Benchmarking Methodology for EVPN and PBB-EVPN
draft-ietf-bmwg-evpntest-04

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Internet Engineering Task Force                            S. Jacob, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                           K. Tiruveedhula
Intended status: Informational                          Juniper Networks
Expires: June 20, 2020                                 December 18, 2019

             Benchmarking Methodology for EVPN and PBB-EVPN
                      draft-ietf-bmwg-evpntest-04

Abstract

   This document defines methodologies for benchmarking EVPN and PBB-
   EVPN performance.EVPN is defined in RFC 7432, and is being deployed
   in Service Provider networks.Specifically, this document defines
   the methodologies for benchmarking EVPN/PBB-EVPN convergence, data
   plane and control plane performance.

Status of This Memo

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  Terminologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Test Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Test Cases for EVPN  Benchmarking . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.1.  Local MAC Learning  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.2.  Remote MAC Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     3.3.  MAC Flush due to local link failure and Relearning  . . .   8
     3.4.  MAC Flush due to remote link failure. . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.5.  MAC Aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.6.  Remote Mac Aging  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     3.7.  Local and Remote MAC Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     3.8.  High Availability.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     3.9.  ARP/ND Scale  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     3.10. Scaling of Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     3.11. Scale Convergence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     3.12. SOAK Test.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   4.  Test Cases for PBB-EVPN  Benchmarking . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     4.1.  Local MAC Learning  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     4.2.  Remote Mac Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     4.3.  MAC Flush due to link failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     4.4.  MAC Flush due to remote Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     4.5.  MAC aging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     4.6.  Remote MAC Aging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     4.7.  Local and Remote MAC Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     4.8.  High Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     4.9.  Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     4.10. Scale Convergence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     4.11. Soak Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   5.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   21
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   Appendix A.  Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22

1.  Introduction

   EVPN is defined in RFC 7432, and describes BGP MPLS- based Ethernet
   VPNs (EVPN).PBB-EVPN is defined in RFC 7623, discusses how Ethernet
   Provider backbone Bridging can be combined with EVPNs to provide a
   new/combined solution.This draft defines methodologies that can be
   used to benchmark both RFC 7432 and RFC 7623 solutions.Further,
   this draft provides methodologies for benchmarking the performance of

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   EVPN data and control planes, MAC learning, MAC flushing, MAC aging,
   convergence, high availability, and scale.

1.1.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 8174 [RFC8174].

1.2.  Terminologies

   All-Active Redundancy Mode: When all PEs attached to an Ethernet
   segment are allowed to forward known unicast traffic to/from that
   Ethernet segment for a given VLAN, then the Ethernet segment is
   defined to be operating in All-Active redundancy mode.

   AA All Active mode

   CE Customer Router/Devices/Switch.

   DF Designated Forwarder

   DUT Device under test.

   Ethernet Segment (ES): When a customer site (device or network) is
   connected to one or more PEs via a set of Ethernet links, then that
   set of links is referred to as an 'Ethernet segment'.

   EVI: An EVPN instance spanning the Provider Edge (PE) devices
   participating in that EVPN.

   Ethernet Segment Identifier (ESI): A unique non-zero identifier that
   identifies an Ethernet segment is called an 'Ethernet Segment
   Identifier'.

   Ethernet Tag: An Ethernet tag identifies a particular broadcast
   domain, e.g., a VLAN.  An EVPN instance consists of one or more
   broadcast domains.

   Interface Physical interface of a router/switch.

   IRB Integrated routing and bridging interface

   MAC Media Access Control addresses on a PE.

   MHPE2 Multi homed Provider Edge router 2.

   MHPE1 Multi homed Provider Edge router 1.

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   SHPE3 Single homed Provider Edge Router 3.

   PE: Provider Edge device.

   P Provider Router.

   RR Route Reflector.

   RT Traffic Generator.

   Sub Interface Each physical Interfaces is subdivided into Logical
   units.

   SA Single Active

   Single-Active Redundancy Mode: When only a single PE, among all the
   PEs attached to an Ethernet segment, is allowed to forward traffic
   to/from that Ethernet segment for a given VLAN, then the Ethernet
   segment is defined to be operating in Single-Active redundancy mode.

2.  Test Topology

   EVPN/PBB-EVPN Services running on SHPE3, MHPE1 and MHPE2 in Single
   Active Mode:

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         | Traffic Generator acts as a sender/receiver of layer 2 traffic with multiple vlan.
+----------+
|          |
|  SHPE3   |
|          |
+----------+
    |
    |Core link
+----------+
|          |
|  RR      |
|          | Route Reflector /Provider router
+----------+-------------|
   |                     |
   |     Core links      |
+----------+       +-----------+
|          |       |    MHPE2  |
|   DUT    |       |           |
|  MHPE1   |       |           |
+----------+       +-----------+
     |    PE-CE link    |
+----------+------------
|          |
|  CE      |
|  layer2  |
|bridge    |
+----------+------------ Traffic Generator acts as a sender/receiver of layer 2 traffic with multiple vlan.

Topology 1

                                Test Setup

                                 Figure 1

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+-----------------+---------------------+---------------------+---------------------+----------------------+-----------------------+
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
| Mode            |                     |                     |                     |Receiver              |                       |
|                 |  Test               |Traffic Direction    |Sender               |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |      SHPE3           |                       |
|Single Active    |  Local Mac          |                     |CE                   |                      |Layer 2 traffic        |
|                 | Learning            | Uni                 |                     |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      | multiple MAC          |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|Single Active    | Remote MAC          |                     |                     |         CE           |Layer 2 traffic        |
|                 | Learning            | uni                 | SHPE3               |                      |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |multiple MAC           |
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                      ++
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                 |                     |                     |                     |                      |                       |
|Single Active    | Scale Convergence   |   Bi                |                     |  CE/SHPE3            |                       |
|                 |                     |                     |   CE/SHPE3          |                      |Layer 2 traffic        |
|                 | Local& Remote       |                     |                     |                      |multiple mac& vlans    |
|                 | Learning            |                     |                     |                      |                       |
+-----------------+---------------------+---------------------+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------+
                                                                                    |
                                                                                   ++

              Table showing Traffic pattern for various test

                                 Figure 2

   Test Setup Configurations:

   There are five routers in the Test setup.SHPE3, RR/P, MHPE1 and
   MHPE2 emulating a service provider network. CE is a customer device
   connected to MHPE1 and MHPE2, it is configured with bridge domains in
   multiple vlans.The traffic generator is connected to CE and
   SHPE3.The MHPE1 acts as DUT.The traffic generator will be used as
   sender and receiver of traffic.The measurement will be taken in DUT.

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   All routers except CE are configured with OSPF/IS-IS,LDP,MPLS,BGP
   with EVPN address family.

   All routers except CE are configured with Interior border gateway
   protocol,RR acting as route reflector.

   MHPE1,MHPE2,SHPE3 must be configured with "N" EVPN/PBB-EVPN instances
   depends up on the cases.

   MHPE1 and MHEPE2 must be configured with ESI per vlan or ESI on
   interface.

   MHPE1 and MHEPE2 are running Single Active mode of EVPN.

   CE is acting as bridge configured with multiple vlans,the same vlans
   are configured on MHPE1,MHPE2,SHPE3.

   Depending up on the test scenarios the traffic generators will be
   used to generate uni directional or bi directional flows.

   The above configuration will be serving as the base configuration for
   all test cases.

3.  Test Cases for EVPN Benchmarking

3.1.  Local MAC Learning

   Objective:

   To Record the time taken to learn the MAC address locally in DUT.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   The data plane MAC learning can be measured using the parameters
   defined in RFC 2889 section 5.8.Send "X" unicast frames from CE to
   MHPE1(DUT) working in SA mode.Traffic generator connected to CE must
   send frames with "X" different source and destination MAC address.
   The DUT must learn these "X" macs in data plane.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to learn "X" MACs locally in DUT evpn mac
   table.  The data plane measurement is taken by considering DUT as
   black box.  The range of MACs are known from traffic generator,the
   same must be learned in DUT, the time taken to learn "X" macs is
   measured.

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   The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are collected.The
   mac learning rate is calculated by averaging the values obtained from
   "N" samples.

   Mac learning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.2.  Remote MAC Learning

   Objective:

   To Record the time taken to learn the remote macs.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to SHPE3 from traffic generator.SHPE3 will advertise these locally
   learned macs to MHPE1 and MHPE2 via control plane.Measure the time
   taken to learn these X MACs from remote peer in DUT EVPN MAC address
   table.The DUT and MHPE2 are running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken by the DUT to learn the "X" MACs in the data
   plane.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.  The remote mac learning rate is calculated by averaging
   the values obtained from "N" samples.

   Remote mac learning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.3.  MAC Flush due to local link failure and Relearning

   Objective:

   To record the time taken to flush the locally learned mac and the
   time taken to relearn the same amount of macs.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from CE using traffic generator. Wait till the MHPE1 learns
   all X MAC addresses.  Then fail the MHPE1 CE link and measure the
   time taken to flush these X MACs from the EVPN MAC table.  Bring up

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   the link which was made Down(the link between MHPE1 and CE).Measure
   time taken to relearn it.The DUT and MHPE2 are running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken for flushing these X MAC addresses.Measure
   the time taken to relearn the X MACs in DUT.The test is repeated for
   "N" times and the values are collected.The flush and the relearning
   time is calculated by averaging the values obtained by "N" samples.

   Flush rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

   Relearning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.4.  MAC Flush due to remote link failure.

   Objective:

   To record the time taken to flush the remote mac learned in DUT
   during remote link failure.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from SHPE3 using traffic generator.  Bring down the link
   between SHPE3 and traffic generator.Then measure the time taken to
   flush the DUT EVPN MAC table.The DUT and MHPE2 are running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to flush X remote MACs from EVPN MAC table of
   the DUT.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.The flush rate is calculated by averaging the values
   obtained by "N" samples.

   Flush rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.5.  MAC Aging

   Objective:

   To measure the mac aging time.

   Topology : Topology 1

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   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from CE using traffic generator.Wait till X MAC addresses
   are learned.  Then stop the traffic.Record the time taken to flush
   X MACS from DUT EVPN MAC table due to aging.The DUT and MHPE2 are
   running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to flush X MAC addresses due to aging.The
   test is repeated for "N" times and the values are collected.The
   aging is calculated averaging the values obtained by "N" samples.

   Aging time for X Macs in sec = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.6.  Remote Mac Aging

   Objective:

   To measure the remote mac aging time.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from SHPE3 using traffic generator.  Stop the traffic at
   remote PE SHPE3.Due to MAC aging SHPE3 will withdraw its routes from
   DUT and MHPE2.Measure the time taken to remove these MACs from DUT
   EVPN MAC table.DUT and MHPE2 are running in SA mode

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to flush X remote MACs learned in DUT EVPN MAC
   table due to aging.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values
   are collected.The aging is calculated by averaging the values
   obtained by "N" samples.

   Aging time for X Macs in sec = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.7.  Local and Remote MAC Learning

   Objective:

   To record the time taken to learn both local and remote macs.

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   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from SHPE3 using traffic generator.Send X frames with
   different source and destination mac addresses from traffic generator
   connected to CE.The source and destination addresses of flows must
   be complimentary to have unicast flows.Measure the time taken by
   the DUT to learn 2X in EVPN MAC.DUT and MHPE2 are running in SA
   mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to learn 2X MAC addresses in DUT EVPN MAC
   table.  The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.  The mac learning time is calculated by averaging the
   values obtained by "N" samples.

   Mac learning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.8.  High Availability.

   Objective:

   To record traffic loss during routing engine fail over.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames from CE to DUT from traffic generator with X different
   source and destination mac addresses.Send X frames from traffic
   generator to SHPE3 with X different source and destination mac
   addresses, so that 2X MAC address will be learned in the DUT.There
   is a bi directional traffic flow with X pps in each direction.Then
   do a routing engine fail-over.

   Measurement :

   The expectation of the test is 0 traffic loss with no change in the
   DF role.DUT should not withdraw any routes.But in cases where the
   DUT is not property synchronized between master and standby,due to
   that packet loss are observed.In that scenario the packet loss is
   measured.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are

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   collected.The packet loss is calculated by averaging the values
   obtained by "N" samples.

   Packet loss in sec with 2X mac addresses = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

3.9.  ARP/ND Scale

   To Record the DUT scaling limit of ARP/ND.

   Objective:

   To Record the ARP/ND scale of the DUT.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X arp/neighbor discovery(ND) from the traffic generator to DUT
   with different sender ip/ipv6,mac addresses to the target IRB address
   configured in EVPN instance.  The EVPN instance learns the mac+ip and
   mac+ipv6 addresses from these request and advertise as type 2 mac+ip/
   mac+ipv6 route to remote provide edge routers which have same EVPN
   configurations.The value of X must be increased at a incremental
   value of 5% of X, till the limit is reached.The limit is where the
   DUT cant learn any more type 2 mac+ip/mac+ipv6.The test must be
   separately conducted for arp and ND.

   Measurement :

   Measure the scale limit of type 2 mac+ip/mac+ipv6 route which DUT can
   learn.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.The scale limit is calculated by averaging the values
   obtained by "N" samples for both mac+ip and mac+ipv6.

   DUT scale limit for mac+ip = (v1+v2+..vn)/N

   DUT scale limit for mac+ipv6 = (v1+v2+..vn)/N

3.10.  Scaling of Services

   Objective:

   This test is to measure the scale of EVPN instances that a DUT can
   hold.

   Topology : Topology 1

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   Procedure:

   The DUT,MHPE2 and SHPE3 are scaled to "N" EVI.Clear BGP neighbors of
   the DUT.Once adjacency is established in the DUT, check the
   routes received from MHPE2 and SHPE3 for "N" EVI in the DUT.Then
   increment the scale of N by 5% of N till the limit is reached.The
   limit is where the DUT cant learn any EVPN routes from peers.

   Measurement :
   
   There should not be any loss of route types 1,2,3 and 4 in DUT.DUT
   must relearn all type 1,2,3 and 4 from remote routers. The DUT must
   be subjected to various values of N to find the optimal scale limit.
   The scope of the test is find out the maximum evpn instance that a
   DUT can hold.

3.11.  Scale Convergence

   Objective:

   To measure the convergence time of DUT when the DUT is scaled with
   EVPN instance along with traffic.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Scale N EVIs in DUT,SHPE3 and MHPE2.Send F frames to DUT from CE
   using traffic generator with X different source and destination mac
   addresses for N EVI's.Send F frames from traffic generator to SHPE3
   with X different source and destination mac addresses.There will be
   2X number of MAC addresses will be learned in DUT EVPN MAC table.
   There is a bi directional traffic flow with F pps in each direction.
   Then clear the BGP neighbors in the DUT.Once the adjacency is
   restored in DUT.Measure the time taken to learn 2X MAC address in
   DUT MAC table.

   Measurement :

   The DUT must learn 2X MAC addresses.  Measure the time taken to learn
   2X MAC in DUT.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.  The convergence time is calculated by averaging the
   values obtained by "N" samples.

   Time taken to learn 2X macs in DUT = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

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3.12.  SOAK Test.

   Objective:

   This test is carried out to measure the stability of the DUT in a
   scaled environment with traffic over a period of time "T'". In each
   interval "t1" the DUT CPU usage, memory usage are measured.The DUT
   is checked for any crashes during this time period.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Scale N EVI's in DUT,SHPE3 and MHPE2.Send F frames to DUT from CE
   using traffic generator with different X source and destination mac
   addresses for N EVI's.Send F frames from traffic generator to SHPE3
   with X different source and destination mac addresses.There will be
   2X number of MAC addresses will be learned in DUT EVPN MAC table.
   There is a bi directional traffic flow with F pps in each direction.
   The DUT must run with traffic for 24 hours, every hour check for
   memory leak, CPU usage and crash.

   Measurement :

   Take the hourly reading of CPU, process memory.  There should not be
   any leak, crashes, CPU spikes. Th CPU spike is determined as the CPU
   usage which shoots at 40 to 50 percent of the average usage.The
   average value vary from device to device. Memory leak is determined
   by increase usage of the memory for EVPN process. The expectation is
   under steady state the memory usage for EVPN process should not
   increase.

4.  Test Cases for PBB-EVPN Benchmarking

4.1.  Local MAC Learning

   Objective:

   To Record the time taken to learn the MAC address locally.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

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   Send "X" unicast frames from CE to MHPE1(DUT) working in SA mode with
   "X" different source and destination mac addresses from traffic
   generator.The DUT must learn "X" macs in data plane.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken by the DUT to learn the "X" MACs in the data
   plane.  The data plane measurement is taken by considering DUT as
   black box the range of "X" MAC is known from traffic generator and
   the same must be learned in DUT, the time taken to learn "X" MAC is
   measured.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.The mac learning time is calculated by averaging the
   values obtained from "N" samples.

   Mac learning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.2.  Remote Mac Learning

   Objective:

   To Record the time taken to learn the remote macs.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to SHPE3 from traffic generator.These macs will be flooded to MHPE1
   and MHPE2 by SHPE3.The DUT and MHPE2 are running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to learn X mac addresses in DUT mac table.
   The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are collected.The
   mac learning time is calculated by averaging the values obtained by
   "N" samples.

   Remote Mac learning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.3.  MAC Flush due to link failure

   Objective:

   To record the time taken to flush the locally learned mac and the
   time taken to relearn the same amount of macs.

   Topology : Topology 1

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   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from CE using traffic generator.Wait till the MHPE1 learn
   all X MAC address.Then fail the MHPE1 CE link and measure the time
   taken to flush these X MACs from the PBB-EVPN MAC table.Then bring
   up the link.Measure the time taken to relearn X MACS.The DUT and
   MHPE2 are running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken for flushing these X MAC addresses.Measure
   the time taken to relearn the X MACs in DUT.The test is repeated for
   "N" times and the values are collected.  The flush and the relearning
   time is calculated by averaging the values obtained by "N" samples.

   Flush rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

   Relearning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.4.  MAC Flush due to remote Failure

   Objective:

   To record the time taken to flush the remote mac learned in DUT
   during remote link failure.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from SHPE3 using traffic generator.Bring down the link
   between SHPE3 and traffic generator.  Then measure the time taken to
   flush the DUT PBB-EVPN MAC address table.The remote MACs will be
   learned by Data plane, but the B-MAC will be learned by control
   plane.The DUT and MHPE2 are running SA mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to flush X remote MACs from PBB-EVPN MAC table
   of DUT.Repeat these test and plot the data.The test is repeated
   for "N" times and the values are collected. The flush rate is
   calculated by averaging the values obtained by "N" samples.

   Flush rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

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4.5.  MAC aging

   Objective:

   To measure the mac aging time.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from CE using traffic generator.Wait till X MAC address are
   learned in DUT PBB-EVPN MAC table.Then stop the traffic.Record
   the time taken to flush X MAC entries due to aging. The DUT and
   MHPE2 running in SA mode

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to flush X MAC addresses due to aging.Repeat
   these test and plot the data.The test is repeated for "N" times and
   the values are collected.The aging is calculated by averaging the
   values obtained by "N" samples.

   Aging time for X Macs in sec = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.6.  Remote MAC Aging.

   Objective:

   To measure the remote mac aging time.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from SHPE3 using traffic generator.Stop the traffic at
   remote PE(SHPE3).Measure the time taken to remove these remote MACs
   from DUT PBB-EVPN MAC table.The DUT and MHPE2 are running in SA
   mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to flush the X remote MACs from DUT PBB-EVPN
   MAC table due to aging .The test is repeated for "N" times and the

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   values are collected.  The aging is calculated by averaging the
   values obtained by "N" samples.

   Aging time for X Macs in sec = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.7.  Local and Remote MAC Learning

   Objective:

   To record the time taken to learn both local and remote macs.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames with X different source and destination mac addresses
   to DUT from SHPE3 using traffic generator.Send X frames with
   different source and destination mac addresses from traffic generator
   connected to CE.The source and destination mac addresses of flows
   must be complimentary to have unicast flows.Measure the time taken
   by the DUT to learn 2X in MAC table.DUT and MHPE2 are running in SA
   mode.

   Measurement :

   Measure the time taken to learn 2X MAC addresses table in DUT PBB-
   EVPN MAC table.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values
   are collected.The mac learning time is calculated by averaging 
   the values obtained by "N" samples.

   Mac learning rate = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.8.  High Availability

   Objective:

   To record traffic loss during routing engine failover.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Send X frames to DUT with X different source and destination mac
   addresses from CE using the traffic generator.Send X frames from
   traffic generator to SHPE3 with X different source and destination

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   mac addresses, so that 2X MAC address will be Learned in DUT.  There
   is a bi directional traffic flow with X pps in each direction.  Then
   do a routing engine fail-over.

   Measurement :

   The expectation of the test is 0 traffic loss with no change in the
   DF role.DUT should not withdraw any routes.But in cases where the
   DUT is not property synchronized between master and standby,due to
   that packet loss are observed.  In that scenario the packet loss is
   measured.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.The packet loss is calculated by averaging the values
   obtained by "N" samples.

   Packet loss in sec with 2X mac addresses = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.9.  Scale

   Objective:

   To measure the scale limit of DUT for PBB-EVPN.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   The DUT,MHPE2 and SHPE3 are scaled to "N" PBB-EVN instances.Clear BGP
   neighbors of the DUT.  Once adjacency is established in the DUT.
   check the routes received from MHPE2 and SHPE3 for "N" PBB-EVPN
   instances in the DUT.Then increment the scale of N by 5% of N till
   the limit is reached.The limit is where the DUT cant learn any EVPN
   routes from peers.

   Measurement :

   There should not be any loss of route types 2,3 and 4 in DUT.DUT
   must relearn all type 2,3 and 4 from remote routers.The DUT must be
   subjected to various values of N to find the optimal scale limit.
   The scope of the test is find out the maximum evpn instance that a
   DUT can hold.

4.10.  Scale Convergence

   Objective:

   To measure the convergence time of DUT when the DUT is scaled with
   EVPN instance along with traffic.

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   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Scale N PBB-EVPN instances in DUT,SHPE3 and MHPE2.Send F frames to
   DUT from CE using traffic generator with X different source and
   destination mac addresses for N PBB-EVPN instances.  Send F frames
   from traffic generator to SHPE3 with X different source and
   destination mac addresses.There will be 2X MAC addresses will be
   learned in DUT PBB-EVPN MAC table.There is a bi directional traffic
   flow with F pps in each direction.Then clear the BGP neighbors in
   the DUT.  Once the adjacency is restored in DUT.  Measure the time
   taken to learn 2X MAC address in DUT MAC table.

   Measurement :

   The DUT must learn 2X MAC addresses.Measure the time taken to learn
   2X MAC in DUT.The test is repeated for "N" times and the values are
   collected.The convergence time is calculated by averaging the values
   obtained by "N" samples.

   Convergence time for 2X in sec = (T1+T2+..Tn)/N

4.11.  Soak Test

   Objective:

   To measure the stability of the DUT in a scaled environment with
   traffic.

   Topology : Topology 1

   Procedure:

   Scale N PBB-EVPN instances in DUT,SHPE3 and MHPE2.Send F frames to
   DUT from CE using traffic generator with X different source and
   destination mac addresses for N PBB-EVPN instances.  Send F frames
   from traffic generator to SHPE3 with X different source and
   destination mac addresses.There will be 2X MAC addresses will be
   learned in DUT PBB- EVPN MAC table.There is a bi directional
   traffic flow with F pps in Each direction.The DUT must run with
   traffic for 24 hours, every hour check the memory leak, crashes.

   Measurement :

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   Take the hourly reading of CPU, process memory.  There should not be
   any leak, crashes, CPU spikes.The CPU spike is determined as the CPU
   usage which shoots at 40 to 50 percent of the average usage.The
   average value vary from device to device.Memory leak is determined
   by increase usage of the memory for PBB-EVPN process.The
   expectation is under steady state the memory usage for PBB-EVPN process
   should not increase.

5.  Acknowledgments

   We would like to thank Fioccola Giuseppe of Telecom Italia reviewing
   our draft and commenting it.We would like to thank Sarah Banks for
   guiding and mentoring us.

6.  IANA Considerations

   This memo includes no request to IANA.

7.  Security Considerations

   The benchmarking tests described in this document are limited to the
   performance characterization of controllers in a lab environment with
   isolated networks.  The benchmarking network topology will be an
   independent test setup and MUST NOT be connected to devices that may
   forward the test traffic into a production network or misroute
   traffic to the test management network.  Further, benchmarking is
   performed on a "black-box" basis, relying solely on measurements
   observable external to the controller.  Special capabilities SHOULD
   NOT exist in the controller specifically for benchmarking purposes.
   Any implications for network security arising from the controller
   SHOULD be identical in the lab and in production networks.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC2544]  Bradner, S. and J. McQuaid, "Benchmarking Methodology for
              Network Interconnect Devices", RFC 2544,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2544, March 1999,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2544>.

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   [RFC2899]  Ginoza, S., "Request for Comments Summary RFC Numbers
              2800-2899", RFC 2899, DOI 10.17487/RFC2899, May 2001,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2899>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [RFC7432]  Sajassi, A., Ed., Aggarwal, R., Bitar, N., Isaac, A.,
              Uttaro, J., Drake, J., and W. Henderickx, "BGP MPLS-Based
              Ethernet VPN", RFC 7432, DOI 10.17487/RFC7432, February
              2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7432>.

   [RFC7623]  Sajassi, A., Ed., Salam, S., Bitar, N., Isaac, A., and W.
              Henderickx, "Provider Backbone Bridging Combined with
              Ethernet VPN (PBB-EVPN)", RFC 7623, DOI 10.17487/RFC7623,
              September 2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7623>.

Appendix A.  Appendix

Authors' Addresses

   Sudhin Jacob (editor)
   Juniper Networks
   Bangalore
   India

   Phone: +91 8061212543
   Email: sjacob@juniper.net

   Kishore Tiruveedhula
   Juniper Networks
   10 Technology Park Dr
   Westford, MA  01886
   USA

   Phone: +1 9785898861
   Email: kishoret@juniper.net

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