Virtually Internationalized Domain Names (VIDN)

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (idn WG)
Author Sung Shim 
Last updated 2001-03-08
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status (None)
Expired & archived
pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Stream WG state WG Document
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state Expired
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


This document proposes a method that enables domain names to be used in both local and English scripts, as a directory-search solution at an upper layer above the DNS. The method first converts virtual domain names typed in local scripts into the corresponding domain names in English scripts that comply with the DNS, using the knowledge of transliteration between local and English scripts. Then, the method searches for and displays domain names in English scripts that are active on the Internet so that the user can choose any of them. The conversion takes place automatically and transparently in the user's applications before DNS queries are sent, and so, the method does not make any change to the DNS nor require separate name servers.


Sung Shim (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)