Encapsulation of IP within IP managed by HIP
draft-moskowitz-hip-IPnHIP-02

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HIP                                                         R. Moskowitz
Internet-Draft                                                     X. Xu
Intended status: Standards Track                                  B. Liu
Expires: December 28, 2017                                        Huawei
                                                           June 26, 2017

              Encapsulation of IP within IP managed by HIP
                   draft-moskowitz-hip-ipnhip-02.txt

Abstract

   This document defines how to encapsulate IP within IP when the tunnel
   is managed with HIPv2 [RFC7401].  The goal is reduced header size and
   improved security over IPnIP [RFC2003] and [RFC2004].

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Moskowitz, et al.       Expires December 28, 2017               [Page 1]
Internet-Draft            IP-within-IP-with-HIP                June 2017

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terms and Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  Requirements Terminology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.2.  Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  The advantage of a HIP managed IP-within-IP Tunnel  . . . . .   3
   4.  IPnHIP Header Format  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  HIP parameters to negotiate IPnHIP  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.1.  IPnHIP_INFO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     5.2.  IPnHIP_TRANSFORM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  HIP IPnHIP Security Association Setup . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   7.  ICMP Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   8.  Packet Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.1.  Packet Compression  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.2.  Processing Application Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     8.3.  Processing HIP Packets  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   9.  ESP or Minimal IPnIP or IPnHIP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     9.1.  Encapsulation cost in bytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     9.2.  Encapsulation cost in processing  . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     9.3.  Security posture  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   11. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   12. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   13. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     13.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     13.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10

1.  Introduction

   MobileIP has opted for a simple IP within IP tunneling mechanism
   without any tunnel security.  The justification for this approach
   over secure tunneling mechanisms like ESP [RFC4303] is outside the
   scope of this document.  The approach here is to define a IPnIP
   header that leverages the HIP Security Association and is
   potentiality smaller than RFC2004 [RFC2004] as well as provides for a
   higher security posture.

   The IPnHIP header defined here also supports the per-packet
   compression, GPCOMP [I-D.moskowitz-gpcomp], which offers further
   gains in transmission efficiency.

   Implementors are expected to be familiar with both HIPv2 and ESP with
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