Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC)
draft-kucherawy-dmarc-base-03

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Document Type Active Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Murray Kucherawy  , Elizabeth Zwicky 
Last updated 2014-04-02 (latest revision 2014-03-26)
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Network Working Group                                  M. Kucherawy, Ed.
Internet-Draft
Updates: 6591 (if approved)                               E. Zwicky, Ed.
Intended status: Standards Track                                  Yahoo!
Expires: September 27, 2014                               March 26, 2014

 Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC)
                     draft-kucherawy-dmarc-base-03

Abstract

   This memo presents a proposal for a scalable mechanism by which a
   mail sending organization can express, using the Domain Name System,
   domain-level policies and preferences for message validation,
   disposition, and reporting, and a mail receiving organization can use
   those policies and preferences to improve mail handling.

   The email ecosystem currently lacks a cohesive mechanism through
   which email senders and receivers can make use of multiple
   authentication protocols to establish reliable domain identifiers,
   communicate policies about those identifiers, and report about mail
   using those identifiers.  This lack of cohesion has several effects:
   receivers have difficulty providing feedback to senders about
   authentication, senders therefore have difficulty evaluating their
   authentication deployments, and as a result neither is able to make
   effective use of existing authentication technology.

   The enclosed proposal is not intended to introduce mechanisms that
   provide elevated delivery privilege of authenticated email.  The
   proposal presents a mechanism for policy distribution that enables a
   continuum of increasingly strict handling of messages that fail
   multiple authentication checks, from no action, through altered
   delivery, up to message rejection.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
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   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference

Kucherawy & Zwicky     Expires September 27, 2014               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                    DMARC                       March 2014

   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 27, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Kucherawy & Zwicky     Expires September 27, 2014               [Page 2]
Internet-Draft                    DMARC                       March 2014

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     1.1.  Scalability  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     1.2.  Anti-Phishing  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   2.  Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     2.1.  High-Level Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     2.2.  Sender/Domain Owner Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     2.3.  Mail Reciever Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     2.4.  Out Of Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   3.  Terminology and Definitions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
     3.1.  Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     3.2.  Organizational Domain  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
   4.  Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
   5.  DMARC Policy Record  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     5.1.  DMARC URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     5.2.  General Record Format  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
     5.3.  Formal Definition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
   6.  Policy Enforcement Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     6.1.  Policy Fallback Mechanism  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
   7.  DMARC Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     7.1.  Verifying External Destinations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
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