Skip to main content

Guidelines for Internationalized Resource Identifiers with Bi- directional Characters (Bidi IRIs)

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Expired & archived
Authors Martin J. Dürst , Larry M Masinter , Adil Allawi
Last updated 2015-10-14 (Latest revision 2012-10-20)
RFC stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status Best Current Practice
Stream WG state WG Document
Document shepherd (None)
IESG IESG state Expired (IESG: Dead)
Action Holders
Consensus boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date (None)
Responsible AD Pete Resnick
Send notices to

This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft is available in these formats:


This specification gives guidelines for selection, use, and presentation of International Resource Identifiers (IRIs) which include characters with inherent right-to-left (rtl) writing direction.


Martin J. Dürst
Larry M Masinter
Adil Allawi

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)