Service binding and parameter specification via the DNS (DNS SVCB and HTTPS RRs)
draft-ietf-dnsop-svcb-https-04

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (dnsop WG)
Authors Benjamin Schwartz  , Mike Bishop  , Erik Nygren 
Last updated 2021-03-18 (latest revision 2021-03-17)
Replaces draft-ietf-dnsop-svcb-httpssvc
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status Proposed Standard
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Document shepherd Tim Wicinski
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Send notices to Tim Wicinski <tjw.ietf@gmail.com>
DNSOP Working Group                                          B. Schwartz
Internet-Draft                                                    Google
Intended status: Standards Track                               M. Bishop
Expires: September 18, 2021                                    E. Nygren
                                                     Akamai Technologies
                                                          March 17, 2021

 Service binding and parameter specification via the DNS (DNS SVCB and
                               HTTPS RRs)
                     draft-ietf-dnsop-svcb-https-04

Abstract

   This document specifies the "SVCB" and "HTTPS" DNS resource record
   (RR) types to facilitate the lookup of information needed to make
   connections to network services, such as for HTTPS origins.  SVCB
   records allow a service to be provided from multiple alternative
   endpoints, each with associated parameters (such as transport
   protocol configuration and keys for encrypting the TLS ClientHello).
   They also enable aliasing of apex domains, which is not possible with
   CNAME.  The HTTPS RR is a variation of SVCB for HTTPS and HTTP
   origins.  By providing more information to the client before it
   attempts to establish a connection, these records offer potential
   benefits to both performance and privacy.

   TO BE REMOVED: This document is being collaborated on in Github at:
   https://github.com/MikeBishop/dns-alt-svc [1].  The most recent
   working version of the document, open issues, etc. should all be
   available there.  The authors (gratefully) accept pull requests.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 18, 2021.

Schwartz, et al.       Expires September 18, 2021               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft         SVCB and HTTPS RRs for DNS             March 2021

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.1.  Goals of the SVCB RR  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     1.2.  Overview of the SVCB RR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     1.3.  Parameter for Encrypted ClientHello . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     1.4.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   2.  The SVCB record type  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     2.1.  Zone file presentation format . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     2.2.  RDATA wire format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     2.3.  SVCB query names  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     2.4.  Interpretation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       2.4.1.  SvcPriority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       2.4.2.  AliasMode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       2.4.3.  ServiceMode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     2.5.  Special handling of "." in TargetName . . . . . . . . . .  13
       2.5.1.  AliasMode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       2.5.2.  ServiceMode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   3.  Client behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     3.1.  Handling resolution failures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     3.2.  Clients using a Proxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   4.  DNS Server Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     4.1.  Authoritative servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     4.2.  Recursive resolvers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     4.3.  General requirements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   5.  Performance optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.1.  Optimistic pre-connection and connection reuse  . . . . .  17
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