A Transport-Independent Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) Encapsulation Header

Document Type Expired Internet-Draft (individual)
Authors Xiaohu Xu  , somasundaram.s@alcatel-lucent.com  , Christian Jacquenet  , Robert Raszuk  , Zhaohui Zhang 
Last updated 2017-03-28 (latest revision 2016-09-24)
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This Internet-Draft is no longer active. A copy of the expired Internet-Draft can be found at


Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) is a new multicast forwarding paradigm which doesn't require an explicit tree-building protocol nor intermediate routers to maintain any multicast state. This document proposes a transport-independent BIER encapsulation header which is applicable regardless of the underlying transport technology.


Xiaohu Xu (xuxiaohu@huawei.com)
somasundaram.s@alcatel-lucent.com (somasundaram.s@alcatel-lucent.com)
Christian Jacquenet (christian.jacquenet@orange.com)
Robert Raszuk (robert@raszuk.net)
Zhaohui Zhang (zzhang@juniper.net)

(Note: The e-mail addresses provided for the authors of this Internet-Draft may no longer be valid.)