On the Generation of Transient Numeric Identifiers
draft-irtf-pearg-numeric-ids-generation-00

Document Type Active Internet-Draft (pearg RG)
Last updated 2019-08-23
Replaces draft-gont-predictable-protocol-ids, draft-gont-numeric-ids-generation
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Internet Research Task Force (IRTF)                              F. Gont
Internet-Draft                                              SI6 Networks
Intended status: Best Current Practice                           I. Arce
Expires: February 24, 2020                                     Quarkslab
                                                         August 23, 2019

           On the Generation of Transient Numeric Identifiers
               draft-irtf-pearg-numeric-ids-generation-00

Abstract

   This document performs an analysis of the security and privacy
   implications of different types of "numeric identifiers" used in IETF
   protocols, and tries to categorize them based on their
   interoperability requirements and the associated failure severity
   when such requirements are not met.  Subsequently, it provides advice
   on possible algorithms that could be employed to satisfy the
   interoperability requirements of each identifier type, while
   minimizing the security and privacy implications, thus providing
   guidance to protocol designers and protocol implementers.  Finally,
   this describes a number of algorithms that have been employed in real
   implementations to generate transient numeric identifiers and
   analyzes their security and privacy properties.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on February 24, 2020.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

Gont & Arce             Expires February 24, 2020               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft     Generation of Transient Numeric IDs       August 2019

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Threat Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   4.  Issues with the Specification of Identifiers  . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  Protocol Failure Severity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   6.  Categorizing Identifiers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   7.  Common Algorithms for Identifier Generation . . . . . . . . .   8
     7.1.  Category #1: Uniqueness (soft failure)  . . . . . . . . .   8
     7.2.  Category #2: Uniqueness (hard failure)  . . . . . . . . .  10
     7.3.  Category #3: Uniqueness, constant within context (soft-
           failure)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     7.4.  Category #4: Uniqueness, monotonically increasing within
           context (hard failure)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   8.  Common Vulnerabilities Associated with Transient Numeric
       Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     8.1.  Network Activity Correlation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     8.2.  Information Leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     8.3.  Exploitation of Semantics of Transient Numeric
           Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     8.4.  Exploitation of Collisions of Transient Numeric
           Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   9.  Vulnerability Analysis of Specific Transient Numeric
       Identifiers Categories  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     9.1.  Category #1: Uniqueness (soft failure)  . . . . . . . . .  19
     9.2.  Category #2: Uniqueness (hard failure)  . . . . . . . . .  20
     9.3.  Category #3: Uniqueness, constant within context (soft
           failure)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     9.4.  Category #4: Uniqueness, monotonically increasing within
           context (hard failure)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
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