Internet-Draft SCTP Next Generation Ideas March 2024
Dreibholz Expires 1 October 2024 [Page]
Network Working Group
Intended Status:
T. Dreibholz

Ideas for a Next Generation of the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)


This document collects some ideas for a next generation of the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) for further discussion. It is a result of lessons learned from more than one decade of SCTP deployment.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

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This Internet-Draft will expire on 1 October 2024.

1. Introduction

1.1. Abbreviations

  • SCTP: Stream Control Transmission Protocol

1.2. Stream Control Transmission Protocol

The Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) has been defined as RFCs in [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14], [15]. There is also a detailed introduction provided by [22] as well as lots of further information material on [19]. SCTP is therefore not introduced in more detail here.

1.3. Scope

The scope of this document is to collect some ideas of what to update/change for a next generation of the SCTP protocol. It is a result of lessons learned from more than one decade of SCTP deployment (see also [22]) as well as ongoing discussions on applying SCTP for WebRTC Data Channels (as introduced in more detail in [18]).

2. What to Change in the Next Generation of SCTP?

  • Make useful extensions part of the next generation core protocol itself (that is, make their implementation a MUST):

    • Partial Reliablility ([4])
    • Chunk Authentication ([6])
    • Partial Reliablility ([8])
    • Stream Reconfiguration ([13])
    • SACK Immediately ([15])
  • Consider additional features as part of the next generation core protocol:

    • Non-Renegable Selective Acknowledgments (NR-SACK) ([24])
    • Concurrent Multi-Path Transfer for SCTP (CMT-SCTP) ([16])
  • Chunk Authentication provides integrity but not confidentiality. There could be a feature for encryption as well, for example like [17]. Having encryption directly included inside the core transport protocol may make it easier to use (less error-prone work for application developers).
  • SCTP assigns a fixed TSN per DATA chunk. The TSN cannot be changed any more. That is, it is not possible for a middlebox to split chunks into smaller pieces (for example, for hardware offloading). For further discussion: may it be useful to consider a different behavior?
  • Definition of path: For SCTP, a path is defined by a remote destination address. [20], [21] shows that CMT-SCTP performance also depends on the local endpoint's outgoing links. Considering each pair of local outgoing and remote incoming address as different path may lead to improved performance in many Internet scenarios.

2.1. Security Considerations

Security considerations for SCTP can be found in [9].

2.2. IANA Considerations

This document introduces no additional considerations for IANA.

3. Experimental Implementations

An Open Source simulation model for SCTP is available for OMNeT++ within the INET Framework. See [23] for the Git repository. For documentation on the model, see [25] and [22]. This model can be used to evaluate future ideas for SCTP.

4. Testbed Platform

NorNet is a large-scale and realistic Internet testbed platform with support for multi-homing. A description of and introduction to NorNet is provided in [26], [27], [28], [29]. Further information can be found on the project website [30] at

5. Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank Martin Becke for discussions and support.

6. References

6.1. Normative References

Tuexen, M., Xie, Q., Stewart, R., Shore, M., Ong, L., Loughney, J., and M. Stillman, "Requirements for Reliable Server Pooling", RFC 3237, DOI 10.17487/RFC3237, , <>.
Jungmaier, A., Rescorla, E., and M. Tuexen, "Transport Layer Security over Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC 3436, DOI 10.17487/RFC3436, , <>.
Bellovin, S., Ioannidis, J., Keromytis, A., and R. Stewart, "On the Use of Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) with IPsec", RFC 3554, DOI 10.17487/RFC3554, , <>.
Stewart, R., Ramalho, M., Xie, Q., Tuexen, M., and P. Conrad, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Partial Reliability Extension", RFC 3758, DOI 10.17487/RFC3758, , <>.
Tuexen, M., Stewart, R., and P. Lei, "Padding Chunk and Parameter for the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", RFC 4820, DOI 10.17487/RFC4820, , <>.
Tuexen, M., Stewart, R., Lei, P., and E. Rescorla, "Authenticated Chunks for the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", RFC 4895, DOI 10.17487/RFC4895, , <>.
Stewart, R., Ed., "Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC 4960, DOI 10.17487/RFC4960, , <>.
Stewart, R., Xie, Q., Tuexen, M., Maruyama, S., and M. Kozuka, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Dynamic Address Reconfiguration", RFC 5061, DOI 10.17487/RFC5061, , <>.
Stillman, M., Ed., Gopal, R., Guttman, E., Sengodan, S., and M. Holdrege, "Threats Introduced by Reliable Server Pooling (RSerPool) and Requirements for Security in Response to Threats", RFC 5355, DOI 10.17487/RFC5355, , <>.
Tuexen, M., Seggelmann, R., and E. Rescorla, "Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) for Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", RFC 6083, DOI 10.17487/RFC6083, , <>.
Tuexen, M. and R. Stewart, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Chunk Flags Registration", RFC 6096, DOI 10.17487/RFC6096, , <>.
Stewart, R., Tuexen, M., Poon, K., Lei, P., and V. Yasevich, "Sockets API Extensions for the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", RFC 6458, DOI 10.17487/RFC6458, , <>.
Stewart, R., Tuexen, M., and P. Lei, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Stream Reconfiguration", RFC 6525, DOI 10.17487/RFC6525, , <>.
Tuexen, M. and R. Stewart, "UDP Encapsulation of Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Packets for End-Host to End-Host Communication", RFC 6951, DOI 10.17487/RFC6951, , <>.
Tuexen, M., Ruengeler, I., and R. Stewart, "SACK-IMMEDIATELY Extension for the Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC 7053, DOI 10.17487/RFC7053, , <>.
Amer, P. D., Becke, M., Dreibholz, T., Ekiz, N., Iyengar, J., Natarajan, P., Stewart, R. R., and M. Tuexen, "Load Sharing for the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-tuexen-tsvwg-sctp-multipath-23, , <>.
Hohendorf, C., Unurkhaan, E., and T. Dreibholz, "Secure SCTP", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-hohendorf-secure-sctp-32, , <>.
Jesup, R., Loreto, S., and M. Tuexen, "WebRTC Data Channels", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-rtcweb-data-channel-13, , <>.

6.2. Informative References

Dreibholz, T., "Thomas Dreibholz's SCTP Page", , <>.
Becke, M., Adhari, H., Rathgeb, E. P., Fu, F., Yang, X., and X. Zhou, "Comparison of Multipath TCP and CMT-SCTP based on Intercontinental Measurements", Proceedings of the IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), , <>.
Adhari, H., "Practical Experiences with an Inter-Continental Testbed for Multi-Path Transport", Proceedings of the 1st International NorNet Users Workshop (NNUW-1), , <>.
Dreibholz, T., "Evaluation and Optimisation of Multi-Path Transport using the Stream Control Transmission Protocol", Habilitation Treatise, , <>.
Varga, A., "INET Framework for OMNeT++", , <>.
Natarajan, P., Ekiz, N., Yilmaz, E., Amer, P. D., and J. R. Iyengar, "Non-Renegable Selective Acknowledgments (NR-SACKs) for SCTP", Proceedings of the 16th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (ICNP) Pages 187-196, ISBN 978-1-4244-2506-8, DOI 10.1109/ICNP.2008.4697037, , <>.
Rüngeler, I., "SCTP – Evaluating, Improving and Extending the Protocol for Broader Deployment", , <>.
Gran, E. G., Dreibholz, T., and A. Kvalbein, "NorNet Core – A Multi-Homed Research Testbed", Computer Networks, Special Issue on Future Internet Testbeds Volume 61, Pages 75-87, ISSN 1389-1286, DOI 10.1016/j.bjp.2013.12.035, , <>.
Dreibholz, T. and E. G. Gran, "Design and Implementation of the NorNet Core Research Testbed for Multi-Homed Systems", Proceedings of the 3nd International Workshop on Protocols and Applications with Multi-Homing Support (PAMS) Pages 1094-1100, ISBN 978-0-7695-4952-1, DOI 10.1109/WAINA.2013.71, , <>.
Dreibholz, T., "The NorNet Core Testbed – Introduction and Status", Proceedings of the 1st International NorNet Users Workshop (NNUW-1), , <>.
Dreibholz, T., "The NorNet Core Testbed – An Experiment Tutorial", Proceedings of the 1st International NorNet Users Workshop (NNUW-1), , <>.
Dreibholz, T., "NorNet – A Real-World, Large-Scale Multi-Homing Testbed", , <>.

Author's Address

Thomas Dreibholz
Simula Metropolitan Centre for Digital Engineering
Pilestredet 52
0167 Oslo