Using ChaCha20-Poly1305 Authenticated Encryption in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)

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Last updated 2016-05-04
Replaces draft-housley-cms-chacha20-poly1305
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Internet-Draft                                                R. Housley
Intended status: Standards Track                          Vigil Security
Expires: 4 November 2016                                      4 May 2016

             Using ChaCha20-Poly1305 Authenticated Encryption
                 in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)



   This document describes the conventions for using ChaCha20-Poly1305
   Authenticated Encryption in the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS).
   ChaCha20-Poly1305 is a construction of the ChaCha stream cipher and
   Poly1305 authenticator.

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Housley           Using AEAD_CHACHA20_POLY1305 with CMS         [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                                                4 May 2016

1.  Introduction

   This document specifies the conventions for using the
   ChaCha20-Poly1305 Authenticated Encryption as the content-
   authenticated-encryption algorithm with the Cryptographic Message
   Syntax (CMS) [CMS] authenticated-enveloped-data content type

   ChaCha [CHACHA] is a stream cipher developed by D. J. Bernstein in
   2008.  It is a refinement of Salsa20, which is one of the ciphers in
   the eSTREAM portfolio [ESTREAM].

   ChaCha20 is the 20-round variant of ChaCha; it requires a 256-bit key
   and a 96-bit nonce.  ChaCha20 is described in [FORIETF].

   Poly1305 [POLY1305] is a Wegman-Carter, one-time authenticator
   designed by D. J. Bernstein.  Poly1305 produces a 16-byte
   authentication tag; it requires a a 256-bit, single-use key.
   Poly1305 is also described in [FORIETF].

   ChaCha20 and Poly1305 have been designed for high performance in
   software implementations.  They can typically be implemented with few
   resources and inexpensive operations, making them suitable on a wide
   range of systems.  They have also been designed to minimize leakage
   of information through side channels.

1.1.  The ChaCha20 and Poly1305 AEAD Construction

   ChaCha20 and Poly1305 have been combined to create an Authenticated
   Encryption with Associated Data (AEAD) algorithm [AEAD].  This AEAD
   algorithm is often referred to as AEAD_CHACHA20_POLY1305, and it is
   described in [FORIETF].

   AEAD_CHACHA20_POLY1305 accepts four inputs: a 256-bit key, a 96-bit
   nonce, an arbitrary length plaintext, and an arbitrary length
   additional authenticated data (AAD).  A nonce value cannot be used
   securely more than once with the same key.

   A high-level summary of AEAD_CHACHA20_POLY1305 authenticated
   encryption processing is:

      1) A Poly1305 one-time key is generated from the 256-bit key and
         and nonce using the procedure described in Section 2.6 of

      2) The ChaCha20 encryption function is used to encrypt the
         plaintext, using the same key and nonce, and with the initial
         counter set to 1.

Housley           Using AEAD_CHACHA20_POLY1305 with CMS         [Page 2]
Internet-Draft                                                4 May 2016

      3) The Poly1305 function is used with the Poly1305 key from
         step 1, and a buffer constructed as a concatenation of the AAD,
         padding1, the ciphertext, padding2, the length of the AAD in
         octets, and the length of the ciphertext in octets.  The
         padding fields contain up to 15 octets, with all bits set to
         zero, and the padding brings the total length of the buffer so
         far to an integral multiple of 16.  If the buffer length was
         already an integral multiple of 16 octets, then the padding
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