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Guidelines for Internationalized Resource Identifiers with Bi- directional Characters (Bidi IRIs)

Document type: Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Document stream: IETF
Last updated: 2013-04-23 (latest revision 2012-10-20)
Intended RFC status: Best Current Practice
Other versions: (expired, archived): plain text, pdf, html

IETF State: WG Document
Document shepherd: No shepherd assigned

IESG State: Expired (IESG: Dead)
Responsible AD: Pete Resnick
Send notices to:,

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found here:


This specification gives guidelines for selection, use, and presentation of International Resource Identifiers (IRIs) which include characters with inherent right-to-left (rtl) writing direction.


Martin Dürst <>
Larry Masinter <>
Adil Allawi <>

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid)