Applications and Use Cases for the Quantum Internet
draft-wang-qirg-quantum-internet-use-cases-03

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QIRG                                                             C. Wang
Internet-Draft                                                 A. Rahman
Intended status: Informational          InterDigital Communications, LLC
Expires: August 17, 2020                                           R. Li
                                                                    NICT
                                                       February 14, 2020

          Applications and Use Cases for the Quantum Internet
             draft-wang-qirg-quantum-internet-use-cases-03

Abstract

   The Quantum Internet has the potential to improve Internet
   application functionality by incorporating quantum information
   technology into the infrastructure of the overall Internet.  In this
   document, we provide an overview of some applications expected to be
   used on the Quantum Internet, and then categorize them using the
   standard telecommunications classification of control plane versus
   data plane functionality.  Other classification schemes are also
   possible and discussed briefly.  We then provide detailed use cases
   for selected applications, and then derive a few key requirements for
   the Quantum Internet.  The intent of this document is to provide a
   common understanding and framework of applications and use cases for
   the Quantum Internet.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

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   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 17, 2020.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

Wang, et al.             Expires August 17, 2020                [Page 1]
Internet-Draft         Quantum Internet Use Cases          February 2020

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions used in this document . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Terms and Acronyms List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Quantum Internet Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.1.  Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.2.  Control vs Data Plane Classification  . . . . . . . . . .   5
       4.2.1.  Control Plane Applications  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       4.2.2.  Data Plane Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     4.3.  Other Possible Classifications  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   5.  Selected Quantum Internet Use Cases . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     5.1.  Secure Communication Setup  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     5.2.  Distributed Quantum Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     5.3.  Secure Quantum Computing with Privacy Preservation  . . .  11
   6.  General Requirements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   7.  Conclusion  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   10. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   11. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17

1.  Introduction

   The classical Internet has been constantly growing since it first
   became commercially popular in the early 1990's.  It essentially
   consists of a large number of end-nodes (e.g., laptops, smart phones,
   network servers) connected by routers.  The end-nodes run
   applications that provide some value added service for the end-users
   such as processing and transmission of voice, video or data.  The
   physical connections between the various nodes in the Internet
   include Digital Subscriber Lines (DSLs), fiber optics, etc.  Bits are
   transmitted across the classical Internet in packets.
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