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Structure of the IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA)

The information below is for an old version of the document that is already published as an RFC.
Document Type
This is an older version of an Internet-Draft that was ultimately published as RFC 4071.
Authors Bert Wijnen , Rob Austein
Last updated 2013-03-02 (Latest revision 2005-02-11)
RFC stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status Best Current Practice
Stream WG state (None)
Document shepherd (None)
IESG IESG state Became RFC 4071 (Best Current Practice)
Action Holders
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date (None)
Responsible AD Brian E. Carpenter
Send notices to (None)
Network Working Group                                    R. Austein, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                       ISC
Expires: August 15, 2005                                  B. Wijnen, Ed.
                                                     Lucent Technologies
                                                       February 11, 2005

      Structure of the IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA)

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is subject to all provisions
   of Section 3 of RFC 3667.  By submitting this Internet-Draft, each
   author represents that any applicable patent or other IPR claims of
   which he or she is aware have been or will be disclosed, and any of
   which he or she become aware will be disclosed, in accordance with
   RFC 3668.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
   other groups may also distribute working documents as

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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at

   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 15, 2005.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).


   This document describes the structure of the IETF Administrative
   Support Activity (IASA) as an activity housed within the Internet
   Society (ISOC).  It defines the roles and responsibilities of the
   IETF Administrative Oversight Committee (IAOC), the IETF
   Administrative Director (IAD), and ISOC in the fiscal and

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   administrative support of the IETF standards process.  It also
   defines the membership and selection rules for the IAOC.

Table of Contents

   1.   Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.1  Open Issues  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   2.   Definitions and Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.1  Alphabet Soup  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.2  Principles of the IASA, IETF and ISOC relationship . . . .   6
     2.3  Community Consensus and Grant of Authority . . . . . . . .   7
     2.4  Termination and Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     2.5  Effective Date for Commencement of IASA  . . . . . . . . .   7
   3.   Structure of the IASA  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     3.1  IAD Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.2  IAOC Responsibilities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     3.3  Relationship of the IAOC to Existing IETF Leadership . . .  12
     3.4  IAOC Decision Making . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     3.5  Review and Appeal of IAD and IAOC Decision . . . . . . . .  12
   4.   IAOC Membership, Selection and Accountability  . . . . . . .  14
     4.1  Initial IAOC Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   5.   IASA Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     5.1  Cost Center Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     5.2  IETF Meeting Revenues  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.3  Designated Donations, Monetary and In-Kind . . . . . . . .  17
     5.4  Other ISOC Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.5  IASA Expenses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     5.6  Operating Reserve  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   6.   IASA Budget Process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   7.   ISOC Responsibilities for IASA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   8.   Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   9.   IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   10.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   11.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     11.1   Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     11.2   Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
        Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   A.   Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     A.1  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-07.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  22
     A.2  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-06.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  23
     A.3  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-05.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  23
     A.4  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-04.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  24
     A.5  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-03.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  25
     A.6  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-02.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  26
     A.7  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-01.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  27
     A.8  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-00.txt  . . . . . . . . . .  27
     A.9  Changes in draft-wasserman-iasa-bcp-01.txt . . . . . . . .  28
     A.10   Origin of draft-wasserman-iasa-bcp-00.txt  . . . . . . .  28

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        Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . .  29

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1.  Introduction

   This document describes the structure of the IETF Administrative
   Support Activity (IASA) as an activity housed within the Internet
   Society (ISOC).  It defines the roles and responsibilities of the
   IETF Administrative Oversight Committee (IAOC), the IETF
   Administrative Director (IAD), and ISOC in the fiscal and
   administrative support of the IETF standards process.  It also
   defines the membership and selection rules for the IAOC.

   The IETF undertakes its technical activities as an ongoing, open,
   consensus-based process.  This document defines an administrative
   support structure intended to be responsive to the administrative
   needs of the IETF technical community, and describes how that support
   structure fits under ISOC's organizational umbrella.  This document
   does not affect the ISOC-IETF working relationship as it relates to
   standards development or the communication of technical advice
   relevant to the policy and educational goals of ISOC.

   The IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA) provides the
   administrative structure required to support the IETF standards
   process and to support the IETF's technical activities.  As of the
   time at which this document was written, this included the work of
   IETF working groups, the IESG, the IAB, and the IRTF.  Should the
   IETF standards process at some future date come to include other
   technical activities, the IAOC is responsible for developing plans to
   provide administrative support for them.  Such support includes, as
   appropriate, undertaking or contracting for the work described in
   [RFC3716], including IETF document and data management, IETF
   meetings, and any operational agreements or contracts with the RFC
   Editor and IANA.  The IASA is also ultimately responsible for the
   financial activities associated with IETF administrative support such
   as collecting IETF meeting fees, paying invoices, managing budgets
   and financial accounts, and so forth.

   The IASA is responsible for ensuring that the IETF's administrative
   needs are met, and met well.  The IETF does not expect the IASA to
   undertake the bulk of this work directly; rather, the IETF expects
   the IASA to contract this work from others, and manage these
   contractual relationships to achieve efficiency, transparency and
   cost effectiveness.

   The IASA is distinct from IETF-related technical functions, such as
   the RFC Editor, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), and
   the IETF standards process itself.  The IASA has no influence on the
   technical decisions of the IETF or on the technical contents of IETF
   work.  Note, however, that this in no way prevents people who form
   part of the IASA from participating as individuals in IETF technical

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1.1  Open Issues

      Note to RFC Editor: Please remove this section prior to

   At this time (when submitting the revision 06 of this document) there
   are no known open issues.

   A kind volunteer is now keeping reasonably up-to-date status of each
   known open issue and this is available in an online tracking system:


   Username: ietf

   Password: ietf

   Queue: iasa-bcp

   The "status" of each tracked issue is stored in a "custom field"
   named "Discussion".  That status is also mapped onto the system's
   priority field, so you can see it in the list of tickets and so you
   can sort on it.  The mapping is as follows:

   1.  No discussion

   2.  No consensus

   3.  Text Needed

   4.  Text Proposed

   5.  Text Accepted

   6.  No change proposed

   7.  No change needed

   8.  Document Updated

   Please be sure to check the issue tracker for the latest status of
   all tracked issues.

2.  Definitions and Principles

   This section describes terminology and underlying principles used in

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   the rest of this document.

2.1  Alphabet Soup

   Although most of the terms, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this
   document are reasonably well-known, first-time readers may find this
   alphabet soup confusing.  This section therefore attempts to provide
   a quick summary.

   IAB: Internet Architecture Board (see [RFC2026], [RFC2850]).

   IAD: IETF Administrative Director, defined by this document.

   IAOC: IETF Administrative Oversight Committee, defined by this

   IASA: IETF Administrative Support Activity, defined by this document.

   IESG: Internet Engineering Steering Group (see [RFC2026], [RFC3710]).

   IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force (see [RFC3233]).

   ISOC: Internet Society (see [RFC2031] and [ISOC]).

2.2  Principles of the IASA, IETF and ISOC relationship

   This section attempts to describe principles underlying the
   mechanisms described in this document.

   1.  The IETF intends to establish a structure (the IASA) in order to
       get IETF administrative functions managed appropriately,
       according to good administrative, fiscal, and management
       principles.  The IASA includes the IAD and the IAOC, and shall be
       housed within ISOC.

   2.  The IAD and IAOC shall not have any authority over the IETF
       standards development activities.  This document does not modify
       ISOC's other roles related to the IETF standard process.

   3.  The IAD and IAOC, in cooperation with the ISOC President/CEO and
       staff, shall develop an annual budget for the IASA.  The budget
       must clearly identify all expected direct and indirect
       expenditures related to the IASA.  ISOC, through its normal
       procedures, shall evaluate and approve the IASA budget as part of
       ISOC's own budget process and commit to ensuring funds to support
       the approved budget.

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   4.  Responsibility for the evaluation, review and negotiation of
       contracts and other IETF administrative and support agreements
       and other expenditures of funds under the IASA shall rest with
       the IAD, operating in accordance with policies and procedures set
       by the IAOC and consistent with ISOC operating policies.

   5.  Once funds or in-kind donations have been credited to the IASA
       accounts, they shall be irrevocably allocated to the support of
       the IETF.

   6.  There shall be a detailed public accounting to separately
       identify all funds available to and all expenditures relating to
       the IETF and to the IASA, including any donations, of funds or
       in-kind, received by ISOC for IETF-related activities.  In-kind
       donations shall only be accepted at the direction of the IAD and

   7.  As between, the IETF, IASA and ISOC, the IETF, through the IASA,
       shall have a perpetual right to use, display, distribute,
       reproduce, modify and create derivatives of all software and data
       created in support of IETF activities.

   8.  The IASA, in cooperation with ISOC, shall use reasonable efforts
       to ensure that sufficient reserves exist to keep the IETF
       operational in the case of unexpected events such as income

   The remainder of this document contains details based on the above

2.3  Community Consensus and Grant of Authority

   The IETF is a consensus-based group, and authority to act on behalf
   of the community requires a high degree of consensus and the
   continued consent of the community.  After a careful process of
   deliberation, a broad-based community consensus emerged to house the
   IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA) within the Internet
   Society.  This document reflects that consensus.

2.4  Termination and Change

   Any change to this agreement shall require a similar level of
   community consensus and deliberation and shall be reflected by a
   subsequent Best Current Practice (BCP) document.

2.5  Effective Date for Commencement of IASA

   The procedures in this document shall become operational after this

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   document has been approved by the process defined in BCP 9 [RFC2026],
   including its acceptance as an IETF process BCP by the ISOC Board of
   Trustees, and the ISOC Board of Trustees has confirmed its acceptance
   of ISOC's responsibilities under the terms herein described.

3.  Structure of the IASA

   The IASA structure is designed to ensure accountability and
   transparency of the IETF administrative and fiscal activities to the
   IETF community.  The IETF Administrative Oversight Committee (IAOC)
   directs and oversees the IASA.  The IAOC consists of volunteers, all
   chosen directly or indirectly by the IETF community, as well as
   appropriate ex officio members from ISOC and IETF leadership.  The
   IAOC shall be accountable to the IETF community for the
   effectiveness, efficiency and transparency of the IASA.

   The IASA consists initially of a single full-time ISOC employee, the
   IETF Administrative Director (IAD), who is entitled to act on behalf
   of the IASA at the direction of the IAOC.  The IAD is likely to draw
   on financial, legal and administrative support furnished by ISOC
   support staff or consultants.  Costs for ISOC support staff and
   consultants are allocated based on actual expenses or on some other
   allocation model determined by consultation between the IAOC and

   Although the IAD is an ISOC employee, he or she works under the
   direction of the IAOC.  A committee of the IAOC is responsible for
   hiring and firing of the IAD, for reviewing the performance and for
   setting the compensation of the IAD.  The members of this committee
   are appointed by the IAOC, and consist at minimum of the ISOC
   President, the IETF Chair, and one of the Nomcom-appointed IAOC

   The IAOC determines what IETF administrative functions are to be
   performed, and how or where they should be performed (whether
   internally within the IASA or by outside organizations), so as to
   maintain an optimal balance of functional performance and cost of
   each such function.  The IAOC should document all such decisions, and
   the justification for them, for review by the community.  Each
   function should be reviewed on a regular basis, using the assumption
   that, absent such justification, the function is either unnecessary
   or, if necessary, it is overstaffed, rather than using an assumption
   that anything which has been done in the past is still necessary;
   each function should be adjusted as needed given the result of this

   The IAD is responsible for negotiating and maintaining contracts or
   equivalent instruments with outside organizations, as well as

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   providing any coordination necessary to make sure the IETF
   administrative support functions are covered properly.  All
   functions, whether contracted to outside organizations or performed
   internally within the IASA, must be clearly specified and documented
   with well-defined deliverables, service level agreements, and
   transparent accounting for the cost of such functions.

   The IASA is responsible for managing all intellectual property rights
   (IPR), including but not limited to trademarks, and copyrights, that
   belong to the IETF.  The IASA is also be responsible for managing the
   ownership, registration and administration of relevant domain names.
   The IASA is responsible for undertaking any and all required actions
   on behalf of the IETF to obtain, protect and manage the rights that
   the IETF needs to carry out its work.

   If the IASA cannot comply with the procedures described in this
   document for legal, accounting or practical reasons, the IAOC shall
   report that fact to the community, along with the variant procedure
   the IAOC intends to follow.  If the problem is a long-term one, the
   IAOC shall ask the IETF to update this document to reflect the
   changed procedure.

3.1  IAD Responsibilities

   The IAD is responsible for working with the IAOC and others to
   understand the administrative requirements of the IETF, and for
   managing the IASA to meet those needs.  This includes determining the
   structure of the IASA effort, establishing an operating budget,
   negotiating contracts with service providers, managing the business
   relationship with those providers, and establishing mechanisms to
   track their performance.  The IAD may also manage other contractors
   or ISOC employees (such as support staff) as necessary, when such
   contractors or employees are engaged in IASA-related work.

   The IAD is responsible for running IASA in an open and transparent
   manner, and for producing regular monthly, quarterly, and annual
   financial and operational updates for IAOC and IETF community review.

   The IAD is responsible for administering the IETF finances, managing
   separate financial accounts for the IASA, and establishing and
   administering the IASA budget.  The IAD (with IAOC approval, as
   appropriate) should have signing authority consistent with carrying
   out IASA work effectively, efficiently and independently, taking into
   account ISOC's financial and approval controls.  If there are any
   problems regarding the level of financial approval granted to the
   IAD, the IAOC and ISOC shall work out a policy that is mutually
   agreeable, and shall do so within a reasonable timeframe.

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   The IAD negotiates service contracts, with input, as appropriate,
   from other bodies, including legal advice, and with review, as
   appropriate, by the IAOC.  The IAOC should establish guidelines for
   what level of review is expected based on contract type, size, cost,
   or duration.  ISOC executes contracts on behalf of the IASA, after
   whatever review ISOC requires to ensure that the contracts meet
   ISOC's legal and financial guidelines.

   The IAD shall ensure that contracts entered into by ISOC on behalf of
   IASA and/or the IETF (an "IASA Contract") that provide for the
   creation, development, modification or storage of any data
   (including, without limitation, any data relating to IETF membership,
   documents, archives, mailing lists, correspondence, financial
   records, personnel records and the like) ("Data"), grant to ISOC the
   perpetual, irrevocable right, on behalf of IASA and IETF, to use,
   display, distribute, reproduce, modify and create derivatives of such
   Data.  ISOC will permit IASA and its designee(s) to have sole control
   and custodianship of such Data, and ISOC will not utilize or access
   such Data in connection with any ISOC function other than IETF
   without the written consent of the IAD.

   The IAD shall ensure that personal data collected for legitimate
   purposes of the IASA are protected appropriately; at minimum, such
   data must be protected to a degree consistent with relevant
   legislation and applicable privacy policies.

   If an IASA Contract provides for the creation, development or
   modification of any software (including, without limitation, any
   search tools, indexing tools and the like) ("Developed Software")
   then the IAD shall, whenever reasonable and practical, ensure that
   such contract either (a) grants ownership of such Developed Software
   to ISOC, or (b) grants ISOC a perpetual, irrevocable right, on behalf
   of IASA and IETF, to use, display, distribute, reproduce, modify and
   create derivatives of such Software (including, without limitation,
   pursuant to an open source style license).  It is preferred that
   Developed Software be provided and licensed for IASA and IETF use in
   source code form, with no ongoing payments.  ISOC will permit IASA
   and its designee(s) to have sole control and custodianship of such
   Developed Software.  The foregoing rights are not required in the
   case of off-the-shelf or other commercially-available software that
   is not developed at the expense of ISOC.

   If an IASA Contract relates to the licensing of third party software,
   the IAD shall ensure that such license expressly permits use of such
   software for and on behalf of IASA and/or IETF, as applicable, and
   that such license is transferable in accordance with the provisions
   of Section 7 (Removability).

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   Notwithstanding the foregoing, the IAD can enter into different terms
   if doing so is in the best interest of the IETF and upon approval of
   the IAOC.

   The IAD and IAOC are responsible for making all business decisions
   regarding the IASA.  In particular, the ISOC Board of Trustees shall
   not have direct influence over the choice of IASA contractors or IETF
   meeting sponsors.  This restriction is meant to enforce the
   separation between fund raising and the actual operation of the
   standards process.

   The IAD prepares an annual budget, which is subject to review and
   approval by the IAOC.  The IAD is responsible for presenting this
   budget to the ISOC Board of Trustees, as part of ISOC's annual
   financial planning process.  As described elsewhere in this document,
   the IAOC is responsible for ensuring the budget's suitability for
   meeting the IETF community's administrative needs, but the IAOC does
   not bear fiduciary responsibility for ISOC.  The ISOC Board of
   Trustees therefore needs to review and understand the budget and
   planned activity in enough detail to carry out their fiduciary
   responsibility properly.  The IAD is responsible for managing this
   process of review and approval.  The IAD sees to it that the IASA
   publishes its complete approved budget to the IETF community each

3.2  IAOC Responsibilities

   The IAOC's role is to provide appropriate direction to the IAD, to
   review the IAD's regular reports, and to oversee the IASA functions
   to ensure that the administrative needs of the IETF community are
   being properly met.  The IAOC's mission is not to be engaged in the
   day-to-day administrative work of IASA, but rather to provide
   appropriate direction, oversight and approval.

   Therefore, the IAOC's responsibilities are:

   o  To select the IAD and provide high-level review and direction for
      his or her work.  This task should be handled by a sub-committee,
      as described above.

   o  To review the IAD's plans and contracts to ensure that they will
      meet the administrative needs of the IETF.

   o  To track whether the IASA functions are meeting the IETF
      community's administrative needs, and to work with the IAD to
      determine a plan for corrective action if they are not.

   o  To review the IAD's budget proposals to ensure that they will meet

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      the IETF's needs, and review the IAD's regular financial reports.

   o  To ensure that the IASA is run in a transparent and accountable
      manner.  While the day-to-day work should be delegated to the IAD
      and others, the IAOC is responsible for ensuring that IASA
      finances and operational status are tracked appropriately, and
      that monthly, quarterly, and annual financial and operational
      reports are published to the IETF community.

   o  To designate, in consultation with the IAB and the IESG, the
      person or people who carry out the tasks which other IETF process
      documents say are carried out by the IETF Executive Director.

   The IAOC's role is to direct and review, not perform, the work of the
   IAD and IASA.  The IAOC holds periodic teleconferences and
   face-to-face meetings as needed to carry out the IAOC's duties
   efficiently and effectively.

   If there is no IAD or the IAD is unavailable, the IAOC may
   temporarily assign the IAD's duties to individual members of the

3.3  Relationship of the IAOC to Existing IETF Leadership

   The IAOC is directly accountable to the IETF community for the
   performance of the IASA.  However, the nature of the IAOC's work
   involves treating the IESG and IAB as major internal customers of the
   administrative support services.  The IAOC and the IAD should not
   consider their work successful unless the IESG and IAB are also
   satisfied with the administrative support that the IETF is receiving.

3.4  IAOC Decision Making

   The IAOC attempts to reach consensus on all decisions.  If the IAOC
   cannot achieve a consensus decision, then the IAOC may decide by

   The IAOC decides the details about its decision-making rules,
   including its rules for quorum, conflict of interest and breaking of
   ties.  These rules shall be made public.

   All IAOC decisions shall be recorded in IAOC minutes, and IAOC
   minutes shall be published in a timely fashion.

3.5  Review and Appeal of IAD and IAOC Decision

   The IAOC is directly accountable to the IETF community for the
   performance of the IASA.  In order to achieve this, the IAOC and IAD

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   will ensure that guidelines are developed for regular operational
   decision making.  Where appropriate, these guidelines should be
   developed with public input.  In all cases, they must be made public.

   If a member of the IETF community questions whether a decision or
   action of the IAD or the IAOC has been undertaken in accordance with
   IETF BCPs or IASA operational guidelines, or questions whether the
   IASA has created and maintained appropriate guidelines, he or she may
   ask the IAOC for a formal review of the decision or action.

   The request for review should be addressed to the IAOC chair and
   should include a description of the decision or action to be
   reviewed, an explanation of how, in the requestor's opinion, the
   decision or action violates the BCPs or operational guidelines, and a
   suggestion for how the situation could be rectified.  All requests
   for review shall be posted publicly, and the IAOC is expected to
   respond to these requests within a reasonable period, typically
   within 90 days.  It is up to the IAOC to determine what type of
   review and response is required, based on the nature of the review
   request.  Based on the results of the review, the IAOC may choose to
   overturn their own decision, change their operational guidelines to
   prevent further misunderstandings, take other action as appropriate,
   or just publish the review result and take no other action.

   If a member of the community is not satisfied with the IAOC's
   response to his or her review request, he or she may escalate the
   issue by appealing the decision or action to the IAB, using the
   appeals procedures outlined in RFC 2026 [RFC2026].  If he or she is
   not satisfied with the IAB response, he or she can escalate the issue
   to the ISOC Board of Trustees, as described in RFC 2026.

   The reviewing body (IAB or ISOC Board of Trustees) shall review the
   decision of the IAD or IAOC to determine whether it was made in
   accordance with existing BCPs and operational guidelines.  As a
   result of this review, the reviewing body may recommend to the
   community that the BCPs governing IAOC actions should be changed.
   The reviewing body may also advise the IAOC to modify existing
   operational guidelines to avoid similar issues in the future and/or
   may advise the IAOC to re-consider their decision or action.  It may
   also recommend that no action be taken based on the review.

   In exceptional cases, when no other recourse seems reasonable, the
   reviewing body may overturn or reverse a non-binding decision or
   action of the IAOC.  This should be done only after careful
   consideration and consultation with the IAOC regarding the
   ramifications of this action.  In no circumstances may the IAB or
   ISOC Board of Trustees overturn a decision of the IAOC that involves
   a binding contract or overturn a personnel-related action (such as

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   hiring, firing, promotion, demotion, performance reviews, salary
   adjustments, etc.).

4.  IAOC Membership, Selection and Accountability

   The IAOC shall consist of eight voting members who shall be selected
   as follows:

   o  2 members appointed by the IETF Nominations Committee (NomCom);

   o  1 member appointed by the IESG;

   o  1 member appointed by the IAB;

   o  1 member appointed by the ISOC Board of Trustees;

   o  The IETF Chair (ex officio);

   o  The IAB Chair (ex officio);

   o  The ISOC President/CEO (ex officio).

   The IETF Administrative Director also serves, ex officio, as a
   non-voting member of the IAOC.

   The IAOC may also choose to invite liaisons from other groups, but is
   not required to do so; the IAOC decides whether or not to have a
   liaison to any particular group.  Any such liaisons are non-voting.
   Responsibility for selecting the individual filling a particular
   liaison role lies with the body from which the IAOC has requested the

   Subject to paragraph 2 of Section 4.1, appointed members of the IAOC
   serve two year terms.  IAOC terms normally end at the end of the
   first IETF meeting of a year.

   The members of the IAOC shall select one of its appointed voting
   members to serve as the chair of the IAOC.  The term of the IAOC
   chair shall be one year from the time of selection or the remaining
   time of his or her tenure on the IAOC, whichever is less.  An
   individual may serve any number of terms as chair, if selected by the

   The Chair serves at the pleasure of the IAOC, and may be removed from
   that position at any time by a vote of 2/3 of the voting IAOC
   members, not counting the IAOC chair.

   The chair of the IAOC shall have the authority to manage the

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   activities and meetings of the IAOC.

   The two NomCom-appointed IAOC members are chosen using the procedures
   described in RFC 3777 [RFC3777].  For the initial IAOC selection, the
   IESG will provide the list of desired qualifications for these
   positions; in later years, the IAOC will provide this qualification
   list.  The IESG will serve as the confirming body for IAOC
   appointments by the NomCom.

   While there are no hard rules regarding how the IAB and the IESG
   should select members of the IAOC, such appointees need not be
   current IAB or IESG members (and probably should not be, if only to
   avoid overloading the existing leadership).  The IAB and IESG should
   choose people with some knowledge of contracts and financial
   procedures, who are familiar with the administrative support needs of
   the IAB, the IESG, or the IETF standards process.  The IAB and IESG
   should follow a fairly open process for these selections, perhaps
   with an open call for nominations or a period of public comment on
   the candidates.  The procedure for IAB selection of ISOC Board of
   Trustees [RFC3677] might be a good model for how this could work.
   After the IETF gains some experience with IAOC selection, these
   selection mechanisms should be documented more formally.

   Although the IAB, the IESG and the ISOC Board of Trustees choose some
   members of the IAOC, those members do not directly represent the
   bodies that chose them.  All members of the IAOC are accountable
   directly to the IETF community.  To receive direct feedback from the
   community, the IAOC holds an open meeting at least once per year at
   an IETF meeting.  This may take the form of an open IAOC plenary or a
   working meeting held during an IETF meeting slot.  The form and
   contents of this meeting are left to the discretion of the IAOC
   Chair.  The IAOC should also consider open mailing lists or other
   means to establish open communication with the community.

   IAOC members are subject to recall in the event that an IAOC member
   abrogates his or her duties or acts against the best interests of the
   IETF community.  Any appointed IAOC member, including those appointed
   by the IAB, IESG or ISOC Board of Trustees, may be recalled using the
   recall procedure defined in RFC 3777 [RFC3777].  IAOC members are
   not, however, subject to recall by the bodies that appointed them.

   If a vacancy occurs among the appointed members, this is filled by
   the appointing body for that position according to its procedures.

   The IAOC members shall not receive any compensation from the IASA,
   ISOC or IETF for their services as members of the IAOC.

   The IAOC shall set and publish rules covering reimbursement of

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   expenses, and such reimbursement shall generally be for exceptional
   cases only.

4.1  Initial IAOC Selection

   The initial IAOC selection will start after this document is approved
   as a BCP by the IESG and accepted by the ISOC Board of Trustees.  The
   IESG, IAB, and ISOC Board of Trustees should make their selections
   within 45-days of BCP approval, and the NomCom should make their
   selections as quickly as possible while complying with the documented
   NomCom procedures.  The IAOC will become active as soon as a majority
   (three or more) of the appointed members have been selected.

   Initially, the IESG and the ISOC Board of Trustees will make one-year
   appointments, the IAB will make a two-year appointment, and the
   NomCom will make one one-year appointment and one two-year
   appointment.  This will establish a pattern in which approximately
   half of the IAOC is selected each year.

5.  IASA Funding

   The IASA manages money from three sources:

   1.  IETF meeting revenues;

   2.  Designated donations to ISOC (both monetary and in-kind);

   3.  Other ISOC support.

   Note that the goal is to achieve and maintain a viable IETF support
   function based on available funding sources.  The IETF community
   expects the IAOC and ISOC to work together to attain that goal.

5.1  Cost Center Accounting

   Funds managed by the IASA shall be accounted for in a separate set of
   general ledger accounts within the IASA Cost Center.  In the
   remainder of this document, these general ledger accounts are termed
   "IASA accounts".  A periodic summary of the IASA accounts shall be
   reported in the form of standard financial statements that reflect
   the income, expenses, assets, and liabilities of the IASA.

   The IAOC and ISOC shall agree upon and publish procedures for
   reporting and auditing of these accounts.

   Note that ISOC in consultation with the IAOC can decide to structure
   the IASA accounting differently in the future within the constraints
   outlined in Section 7.

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5.2  IETF Meeting Revenues

   Meeting revenues are an important source of funds for IETF functions.
   The IAD, in consultation with the IAOC, sets the meeting fees as part
   of the budgeting process.  All meeting revenues shall be credited to
   the appropriate IASA accounts.

5.3  Designated Donations, Monetary and In-Kind

   Donations are an essential component of funding.  The IASA undertakes
   no direct fund-raising activities.  This establishes a practice of
   separating IETF administrative and standards activities from
   fund-raising activities, and helps ensure that no undue influence may
   be ascribed to those from whom funds are raised.

   ISOC shall create and maintain appropriate structures and programs to
   coordinate donations intended to support the work of the IETF, and
   these shall include mechanisms for both in-kind and direct
   contributions to the work supported by IASA.  Since ISOC will be the
   sole entity through whom donations may be made to the work of the
   IETF, ISOC shall ensure that those programs are not unduly
   restrictive.  ISOC shall maintain programs that allow for designated
   donations to the IETF.

   In-kind resources are owned by the ISOC on behalf of the IETF and
   shall be reported and accounted for in a manner that identifies them
   as such.  Designated monetary donations shall be credited to the
   appropriate IASA accounts.

5.4  Other ISOC Support

   Other ISOC support shall be based on the budget process as specified
   in Section 6, which includes deciding when ISOC monetary support is
   to be credited to the IASA accounts.

   All ISOC support, no matter how it is delivered, shall be reported in
   the IASA financial reports.

5.5  IASA Expenses

   The IASA exists to support the IETF.  Funds designated for IASA shall
   be used solely to support IETF activities and for no other purposes.

5.6  Operating Reserve

   As an initial guideline and in normal operating circumstances, the
   IASA should have an operating reserve for its activities sufficient
   to cover 6-months of non-meeting operational expenses, plus twice the

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   recent average for meeting contract guarantees.  The IASA, in
   cooperation with ISOC, shall establish detailed targets for a reserve
   fund to cover normal operating expenses and meeting expenses in
   accordance with prudent planning, as part of the budget process.

   The IASA expects ISOC to use reasonable efforts to build and provide
   that operational reserve, through whatever mechanisms ISOC deems

   If the IASA accounts accumulate a surplus, ISOC may count that as
   part of the reserve.

6.  IASA Budget Process

   While the IASA sets a budget for the IETF's administrative needs, its
   budget process clearly needs to be closely coordinated with ISOC's.
   The specific timeline shall be established each year by IASA and
   ISOC.  As an example, a general annual timeline for budgeting is:

   July 1: The IAD presents a budget proposal (prepared in consultation
      with ISOC staff) for the following fiscal year, with 3 year
      projections, to the IAOC.

   August 1: The IAOC approves the budget proposal for IETF purposes,
      after any appropriate revisions.  As the ISOC President is part of
      the IAOC, the IAOC should have a preliminary indication of how the
      budget will fit with ISOC's own budgetary expectations.  The
      budget proposal is passed to the ISOC Board of Trustees for review
      in accordance with their fiduciary duty.

   September 1: The ISOC Board of Trustees approves the budget proposal
      provisionally.  During the next 2 months, the budget may be
      revised to be integrated in ISOC's overall budgeting process.

   November 1: Final budget to the ISOC Board for approval.

   The dates described above are examples, and are subject to change.
   They will most likely be modified each year based on the dates of the
   second and third IETF meetings of that year.  They also need to be
   synchronized with the ISOC budgeting process.

   The IAD shall provide monthly accountings of expenses, and shall
   update expenditures forecasts every quarter.  This may require
   adjustment of the IASA budget: if so, the revised budget will need to
   be approved by the IAOC, the ISOC President/CEO and, if necessary,
   the ISOC Board of Trustees.

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7.  ISOC Responsibilities for IASA

   Within ISOC, support for the IASA shall meet the following goals:

   Transparency: The IETF community shall have complete visibility into
      the financial and legal structure of the ISOC activities that are
      related to, but not part of, the IASA standards support activity.
      In particular, a detailed budget for the entire related ISOC
      activity, quarterly financial reports, and audited annual
      financial reports shall all be available to the IETF community.
      In addition, key contract material and MOUs shall also be publicly
      available, subject to any reasonable confidentiality obligations
      approved by the IAOC.

   Unification: As part of this arrangement, ISOC's sponsorship of the
      RFC Editor, IAB and IESG shall be managed as part of the IASA
      under the IAOC.

   Independence: The IASA shall be distinct from other ISOC activities.
      ISOC shall support the IASA through the mechanisms specified in
      this document and its successors.

   Support: ISOC shall work with the IAD and IAOC to ensure appropriate
      financial support for the IASA, following the mechanisms described
      in this document and its successors.

   Removability: While there is no current plan to transfer the legal
      and financial home of the IASA to another corporation, the IASA
      shall be structured to enable a clean transition in the event that
      the IETF community decides that such a transition is required and
      documents its consensus in a formal document (currently called a
      BCP).  In such a case, the IAOC shall give ISOC a minimum of six
      months notice before the transition formally occurs.  During that
      period, the IETF and ISOC shall work together to create a smooth
      transition that does not result in any significant service outages
      or missed IETF meetings.  All contracts executed by ISOC on behalf
      of IASA shall either include a clause allowing termination by ISOC
      with six months notice, or shall be transferable to another
      corporation in the event that the IASA transitions away from ISOC.
      To the extent allowed by law, any balance in the IASA accounts,
      any IETF-specific intellectual property rights, and any
      IETF-specific data and tools shall also transition to the new
      entity.  Other terms shall be negotiated between the IETF and

   Within the constraints outlined above, all other details of how to
   structure this activity within ISOC (for instance as a cost center, a
   division, or an affiliate) shall be determined by ISOC in

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   consultation with the IAOC.

8.  Security Considerations

   This document describes the structure of the IETF's administrative
   support activity.  It introduces no security considerations for the

9.  IANA Considerations

   This document has no IANA considerations in the traditional sense.
   However, some of the information in this document may affect how the
   IETF standards process interfaces with IANA, so IANA may be
   interested in the contents.

10.  Acknowledgements

   The editors would like to thank everyone who provided feedback on
   this document or any of its predecessors back to the original
   "Scenario O" e-mail message.  In particular, the editors would like
   to thank: Bernard Aboba, Jari Arkko, Fred Baker, Scott Bradner, Scott
   Brim, Brian Carpenter, Jorge Contreras, Dave Crocker, Elwyn Davies,
   Spencer Dawkins, Avri Doria, Tony Hain, Joel Halpern, Ted Hardie, Sam
   Hartman, Russel Housley, Geoff Huston, Jeff Hutzelman, John Klensin,
   Valdis Kletnieks, Eliot Lear, Henrik Levkowetz, Kurt Erik Lindqvist,
   John Loughney.  Carl Malamud, Allison Mankin, Tom Petch, Eric
   Rescorla, Pete Resnick, Glenn Ricart, Jonne Soininen, Lynn St Amour,
   and Michael StJohns.

   Special thanks are due to Leslie Daigle and Margaret Wasserman, who
   wrote the original "Scenario O" message and edited the earliest
   versions of this document.

   Special thanks are also due to Henrik Levkowetz for kindly
   volunteering to maintain the issue tracking system associated with
   this document.

   Last, special thanks are due to Harald Alvestrand, for leading the
   search for consensus on the IETF mailing list.

   No doubt the above list is incomplete.  We apologize to anyone whom
   we left out.

   This document was written using the xml2rfc tool described in RFC
   2629 [RFC2629].

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11.  References

11.1  Normative References

   [RFC2026]  Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
              3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.

   [RFC3716]  Advisory, IAB., "The IETF in the Large: Administration and
              Execution", RFC 3716, March 2004.

   [RFC3777]  Galvin, J., "IAB and IESG Selection, Confirmation, and
              Recall Process: Operation of the Nominating and Recall
              Committees", BCP 10, RFC 3777, June 2004.

11.2  Informative References

   [ISOC]     Internet Society, "Internet Society By-Laws", February

   [RFC2031]  Huizer, E., "IETF-ISOC relationship", RFC 2031, October

   [RFC2629]  Rose, M., "Writing I-Ds and RFCs using XML", RFC 2629,
              June 1999.

   [RFC2850]  Internet Architecture Board and B. Carpenter, "Charter of
              the Internet Architecture Board (IAB)", BCP 39, RFC 2850,
              May 2000.

   [RFC3233]  Hoffman, P. and S. Bradner, "Defining the IETF", BCP 58,
              RFC 3233, February 2002.

   [RFC3677]  Daigle, L. and Internet Architecture Board, "IETF ISOC
              Board of Trustee Appointment Procedures", BCP 77,
              RFC 3677, December 2003.

   [RFC3710]  Alvestrand, H., "An IESG charter", RFC 3710, February

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Authors' Addresses

   Rob Austein (editor)
   Internet Systems Consortium
   950 Charter Street
   Redwood City, CA  94063


   Bert Wijnen (editor)
   Lucent Technologies
   Schagen 33
   3461 GL Linschoten

   Phone: +31-348-407-775

Appendix A.  Change Log

      Note to RFC Editor: Please remove this appendix (including all of
      its subsections) prior to publication.

   This document was produced as part of the overall IETF Administrative
   Restructuring (AdminRest) effort.  Information about the effort and
   related documents can be found at:

   We are using an issue tracker to track the editorial and substantive
   feedback on this document.  It can be found at: (user: ietf, password: ietf, queue: iasa-bcp).

   This text corresponds to $Revision: 1.2 $ (in Harald's repository) of
   the XML source for this document.

A.1  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-07.txt

   o  A number of editorial fixes based on suggestions by ISOC's legal
      counsel, issue 845.

   o  Clarified ISOC BoT role in appeals, issue 843.

   o  Added preference for no ongoing payment for software licenses in
      section 3.1.

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A.2  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-06.txt

   o  Editorial fix about reporting in first para of Section 5.1 as per
      issue 787.

   o  Clarified (as per email from Scott Bradner) when exactly an IOAC
      term ends.

   o  Clarified the wording on IAOC members not receiving compensation
      for their services from IASA, ISOC or IETF.  As per a comment from
      Russ Housley, issue 831.

   o  Changed text so that 2/3 of voting IAOC members are required to
      remove IAOC chair.  As per issue 826.

   o  Clarify IASA tasks/responsibility for IPR matters as per issues
      820 and 825.

   o  Replaced earlier strawman sections "Business Decisions" and "IASA
      Responsiveness to IETF" with a new section Section 3.5 as the
      agreed upon text for issue 725.  The new text also addresses issue

A.3  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-05.txt

   o  Editorial fixes and cleanup

   o  Changed "unanimous" to "consensus" with text smoothing in
      Section 3.4 per mailing list discussion (issue 746).

   o  Fixed definitions of IAD and IAOC in Section 2.1.

   o  Adapted text for "Effective Date for Commencement of IASA" as per
      resolution of issue 739.

   o  Added text under "IAD responsibilities" about protection of
      personal data.  Part of issue 819.

   o  Editorial changes as agreed to per issue 819.

   o  Modified "Transparency" text in Section 7 as per issue 787.

   o  Editorial changes on the budget text in various places.  This to
      achieve better consistency as per issue 786.

   o  Replacement text for "outsourcing" as per issue 788.

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   o  Another simplification for the operational reserve as per issue
      789.  Some of the discussion also took place under issue 795.

   o  Added text to say we obey the law as per issue 793.

   o  Reworded text about the IAD hiring and firing committee to include
      a Nomcom selected IAOC member.  Issue 818.

   o  Added text for trademark responsibility.  Issue 821.

   o  Added text that legal review is needed for contracts.  Issue 822.

   o  Legal Editorial changes as per issue 823.

   o  Changed "Divisional Accounting" into "Cost Center Accounting" as
      per discussions with ISOC Accounting Experts and as per
      discussions on issue 787.  Changes are in Section 5.1.  This
      included a change to add text about "general ledger accounts" in
      this same section as per issue 794.

   o  Added "Business Decisions" and "IASA Responsiveness to IETF"
      sections as a strawman that tries to address the issues on review
      and appeals (issues 720, 725 and 792).

   o  Added "software" to principle 7 as per issue 820.

   o  Replaced text in Section 3.1 as per the legal advise from Jorge
      and per discussion regarding issue 820.

A.4  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-04.txt

   o  Removed Editors' Note in section on "Designated Donations", since
      the text seems to have settled.

   o  Reworded principle 8, per "IASA Finances" posting.

   o  Reworded Section 5.6 per "IASA Finances" posting.  The text
      changes address issues 740, 748, 769 and 772.

   o  Added text regarding compensation and reimbursement of expenses
      for IAOC members, to address issue 770.

   o  Reworded Removability text in Section 7 per "IASA removability -
      rephrase IAOC role" discussion on the IETF list, to address issue

   o  Reworded text about IAOC minutes (Section 3.4), issue 718.

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   o  Reworded Section 5.1 ("Divisional Accounting") per issue 721.

   o  Reworded Section 5.4 ("Other ISOC Support") per issue 722.

   o  A little rewording of text on donations in support for IETF, per
      issue 737.

   o  Reworded text on outsourcing and in-house work, per issue 733.

   o  Reduced the text on IAOC decision making (Section 3.4) quite a
      bit, per issue 746.

   o  Modified text on IAOC chair selection and authority (Section 4),
      per issue 771.

A.5  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-03.txt

   o  Removed "Closed Issues" section, replaced "Open Issues" section
      with another pointer to the RT ticket queue, since that is now
      more likely to be up-to-date than any list in this document.

   o  Added text that IAOC specifies and publishes rules for conflict
      resolution.  See issue #754.

   o  Changed text on quarterly credits to IASA accounts as per
      discussion in issue #748.  Issue seems not closed yet.

   o  Clarifications in budget process, see issue #749.

   o  Editorial change on wording "rights in data" as per issue #735.

   o  Editorial changes as per issue #727.

   o  Clarified text about requirements for in-house and outsourced
      activities.  Issue #723.

   o  Added text about how an IAOC vacancy is dealt with.  Issue #741.

   o  Removed a redundant sentence on donation coordination.  Issue

   o  Added text to state that IAOC decisions are minuted and minutes
      are published.  Issues #714 and #718.

   o  Refined text on removability (BCP doc) as per issue #751.

   o  Removed word "officer" from text, as per issue #731.

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   o  Added a 2nd paragraph on IAOC decision making rules.  Issue #746.

   o  Added text at the end of Section 3.2 to make IAOC responsible for
      filling in if there is no IAD or when IAD is not available.  Issue

   o  Clarified text in 2nd principle.  Issue #730.

   o  Added IETF to Section 2.1. Issue #743.

   o  Changed wording of 3rd principle in Section 2.2 to make it clearer
      that budget development is an iterative process that happens in
      cooperation with ISOC.

   o  Added a principle about the fact that IETF money stays IETF money
      once credited to IETF accounts.

   o  Changed the word "account" into "accounts" at a few places to be
      more in line with the concept of divisional accounting.

A.6  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-02.txt

   o  Split issues list into separate lists of open issues and closed
      issues (as seen by the editors).  Removed some inline Editors'
      comments when we believed that an issue has been resolved.

   o  Added Section 2.5 on when the procedures in this document become

   o  Changed text in Section 5 to state that the goal is a viable IASA
      based on all funding as opposed to just meeting fees and
      designated donations.

   o  Added text to Section 2.2 stating that funds and donations shall
      be irrevocably assigned to IETF.

   o  Removed section on IAD Committees.

   o  Changed the text in Section 4 on IAOC Chair selection and
      responsibilities.  It is now very similar to IAB chair selection
      as in RFC2850.

   o  Various textual clarifications.  This also includes several
      changes of "will" and "should" into "shall".

   o  Moved disclaimer of variance procedure to Section 3 and
      generalized it.

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   o  Improved wording on IPR in Section 2.2 and added specific text for
      IAD to ensure we have proper rights to any IPR.  Section 5.1

   o  Cleanup Section 7.

A.7  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-01.txt

   o  Added a list of open issues (Section 1.1).

   o  Added that small committee determines initial compensation for

   o  Added a set of Principles (Section 2.2) on which any details are
      (should be) based.

   o  Added "Community Consensus and Grant of Authority" (Section 2.3)

   o  Added more acknowledgments (no doubt still incomplete).

   o  Clarified Section 5 and subsections. Added Editors' note.

   o  Clarified what happens if IAOC voting results in a tie.

   o  Changed the selection of person(s) to act as IETF Executive

   o  Added a disclaimer in Section 5, stating that IAOC can deal with
      changes because of legal, accounting or practical reasons.

   o  Removed "insurance" example in Section 5.4.

   o  Added a reference to ISOC bylaws.

   o  Stop using term "liaison" to mean "non-voting IAOC member";
      instead, spell out which members are voting and which are not.
      Add text allowing IAOC to request non-voting liaisons from other

   o  Various editorial cleanups.

A.8  Changes in draft-ietf-iasa-bcp-00.txt

   o  Modified the text of Section 5.

   o  Added text on Reserve funds.

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   o  Made IAB chair a voting member of IAOC; added tie-breaker rule
      that if voting results in equal split, then IAOC chair decides.

   o  Changed 2nd paragraph in "Structure of IASA" section to replace
      the fuzzy term "executive-level" and to be clear about cost

   o  Made it explicit that the IESG's role as a confirming body only
      applies to IAOC appointments made by the NomCom.

   o  Editorial changes at various places in the document.

A.9  Changes in draft-wasserman-iasa-bcp-01.txt

   o  Adjusted the description of the IAD role and reporting structure
      to make it clear that the IAD is expected to serve as
      executive-level management for IASA, with only high-level
      direction (not day-to-day management) from the IAOC.

   o  Removed some troublesome wording regarding termination of the IAD
      by the ISOC President/CEO.

   o  Moved the initial IAOC selection into a separate section and added
      some text describing how and when the initial IAOC will be seated.

   o  Added the concept of IAD committees, largely taken from Leslie
      Daigle's original AdminRest proposal.

   o  Performed some general text editing and clean-up.

A.10  Origin of draft-wasserman-iasa-bcp-00.txt

   draft-wasserman-iasa-bcp-00.txt was derived from an e-mail message
   written by Leslie Daigle and Margaret Wasserman and posted to the
   IETF by Leslie Daigle.  The original message can be found at:

   This document was derived from the "Draft BCP" portion of that
   message and has been updated based on comments received.

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Internet-Draft              Structure of IASA              February 2005

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