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Versions: 00                                                            
Internet Draft                                       Benson Schliesser
draft-bensons-ppvpn-tunnel-metric-00.txt         SAVVIS Communications
Expires: December 2002

June 2002



       Tunnel Interface Metric Determination for Virtual Routers



Status of this Memo

    This document is an Internet-Draft and is subject to all provisions
    of Section 10 of RFC2026.

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Abstract

    In the Virtual Router (VR) model of Provider Provisioned VPNs
    multiple VRs may be connected using tunnels over an existing IP
    network, such as IPSec or MPLS based tunnels. In the VR model
    these tunnels often run routing protocols such as RIP or OSPF in
    order to distribute route reachability information. This memo
    presents methods for assigning a meaningful metric to these tunnel
    links that can be used by such routing protocols.


Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. Tunnel Metric Determination
    2.1. Tunnel Interface Default Metric
    2.2. Administratively Assigned Metric
    2.3. Underlying Path Metric
    3. Security Considerations


Conventions used in this document

    The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
    "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED",  "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in
    this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC 2119].


1. Introduction

    In the VR model [PPVPN-VR] of PPVPNs [PPVPN-FW], tunnels can be used
    to connect VR instances on PE and/or P nodes. By default, these tunnels
    are often assigned a metric which fails to represent the metric of the
    underlying path the tunnel takes. This often leads to inaccurate
    routing topologies represented in VR route tables. In mesh topologies
    this also leads to myriad equal-cost multipaths. This document
    describes some methods available for tunnel metric determination in
    VR-based PPVPN implementations.


2. Tunnel Metric Determination


2.1. Tunnel Interface Default Metric

    A VR-based PPVPN may use the default metric of a tunnel interface. This
    metric is generally a metric of one (1), but may vary based on the type
    of tunnel being used. This is likely supported on most, if not all, VR
    implementations. However, the default metric is the source of the issues
    outlined in Section 1 of this document.


2.2. Administratively Assigned Metric

    A VR-based PPVPN may use an adminstratively assigned metric for
    tunnel interfaces. This method will allow the administrator to design
    a routing topology that will almost certainly behave in the manner
    desired and prescribed.

    Implementations which make use of this method MUST have the ability
    to assign a specific metric to any tunnel interface which is known
    to exist, such as an interface for a tunnel which has been
    administratively created. Implementations which make use of this method
    SHOULD also provide a mechanism for administratively assigning metrics
    to tunnel interfaces which are dynamically created. This includes tunnel
    interfaces which were created as a result of a VPN membership discovery
    protocol. Such a mechanism MAY make use of filters, algorithms, or other
    administrative controls to determine the appropriate metric for a
    dynamically created tunnel.


2.3. Underlying Path Metric

    A VR-based PPVPN may use the metric of the underlying path as the metric
    for the tunnel link. If a routing protocol is being used in the network
    underlying the tunnels' connectivity, to distribute reachability
    information associated with meaningful metrics, the metric associated
    with the remote endpoint of a tunnel link may be used as the interface
    metric for the tunnel. Or if the tunnel type allows for determination
    of hop-count or other similar data such data may be used as the interface
    metric for the tunnel. This metric may be used by routing protocol
    instances that may run over the tunnel, or for any other similar purposes.

    It should be noted that some underlying routing architectures may have
    underlying path metrics that are not meaningfully useful in their native
    state to the VR routing protocol being used. For these cases,
    implementations SHOULD provide a mechanism for the underlying path
    metric to be adjusted and bounded according to administrative logic such
    as filters, algorithms, or other administrative controls before it is
    assigned to the tunnel interface.

    Because the underlying path metric may be subject to change, as the
    underlying network itself changes topology, metric change dampening
    functionality MAY be included in the administrative logic mechanisms
    mentioned above.


3. Security Considerations

    In each of the cases above where administrative logic can be applied
    to tunnel link metrics, appropriate precautions must be taken to protect
    the administration of said logic against malicious users. This
    administrative logic could be used by a malicious user to redirect VPN
    traffic through a compromised path or node.


Acknowledgements

    Thanks to Jason Brown of SAVVIS Communications for his contributions to
    this document.


Author's Address

    Benson Schliesser
    SAVVIS Communications
    717 Office Parkway
    St. Louis, MO  63141  USA
    bensons@savvis.net
    +1-314-468-7036


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