Use Cases for Localized Versions of the RPKI

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (sidrops WG)
Author Randy Bush 
Last updated 2019-05-02 (latest revision 2019-04-30)
Replaces draft-ietf-sidr-lta-use-cases
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Network Working Group                                            R. Bush
Internet-Draft                                 Internet Initiative Japan
Intended status: Informational                            April 30, 2019
Expires: November 1, 2019

              Use Cases for Localized Versions of the RPKI


   There are a number of critical circumstances where a localized
   routing domain needs to augment or modify its view of the Global
   RPKI.  This document attempts to outline a few of them.

Status of This Memo

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   This Internet-Draft will expire on November 1, 2019.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Suggested Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  What is 'Local' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   4.  Example Uses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Some Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   8.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   9.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     9.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     9.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

1.  Introduction

   Today RPKI-based Origin Validation, [RFC6811], relies on widespread
   deployment of the Global Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI),
   [RFC6480].  In the future, RPKI-based Path Validation, [RFC8205],
   will be even more reliant on the Global RPKI.

   But there are critical circumstances in which a local, clearly-
   scoped, administrative and/or routing domain will want to augment
   and/or modify their internal view of the Global RPKI.

   This document attempts to lay out a few of those use cases.  It is
   not intended to be authoritative, complete, or to become a standard.
   It is informative laying out a few critical examples to help frame
   the issues.

2.  Suggested Reading

   It is assumed that the reader understands the RPKI, see [RFC6480],
   the RPKI Repository Structure, see [RFC6481], Route Origin
   Authorizations (ROAs), see [RFC6482], and GhostBusters Records, see

3.  What is 'Local'

   The RPKI is a distributed database containing certificates, CRLs,
   manifests, ROAs, and GhostBusters Records as described in [RFC6481].
   Policies and considerations for RPKI object generation and
   maintenance are discussed elsewhere.

   Like the DNS, the Global RPKI tries to present a single global view,
   although only a loosely consistent view, depending on timing,

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   updating, fetching, etc.  There is no 'fix' for this, it is not
   broken, it is the nature of distributed data with distributed caches.

   There are critical uses of the RPKI where a local administrative and/
   or routing domain, e.g. an end-user site, a particular ISP or content
   provider, an organization, a geo-political region, ... may wish to
   have a specialized view of the RPKI.

   For the purposes of this exploration, we refer to this localized view
   as a 'Local Trust Anchor', mostly for historical reasons, but also
   because implementation would likely require the local distribution of
   one or more specialized trust anchors, [RFC6481].

4.  Example Uses

   We explore this space using three examples.

   Carol, a resource holder (Local Internet Registry (LIR), Provider
   Independent address space (PI) holder, ...), operates outside of the
   country in which her Regional Internet Registry (RIR) is based.
   Someone convinces the RIR's local court to force the RIR to remove or
   modify some or all of Carol's certificates, ROAs, etc. or the
   resources they represent, and the operational community wants to
   retain the ability to route to Carol's network(s).  There is need for
   some channel through which operators can permit Carol to be believed
   and exchange local trust, command, and data collections necessary to
   propagate patches local to all their RPKI views.

   Bob has a multi-AS network under his administration and some of those
   ASs use private ([RFC1918]) or 'borrowed' address space which is not
   announced on the global Internet (not to condone borrowing), and he
   wishes to certify them for use in his internal routing.

   Alice is responsible for the trusted routing for a large
   organization, commercial or geo-political, in which management
   requests routing engineering to redirect their competitors' prefixes
   to socially acceptable data.  Alice is responsible for making the
   Certificate Authority (CA) hierarchy have validated certificates for
   those redirected resources as well as the rest of the Internet.

5.  Some Approaches

   In these examples, it is ultimately the ROAs, not the certificates,
   which one wants to modify or replace.  But one probably can not
   simply create new ROAs as one does not have the private keys needed
   to sign them.  Hence it is likely that one has to also do something
   about the [RFC6480] certificates.

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   The goal is to modify, create, and/or replace ROAs and GhostBuster
   Records which are needed to present the localized view of the RPKI

   One wants to reproduce only as much of the Global RPKI as needed.
   Replicating more than is needed would amplify tracking and

   One can not reissue down from the root trust anchor at the IANA or
   from the RIRs' certificates because one does not have the private
   keys required.  So one has to create a new trust anchor which, for
   ease of use, will contain the new/modified certificates and ROAs as
   well as the unmodified remainder of the Global RPKI.

   Because Alice, Bob, and Carol want to be able to archive, reproduce,
   and send to other operators the data necessary to reproduce their
   modified view of the global RPKI, there will need to be a formally
   defined set of data which is input to a well-defined process to take
   an existing Global RPKI tree and produce the desired modified re-
   anchored tree.

   It is possible that an operator may need to accept and process
   modification data from more than one source.  Hence there is a need
   to merge modification 'recipes'.

   Simplified Local Internet Number Resource Management with the RPKI
   (SLURM), [RFC8416], addresses many, but not all, of these issues and
   approaches.  This document was originally a gating requirements
   document for SLURM and other approaches.

6.  Security Considerations

   Though the above use cases are all constrained to local contexts,
   they violate the model of a single Global RPKI, albeit to meet real
   operational needs.  Hence the result must be able to be validated as
   if the changed data were part of the validatable Global RPKI while
   including the local context, perhaps with the addition of trust
   anchors or authenticatable patching of trust.

   Modification 'recipes' may lack authentication.  E.g., if
   modifications to the tree are passed around a la SLURM files, see
   [RFC8416], what was object security becomes, at best, transport
   security, or authentication by other trust domains such as PGP.

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7.  IANA Considerations

   This document has no IANA Considerations.

8.  Acknowledgments

   The author thanks Chris Morrow, Karen Seo, Rob Austein, and Steve
   Kent for comments and suggestions.

9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC6480]  Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support
              Secure Internet Routing", RFC 6480, DOI 10.17487/RFC6480,
              February 2012, <>.

   [RFC6481]  Huston, G., Loomans, R., and G. Michaelson, "A Profile for
              Resource Certificate Repository Structure", RFC 6481,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6481, February 2012,

   [RFC6482]  Lepinski, M., Kent, S., and D. Kong, "A Profile for Route
              Origin Authorizations (ROAs)", RFC 6482,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6482, February 2012,

   [RFC6493]  Bush, R., "The Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI)
              Ghostbusters Record", RFC 6493, DOI 10.17487/RFC6493,
              February 2012, <>.

   [RFC6811]  Mohapatra, P., Scudder, J., Ward, D., Bush, R., and R.
              Austein, "BGP Prefix Origin Validation", RFC 6811,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6811, January 2013,

   [RFC8416]  Ma, D., Mandelberg, D., and T. Bruijnzeels, "Simplified
              Local Internet Number Resource Management with the RPKI
              (SLURM)", RFC 8416, DOI 10.17487/RFC8416, August 2018,

9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC1918]  Rekhter, Y., Moskowitz, B., Karrenberg, D., de Groot, G.,
              and E. Lear, "Address Allocation for Private Internets",
              BCP 5, RFC 1918, DOI 10.17487/RFC1918, February 1996,

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   [RFC8205]  Lepinski, M., Ed. and K. Sriram, Ed., "BGPsec Protocol
              Specification", RFC 8205, DOI 10.17487/RFC8205, September
              2017, <>.

Author's Address

   Randy Bush
   Internet Initiative Japan
   5147 Crystal Springs
   Bainbridge Island, Washington  98110


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