Freedom of Association on the Internet
draft-irtf-hrpc-association-02

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Last updated 2019-02-19
Replaces draft-tenoever-hrpc-association
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Human Rights Protocol Considerations Research Group         N. ten Oever
Internet-Draft                                   University of Amsterdam
Intended status: Informational                          G. Perez de Acha
Expires: August 23, 2019                              Derechos Digitales
                                                       February 19, 2019

                 Freedom of Association on the Internet
                     draft-irtf-hrpc-association-02

Abstract

   This document establishes the causal link between the Internet
   architecture and the ability of people to exercise their right to
   freedom of assembly and association online.  The Internet
   increasingly mediates our lives, our relationships and our ability to
   exercise our human rights.  As a forum, it provides a global public
   space despite being built on predominantly private infrastructure.
   Since Internet protocols play a central role in the management,
   development and use of the Internet, the relation between protocols
   and the aforementioned rights should be analyzed and any adverse
   impacts should be mitigated.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 23, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of

ten Oever & Perez de AchaExpires August 23, 2019                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                     FoA                     February 2019

   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Vocabulary used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Research question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   5.  Literature Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  Cases and examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     6.1.  Conversing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       6.1.1.  Mailing Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       6.1.2.  Multi-party video conferencing  . . . . . . . . . . .   8
       6.1.3.  Internet Relay Chat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     6.2.  Peer-to-peer networks and systems . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       6.2.1.  Peer-to-peer system architectures . . . . . . . . . .  10
       6.2.2.  Version control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     6.3.  Grouping together (identities)  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       6.3.1.  DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       6.3.2.  Autonomous Systems  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   7.  Discussion: Establishing the relation . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   8.  Discussion: Protocols and Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   9.  Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   10. Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   12. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   13. Research Group Information  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   14. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     14.1.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     14.2.  URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24

1.  Introduction

   We shape our tools and, thereafter, our tools shape us. 
        - John Culkin (1967)

   The Internet is constantly shaping modern information societies by
   providing a socio-technical ordering.  In other words, the Internet
   infrastructure and architecture consist of social and technological
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