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Applicability of BGP-LS with Multi-Topology (MT) for Segment Routing based Network Resource Partitions (NRP)
draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-sr-vtn-mt-04

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (idr WG)
Authors Chongfeng Xie , Cong Li , Jie Dong , Zhenbin Li
Last updated 2024-05-22
Replaces draft-xie-idr-bgpls-sr-vtn-mt
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draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-sr-vtn-mt-04
IDR Working Group                                                 C. Xie
Internet-Draft                                                     C. Li
Intended status: Informational                             China Telecom
Expires: 23 November 2024                                        J. Dong
                                                                   Z. Li
                                                     Huawei Technologies
                                                             22 May 2024

  Applicability of BGP-LS with Multi-Topology (MT) for Segment Routing
                based Network Resource Partitions (NRP)
                   draft-ietf-idr-bgpls-sr-vtn-mt-04

Abstract

   Enhanced VPNs aim to deliver VPN services with enhanced
   characteristics, such as guaranteed resources, latency, jitter, etc.,
   so as to support customers requirements for connectivity services
   with these enhanced characteristics.  Enhanced VPN requires
   integration between the overlay VPN connectivity and the
   characteristics provided by the underlay network.  A Network Resource
   Partition (NRP) is a subset of the network resources and associated
   policies on each of a connected set of links in the underlay network.
   An NRP could be used as the underlay to support one or a group of
   enhanced VPN services.

   When Segment Routing is used as the data plane of NRPs, each NRP can
   be allocated with a group of Segment Identifiers (SIDs) to identify
   the topology and resource attributes of network segments in the NRP.
   The association between the network topology, the network resource
   attributes and the SR SIDs may need to be distributed to a
   centralized network controller.  In some network scenarios, each NRP
   can be associated with a unique logical network topology.  This
   document describes a mechanism to distribute the information of SR
   based NRPs using BGP-LS with Multi-Topology (MT).

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

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   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 23 November 2024.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2024 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
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   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Advertisement of Topology Attribute for SR-based NRP  . . . .   4
     2.1.  Intra-domain Topology Advertisement . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  Inter-Domain Topology Advertisement . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   3.  Advertisement of Resource Attribute for SR-based NRP  . . . .   6
   4.  Scalability Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   7.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9

1.  Introduction

   Enhanced VPNs aim to deliver VPN services with enhanced
   characteristics, such as guaranteed resources, latency, jitter, etc.,
   so as to support customers requirements for connectivity services
   with these enhanced characteristics.  Enhanced VPN requires
   integration between the overlay VPN connectivity and the
   characteristics provided by the underlay network.  [RFC9543]
   discusses the general framework, components, and interfaces for
   requesting and operating network slices using IETF technologies.
   Network slice is considered as one target use case of enhanced VPNs.

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   [RFC9543] also introduces the concept of the Network Resource
   Partition (NRP), which is a subset of the buffer/queuing/scheduling
   resources and associated policies on each of a connected set of links
   in an underlay network.  An NRP can be associated with a logical
   network topology to select or specify the set of links and nodes
   involved.  [I-D.ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn] specifies the framework of
   NRP-based enhanced VPNs and describes the candidate component
   technologies in different network planes and network layers.  An NRP
   could be used as the underlay to meet the requirement of one or a
   group of enhanced VPN services.  To meet the requirement of enhanced
   VPN services, a number of NRPs can be created, each with a subset of
   network resources allocated on network nodes and links in a
   customized topology of the physical network.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments] introduces resource
   awareness to Segment Routing (SR) [RFC8402].  The resource-aware SIDs
   have additional semantics to identify the set of network resources
   available for the packet processing action associated with the SIDs.
   As described in [I-D.ietf-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn], the resource-
   aware SIDs can be used to build SR-based NRPs with the required
   network topology and network resource attributes to support enhanced
   VPN services.  With SR-based data plane, Segment Identifiers (SIDs)
   can be used to represent both the topological instructions and a
   subset of network resources on the network nodes and links which are
   allocated to an NRP.

   To allow NRP-specific constraint-based path computation and/or NRP-
   specific shortest path computation to be performed by network
   controller and network nodes, The set of resource-awere SR SIDs and
   the associated topology and resource attributes of an NRP need to be
   distributed using a control plane.  When a centralized network
   controller is used for NRP-specific constraint-based path
   computation, especially when an NRP spans multiple IGP areas or
   multiple Autonomous Systems (ASes), BGP-LS is needed to advertise the
   NRP information in each IGP area or AS to the network controller, so
   that the controller could use the collected information to build the
   view of inter-area or inter-AS SR NRPs.

   In some network scenarios, the required number of NRPs could be
   small, and it can be assumed that each NRP is associated with an
   independent topology and has a set of dedicated or shared network
   resources.  [I-D.ietf-lsr-isis-sr-vtn-mt] describes the IGP Multi-
   Topology (MT) [RFC5120] based mechanism to advertise the topology and
   the associated SR SIDs, together with the resource and TE attributes
   for each SR based NRP.  This document describes a mechanism to
   distribute the information of SR based NRPs to the network controller
   using BGP-LS [RFC9552] with Multi-Topology.

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2.  Advertisement of Topology Attribute for SR-based NRP

   [I-D.ietf-lsr-isis-sr-vtn-mt] describes the IS-IS Multi-topology
   based mechanisms to distribute the topology and the SR SIDs
   associated with SR based NRPs.  This section describes the
   corresponding BGP-LS mechanism to distribute both the intra-domain
   and inter-domain topology attributes of SR based NRPs.

2.1.  Intra-domain Topology Advertisement

   In section 4.2.2.1 of [RFC9552], Multi-Topology Identifier (MT-ID)
   TLV is defined, which can contain one or more IS-IS or OSPF Multi-
   Topology IDs.  The MT-ID TLV MAY be present in a Link Descriptor, a
   Prefix Descriptor, or the BGP-LS Attribute of a Node NLRI.

   [RFC9085] defines the BGP-LS extensions to carry the SR-MPLS
   information using TLVs of BGP-LS Attribute.  When Multi-Topology is
   used with SR-MPLS data plane, topology-specific Prefix-SIDs and
   topology-specific Adj-SIDs can be carried in the BGP-LS Attribute
   associated with the prefix NLRI and link NLRI respectively, the MT-ID
   TLV is carried in the prefix descriptor or link descriptor to
   identify the corresponding topology of the SIDs.

   [RFC9514] defines the BGP-LS extensions to advertise SRv6 information
   along with their functions and attributes.  When Multi-Topology is
   used with SRv6 data plane, the SRv6 Locator TLV is carried in the
   BGP-LS Attribute associated with the prefix-NLRI, the MT-ID TLV can
   be carried in the prefix descriptor to identify the corresponding
   topology of the SRv6 Locator.  The SRv6 End.X SIDs are carried in the
   BGP-LS Attribute associated with the link NLRI, the MT-ID TLV can be
   carried in the link descriptor to identify the corresponding topology
   of the End.X SIDs.  The SRv6 SID NLRI is defined to advertise other
   types of SRv6 SIDs, in which the SRv6 SID descriptors can include the
   MT-ID TLV so as to advertise topology-specific SRv6 SIDs.

   [RFC9552] defines the rules of the usage of MT-ID TLV:

   "The MT-ID TLV MAY be included as a Link Descriptor, as a Prefix
   Descriptor, or in the BGP-LS Attribute of a Node NLRI.  When included
   as a Link or Prefix Descriptor, only a single MT-ID TLV containing
   the MT-ID of the topology where the link or the prefix is reachable
   is allowed.  In case one wants to advertise multiple topologies for a
   given Link or Prefix Descriptor, multiple NLRIs MUST be generated
   where each NLRI contains a single unique MT-ID."

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2.2.  Inter-Domain Topology Advertisement

   [RFC9086] and [RFC9514] defines the BGP-LS extensions for
   advertisement of BGP inter-domain topology information and the BGP
   Egress Peering Segment Identifiers.  Such information could be used
   by a network controller for the computation and instantiation of
   inter-AS SR TE paths.

   In some network scenarios, there are needs to create NRPs which span
   multiple ASes.  The inter-domain NRPs could have different inter-
   domain connectivity, and may be associated with different set of
   network resources in each domain and also on the inter-domain links.
   In order to build the multi-domain SR based NRPs, it is necessary to
   advertise the topology and the associated BGP Peering SIDs of each
   NRP for inter-domain links.

   When MT-ID is used consistently in multiple domains covered by an
   NRP, the topology-specific BGP peering SIDs can be advertised with
   the MT-ID carried in the corresponding Link NLRI.  This can be
   achieved with the existing mechanisms as defined in
   [RFC9552][RFC9086] and [RFC9514].

   Depending on the requirement of inter-domain NRPs, different
   mechanisms can be used on the inter-domain connection:

   *  One EBGP session between two ASes can be established over multiple
      underlying links.  In this case, different underlying links can be
      used for different inter-domain NRPs which requires link isolation
      between each other.  In another similar case, the EBGP session is
      established over a single link, while the network resource (e.g.
      bandwidth) on this link can be partitioned into several pieces,
      each of which can be considered as a virtual member link.  An NRP
      can be associated with one of the underlying physical or virtual
      member links.  In both cases, different BGP Peer-Adj-SIDs or SRv6
      End.X SID need to be allocated to each underlying physical or
      virtual member link, the association between the BGP Peer Adj-SID/
      End.X SID and the MT-ID of the NRP need to be advertised by the
      ASBR.

   *  For inter-domain connection between two ASes, multiple EBGP
      sessions can be established between different set of peering
      ASBRs.  It is possible that some of these BGP sessions are used
      for one inter-domain NRP, while some other BGP sessions are used
      for another inter-domain NRP.  In this case, different BGP Peer
      Node SIDs need to be allocated to each BGP session and are
      advertised using the mechanism in [RFC9086] and [RFC9514], the
      association between the BGP Peer Node SIDs and the MT-ID of the
      NRP need to be advertised by the ASBR.

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   *  At the AS-level topology, different inter-domain NRPs may have
      different inter-AS connectivity.  Then different BGP Peer Set SIDs
      MAY be allocated to represent the groups of BGP peers which can be
      used for load-balancing in each inter-domain NRP.  The association
      between the BGP Peer Node SIDs and the MT-ID of the NRP need to be
      advertised by the ASBR.

   In network scenarios where consistent usage of MT-ID among multiple
   domains can not be achieved, a global-significant identifier MAY be
   introduced to identify the inter-domain topology of an NRP.  Within
   each domain, the MT based mechanism could be reused for intra-domain
   topology advertisement.  The detailed mechanism is out of the scope
   of this document.

3.  Advertisement of Resource Attribute for SR-based NRP

   [I-D.ietf-lsr-isis-sr-vtn-mt] specifies the mechanism to advertise
   the resource and TE attributes associated with each NRP.  This
   section describes the corresponding BGP-LS mechanisms for reporting
   NRP resource and TE attributes to network controllers.

   The information of the network resources and TE attributes associated
   with a link of an NRP can be specified by carrying the TE Link
   attribute TLVs in BGP-LS Attribute [RFC9552], with the associated MT-
   ID carried in the corresponding Link NLRI.

   When the Maximum Link Bandwidth sub-TLV is carried in the BGP-LS
   attribute associated with the Link NLRI of an NRP, it indicates the
   amount of link bandwidth resource allocated to the corresponding NRP
   on the link.  The bandwidth allocated to an NRP can be exclusive for
   traffic in the corresponding NRP.  The advertisement of other TE
   attributes in BGP-LS for NRP is for further study.

4.  Scalability Considerations

   The mechanism described in this document assumes that each NRP is
   associated with an independent topology, and for the inter-domain
   NRPs, the MT-IDs used in the involved domains are consistent, so that
   the MT-IDs can be reused to identify the NRPs in the control plane.
   Reusing MT-ID can avoid introducing new mechanism with similar
   functionality in the control plane, while it also has some
   limitations.  For example, even if multiple NRPs share the same
   topology, each NRP still need to be identified using a unique MT-ID
   in the control plane, thus independent path computation needs be
   executed for each NRP.  The number of NRPs supported in a network may
   be dependent on the number of topologies supported, which is related
   to both the number of topologies supported in the protocol and the
   control plane overhead which the network could afford.  The mechanism

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   described in this document is considered useful for network scenarios
   in which the required number of NRPs is small, as no control protocol
   extension is required.  For network scenarios where the number of
   required NRPs is large, more scalable solution would be needed, which
   may require further protocol extensions and enhancements.  A detailed
   analysis about the NRP scalability and the possible optimizations for
   supporting a large number of NRPs is described in
   [I-D.ietf-teas-nrp-scalability].

5.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no additional security vulnerabilities to
   BGP-LS.

   The mechanism proposed in this document is subject to the same
   vulnerabilities as any other protocol that relies on BGP-LS.

6.  IANA Considerations

   This document does not request any IANA actions.

7.  Acknowledgments

   The authors would like to thank Shunwan Zhuang for the review and
   discussion of this document.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-spring-resource-aware-segments]
              Dong, J., Miyasaka, T., Zhu, Y., Qin, F., and Z. Li,
              "Introducing Resource Awareness to SR Segments", Work in
              Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-spring-resource-
              aware-segments-09, 6 May 2024,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-spring-
              resource-aware-segments-09>.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn]
              Dong, J., Miyasaka, T., Zhu, Y., Qin, F., and Z. Li,
              "Segment Routing based Network Resource Partition (NRP)
              for Enhanced VPN", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft,
              draft-ietf-spring-sr-for-enhanced-vpn-07, 3 March 2024,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-spring-
              sr-for-enhanced-vpn-07>.

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   [RFC8402]  Filsfils, C., Ed., Previdi, S., Ed., Ginsberg, L.,
              Decraene, B., Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment
              Routing Architecture", RFC 8402, DOI 10.17487/RFC8402,
              July 2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8402>.

   [RFC9085]  Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Ed., Filsfils, C., Gredler,
              H., and M. Chen, "Border Gateway Protocol - Link State
              (BGP-LS) Extensions for Segment Routing", RFC 9085,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC9085, August 2021,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9085>.

   [RFC9086]  Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Ed., Filsfils, C., Patel, K.,
              Ray, S., and J. Dong, "Border Gateway Protocol - Link
              State (BGP-LS) Extensions for Segment Routing BGP Egress
              Peer Engineering", RFC 9086, DOI 10.17487/RFC9086, August
              2021, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9086>.

   [RFC9514]  Dawra, G., Filsfils, C., Talaulikar, K., Ed., Chen, M.,
              Bernier, D., and B. Decraene, "Border Gateway Protocol -
              Link State (BGP-LS) Extensions for Segment Routing over
              IPv6 (SRv6)", RFC 9514, DOI 10.17487/RFC9514, December
              2023, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9514>.

   [RFC9552]  Talaulikar, K., Ed., "Distribution of Link-State and
              Traffic Engineering Information Using BGP", RFC 9552,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC9552, December 2023,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9552>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-lsr-isis-sr-vtn-mt]
              Xie, C., Ma, C., Dong, J., and Z. Li, "Applicability of
              IS-IS Multi-Topology (MT) for Segment Routing based
              Network Resource Partition (NRP)", Work in Progress,
              Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-lsr-isis-sr-vtn-mt-07, 23
              January 2024, <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/
              draft-ietf-lsr-isis-sr-vtn-mt-07>.

   [I-D.ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn]
              Dong, J., Bryant, S., Li, Z., Miyasaka, T., and Y. Lee, "A
              Framework for NRP-based Enhanced Virtual Private Network",
              Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-teas-
              enhanced-vpn-18, 10 May 2024,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-teas-
              enhanced-vpn-18>.

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   [I-D.ietf-teas-nrp-scalability]
              Dong, J., Li, Z., Gong, L., Yang, G., and G. S. Mishra,
              "Scalability Considerations for Network Resource
              Partition", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
              teas-nrp-scalability-04, 4 March 2024,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-teas-
              nrp-scalability-04>.

   [RFC5120]  Przygienda, T., Shen, N., and N. Sheth, "M-ISIS: Multi
              Topology (MT) Routing in Intermediate System to
              Intermediate Systems (IS-ISs)", RFC 5120,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5120, February 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5120>.

   [RFC9543]  Farrel, A., Ed., Drake, J., Ed., Rokui, R., Homma, S.,
              Makhijani, K., Contreras, L., and J. Tantsura, "A
              Framework for Network Slices in Networks Built from IETF
              Technologies", RFC 9543, DOI 10.17487/RFC9543, March 2024,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9543>.

Authors' Addresses

   Chongfeng Xie
   China Telecom
   China Telecom Beijing Information Science & Technology, Beiqijia
   Beijing
   102209
   China
   Email: xiechf@chinatelecom.cn

   Cong Li
   China Telecom
   China Telecom Beijing Information Science & Technology, Beiqijia
   Beijing
   102209
   China
   Email: licong@chinatelecom.cn

   Jie Dong
   Huawei Technologies
   Huawei Campus, No. 156 Beiqing Road
   Beijing
   100095
   China
   Email: jie.dong@huawei.com

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   Zhenbin Li
   Huawei Technologies
   Huawei Campus, No. 156 Beiqing Road
   Beijing
   100095
   China
   Email: lizhenbin@huawei.com

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