IP Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement and Use Cases
draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-08

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Document Type Active Internet-Draft (ipwave WG)
Last updated 2019-03-24 (latest revision 2018-11-04)
Replaces draft-ietf-ipwave-problem-statement, draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-survey
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IPWAVE Working Group                                       J. Jeong, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                   Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational                            March 24, 2019
Expires: September 25, 2019

IP Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (IPWAVE): Problem Statement
                             and Use Cases
               draft-ietf-ipwave-vehicular-networking-08

Abstract

   This document discusses the problem statement and use cases of IP-
   based vehicular networking for Intelligent Transportation Systems
   (ITS).  The main scenarios of vehicular communications are vehicle-
   to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), and vehicle-to-
   everything (V2X) communications.  First, this document surveys use
   cases using V2V, V2I, and V2X networking.  Second, it analyzes
   proposed protocols for IP-based vehicular networking and highlights
   the limitations and difficulties found on those protocols.  Third, it
   presents a problem exploration for key aspects in IP-based vehicular
   networking, such as IPv6 Neighbor Discovery, Mobility Management, and
   Security & Privacy.  For each key aspect, this document discusses a
   problem statement to evaluate the gap between the state-of-the-art
   techniques and requirements in IP-based vehicular networking.

Status of This Memo

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   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 25, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

Jeong, Ed.             Expires September 25, 2019               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft          IPWAVE Problem Statement              March 2019

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.1.  V2V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.2.  V2I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.3.  V2X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   4.  Analysis for Existing Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     4.1.  Existing Protocols for Vehicular Networking . . . . . . .   8
       4.1.1.  IP Address Autoconfiguration  . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       4.1.2.  Routing Protocol  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       4.1.3.  Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       4.1.4.  DNS Naming Service  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       4.1.5.  Service Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       4.1.6.  Security and Privacy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     4.2.  General Problems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       4.2.1.  Vehicular Network Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       4.2.2.  Latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       4.2.3.  Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
       4.2.4.  Pseudonym Handling  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   5.  Problem Exploration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     5.1.  Neighbor Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
       5.1.1.  Link Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
       5.1.2.  MAC Address Pseudonym . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
       5.1.3.  Prefix Dissemination/Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
       5.1.4.  Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     5.2.  Mobility Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
     5.3.  Security and Privacy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
   7.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
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