Deprecating Connection of IPv6 Domains via IPv4 Clouds (6to4)
draft-ietf-v6ops-6to4-to-historic-07

The information below is for an old version of the document
Document Type Active Internet-Draft (v6ops WG)
Authors Ole Trøan  , Brian Carpenter 
Last updated 2014-11-10
Replaces draft-troan-v6ops-6to4-to-historic
Stream IETF
Intended RFC status Informational
Formats pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Reviews
Stream WG state Submitted to IESG for Publication
Document shepherd Fred Baker
IESG IESG state I-D Exists (IESG: Dead)
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
Telechat date
Responsible AD Ron Bonica
IESG note The document shepherd is Fred Baker (fred@cisco.com).
Send notices to v6ops-chairs@tools.ietf.org, draft-ietf-v6ops-6to4-to-historic@tools.ietf.org
v6ops WG                                                        O. Troan
Internet-Draft                                                     Cisco
Obsoletes: 3068 (if approved)                          B. Carpenter, Ed.
Intended status: Best Current Practice                 Univ. of Auckland
Expires: May 14, 2015                                  November 10, 2014

     Deprecating Connection of IPv6 Domains via IPv4 Clouds (6to4)
                draft-ietf-v6ops-6to4-to-historic-07.txt

Abstract

   Experience with the "Connection of IPv6 Domains via IPv4 Clouds
   (6to4)" IPv6 transition mechanism has shown that the mechanism is
   unsuitable for widespread deployment and use in the Internet,
   especially in its anycast mode.  This document requests that RFC
   3068, "An Anycast Prefix for 6to4 Relay Routers", be made obsolete
   and moved to historic status.  It also recommends that future
   products should not support 6to4 anycast and that existing
   deployments should be reviewed.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 14, 2015.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect

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   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

1.  Introduction

   There would appear to be no evidence of any substantial deployment of
   the variant of 6to4 described in [RFC3056].  Its extension specified
   in "An Anycast Prefix for 6to4 Relay Routers" [RFC3068] has been
   shown to have severe practical problems when used in the Internet.
   This document requests that RFC 3068 be moved to Historic status as
   defined in section 4.2.4 of [RFC2026].

   6to4 was designed to help transition the Internet from IPv4 to IPv6.
   It has been a good mechanism for experimenting with IPv6, but because
   of the high failure rates seen with anycast 6to4 [HUSTON], end users
   may end up disabling IPv6 on hosts as a result, and some content
   providers have been reluctant to make content available over IPv6.

   [RFC6343] analyses the known operational issues in detail and
   describes a set of suggestions to improve 6to4 reliability, given the
   widespread presence of hosts and customer premises equipment that
   support it.  However, experience shows that operational failures have
   continued despite this advice being available.  Fortunately the
   advice to disable 6to4 by default has been widely adopted in recent
   operating systems, and the failure modes have been largely hidden
   from users by many browsers adopting the "happy eyeballs" approach
   [RFC6555].  Nevertheless, operational problems caused by 6to4 still
   occur.

   IPv6 Rapid Deployment on IPv4 Infrastructures (6rd) [RFC5969]
   utilizes the same encapsulation and base mechanism as 6to4, and could
   be viewed as a superset of 6to4 (6to4 could be achieved by setting
   the 6rd prefix to 2002::/16).  However, the deployment model is such
   that 6rd can avoid the problems described here.  In this sense, 6rd
   can be viewed as superseding 6to4 as described in section 4.2.4 of
   [RFC2026]

   Given that native IPv6 support and reliable transition mechanisms
   such as 6rd are now becoming common, the IETF sees no evolutionary
   future for the 6to4 mechanism.

2.  Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and

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   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC
   2119 [RFC2119].

3.  6to4 operational problems
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