OAuth 2.0 Security Best Current Practice
draft-ietf-oauth-security-topics-09

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Last updated 2018-11-09
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Open Authentication Protocol                         T. Lodderstedt, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                   yes.com
Intended status: Best Current Practice                        J. Bradley
Expires: May 13, 2019                                             Yubico
                                                             A. Labunets
                                                                Facebook
                                                                 D. Fett
                                                                 yes.com
                                                       November 09, 2018

                OAuth 2.0 Security Best Current Practice
                  draft-ietf-oauth-security-topics-09

Abstract

   This document describes best current security practice for OAuth 2.0.
   It updates and extends the OAuth 2.0 Security Threat Model to
   incorporate practical experiences gathered since OAuth 2.0 was
   published and covers new threats relevant due to the broader
   application of OAuth 2.0.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 13, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents

Lodderstedt, et al.       Expires May 13, 2019                  [Page 1]
Internet-Draft               Security Topics               November 2018

   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  Protecting Redirect-Based Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.1.  Authorization Code Grant  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       2.1.2.  Implicit Grant  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.2.  Token Replay Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.3.  Access Token Privilege Restriction  . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   3.  Attacks and Mitigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  Insufficient Redirect URI Validation  . . . . . . . . . .   6
       3.1.1.  Attacks on Authorization Code Grant . . . . . . . . .   7
       3.1.2.  Attacks on Implicit Grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       3.1.3.  Proposed Countermeasures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.2.  Credential Leakage via Referrer Headers . . . . . . . . .  10
       3.2.1.  Leakage from the OAuth client . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       3.2.2.  Leakage from the Authorization Server . . . . . . . .  10
       3.2.3.  Consequences  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       3.2.4.  Proposed Countermeasures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     3.3.  Attacks through the Browser History . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       3.3.1.  Code in Browser History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       3.3.2.  Access Token in Browser History . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     3.4.  Mix-Up  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       3.4.1.  Attack Description  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       3.4.2.  Countermeasures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     3.5.  Authorization Code Injection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       3.5.1.  Proposed Countermeasures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     3.6.  Access Token Injection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       3.6.1.  Proposed Countermeasures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     3.7.  Cross Site Request Forgery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       3.7.1.  Proposed Countermeasures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     3.8.  Access Token Leakage at the Resource Server . . . . . . .  20
       3.8.1.  Access Token Phishing by Counterfeit Resource Server   20
         3.8.1.1.  Metadata  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
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