A Firmware Update Architecture for Internet of Things
draft-ietf-suit-architecture-15

The information below is for an old version of the document
Document Type Active Internet-Draft (suit WG)
Authors Brendan Moran  , Hannes Tschofenig  , David Brown  , Milosch Meriac 
Last updated 2021-01-17 (latest revision 2020-10-21)
Replaces draft-moran-suit-architecture
Stream Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Formats pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Reviews
Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication (wg milestone: Nov 2019 - Submit architecture ... )
Document shepherd Russ Housley
Shepherd write-up Show (last changed 2020-06-09)
IESG IESG state Approved-announcement to be sent::AD Followup
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Responsible AD Roman Danyliw
Send notices to Russ Housley <housley@vigilsec.com>
IANA IANA review state IANA OK - No Actions Needed
SUIT                                                            B. Moran
Internet-Draft                                             H. Tschofenig
Intended status: Informational                               Arm Limited
Expires: July 22, 2021                                          D. Brown
                                                                  Linaro
                                                               M. Meriac
                                                              Consultant
                                                        January 18, 2021

         A Firmware Update Architecture for Internet of Things
                    draft-ietf-suit-architecture-15

Abstract

   Vulnerabilities with Internet of Things (IoT) devices have raised the
   need for a solid and secure firmware update mechanism that is also
   suitable for constrained devices.  Incorporating such update
   mechanism to fix vulnerabilities, to update configuration settings as
   well as adding new functionality is recommended by security experts.

   This document lists requirements and describes an architecture for a
   firmware update mechanism suitable for IoT devices.  The architecture
   is agnostic to the transport of the firmware images and associated
   meta-data.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on July 22, 2021.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

Moran, et al.             Expires July 22, 2021                 [Page 1]
Internet-Draft   A Firmware Update Architecture for IoT     January 2021

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions and Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Requirements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.1.  Agnostic to how firmware images are distributed . . . . .   7
     3.2.  Friendly to broadcast delivery  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.3.  Use state-of-the-art security mechanisms  . . . . . . . .   8
     3.4.  Rollback attacks must be prevented  . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     3.5.  High reliability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     3.6.  Operate with a small bootloader . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     3.7.  Small Parsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     3.8.  Minimal impact on existing firmware formats . . . . . . .  10
     3.9.  Robust permissions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     3.10. Operating modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     3.11. Suitability to software and personalization data  . . . .  12
   4.  Claims  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   5.  Communication Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   6.  Manifest  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   7.  Device Firmware Update Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     7.1.  Single CPU SoC  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     7.2.  Single CPU with Secure - Normal Mode Partitioning . . . .  18
     7.3.  Dual CPU, shared memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     7.4.  Dual CPU, other bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   8.  Bootloader  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   9.  Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
   11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
   12. Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
   13. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
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