Network Working Group                                 J. M. Halpern, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                  Ericsson
Intended status: Best Current Practice                         B. Biddle
Expires: 10 June 2022                                      Biddle Law PC
                                                                J. Daley
                                                 IETF Administration LLC
                                                           December 2021


               Antitrust Guidelines for IETF Particiants
                 draft-halpern-gendispatch-antitrust-02

Abstract

   This document specifies policy for IETF participants on compliance
   with antitrust laws and how to reduce antitrust risks in connection
   with IETF activities.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on 4 June 2022.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
   described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.



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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Legal Advice  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   4.  Existing BCPs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   5.  Antitrust Policy  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   6.  Escalation of antitrust-related concerns  . . . . . . . . . .   4
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   8.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   9.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   10. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

1.  Introduction

   Standards development frequently requires collaboration between
   competitors.  Cooperation among competitors can spark concerns about
   antitrust law or competition law violations (antitrust law and
   competition law are used here synonymously).  Certain actions taken
   by a company that holds a dominant market position can similarly
   spark concerns about competition law violations.  This document
   specifies policy for IETF participants about how to reduce antitrust
   risks in connection with IETF activities.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  Legal Advice

   The IETF does not provide legal advice to participants, and instead
   encourages participants to obtain independent legal advice as needed.
   IETF participants should always consult with their own counsel when
   antitrust or competition law-related questions arise.

4.  Existing BCPs

   Compliance with the BCPs that document the established rules and
   norms of the IETF facilitates compliance with antitrust law, as the
   IETF structure and processes are intended to mitigate antitrust
   risks.  As a reminder, participants are already required to comply
   with the following policies documented in the BCPs:




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   *  The Internet Standards Process as described in BCP 9 [BCP9] ,
      which is designed to "provide a fair, open, and objective basis
      for developing, evaluating, and adopting Internet Standards," and
      provides robust procedural rules, including an appeals process.

   *  The Working Group Guidelines and Procedures described in BCP 25
      [BCP25] , which emphasize requirements for "open and fair
      participation and for thorough consideration of technical
      alternatives," and describe IETF's consensus-based decision-making
      processes.

   *  The IETF framework that participants engage in their individual
      capacity, not as company representatives, and "use their best
      engineering judgment to find the best solution for the whole
      Internet, not just the best solution for any particular network,
      technology, vendor, or user," as described in BCP 54 [BCP54] .

   *  The IETF's intellectual property rights policies as set forth in
      BCP 78 [BCP78] and BCP 79 [BCP79] ; these policies are carefully
      designed to "benefit the Internet community and the public at
      large, while respecting the legitimate rights of others."

   *  The established conflict of interest policies, such as the IESG
      Conflict of Interest Policy, the IAB Conflict of Interest Policy
      or the IETF LLC Conflict of Interest Policy, if and when
      applicable.

5.  Antitrust Policy

   All IETF participants MUST behave lawfully when engaged in IETF
   activities, including by following applicable antitrust laws.  While
   antitrust laws vary between jurisdictions, IETF participants SHOULD
   NOT assume that they need only comply with the laws of the
   jurisdiction they reside in as the laws of multiple jurisdictions may
   apply.  Accordingly IETF participants SHOULD NOT engage in or
   otherwise support any of the following:

   *  anti-competitive agreements between two or more independent market
      operators

   *  abusive behaviour by companies holding a dominant position on any
      given market









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6.  Escalation of antitrust-related concerns

   Participants SHOULD report potential antitrust concerns in the
   context of IETF activities through the following channels: IETF Chair
   (chair@ietf.org), the IETF LLC executive director (exec-
   director@ietf.org), the IETF legal counsel (legal@ietf.org), or via
   the IETF LLC whistleblower service.

7.  IANA Considerations

   No values are assigned in this document, no registries are created,
   and there is no action assigned to the IANA by this document.

8.  Security Considerations

   This document may be considered to document means to avoid risks to
   the IETF and IETF participants related to antitrust.  One may
   consider those to be security considerations.  Other than that, this
   document introduces no known security aspects to the IETF or IETF
   participants.

9.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [BCP9]     Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
              3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.

              Dusseault, L. and R. Sparks, "Guidance on Interoperation
              and Implementation Reports for Advancement to Draft
              Standard", BCP 9, RFC 5657, September 2009.

              Housley, R., Crocker, D., and E. Burger, "Reducing the
              Standards Track to Two Maturity Levels", BCP 9, RFC 6410,
              October 2011.

              Resnick, P., "Retirement of the "Internet Official
              Protocol Standards" Summary Document", BCP 9, RFC 7100,
              December 2013.





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              Kolkman, O., Bradner, S., and S. Turner, "Characterization
              of Proposed Standards", BCP 9, RFC 7127, January 2014.

              Dawkins, S., "Increasing the Number of Area Directors in
              an IETF Area", BCP 9, RFC 7475, March 2015.

              Halpern, J., Ed. and E. Rescorla, Ed., "IETF Stream
              Documents Require IETF Rough Consensus", BCP 9, RFC 8789,
              June 2020.

              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp9>

   [BCP25]    Bradner, S., "IETF Working Group Guidelines and
              Procedures", BCP 25, RFC 2418, September 1998.

              Wasserman, M., "Updates to RFC 2418 Regarding the
              Management of IETF Mailing Lists", BCP 25, RFC 3934,
              October 2004.

              Resnick, P. and A. Farrel, "IETF Anti-Harassment
              Procedures", BCP 25, RFC 7776, March 2016.

              Resnick, P. and A. Farrel, "Update to the IETF Anti-
              Harassment Procedures for the Replacement of the IETF
              Administrative Oversight Committee (IAOC) with the IETF
              Administration LLC", BCP 25, RFC 8716, February 2020.

              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp25>

   [BCP54]    Moonesamy, S., Ed., "IETF Guidelines for Conduct", BCP 54,
              RFC 7154, March 2014.

              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp54>

   [BCP78]    Bradner, S., Ed. and J. Contreras, Ed., "Rights
              Contributors Provide to the IETF Trust", BCP 78, RFC 5378,
              November 2008.

              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp78>

   [BCP79]    Bradner, S. and J. Contreras, "Intellectual Property
              Rights in IETF Technology", BCP 79, RFC 8179, May 2017.

              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp79>

10.  Informative References





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Authors' Addresses

   Joel M. Halpern (editor)
   Ericsson
   P. O. Box 6049
   Leesburg, VA 20178
   United States of America

   Email: joel.halpern@ericsson.com


   Brad Biddle
   Biddle Law PC
   650 NE Holladay Street, Suite 1600
   Portland, OR 97232
   United States of America

   Email: brad@biddle.law


   Jay Daley
   IETF Administration LLC
   1000 N. West Street, Suite 1200
   Wilimington, DE 19801
   United States of America

   Email: jay@staff.ietf.org
























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