Skip to main content

ILMI-Based Server Discovery for MARS

The information below is for an old version of the document that is already published as an RFC.
Document Type
This is an older version of an Internet-Draft that was ultimately published as RFC 2602.
Author Michael R. Davison
Last updated 2013-03-02 (Latest revision 1999-02-09)
RFC stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status Proposed Standard
Additional resources Mailing list discussion
Stream WG state (None)
Document shepherd (None)
IESG IESG state Became RFC 2602 (Proposed Standard)
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date (None)
Responsible AD (None)
Send notices to (None)
Internet-Draft                                           Mike Davison
                                                         Cisco Systems
                                                         Nov 15, 1998

                  ILMI-Based Server Discovery for MARS

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft nd is in full conformance with all
   provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026. Internet-Drafts are working
   documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas,
   and its working groups.  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   To learn the current status of any Internet Draft, please check the
   ``1id-abstracts.txt'' listing contained in the Internet Drafts shadow
   directories on (Africa), (Europe), (Pacific Rim), (US East Coast), or (US West Coast).

   This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo
   does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of
   this memo is unlimited.


   This memo defines how ILMI-based Server Discovery, which provides a
   method for ATM-attached hosts and routers to dynamically determine
   the ATM addresses of servers,  shall be used to locate MARS servers.

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 1]

Internet Draft                                              Nov 15, 1998

1. Introduction

   Presently, configuring a host or router to use MARS [1] is cumbersome
   and error-prone since it requires at least one ATM addresses to be
   statically configured on each host or router in the network.
   Further, it is impossible to implement a diskless host to use MARS
   since local configuration is required.  ILMI-based Server Discovery,
   hereafter referred to as "server discovery," provides a solution to
   these problems.

   A brief overview of the Integrated Local Management Interface (ILMI)
   and the Service Registry MIB, as defined by the ATM Forum, are
   provided in this memo. The reader should consult [2] for a complete
   description of ILMI and this MIB, but the information contained here
   is sufficient for an understanding of its use to support MARS server

2. Integrated Local Management Interface

   The Integrated Local Management Interface (ILMI) [2] provides a
   mechanism for ATM-attached devices, such as hosts, routers, and ATM
   switches, to transfer management information. It is based on the
   Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), Version 1, and supports
   get, get-next, set and trap operations.

   The ILMI specification designates the switch side of the ATM link as
   the 'network side' and the host/router side of the ATM link as the
   'user side.' The Service Registry MIB, which is outlined in Section
   3, is implmented on the network side and is queried from the user

3. ILMI 4.0 Service Registry MIB

   Server discovery utilizes the Service Registry MIB defined by the ATM
   Forum in ILMI Specification Version 4.0 [2]. To support the existing
   framework for IP over ATM, as embodied by ATMARP and MARS, ATM
   switches must support the Service Registry MIB.

   A row in the service registry table [2] is defined as:

      AtmfSrvcRegEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
          atmfSrvcRegPort          INTEGER,
          atmfSrvcRegServiceID     OBJECT IDENTIFIER,

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 2]

Internet Draft                                              Nov 15, 1998

          atmfSrvcRegATMAddress    AtmAddress,
          atmfSrvcRegAddressIndex  INTEGER,
          atmfSrvcRegParm1         OCTET STRING

   The definition of each field in this structure is:

      atmfSrvcRegPort - The ATM port number for which this entry
          management information. The value of zero may be used to
          indicate the ATM interface over which a management request
          was received.

      atmfSrvcRegServiceID - This is the service identifier that
          uniquely identifies the type of service at the address
          provided in the table. (See Section 3.2 for MARS OID.)

      atmfSrvcRegATMAddress - This is the full address of the service.
          The ATM client will use this address to establish a connection
          with the service.

      atmfSrvcRegAddressIndex - An arbitrary integer to differentiate
          multiple rows containing different ATM addresses for the same
          service on the same port.

      atmfSrvcRegParm1 - An octet string whose size and meaning is
          determined by the value of atmfSrvcRegServiceID.

   The service registry table is indexed by atmfSrvcRegPort,
   atmfSrvcRegServiceID and atmfSrvcRegAddressIndex.

3.1 Service Parameter String

   A generic parameter string is defined in the service registry table,
   thus allowing protocol-specific parameters to be specified. To be
   consistent with [1], the parameter string for MARS shall be:

       mar$pro.type   16   bits     Protocol type
       mar$pro.snap   40   bits     Optional extension to protocol type
       mar$plen        8   bits     Length of protocol address
       mar$addr       plen octets   Network address
       mar$mask       plen octets   Network mask


       mar$pro.type   - See [1]. (IPv4 is 0x0800, IPv6 is 0x86DD)

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 3]

Internet Draft                                              Nov 15, 1998

       mar$pro.snap   - See [1]. (IPv4 and IPv6 are 0)

       mar$plen       - Length of the protocol address.
                        (IPv4 is 4, IPv6 is 16)

       mar$addr       - Network address represented in network byte

       mar$mask       - Network mask represented in network byte order

3.2 Service Object Identifier

   This OID, assigned in the ATM Forum Service Registry MIB, names MARS
   within the context of server discovery.

     atmfSrvcRegMARS   OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { }

   It does not name any managed objects, rather is used to locate
   appropriate rows in the service registery table.

4. MARS Client Behavior

   An MARS client will access the service registry table via ILMI using
   the SNMP GetNext operator to "sweep" (SNMP parlance for a linear
   search) beginning with {Port = 0, ServiceID = <see Section 3.2>,
   Index = 0} while holding the port number and the serviceID constant.
   (Port number 0 is used within ILMI to indicate "this port.")

   An MARS client with no local configuration, such as a diskless
   workstation, must use the row with the lowest index value if multiple
   MARS servers, possibly for multiple networks, are listed.

   MARS clients that have local IP configuration must use a row that has
   the appropriate IP address.  For example, consider the case where an
   IP router has 3 logical interfaces defined on a single physical
   interface with IP addresses, and The router will sweep the service registry table
   looking for rows that have atmfSrvcRegParm1 values as shown below:

     Net number/mask  atmfSrvcRegParm1
     ---------------- --------------------------------------------------        08 00 00 00 00 00 00  04  01 00 00 00  ff 00 00 00    08 00 00 00 00 00 00  04  80 0a 00 00  ff ff 00 00  08 00 00 00 00 00 00  04  ab 45 96 00  ff ff ff 00

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 4]

Internet Draft                                              Nov 15, 1998

   When the correct atmfSrvcRegParm1 values are located, the router may
   then establish an SVC to the selected server and perform the
   appropriate protocol operations.

   Redundant MARS servers are supported with multiple rows in the
   service registry table. This list of MARS servers is ordered with the
   primary MARS server having the lowest index value. The MARS client
   must attempt to utilize the primary MARS server before utilizing a
   secondary MARS server. Administrators must ensure that the listed
   MARS servers are synchronized.

5. MARS Server Behavior

   An MARS server shall be locally configured. The MARS server may
   retrieve the MARS service registry data to validate the results. If
   an incorrect row is retrieved the error may be flagged in a locally
   significant way.

6. Relationship with PNNI Augmented Routing

   An augmented version PNNI ("PNNI Augmented Routing," or PAR) [3] has
   been developed by the ATM Forum. PAR can distribute data such as MARS
   server addresses. Further, the ATM Forum developing a proxy mechanism
   for PAR (Proxy PAR) that would allow a UNI-attached host or router to
   access PAR data without a full PAR implementation.

   These mechanisms offer a promising way to manage the service registry
   tables maintained on each switch in an ATM network, yet would not
   require changes to the mechanism defined in this memo. Hosts and
   routers can continue to utilize ILMI-based or Proxy PAR-based server
   discovery and network administrators could manage the service
   registry data with local configuration or via PAR and Proxy PAR.

7. Security Considerations

   The server discovery mechanism is built on the ILMI managment
   framework and the security embodied in that framework. Access, to
   user- or network-side information is controlled by MIB design rather
   than protocol security mechanisms.

   The service registery MIB, the table containing information for
   server discovery, is defined in [2] with read-only access. This means

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 5]

Internet Draft                                              Nov 15, 1998

   that any user-side device may query the service registry, but may not
   modify the service registry via ILMI. Instead, the sevice registry
   table must be modified via local configuration on the ATM switch.

Appendix - Copyright

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (date). All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implmentation may be prepared, copied, published and
   distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind,
   provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the  purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an


      [1]  Armitage, G., "Support for Multicast over UNI 3.0/3.1
      based ATM Networks," IETF RFC 2022, Bellcore, November, 1996.

      [2]  ATM Forum, "Integrated Local Management Interface (ILMI)
      Specification Version 4.0," af-ilmi-0065.000, September, 1996.

      [3]  ATM Forum, "PNNI Augmented Routing (PAR) Version 1.0,"
      af-ra-0104, January, 1999.

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 6]

Internet Draft                                              Nov 15, 1998

Author's  Address

      Mike Davison
      Cisco Systems
      170 West Tasman Drive
      San Jose, California 95134

      Phone: (408) 526-4000

Davison                   Expires May 15, 1999                  [Page 7]