Internationalizing Domain Names for Applications (IDNA): Issues, Explanation, and Rationale

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual in app area)
Last updated 2015-10-14 (latest revision 2008-02-06)
Stream IETF
Intended RFC status (None)
Expired & archived
pdf htmlized (tools) htmlized bibtex
Stream WG state (None)
Document shepherd No shepherd assigned
IESG IESG state Expired (IESG: Dead)
Consensus Boilerplate Unknown
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Responsible AD Chris Newman
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


A recent IAB report identified issues that have been raised with Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs). Some of these issues require tuning of the existing protocols and the tables on which they depend. Based on intensive discussion by an informal design team, this document provides an overview some of the proposals that are being made, provides explanatory material for them and then further explains some of the issues that have been encountered.


John Klensin (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)