Operational Security Considerations for IPv6 Networks
draft-ietf-opsec-v6-12

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (opsec WG)
Last updated 2017-10-30
Replaces draft-vyncke-opsec-v6
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OPSEC                                                     E. Vyncke, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                     Cisco
Intended status: Informational                           K. Chittimaneni
Expires: May 3, 2018                                        Dropbox Inc.
                                                                 M. Kaeo
                                                    Double Shot Security
                                                        October 30, 2017

         Operational Security Considerations for IPv6 Networks
                         draft-ietf-opsec-v6-12

Abstract

   Knowledge and experience on how to operate IPv4 securely is
   available: whether it is the Internet or an enterprise internal
   network.  However, IPv6 presents some new security challenges.  RFC
   4942 describes the security issues in the protocol but network
   managers also need a more practical, operations-minded document to
   enumerate advantages and/or disadvantages of certain choices.

   This document analyzes the operational security issues in all places
   of a network (enterprises, service providers and residential users)
   and proposes technical and procedural mitigations techniques.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 3, 2018.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

Vyncke, et al.             Expires May 3, 2018                  [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                 OPsec IPv6                   October 2017

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Generic Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  Addressing Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.1.  Statically Configured Addresses . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.2.  Use of ULAs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       2.1.3.  Point-to-Point Links  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       2.1.4.  Temporary Addresses - Privacy Extensions for SLAAC  .   6
       2.1.5.  Privacy consideration of Addresses  . . . . . . . . .   7
       2.1.6.  DHCP/DNS Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       2.1.7.  Using a /64 per host  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     2.2.  Extension Headers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       2.2.1.  Order and Repetition of Extension Headers . . . . . .   8
       2.2.2.  Hop-by-Hop Extension Header . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       2.2.3.  Fragmentation Extension Header  . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       2.2.4.  IP Security Extension Header  . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     2.3.  Link-Layer Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       2.3.1.  Securing DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       2.3.2.  ND/RA Rate Limiting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       2.3.3.  ND/RA Filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       2.3.4.  3GPP Link-Layer Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       2.3.5.  SeND and CGA  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     2.4.  Control Plane Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
       2.4.1.  Control Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       2.4.2.  Management Protocols  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       2.4.3.  Packet Exceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     2.5.  Routing Security  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       2.5.1.  Authenticating Neighbors/Peers  . . . . . . . . . . .  16
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