Internationalized Host Names Using Resolvers and Applications (IDNRA)

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (idn WG)
Authors Paul Hoffman  , Patrik Fältström 
Last updated 2000-08-21
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status (None)
Expired & archived
pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Stream WG state WG Document
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state Expired
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


The current DNS infrastructure does not provide a way to use internationalized host names (IDN). This document describes a mechanism that requires no changes to any DNS server that will allow internationalized host names to be used by end users with changes only to resolvers and applications. It allows flexibility for user input and display, and assures that host names that have non-ASCII characters are not sent to servers.


Paul Hoffman (
Patrik Fältström (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)