Guidelines for Internationalized Resource Identifiers with Bi- directional Characters (Bidi IRIs)

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Martin Dürst  , Larry Masinter  , Adil Allawi
Last updated 2015-10-14 (latest revision 2012-10-20)
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Intended RFC status Best Current Practice
Expired & archived
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Stream WG state WG Document
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state Expired (IESG: Dead)
Action Holders
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
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Responsible AD Pete Resnick
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


This specification gives guidelines for selection, use, and presentation of International Resource Identifiers (IRIs) which include characters with inherent right-to-left (rtl) writing direction.


Martin Dürst (
Larry Masinter (
Adil Allawi (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)