On the Politics of Standards
draft-tenoever-hrpc-political-00

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Human Rights Protocol Considerations Research Group         N. ten Oever
Internet-Draft                                                ARTICLE 19
Intended status: Informational                               A. Sullivan
Expires: January 1, 2018                                          Oracle
                                                           June 30, 2017

                      On the Politics of Standards
                    draft-tenoever-hrpc-political-00

Abstract

   This document aims to outline different views on the relation between
   protocols and politics and seeks to answer the question whether
   protocols are political.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 1, 2018.

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   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

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ten Oever & Sullivan     Expires January 1, 2018                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft                   politix                       June 2017

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Vocabulary Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Literature and Positions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  Politics  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.2.  Technology is value neutral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.3.  Some protocols are political some times . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.4.  The network has its own logic and values  . . . . . . . .   4
     3.5.  Protocols are inherently political  . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  The need for a positioning  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  The way forward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   8.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   9.  Research Group Information  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   10. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     10.1.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     10.2.  URIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9

1.  Introduction

    "we shape our tools and thereafter they shape us"

                             -John Culkin

   The design of the Internet through protocols and standards is a
   technical issue with great poltical and econmic impacts [RFC0603].
   The early Internet community already realized that it needed to make
   decisions on political issues such as Intellectual Property Rights,
   Internationzalization [BramanI], diversity, access [RFC0101] privacy
   and security [RFC0049], and the military [RFC0164] [RFC0316],
   governmental [RFC0144] [RFC0286] [RFC0313] [RFC0542] [RFC0549] and
   non-governmental [RFC0196] uses, which has been clearly pointed out
   by Braman [BramanII].

   Recently there has been an increased discussion on the relation
   between Internet protocols and human rights [hrpc] which spurred the
   discussion on the political nature of protocols.  In this document we
   aim to outline different views on the relation between protocols and
   politics and seek to answer the question whether protocols are
   political.

ten Oever & Sullivan     Expires January 1, 2018                [Page 2]
Internet-Draft                   politix                       June 2017

2.  Vocabulary Used

3.  Literature and Positions

   While discussing the impact of protocols on human rights, different
   positions could be differentiated.  Without judging them on their
   internal or external consistency they are represented here.
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