BIER Encapsulation

The information below is for an old version of the document
Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Xiaohu Xu  ,  , Christian Jacquenet  , Robert Raszuk 
Last updated 2015-08-29 (latest revision 2015-02-25)
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) is a new multicast forwarding paradigm which doesn't require an explicit tree-building protocol and doesn't require intermediate routers to maintain any multicast state. This document proposes a transport-independent BIER encapsulation header which is applicable in any kind of transport networks.


Xiaohu Xu ( (
Christian Jacquenet (
Robert Raszuk (

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)