Content Duration MIME Header Definition
The information below is for an old version of the document that is already published as an RFC.
This is an older version of an Internet-Draft that was ultimately published as RFC 3803.
|Authors||Glenn Parsons , Gregory Vaudreuil|
|Last updated||2015-10-14 (Latest revision 2002-02-15)|
|RFC stream||Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)|
|Additional resources||Mailing list discussion|
|IESG||IESG state||RFC 3803 (Draft Standard)|
|Responsible AD||Ned Freed|
|Send notices to||<firstname.lastname@example.org>|
Network Working Group Greg Vaudreuil Internet Draft Lucent Technologies Expires in six months Glenn Parsons Obsoletes: RFC 2424 Nortel Networks February 14, 2002 Content Duration MIME Header Definition <draft-ietf-vpim-vpimv2r2-dur-03.txt> Status of this Memo This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet- Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html. Abstract This document describes the MIME header Content-Duration that is intended for use with any time varying media content (typically audio/* or video/*). This document obsoletes RFC 2424. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002). All Rights Reserved. Vaudreuil & Parsons Expires: August 14, 2002 1 Internet Draft Content Duration February 14, 2002 1. Introduction This document describes the MIME header Content-Duration that is intended for use with any time varying media content (typically audio/* or video/*). The length of time is represented in seconds without any units indication. This document obsoletes RFC 2424. The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC-2119 [REQ]. 2. Content-Duration Header Field Time varying media contents, for example, a spoken voice message or a video clip, have an inherent time duration. Many audio and video encodings may include their duration as header information or may allow accurate calculation based on the byte length of the data. However, it may be useful to present the time duration of the content in a MIME header to allow its simple determination without dealing with the actual content. 2.1 Syntax The Content-Duration field's value is a single number specifying the time duration in seconds of the content. Formally: duration := "Content-Duration" ":" 1*10DIGIT Note that practically (though highly unlikely in MIME media), the upper bound on the numerical value of the time duration is (2^^31 -1) or 2147483647. 2.2 Semantics This field represents the time duration of the associated time varying media content. The time duration is noted in seconds with no units tag. The time value should be exact, however the exact value of the time duration cannot be known without opening the content and playing it. If an exact value must be known, then the latter method should be used. This mechanism simply allows placing a sender determined time duration value in the header for easy access. Though there are several ways to present this duration to the recipient (e.g. with the inbox headers, when audio attachment opened), the actual use of this field on reception is a local implementation issue. Vaudreuil & Parsons Expires April 22, 2002 [Page 2] Internet Draft Content Duration February 14, 2002 2.3 Example In this example the content duration represents 33 seconds: Content-Duration: 33 3. VPIM Usage The Content-Duration header field for the audio/32KADPCM sub-type is a useful component of the VPIM specification [VPIM2]. All VPIM Messages MUST contain this sub-type to carry the audio of a voice message. It may be useful in some instances (e.g. viewing on a simple MIME or non-MIME desktop) to have the time duration of the voice message available without having to open the audio content. 4. Security Considerations This definition introduces the option of explicitly identifying the time duration of an audio/* or video/* content outside of the binary data that forms the content. In some environments (though likely not the majority), the identification of the actual time duration in a header field may be a security issue and as a result should not be noted. Reliance on the time indicated in this header field cannot be trusted for the purposes of determining the exact size of the data. The exact length of the data must be determined by examining the data itself. 5. References [DUR] G. Parsons and G. Vaudreuil, "Content Duration MIME Header Definition", RFC 2424, September 1998. [MIME2] Freed, N., and N. Borenstein, "Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Two: Media Types", RFC 2046, November 1996. [VPIM2] Vaudreuil, G., and G. Parsons, "Voice Profile for Internet Mail - version 2", RFC 2421, September 1998. [VPIM2R2] Vaudreuil, G., and G. Parsons, "Voice Profile for Internet Mail - version 2", <draft-ietf-vpim-vpimv2r2-04.txt>, October 22, 2001. [REQ] S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, March 1997. Vaudreuil & Parsons Expires April 22, 2002 [Page 3] Internet Draft Content Duration February 14, 2002 6. Authors' Addresses Glenn W. Parsons Nortel Networks P.O. Box 3511, Station C Ottawa, ON K1Y 4H7 Canada Phone: +1-613-763-7582 Fax: +1-613-763-2697 Email: email@example.com Gregory M. Vaudreuil Lucent Technologies 7291 Williamson Rd Dallas, TX 75214 United States Phone/Fax: +1-972-733-2722 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 7. Changes from RFC 2424 Only editoral and boilerplate changes from RFC 2424 have been made to this document. Vaudreuil & Parsons Expires April 22, 2002 [Page 4] Internet Draft Content Duration February 14, 2002 8. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2002). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Vaudreuil & Parsons Expires April 22, 2002 [Page 5]