0x50, 0x29, 0x54, 0x2B, 0x8A,
             0xEB, 0xE7, 0x6B, 0x69, 0x44, 0xE1, 0x86, 0x3E,
             0x39, 0x47, 0x3B, 0x6E, 0xD9, 0xAD, 0x92, 0x6A,
             0x7D, 0xBF, 0xE2, 0xC7, 0x28, 0xE2, 0x3C, 0x74,
             0xF6, 0x9B, 0xB0, 0xE0, 0x54, 0xF1, 0x9F, 0x14,
             0x6C, 0xE1, 0x9E, 0x1D, 0x23, 0x6B, 0x65, 0x34,
             0x30, 0xA7, 0x1D, 0xC4, 0xA7, 0x4A, 0xE2, 0x0E,
             0x0D, 0x14, 0x13, 0x31, 0x66, 0xA1, 0x8A, 0xDF,
             0x6E, 0xF7, 0xFE, 0xD9, 0x5C, 0xC4, 0x64, 0x35,
             0xFF, 0x4C, 0x96, 0x23, 0x2B, 0xD5, 0x64, 0x03,
             0xCC, 0x39, 0xFB, 0x16, 0xAD, 0xF2, 0x24, 0xB4,
             0xFD, 0xEB, 0x8A, 0xBA, 0xF4, 0x91, 0x31, 0xBF },
           /* exponent1 */
           { 0x2F, 0x7C, 0x1C, 0x31, 0x37, 0x69, 0xCF, 0x6F,
             0x8D, 0x3E, 0x4C, 0x3F, 0xAC, 0x13, 0xFD, 0x1E,
             0xC1, 0x9E, 0x9E, 0xE9, 0x1C, 0x99, 0x44, 0x59,
             0x61, 0x01, 0x3E, 0xED, 0x4D, 0x73, 0xCD, 0x9E,
             0xED, 0xA9, 0x50, 0x30, 0x79, 0xCA, 0xD8, 0xF9,
             0xA3, 0x04, 0x7C, 0x0F, 0xD7, 0x01, 0x08, 0x2B,
             0x30, 0x4C, 0xE5, 0x01, 0x67, 0xAF, 0x77, 0x0E,
             0x4B, 0x4C, 0x71, 0x77, 0xD3, 0x99, 0xE0, 0x30,
             0x6D, 0x85, 0x76, 0x0A, 0x98, 0xAE, 0x6A, 0xA3,
             0x04, 0xC5, 0x84, 0xAC, 0xFE, 0x29, 0x9D, 0x0D,
             0x86, 0x8A, 0xFC, 0x61, 0xC8, 0x06, 0xBB, 0xAE,
             0x93, 0x08, 0xA1, 0xB5, 0x87, 0x5D, 0x80, 0x3C,
             0xD4, 0xCF, 0xD0, 0x0E, 0x9F, 0x91, 0x09, 0x7E,
             0x96, 0xD0, 0x95, 0x8A, 0x1F, 0x82, 0x16, 0x2D,
             0x96, 0xAA, 0x80, 0xFB, 0xC0, 0x73, 0xE1, 0xFF,
             0xB0, 0xB0, 0xE5, 0x10, 0x23, 0xF4, 0x31, 0xDC,
             0x94, 0xD0, 0x3F, 0x90, 0xBF, 0x92, 0x19, 0x8C,
             0x64, 0x8F, 0xEF, 0x2C, 0x1E, 0x78, 0x38, 0x4D,

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             0x12, 0xFE, 0x41, 0x66, 0x6A, 0x67, 0xE5, 0xA7,
             0x42, 0x04, 0x4B, 0xAC, 0xAA, 0x9C, 0x5A, 0x49,
             0x2A, 0xE5, 0xF1, 0x8C, 0x80, 0x4D, 0x23, 0xF6,
             0xA4, 0xDE, 0x23, 0x6B, 0x6A, 0x83, 0xBC, 0x03,
             0x70, 0xD5, 0x58, 0xFC, 0xCF, 0xB2, 0x0E, 0xC1,
             0xD0, 0x49, 0x9F, 0xB1, 0x20, 0xC9, 0x3E, 0x4B,
             0x11, 0x25, 0xAC, 0x69, 0x75, 0xDC, 0x59, 0xF5,
             0xC8, 0x69, 0xE2, 0xE7, 0x81, 0xD6, 0x94, 0xAF,
             0x57, 0x6C, 0x59, 0x39, 0x0E, 0xD0, 0x20, 0x48,
             0xFF, 0x64, 0x66, 0xB7, 0x3E, 0x88, 0x18, 0x07,
             0x05, 0x51, 0xBA, 0x48, 0xAC, 0x6C, 0x1F, 0x41,
             0xF8, 0xE1, 0xA5, 0xC0, 0x53, 0x65, 0x00, 0x75,
             0xEA, 0x43, 0x17, 0x6B, 0x49, 0xDD, 0x9F, 0x3B,
             0xAC, 0xC5, 0x8C, 0xA3, 0x0C, 0xB9, 0xA4, 0xCF },
           /* exponent2 */
           { 0x57, 0x5A, 0x87, 0x09, 0x28, 0xAF, 0xD4, 0x39,
             0x71, 0xCC, 0x09, 0xD9, 0xE1, 0x55, 0x24, 0xFF,
             0xAE, 0x84, 0xF6, 0xEA, 0x0F, 0x24, 0xDA, 0x4E,
             0xB1, 0x41, 0x67, 0xFB, 0x56, 0x78, 0xB3, 0xBE,
             0x7A, 0x91, 0xCF, 0x7D, 0x1C, 0x22, 0xBA, 0x7D,
             0x6E, 0x7D, 0xD2, 0xE1, 0x1E, 0x61, 0xB3, 0x53,
             0xC8, 0xD4, 0xE7, 0x1B, 0x44, 0xA8, 0x53, 0xE3,
             0x99, 0x60, 0xF8, 0x01, 0x71, 0xD0, 0x76, 0xCF,
             0x26, 0x0F, 0x9F, 0xCB, 0xD6, 0x24, 0x2A, 0x68,
             0x9C, 0x02, 0xC4, 0x0D, 0x0B, 0xF8, 0x88, 0x2A,
             0x36, 0xB3, 0x2D, 0x75, 0x2B, 0xCB, 0x01, 0xA1,
             0xA8, 0x25, 0x6E, 0x36, 0xC2, 0x9B, 0xC0, 0xDE,
             0x62, 0xAC, 0x7E, 0x99, 0x6D, 0xB6, 0xF8, 0x2B,
             0xA3, 0x2C, 0xA1, 0x11, 0x59, 0x30, 0xFB, 0x30,
             0xEF, 0x17, 0xC5, 0x0A, 0xE3, 0xD9, 0x2D, 0xDE,
             0x0B, 0x73, 0x6B, 0xB7, 0x13, 0x14, 0xB2, 0x9C,
             0x38, 0x9F, 0xCE, 0x2D, 0x60, 0x6F, 0x88, 0xD4,
             0x22, 0x9D, 0xEB, 0x95, 0x44, 0xD2, 0xA9, 0x75,
             0x77, 0xC7, 0x95, 0x93, 0x49, 0xEE, 0xF8, 0xD3,
             0xE8, 0x4E, 0x85, 0xB1, 0x95, 0x18, 0xD8, 0xA7,
             0xB4, 0x44, 0x48, 0x00, 0xC1, 0x44, 0x68, 0xF2,
             0x52, 0x7C, 0xA4, 0xD7, 0x4B, 0xFF, 0x5B, 0x90,
             0x0D, 0x2F, 0x35, 0xB7, 0xD6, 0xA8, 0x60, 0xD0,
             0x08, 0x2E, 0x7C, 0x1B, 0x41, 0xB3, 0xEE, 0x38,
             0x94, 0xE4, 0x2A, 0x8C, 0x17, 0x89, 0x71, 0xA4,
             0x0F, 0x94, 0xAE, 0x9F, 0xB0, 0xF7, 0x03, 0xC9,
             0xD4, 0xD0, 0x45, 0xCB, 0xEB, 0x2B, 0x82, 0x63,
             0x06, 0x2F, 0xDF, 0xD2, 0x6B, 0xD5, 0xB8, 0x69,
             0x60, 0x62, 0x34, 0xE8, 0x9F, 0x2D, 0x96, 0xA5,
             0xAB, 0x04, 0x7A, 0xFF, 0x79, 0x09, 0xDA, 0xCB,
             0x64, 0xD4, 0xFD, 0x3B, 0x35, 0x11, 0xD7, 0xF1,
             0xB9, 0x41, 0xA6, 0x64, 0xDF, 0x40, 0x6D, 0xB9 }

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   RSA-4096 key in encoded form


Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 17]
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   -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----

2.2.  DLP Keys

   The following publicly-known test keys may be used for DLP-based
   algorithms such as DSA, DH, and Elgamal.

   DLP-1024 key "testDLP1024"

           /* p */
           { 0x03, 0x0C, 0xDF, 0xC3, 0x8F, 0xC3, 0xE4, 0x21,
             0x27, 0x90, 0xB0, 0xA4, 0x1E, 0x45, 0xB4, 0xE4,
             0xE8, 0x80, 0xDE, 0x8A, 0xBF, 0xD3, 0xAE, 0xCA,
             0x0B, 0x23, 0x8F, 0xB6, 0xCD, 0x73, 0x0C, 0xC3,
             0x18, 0x76, 0x93, 0x36, 0xD5, 0xB1, 0x80, 0xB2,
             0x80, 0x2A, 0x01, 0xBE, 0x4B, 0xC1, 0xAB, 0x84,
             0xFC, 0xE2, 0xFF, 0x48, 0x9B, 0x50, 0xC2, 0xD2,
             0x9D, 0xE9, 0x1E, 0xC0, 0xE6, 0x5B, 0x60, 0x64,
             0xFD, 0x0D, 0xE5, 0x37, 0xEA, 0xBA, 0x1C, 0x6C,
             0xDD, 0x27, 0xDC, 0x30, 0x30, 0x48, 0x1E, 0x8B,
             0xB9, 0x60, 0xAA, 0x8B, 0x8A, 0xEF, 0x93, 0x35,
             0x30, 0xE6, 0xB1, 0xCC, 0x51, 0x60, 0xBB, 0xFA,
             0xAF, 0x85, 0x0F, 0xF6, 0x57, 0x81, 0x12, 0x33,
             0x7D, 0x53, 0x03, 0x4E, 0x41, 0x63, 0xDC, 0x65,
             0x03, 0xBD, 0xF8, 0x89, 0x25, 0x81, 0x14, 0x1F,
             0xAB, 0x82, 0x55, 0xB6, 0xD9, 0x72, 0x7B, 0xB3 },
           /* q */
           { 0xEC, 0x41, 0xB9, 0xC0, 0x62, 0x1D, 0x5B, 0xDC,
             0xAF, 0x11, 0xD5, 0x19, 0x8F, 0x72, 0x08, 0x88,
             0x2E, 0x65, 0xBB, 0xDF },
           /* g */
           { 0x01, 0x64, 0x87, 0xAC, 0xCF, 0xCD, 0x95, 0x50,
             0x51, 0xE0, 0x6E, 0x1C, 0x5B, 0xEF, 0x45, 0x2C,
             0x12, 0x63, 0xC7, 0x5D, 0x2B, 0x36, 0x50, 0x4F,
             0xB4, 0x27, 0x57, 0x35, 0xC2, 0x83, 0x32, 0x0B,
             0x63, 0xAC, 0x91, 0xC6, 0xF4, 0x02, 0x09, 0x32,
             0x53, 0x1C, 0xAB, 0x04, 0xB1, 0xCD, 0x72, 0xFD,
             0xF2, 0x9D, 0xE2, 0x4E, 0x27, 0x17, 0x97, 0xA7,
             0xDD, 0x21, 0x97, 0x67, 0x69, 0x31, 0xF9, 0x33,
             0x1D, 0x1F, 0x59, 0xEE, 0xE5, 0xBA, 0x2C, 0x7D,

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             0x54, 0xAE, 0x13, 0x5C, 0x7F, 0x79, 0x41, 0x37,
             0xD8, 0xD8, 0x0E, 0xB6, 0x29, 0x28, 0x8E, 0x26,
             0x8A, 0x3B, 0xEB, 0xD2, 0x1F, 0x16, 0xA4, 0x03,
             0xF1, 0xD5, 0xDA, 0xD8, 0x3C, 0x1C, 0x47, 0x80,
             0x17, 0xA3, 0xCD, 0x26, 0x6F, 0x1B, 0xA4, 0x9B,
             0x89, 0x0D, 0xC0, 0x89, 0x21, 0x2E, 0x72, 0x26,
             0x1D, 0xA3, 0x67, 0xAF, 0x80, 0x3B, 0x02, 0x50 },
           /* x */
           { 0x11, 0xED, 0x99, 0x78, 0x5A, 0x81, 0x3A, 0x1B,
             0x0E, 0x96, 0xEC, 0xD3, 0x8D, 0x7F, 0x9B, 0xCE,
             0x9E, 0xBF, 0xD6, 0xFA },
           /* y */
           { 0x02, 0x20, 0xB9, 0x42, 0xC2, 0x5C, 0x44, 0xDA,
             0x52, 0xB0, 0xD1, 0x76, 0x82, 0xEA, 0xC4, 0x36,
             0xEA, 0x7E, 0x81, 0xEC, 0x9F, 0x76, 0xE1, 0x05,
             0x75, 0x32, 0xAA, 0x67, 0xEA, 0xDD, 0x04, 0xAD,
             0xB8, 0xFD, 0x61, 0x81, 0xBA, 0x0B, 0x25, 0xF2,
             0x84, 0xDA, 0xAA, 0xAA, 0x05, 0xF3, 0xC8, 0x40,
             0x34, 0xD4, 0x17, 0xD3, 0x7B, 0x6E, 0x0A, 0x63,
             0x31, 0x8A, 0x0A, 0x79, 0x1F, 0x1D, 0x0D, 0xD4,
             0xF6, 0x8A, 0xFA, 0xE3, 0x35, 0xAA, 0x5D, 0xBE,
             0xA3, 0xF2, 0xF6, 0xD6, 0xDD, 0x73, 0x09, 0x26,
             0x24, 0x7F, 0xDC, 0x4D, 0x1B, 0x82, 0xDF, 0x8C,
             0x2D, 0x87, 0xAE, 0x8D, 0x36, 0xAD, 0xB9, 0xDD,
             0x25, 0x13, 0x57, 0x8E, 0x8B, 0x99, 0xAA, 0x6A,
             0x0E, 0xDF, 0x67, 0x5F, 0xFC, 0x2F, 0xDE, 0xB6,
             0x4B, 0x26, 0xE5, 0xBE, 0xD8, 0x53, 0x2D, 0xFD,
             0x98, 0x11, 0x0F, 0xCF, 0xC9, 0xED, 0xF9, 0x38 }

   DLP-1024 key in encoded form

   -----END DSA PRIVATE KEY-----

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 19]
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   DLP-2048 key "testDLP2048"

           /* p */
           { 0x03, 0x2D, 0xD5, 0x53, 0x7D, 0x33, 0x7A, 0x91,
             0x34, 0x37, 0xD3, 0x5E, 0xA3, 0x43, 0x3D, 0xB0,
             0xE7, 0xB7, 0x21, 0x29, 0x8F, 0xBA, 0x87, 0x27,
             0xF2, 0xF9, 0xBE, 0x85, 0x6D, 0x6A, 0x14, 0x6B,
             0x92, 0x98, 0x8D, 0x50, 0x82, 0xF2, 0xC5, 0x72,
             0xB7, 0x70, 0x37, 0x63, 0xE8, 0x24, 0x54, 0xA7,
             0xA4, 0xA2, 0x25, 0x9B, 0x29, 0xAC, 0xE9, 0xB0,
             0xBC, 0x9B, 0x4B, 0x4D, 0x98, 0x5D, 0x6A, 0x9C,
             0x8C, 0xB6, 0x30, 0xE4, 0xE0, 0x9F, 0x48, 0x07,
             0x9F, 0x1B, 0xE8, 0x07, 0x69, 0x71, 0xDE, 0x92,
             0x68, 0x56, 0x70, 0xB9, 0x4C, 0xC9, 0x68, 0x7D,
             0xDC, 0x23, 0x3B, 0x30, 0xAF, 0x22, 0x94, 0xB0,
             0x30, 0xA6, 0xB4, 0x97, 0xF6, 0x46, 0xF9, 0x4E,
             0x1C, 0x17, 0xE8, 0x3A, 0x90, 0x4C, 0x2C, 0x1B,
             0x68, 0x44, 0x10, 0xCE, 0x04, 0x8F, 0xD9, 0xCD,
             0x64, 0x05, 0xA1, 0x4A, 0xA6, 0x8C, 0x2B, 0x8F,
             0x7F, 0x8B, 0xD0, 0x6E, 0x9F, 0x64, 0xC4, 0xBB,
             0x69, 0xCC, 0xBF, 0xBC, 0x80, 0x56, 0xAE, 0x41,
             0x4A, 0x8B, 0x2E, 0x35, 0xD6, 0x20, 0x5C, 0xDE,
             0xFB, 0x2A, 0x24, 0xA3, 0x79, 0xB8, 0xA1, 0x16,
             0x17, 0x50, 0x95, 0xFF, 0x57, 0xFF, 0x61, 0x55,
             0x12, 0x86, 0x86, 0xD9, 0x9B, 0x8E, 0x1F, 0x24,
             0x44, 0x63, 0x12, 0x71, 0xF0, 0x9C, 0x33, 0x4F,
             0x37, 0x22, 0x45, 0x2F, 0xE9, 0x26, 0x3F, 0xC3,
             0x34, 0x9E, 0x6F, 0x33, 0x07, 0xA6, 0x75, 0x4F,
             0xFD, 0x89, 0xD4, 0x43, 0x27, 0x38, 0x7D, 0xFD,
             0x40, 0x18, 0xA0, 0x2A, 0xEA, 0x6E, 0xF4, 0xC6,
             0x36, 0xA7, 0x69, 0xE7, 0xCE, 0xB7, 0x37, 0x19,
             0x19, 0x72, 0x49, 0xA8, 0x41, 0xA3, 0x0B, 0xE0,
             0xC4, 0xBE, 0x8E, 0xCB, 0x10, 0x7F, 0x38, 0x02,
             0xDC, 0x45, 0x83, 0xF8, 0xE0, 0x12, 0x94, 0xD5,
             0x2B, 0x62, 0x13, 0x67, 0xBD, 0x0C, 0x19, 0x53 },
           /* q */
           { 0x01, 0x95, 0x09, 0xB2, 0xED, 0xA8, 0x3B, 0x08,
             0x82, 0x73, 0x1B, 0x3F, 0xE8, 0x9C, 0x2E, 0xF6,
             0x9D, 0xB8, 0xD8, 0x36, 0x12, 0x34, 0x5D, 0x1A,
             0x66, 0xA5, 0x83, 0xB9, 0x11 },
           /* g */
           { 0xAC, 0x5D, 0x12, 0x0E, 0x46, 0xD2, 0xBA, 0xD6,
             0x87, 0x88, 0x47, 0xCC, 0xE8, 0x70, 0xA6, 0x9E,
             0xDC, 0xAD, 0xC8, 0x6C, 0x85, 0x9C, 0x49, 0xBA,
             0xF7, 0xAD, 0xE4, 0x1E, 0xD9, 0x36, 0x8E, 0xC2,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 20]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0x3B, 0x64, 0x54, 0xFB, 0x60, 0xEA, 0xDA, 0xAC,
             0xC6, 0x64, 0x2A, 0x6F, 0xDD, 0x32, 0x2B, 0x99,
             0xAB, 0x14, 0x75, 0x81, 0xB2, 0x1B, 0xEB, 0xE0,
             0x62, 0x94, 0xE3, 0x82, 0x0B, 0xC5, 0x56, 0xFA,
             0x54, 0x11, 0xB3, 0x1C, 0x37, 0x3B, 0x39, 0xA6,
             0x7D, 0x51, 0x8A, 0x54, 0x77, 0x13, 0x41, 0x5C,
             0x67, 0xAC, 0xEF, 0x18, 0xBC, 0x6B, 0xA9, 0x4C,
             0x95, 0x60, 0x0C, 0xB5, 0xBD, 0xA8, 0x3C, 0x84,
             0xAD, 0x58, 0xE5, 0x49, 0x1D, 0x26, 0x26, 0x1E,
             0xD4, 0xE5, 0x35, 0xAD, 0xB2, 0x2E, 0x35, 0xB0,
             0x6C, 0xC2, 0xB4, 0xC8, 0x9D, 0xA2, 0xDC, 0x63,
             0xE2, 0x9E, 0xDA, 0x06, 0xF0, 0x13, 0x80, 0x72,
             0x46, 0x55, 0x89, 0x32, 0xE9, 0xF2, 0xDC, 0x8B,
             0x93, 0x2E, 0x6B, 0x84, 0xB4, 0x07, 0xF5, 0x71,
             0x50, 0x9D, 0x06, 0xF7, 0x94, 0x30, 0xE9, 0x5D,
             0x46, 0xB2, 0xD0, 0x26, 0x14, 0x28, 0x84, 0x17,
             0x99, 0x98, 0x86, 0xA6, 0x71, 0x45, 0xED, 0x74,
             0x6A, 0x0C, 0xA8, 0xC0, 0x44, 0x41, 0x03, 0xF5,
             0x03, 0xE6, 0xBB, 0xE7, 0x45, 0x61, 0xC3, 0xAC,
             0xD1, 0x9A, 0xE5, 0x7A, 0x82, 0x67, 0xA1, 0xBC,
             0x3C, 0x49, 0x30, 0x83, 0xBB, 0x16, 0xC5, 0x97,
             0xA8, 0xAC, 0x99, 0x81, 0xFB, 0x70, 0x45, 0x87,
             0x17, 0xFB, 0x64, 0x9C, 0xA4, 0x61, 0xD4, 0x70,
             0xB4, 0xB3, 0x5E, 0x3E, 0x98, 0x64, 0xFA, 0x1A,
             0x59, 0x9B, 0xC0, 0x1E, 0x6F, 0xE9, 0x93, 0x0A,
             0x51, 0xF5, 0x79, 0xB0, 0x84, 0x01, 0x74, 0x25,
             0xB8, 0xD0, 0xA1, 0x02, 0x3F, 0xAE, 0xDD, 0xDC,
             0x57, 0xD1, 0xCE, 0x56, 0x25, 0x1C, 0xDA },
           /* x */
           { 0x64, 0x05, 0xBC, 0xDE, 0xB4, 0xF7, 0x68, 0x29,
             0x02, 0x23, 0xCE, 0x5D, 0xB5, 0x2A, 0x8A, 0x30,
             0xC2, 0x8A, 0xDC, 0x78, 0x02, 0xD9, 0x68, 0x1E,
             0xDC, 0xB4, 0x34, 0xE5 },
           /* y */
           { 0x02, 0x30, 0x37, 0xB2, 0xD9, 0xC9, 0x9E, 0x75,
             0x3F, 0xD2, 0x79, 0xBF, 0xFC, 0xDE, 0xE9, 0x92,
             0x9C, 0x9B, 0xA1, 0xDE, 0xAA, 0x97, 0x0B, 0x03,
             0x72, 0xAF, 0x73, 0x35, 0xE5, 0x50, 0x21, 0x37,
             0x42, 0x99, 0xF3, 0x61, 0x02, 0x7C, 0x8D, 0x65,
             0xD5, 0x7A, 0xFB, 0x4D, 0x3C, 0xCD, 0x2B, 0x47,
             0x24, 0xB5, 0x3F, 0x09, 0xEB, 0xE2, 0x8C, 0xBF,
             0x49, 0x9F, 0x6B, 0x4F, 0x86, 0x33, 0x49, 0x19,
             0x8B, 0x24, 0xB2, 0xAB, 0x0D, 0x4C, 0xEC, 0xB6,
             0xC4, 0xFD, 0x7E, 0x67, 0x2D, 0x4B, 0x2A, 0xCA,
             0x9D, 0x39, 0xE3, 0xAE, 0x20, 0xF8, 0xEC, 0xD7,
             0xFD, 0x77, 0x10, 0x7C, 0xE5, 0x4A, 0x66, 0xDD,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 21]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0xEE, 0x97, 0x44, 0xE4, 0x8C, 0xF8, 0xDD, 0x6B,
             0xA9, 0xA5, 0x28, 0xC7, 0x51, 0xF0, 0x08, 0xC6,
             0x6F, 0x19, 0x2A, 0x20, 0x4E, 0xC7, 0xF9, 0x38,
             0x76, 0x91, 0x01, 0x79, 0xB1, 0x31, 0x1D, 0x97,
             0x5B, 0x49, 0x25, 0xC5, 0x69, 0x90, 0x29, 0xFB,
             0xD1, 0x14, 0xA5, 0xE7, 0x90, 0x19, 0x0A, 0x4D,
             0x38, 0x9B, 0x94, 0x8F, 0x8F, 0x57, 0x6A, 0x8E,
             0x45, 0xA5, 0x6B, 0xE0, 0xD4, 0xFD, 0x6C, 0xEA,
             0x63, 0x1C, 0x5F, 0x53, 0x7E, 0xF9, 0x18, 0x59,
             0x8E, 0x30, 0x52, 0x2F, 0x93, 0x64, 0x50, 0x66,
             0x18, 0xC0, 0x45, 0x84, 0xCA, 0x6F, 0xD0, 0x75,
             0x12, 0x12, 0x21, 0xA4, 0x60, 0xF9, 0x80, 0xC5,
             0x4F, 0x80, 0x1D, 0x7D, 0x6D, 0x21, 0x9D, 0xF2,
             0xA1, 0xDB, 0xEA, 0x3C, 0x8A, 0x03, 0xA0, 0x9F,
             0x6B, 0xE9, 0x1B, 0xB6, 0x29, 0x6D, 0x79, 0x1A,
             0x2A, 0x83, 0x80, 0xE8, 0x9D, 0x0C, 0xDD, 0x26,
             0xF7, 0x66, 0x3E, 0x06, 0x9A, 0x83, 0x31, 0x49,
             0xAD, 0x44, 0x2B, 0x2C, 0x13, 0x98, 0x87, 0x71,
             0xF6, 0x54, 0xB8, 0x1F, 0x50, 0xE0, 0xD7, 0x26,
             0x42, 0x47, 0xD6, 0x78, 0xEA, 0xEB, 0xB0, 0xF9 }

   DLP-2048 key in encoded form

   -----END DSA PRIVATE KEY-----

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 22]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

   DLP-4096 key "testDLP4096"

           /* p */
           { 0x31, 0xD2, 0x55, 0x5F, 0xB2, 0xE8, 0x89, 0xF3,
             0x20, 0x83, 0x78, 0x79, 0x5A, 0xF4, 0x88, 0x5B,
             0x62, 0xD0, 0x13, 0x58, 0xBD, 0xF1, 0x17, 0xC0,
             0xB8, 0xAD, 0x4D, 0x22, 0xBE, 0x62, 0xCC, 0x93,
             0x34, 0x5B, 0x6E, 0xA8, 0xFC, 0x54, 0x0B, 0x56,
             0x8F, 0x50, 0x95, 0xBB, 0xA0, 0x90, 0x3E, 0xC5,
             0xEE, 0xD8, 0xC6, 0xAE, 0x52, 0x5D, 0x9A, 0xA7,
             0xE4, 0x99, 0x79, 0xF0, 0x8E, 0x6C, 0x4E, 0xDB,
             0xF5, 0x6A, 0x93, 0x29, 0x09, 0xA0, 0x6B, 0x6D,
             0x1E, 0x07, 0x57, 0x95, 0x3F, 0x90, 0x5B, 0x55,
             0x52, 0x99, 0x31, 0x5F, 0x42, 0x48, 0xF5, 0x4B,
             0x81, 0xEF, 0x5F, 0x05, 0x4D, 0x8D, 0x82, 0x4E,
             0x12, 0xAE, 0xAB, 0x82, 0x4B, 0x2C, 0x2F, 0x4C,
             0x5E, 0xDE, 0x04, 0x60, 0x30, 0xDC, 0x3B, 0x16,
             0xC2, 0x80, 0x59, 0x56, 0x85, 0xCA, 0x38, 0xC6,
             0xE7, 0x13, 0xD8, 0x2E, 0x4D, 0x1B, 0xFC, 0xD3,
             0x3D, 0x87, 0xDE, 0x26, 0x95, 0x4B, 0xA0, 0x05,
             0xBC, 0x42, 0x17, 0x77, 0x39, 0xB2, 0x0F, 0x1E,
             0x46, 0x13, 0x80, 0x79, 0xED, 0xE5, 0x91, 0x64,
             0xCE, 0x67, 0x23, 0xE3, 0x51, 0xE4, 0xB2, 0xFC,
             0xD5, 0x0D, 0x6E, 0xAB, 0xB4, 0x5D, 0xA8, 0x8F,
             0xA4, 0xCD, 0x56, 0x24, 0x8A, 0xEA, 0x44, 0xAA,
             0x2E, 0x41, 0xB8, 0xFF, 0x28, 0xBD, 0x37, 0x88,
             0x00, 0x8C, 0x2E, 0xEF, 0x4B, 0xE1, 0x90, 0xA0,
             0xAB, 0x5D, 0x7D, 0x80, 0x3C, 0x9A, 0xBE, 0xD7,
             0xC7, 0xB7, 0x74, 0xB5, 0x0F, 0xA8, 0x38, 0x0D,
             0xD7, 0xFE, 0x2B, 0x3D, 0x84, 0x85, 0xA3, 0xD8,
             0x80, 0xEF, 0x51, 0xD5, 0x6B, 0x41, 0x1F, 0x73,
             0xE6, 0x59, 0xE7, 0x9E, 0x0B, 0xFF, 0x32, 0x14,
             0x53, 0x57, 0x3E, 0xC5, 0x0D, 0x9D, 0xD4, 0xD0,
             0xAE, 0xCA, 0x30, 0x9D, 0x39, 0xE4, 0x38, 0x86,
             0x27, 0x95, 0x03, 0xEF, 0x94, 0x98, 0x51, 0xE3,
             0xD4, 0xDC, 0x71, 0xAB, 0xF3, 0xA7, 0x88, 0x63,
             0xB9, 0x75, 0xC1, 0x06, 0x24, 0xCB, 0x51, 0x73,
             0x4C, 0xDB, 0x58, 0x2A, 0x3A, 0x48, 0xC6, 0xD7,
             0x08, 0x47, 0x83, 0x6E, 0x80, 0x8B, 0x0E, 0x22,
             0x48, 0xB8, 0xFA, 0x8A, 0x8C, 0x55, 0xA3, 0x57,
             0xE8, 0x30, 0x54, 0xD6, 0x48, 0xB2, 0xCC, 0xA5,
             0xB8, 0xA3, 0xB1, 0x68, 0x91, 0xAD, 0x52, 0x35,
             0x6E, 0x92, 0x87, 0x1A, 0xF5, 0x99, 0xA5, 0x6E,
             0x90, 0xC9, 0x34, 0x33, 0xA5, 0x4A, 0x52, 0xFD,
             0x42, 0xE2, 0xBE, 0x65, 0x15, 0xC8, 0xCE, 0xC3,
             0x73, 0x94, 0x07, 0x0C, 0x26, 0xCA, 0xC5, 0xCA,
             0x8C, 0x26, 0x1D, 0x2D, 0x50, 0x21, 0x88, 0x6B,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 23]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0xB9, 0x4C, 0x4E, 0x99, 0xFA, 0x78, 0xD2, 0x53,
             0x7C, 0xCA, 0xF5, 0xA1, 0x92, 0xC9, 0xC2, 0xAF,
             0x77, 0xA0, 0x78, 0x33, 0x45, 0x1F, 0x12, 0x2D,
             0xA9, 0xE6, 0xFD, 0x7B, 0x83, 0x92, 0x12, 0x9E,
             0xE4, 0x9A, 0x56, 0x07, 0x5F, 0x1A, 0x37, 0x05,
             0x00, 0x4C, 0x06, 0xBD, 0x36, 0x7F, 0xBF, 0xCB,
             0x9A, 0x07, 0x4A, 0x02, 0xE1, 0x65, 0x25, 0x27,
             0x2D, 0xF9, 0xD3, 0x33, 0xCB, 0x91, 0x9B, 0x5B,
             0x61, 0x14, 0x07, 0xF7, 0xF7, 0xA4, 0xD9, 0xE1,
             0x1E, 0xD2, 0x85, 0xA4, 0x75, 0x95, 0xEA, 0x74,
             0x0C, 0xBF, 0xA1, 0x6B, 0xD2, 0xFB, 0xB8, 0x0A,
             0xD2, 0xA5, 0xE6, 0x36, 0x04, 0x47, 0x80, 0x8B,
             0x1E, 0xC5, 0x07, 0x58, 0xB8, 0x56, 0xF6, 0xDC,
             0xA4, 0x25, 0xD9, 0x36, 0xB4, 0x9E, 0xEA, 0x5B,
             0x7E, 0xAA, 0x40, 0x79, 0xA3, 0x15, 0x3D, 0xED,
             0x32, 0x12, 0x76, 0x4D, 0x00, 0x06, 0xF0, 0x09,
             0x36, 0x28, 0x4B, 0x96, 0xD6, 0x8B, 0xC9, 0x74,
             0xFD, 0xAF, 0x77, 0xB6, 0x45, 0x78, 0x36, 0x38,
             0xC5, 0x1E, 0xB1, 0x18, 0x8A, 0x91, 0x72, 0xA0,
             0x37, 0xDE, 0x49, 0xDA, 0x48, 0x1A, 0x9B },
           /* q */
           { 0x01, 0xFF, 0x30, 0x36, 0x06, 0x89, 0x3F, 0x53,
             0xBE, 0x41, 0x12, 0xF9, 0x60, 0x18, 0xF9, 0x9C,
             0xCF, 0xB9, 0x67, 0x82, 0x7E, 0x49, 0x40, 0x36,
             0x98, 0x2F, 0xAF, 0x24, 0x06, 0xD2, 0x5D, 0x8B,
             0xCC, 0x52, 0x48, 0xDB, 0x2B, 0xCB, 0x13 },
           /* g */
           { 0x19, 0x89, 0x03, 0x1B, 0x12, 0xB8, 0x83, 0x5D,
             0x66, 0x5C, 0x9F, 0x42, 0x31, 0x05, 0x24, 0xA0,
             0x64, 0x9E, 0xEC, 0x4C, 0x2C, 0x4A, 0xBA, 0xAC,
             0xAD, 0x5D, 0x54, 0x8C, 0xE0, 0xFA, 0xF5, 0x3E,
             0xCA, 0x38, 0x67, 0xAA, 0xE6, 0x18, 0x7D, 0x5F,
             0x63, 0xC0, 0xF6, 0x6B, 0x56, 0xE8, 0x00, 0xAD,
             0x5D, 0x09, 0x58, 0x8C, 0xA4, 0x25, 0xBC, 0xE6,
             0xBD, 0x33, 0x97, 0x6B, 0xBA, 0xC9, 0x68, 0x63,
             0xD1, 0xC2, 0x6E, 0x4F, 0x48, 0x27, 0x67, 0x05,
             0x63, 0xFB, 0x9C, 0xA5, 0x16, 0x5C, 0x3C, 0x9F,
             0x14, 0x1D, 0x2E, 0x7D, 0x77, 0xA6, 0x11, 0x95,
             0x55, 0x4D, 0x9C, 0xE6, 0xA3, 0x25, 0xB9, 0x34,
             0x2A, 0x5F, 0x0A, 0xDE, 0x00, 0x7E, 0xED, 0x69,
             0xF3, 0x2C, 0x78, 0x67, 0x8C, 0x5F, 0x30, 0x2C,
             0xAF, 0x97, 0x62, 0xFC, 0xC0, 0xD6, 0x22, 0xD2,
             0xBF, 0xA5, 0xFF, 0x72, 0x4B, 0x59, 0x49, 0x21,
             0x1C, 0x66, 0x2E, 0xD3, 0xD8, 0x14, 0x1E, 0xAF,
             0xAB, 0xB6, 0x28, 0x65, 0xC2, 0xF2, 0xA6, 0x44,
             0xA5, 0xDC, 0x34, 0x0F, 0x24, 0x0F, 0x73, 0x61,

Gutmann & Bonnell       Expires 12 February 2024               [Page 24]
Internet-Draft           Standard PKC Test Keys              August 2023

             0x53, 0x3C, 0x65, 0x64, 0xCD, 0x9E, 0x33, 0xB6,
             0x58, 0xC1, 0x39, 0x71, 0xEC, 0xDA, 0x66, 0x2E,
             0x1C, 0x79, 0xB5, 0x88, 0x7E, 0xA2, 0x46, 0x1E,
             0x35, 0xA6, 0xBA, 0x2B, 0xD0, 0x20, 0x80, 0xF8,
             0xE5, 0xC6, 0xC8, 0xBE, 0x7B, 0xFB, 0xB9, 0x6C,
             0xF4, 0x1F, 0x07, 0xD5, 0xBD, 0xC9, 0x65, 0x00,
             0xB5, 0x6C, 0x53, 0x4B, 0x70, 0x36, 0x99, 0x56,
             0x8F, 0x70, 0x0B, 0x9A, 0xD5, 0xEF, 0xFC, 0x1E,
             0xE8, 0xBE, 0x2F, 0x70, 0x39, 0x50, 0xAC, 0xD3,
             0xB8, 0x8C, 0x24, 0x3F, 0x82, 0xA2, 0xE9, 0xF5,
             0x01, 0xE3, 0x87, 0x84, 0x4E, 0x77, 0xAA, 0x90,
             0x2D, 0xC0, 0xD7, 0xD9, 0x6E, 0xBE, 0x4E, 0x4B,
             0xC8, 0xB3, 0xAB, 0x09, 0x64, 0xAC, 0x28, 0xB1,
             0x54, 0xCD, 0x15, 0x35, 0xA4, 0x06, 0x55, 0x40,
             0x83, 0x39, 0x8E, 0x0B, 0xE6, 0xAC, 0x9B, 0x26,
             0xFF, 0x9A, 0xF4, 0xC2, 0xCD, 0xA9, 0x55, 0x17,
             0x51, 0x15, 0x2F, 0xBD, 0x4C, 0xC2, 0xD7, 0xF1,
             0x9A, 0x9E, 0x7F, 0x41, 0xA5, 0x6E, 0xBB, 0xEF,
             0x3C, 0xD5, 0x1D, 0xF6, 0xB1, 0x08, 0x48, 0x06,
             0x15, 0xA8, 0xF3, 0xED, 0x99, 0x9F, 0xEC, 0x7F,
             0x0F, 0x3C, 0x53, 0x87, 0x55, 0x27, 0x70, 0x74,
             0xB3, 0xA8, 0x0D, 0x4B, 0x6A, 0x84, 0x71, 0x26,
             0xE1, 0xB9, 0xDF, 0xE2, 0x38, 0x96, 0xF5, 0xB1,
             0x97, 0x53, 0x83, 0x9B, 0x18, 0xA7, 0xE6, 0x69,
             0x3E, 0x9F, 0xB1, 0x3D, 0x11, 0x58, 0xA3, 0xAB,
             0xAF, 0x4E, 0x04, 0x62, 0x7D, 0xEB, 0x96, 0x12,
             0xD9, 0x59, 0x4D, 0x33, 0x26, 0x1A, 0xE5, 0x93,
             0x67, 0xFF, 0xCA, 0xDE, 0xC3, 0xB5, 0xAF, 0xFF,
             0xCB, 0xDF, 0xED, 0x45, 0x0B, 0x53, 0x8B, 0xC8,
             0xD8, 0x8D, 0x29, 0x8E, 0xDD, 0x27, 0xB3, 0x36,
             0xE8, 0xF5, 0xEE, 0x6D, 0x46, 0x1F, 0x57, 0x40,
             0x3B, 0xB4, 0x6D, 0xBC, 0x04, 0xB6, 0xD9, 0x00,
             0xC7, 0x48, 0x72, 0x8D, 0xE7, 0x8F, 0x68, 0x8F,
             0xCD, 0x9A, 0x90, 0x29, 0x4E, 0xEA, 0x95, 0xE7,
             0xCE, 0x48, 0x2A, 0x39, 0xB0, 0x62, 0xE8, 0x04,
             0xFC, 0xCB, 0x6E, 0xF7, 0xD1, 0x35, 0x94, 0xB9,
             0x35, 0x0E, 0xC2, 0x0F, 0xB5, 0x02, 0xA8, 0x4C,
             0x4E, 0x30, 0x96, 0xC5, 0x90, 0xAA, 0x29, 0x63,
             0x78, 0x79, 0x0D, 0x81, 0x9E, 0xC2, 0xC5, 0x0D,
             0xD5, 0xF5, 0x46, 0xF5, 0xE3, 0xE4, 0xD9, 0x69,
             0xEC, 0x33, 0xDA, 0x45, 0x52, 0x14, 0xD7, 0xA0,
             0x5C, 0xAA, 0xF8, 0x87, 0xB5, 0xE8, 0x9B, 0x09,
             0xE6, 0xB2, 0xCF, 0x0D, 0x56, 0x43, 0xC3, 0x85,
             0x48, 0x01, 0x8A, 0x87, 0x7B, 0x5A, 0x17, 0x72,
             0x40, 0x2B, 0x4B, 0x29, 0xF3, 0x5C, 0x8B },
           /* x */
           { 0x01, 0xA7, 0x77, 0x11, 0xB8, 0x9D, 0x45, 0x53,

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             0x27, 0x29, 0x01, 0xBA, 0x09, 0x5A, 0x7F, 0xFC,
             0x14, 0x9C, 0x8C, 0x05, 0xB0, 0x2F, 0xDD, 0x04,
             0x0D, 0xC9, 0x98, 0x97, 0x11, 0x5B, 0xCE, 0xC3,
             0xE6, 0x14, 0xF2, 0x55, 0x7F, 0x9C, 0x0C },
           /* y */
           { 0x2A, 0x49, 0x11, 0x73, 0x18, 0x65, 0x11, 0x4B,
             0x8A, 0x6C, 0x6F, 0x8E, 0x40, 0x7D, 0x55, 0xC3,
             0x9A, 0xB7, 0x10, 0xBB, 0x45, 0xCA, 0xBA, 0x94,
             0xE6, 0xB1, 0x85, 0x87, 0xD2, 0x8F, 0x9C, 0x6C,
             0x69, 0x4C, 0x01, 0x9A, 0x09, 0xB2, 0x6F, 0x44,
             0x8C, 0x2A, 0x33, 0x55, 0xA5, 0x67, 0xB1, 0xA0,
             0xC8, 0x61, 0x82, 0x2E, 0x19, 0xC6, 0xFA, 0xDE,
             0x8C, 0x43, 0xAA, 0x61, 0xC3, 0xBF, 0x39, 0xB6,
             0x95, 0xE2, 0xA2, 0x74, 0x55, 0x2F, 0xE8, 0x5C,
             0x76, 0x5B, 0x8A, 0x1E, 0xF7, 0x8D, 0x1B, 0x42,
             0x97, 0xEF, 0x4C, 0x31, 0x3F, 0xE8, 0xDB, 0xF2,
             0x22, 0x11, 0x30, 0xC5, 0xEE, 0x91, 0xF9, 0xE3,
             0xD3, 0xBB, 0xF2, 0x9C, 0xC4, 0x7B, 0x1B, 0xAB,
             0xAF, 0x17, 0x9C, 0xBA, 0x8B, 0xD4, 0x5B, 0xA9,
             0x61, 0xD7, 0x0A, 0xB6, 0xBD, 0x7A, 0xA0, 0x75,
             0xFB, 0x2A, 0x15, 0x33, 0x14, 0xFC, 0x3B, 0x2C,
             0x3B, 0x89, 0x86, 0x6E, 0x68, 0x2C, 0x7A, 0x95,
             0x8D, 0x3B, 0x78, 0x87, 0xF0, 0xD7, 0xD8, 0xF4,
             0x0D, 0xF5, 0x5E, 0x6E, 0x51, 0x5D, 0x1F, 0xBB,
             0x88, 0x77, 0x8E, 0xAF, 0x8E, 0xF1, 0xE8, 0xF3,
             0x11, 0x9A, 0x74, 0x98, 0x80, 0x66, 0x7C, 0xA8,
             0xEC, 0xC4, 0x6B, 0xFA, 0x10, 0xBA, 0xC4, 0x67,
             0x4B, 0x77, 0xB9, 0x4E, 0xB0, 0xE9, 0x2A, 0x76,
             0xA6, 0xC0, 0x81, 0x59, 0xD1, 0xF4, 0x06, 0xB6,
             0x68, 0x5F, 0xE8, 0x5B, 0x41, 0xA8, 0xD8, 0x04,
             0x93, 0x91, 0x8A, 0xF5, 0x29, 0x9A, 0x1C, 0x6A,
             0x11, 0x3D, 0xE2, 0xF9, 0x74, 0x27, 0xCD, 0x87,
             0xC4, 0xBA, 0x28, 0x2A, 0x65, 0x5D, 0x6A, 0x4E,
             0xE7, 0x15, 0x01, 0x2E, 0x0C, 0x75, 0x0C, 0xC3,
             0xB1, 0xE5, 0xC0, 0xF2, 0x2B, 0xC8, 0x2A, 0xD2,
             0x3E, 0xB4, 0xC0, 0xEC, 0xF4, 0x80, 0xAC, 0xB7,
             0xD7, 0x31, 0x21, 0x57, 0xDB, 0xB7, 0xE0, 0xE5,
             0x23, 0x78, 0xE9, 0xFF, 0x46, 0xEE, 0xEF, 0x04,
             0xAF, 0x47, 0x4F, 0x2C, 0x4C, 0x55, 0xDF, 0xFF,
             0xCF, 0x79, 0x8B, 0x90, 0x3F, 0x49, 0xEA, 0x43,
             0xD0, 0x60, 0xEF, 0x23, 0xED, 0x7D, 0x63, 0x89,
             0x7B, 0xCB, 0x2F, 0xF1, 0x39, 0xAB, 0x0D, 0x80,
             0x5F, 0xF7, 0x85, 0x87, 0xCC, 0xE6, 0xF1, 0xF2,
             0xCE, 0x39, 0x07, 0xBB, 0xDA, 0x5A, 0x67, 0x39,
             0xCF, 0x62, 0x47, 0x2C, 0xA2, 0x11, 0x85, 0x18,
             0xDA, 0xFE, 0x90, 0x7C, 0x4B, 0xEA, 0x88, 0xDC,
             0xAE, 0x39, 0x01, 0x07, 0x3A, 0xB6, 0xCC, 0x60,

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             0xA5, 0x60, 0xC9, 0xA4, 0xD6, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x29,
             0xF8, 0x8A, 0xFE, 0xB9, 0x99, 0xA6, 0x4A, 0xE4,
             0xDB, 0xC7, 0xBF, 0x02, 0x22, 0xA9, 0xD4, 0x19,
             0x3A, 0x20, 0xE8, 0x1B, 0x40, 0x30, 0xF3, 0x28,
             0xE3, 0xA9, 0xCB, 0x7C, 0x92, 0x62, 0x04, 0x98,
             0x47, 0x4F, 0xCB, 0x64, 0xDA, 0xE1, 0xBB, 0xD7,
             0x9E, 0x4A, 0x9C, 0x04, 0x76, 0x47, 0x5E, 0xF0,
             0xF9, 0xAB, 0x5E, 0x89, 0xAE, 0x4D, 0x5A, 0xAE,
             0x9F, 0x87, 0x60, 0x21, 0xFA, 0x0B, 0xB2, 0x82,
             0x17, 0xCF, 0x27, 0x8D, 0x3A, 0xE9, 0xED, 0xDC,
             0x1C, 0x57, 0xBE, 0x5E, 0x17, 0xDC, 0x0D, 0x94,
             0x8E, 0x02, 0xFC, 0x05, 0xFE, 0xDF, 0x74, 0x07,
             0x05, 0xD8, 0xDC, 0xDC, 0x9D, 0x4B, 0x9C, 0xE6,
             0x80, 0x93, 0x65, 0x74, 0x94, 0x01, 0x5E, 0x05,
             0x17, 0x78, 0x96, 0xF1, 0x29, 0xFD, 0xFF, 0xB5,
             0xFF, 0x4A, 0xF5, 0x7C, 0x64, 0xD1, 0x51, 0xEC,
             0xEC, 0x8E, 0x74, 0x7B, 0x72, 0x67, 0xFA, 0x2D,
             0x8C, 0xF5, 0x97, 0x5E, 0x84, 0xC2, 0xEF, 0xAC,
             0x18, 0xDF, 0x16, 0xF2, 0xD8, 0x98, 0x0C, 0xE4,
             0x09, 0xC0, 0x3A, 0x1B, 0xC2, 0xB9, 0x5B, 0x34,
             0x34, 0x18, 0x98, 0xC6, 0xA5, 0xC6, 0x28, 0x54,
             0xB8, 0x53, 0x33, 0xE1, 0x4A, 0xA8, 0xE9 }

   DLP-4096 key in encoded form

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   -----END DSA PRIVATE KEY-----

2.3.  ECDLP Keys

   The following publicly-known test keys may be used for ECDLP-based
   algorithms such as ECDSA and ECDH.

   P256 key "testECCP256"

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           /* qx */
           { 0x42, 0x25, 0x48, 0xF8, 0x8F, 0xB7, 0x82, 0xFF,
             0xB5, 0xEC, 0xA3, 0x74, 0x44, 0x52, 0xC7, 0x2A,
             0x1E, 0x55, 0x8F, 0xBD, 0x6F, 0x73, 0xBE, 0x5E,
             0x48, 0xE9, 0x32, 0x32, 0xCC, 0x45, 0xC5, 0xB1 },
           /* qy */
           { 0x6C, 0x4C, 0xD1, 0x0C, 0x4C, 0xB8, 0xD5, 0xB8,
             0xA1, 0x71, 0x39, 0xE9, 0x48, 0x82, 0xC8, 0x99,
             0x25, 0x72, 0x99, 0x34, 0x25, 0xF4, 0x14, 0x19,
             0xAB, 0x7E, 0x90, 0xA4, 0x2A, 0x49, 0x42, 0x72 },
           /* d */
           { 0xE6, 0xCB, 0x5B, 0xDD, 0x80, 0xAA, 0x45, 0xAE,
             0x9C, 0x95, 0xE8, 0xC1, 0x54, 0x76, 0x67, 0x9F,
             0xFE, 0xC9, 0x53, 0xC1, 0x68, 0x51, 0xE7, 0x11,
             0xE7, 0x43, 0x93, 0x95, 0x89, 0xC6, 0x4F, 0xC1 }

   P256 key in encoded form

   -----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----

   P384 key "testECCP384"

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           /* qx */
           { 0x5B, 0x09, 0x01, 0xB8, 0x85, 0x23, 0x29, 0x6E,
             0xB9, 0x19, 0xD5, 0x0F, 0xFA, 0x1A, 0x9C, 0xB3,
             0x74, 0xBC, 0x4D, 0x40, 0x95, 0x86, 0x28, 0x2B,
             0xFE, 0xCA, 0x11, 0xB1, 0xD9, 0x5A, 0xDB, 0xB5,
             0x47, 0x34, 0xAF, 0x57, 0x0B, 0xF8, 0x2B, 0x72,
             0x28, 0xCF, 0x22, 0x6B, 0xCF, 0x4C, 0x25, 0xDD },
           /* qy */
           { 0xBC, 0xFE, 0x3B, 0x1A, 0x3A, 0xD3, 0x94, 0x30,
             0xEF, 0xF7, 0x63, 0xE1, 0xD6, 0x8D, 0x2E, 0x15,
             0x1D, 0x91, 0x72, 0x0B, 0x77, 0x95, 0xB5, 0x8D,
             0xA6, 0xB3, 0x46, 0x39, 0x61, 0x3A, 0x8F, 0xB9,
             0xB5, 0xA8, 0xDA, 0x48, 0xC6, 0x74, 0x71, 0x17,
             0xF9, 0x91, 0x9E, 0x84, 0x24, 0xF3, 0x7E, 0xC8 },
           /* d */
           { 0xE2, 0x56, 0x33, 0x28, 0xDF, 0xAB, 0xF6, 0x81,
             0x88, 0x60, 0x6B, 0x91, 0x32, 0x42, 0x81, 0xC1,
             0xD5, 0x8A, 0x44, 0x56, 0x43, 0x1B, 0x09, 0xD5,
             0x10, 0xB3, 0x5F, 0xEC, 0xC9, 0xF3, 0x07, 0xCA,
             0x18, 0x22, 0x84, 0x6F, 0xA2, 0x67, 0x13, 0x71,
             0xA9, 0xA8, 0x1B, 0xAC, 0x0E, 0x35, 0x74, 0x9D }

   P384 key in encoded form

   -----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----

   P521 key "testECCP521"

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           /* qx */
           { 0x01, 0xD0, 0xFD, 0x72, 0x57, 0xA8, 0x4C, 0x74,
             0x7F, 0x56, 0x25, 0x75, 0xC0, 0x73, 0x85, 0xDB,
             0xEB, 0xF2, 0xF5, 0x2B, 0xEA, 0x58, 0x08, 0x3D,
             0xB8, 0x2F, 0xDD, 0x15, 0x31, 0xD8, 0xAA, 0xE3,
             0xCC, 0x87, 0x5F, 0xF0, 0x2F, 0xF7, 0xFA, 0x2D,
             0xA2, 0x60, 0xD8, 0xEB, 0x62, 0xD6, 0xD2, 0xF5,
             0xD6, 0x49, 0x27, 0x8E, 0x32, 0x17, 0x36, 0xA0,
             0x62, 0x8C, 0xBB, 0xB3, 0x03, 0x08, 0xB6, 0xE6,
             0x18, 0xDB },
           /* qy */
           { 0xF6, 0x2A, 0xD2, 0x04, 0xC6, 0x46, 0x03, 0x59,
             0xBC, 0x81, 0x8A, 0xB8, 0x96, 0x1B, 0xF0, 0xF0,
             0xFC, 0x0E, 0xC5, 0xAA, 0xE8, 0xA4, 0x28, 0x17,
             0x3C, 0xE5, 0x6F, 0x00, 0xDE, 0x9B, 0x15, 0x7C,
             0x1E, 0x5C, 0x82, 0xC6, 0x4F, 0x56, 0x2F, 0xCA,
             0xDE, 0xFC, 0x4A, 0x4C, 0x28, 0xF6, 0xD3, 0x42,
             0xCF, 0x3E, 0xF6, 0x16, 0xFC, 0x82, 0xD3, 0x3B,
             0x72, 0x85, 0xC9, 0x21, 0xF2, 0xBF, 0x36, 0xFD,
             0xD8 },
           /* d */
           { 0x01, 0xD9, 0x24, 0xDC, 0xCA, 0x0A, 0x88, 0x7F,
             0x8D, 0x99, 0x76, 0x7A, 0x37, 0xD8, 0x74, 0xE6,
             0x37, 0xA1, 0x2C, 0xCB, 0x47, 0x7D, 0x6E, 0x08,
             0x66, 0x53, 0x56, 0x69, 0x4D, 0x68, 0xB7, 0x65,
             0x5E, 0x50, 0x69, 0x63, 0x8F, 0xDE, 0x7B, 0x45,
             0xC8, 0x54, 0x01, 0x3D, 0xC7, 0x7A, 0x35, 0xB1,
             0x86, 0x55, 0xB8, 0x4C, 0x96, 0x6A, 0x60, 0x22,
             0x0D, 0x40, 0xF9, 0x1E, 0xD9, 0xF5, 0x14, 0x58,
             0x02, 0xEA }

   P521 key in encoded form

   -----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----

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3.  IANA Considerations

   This document has no IANA actions.

4.  Security Considerations

   The intent of publishing known keys in this form is that they may be
   easily recognised as being test keys when encountered.  It should go
   without saying that these keys should never be used or relied upon in
   production environments.

   The author awaits the inevitable CVEs.

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