Global Routing Operations                                       T. Evens
Internet-Draft                                              S. Bayraktar
Updates: 7854 (if approved)                                  M. Bhardwaj
Intended status: Standards Track                           Cisco Systems
Expires: 16 December 2021                                     P. Lucente
                                                      NTT Communications
                                                            14 June 2021


         Support for Local RIB in BGP Monitoring Protocol (BMP)
                    draft-ietf-grow-bmp-local-rib-12

Abstract

   The BGP Monitoring Protocol (BMP) defines access to local Routing
   Information Bases (RIBs).  This document updates BMP (RFC 7854) by
   adding access to the Local Routing Information Base (Loc-RIB), as
   defined in RFC 4271.  The Loc-RIB contains the routes that have been
   selected by the local BGP speaker's Decision Process.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 16 December 2021.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.










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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text
   as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Alternative Method to Monitor Loc-RIB . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   3.  Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Per-Peer Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     4.1.  Peer Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     4.2.  Peer Flags  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   5.  Loc-RIB Monitoring  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.1.  Per-Peer Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.2.  Peer Up Notification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       5.2.1.  Peer Up Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     5.3.  Peer Down Notification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     5.4.  Route Monitoring  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       5.4.1.  ASN Encoding  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
       5.4.2.  Granularity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     5.5.  Route Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     5.6.  Statistics Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   6.  Other Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     6.1.  Loc-RIB Implementation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       6.1.1.  Multiple Loc-RIB Peers  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       6.1.2.  Filtering Loc-RIB to BMP Receivers  . . . . . . . . .  12
       6.1.3.  Changes to existing BMP sessions  . . . . . . . . . .  12
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     8.1.  BMP Peer Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     8.2.  BMP Loc-RIB Instance Peer Flags . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     8.3.  Peer Up Information TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     8.4.  Peer Down Reason code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   9.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   10. Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14








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1.  Introduction

   This document defines a mechanism to monitor the BGP Loc-RIB state of
   remote BGP instances without the need to establish BGP peering
   sessions.  BMP [RFC7854] does not define a method to send the BGP
   instance Loc-RIB.  It does define in section 8.2 of [RFC7854] locally
   originated routes, but these routes are defined as the routes
   originated into BGP.  For example, as defined by Section 9.4 of
   [RFC4271].  Loc-RIB includes all selected received routes from BGP
   peers in addition to locally originated routes.

   Figure 1 shows the flow of received routes from one or more BGP peers
   into the Loc-RIB.

              +------------------+      +------------------+
              | Peer-A           |      | Peer-B           |
          /-- |                  | ---- |                  | --\
          |   | Adj-RIB-In (Pre) |      | Adj-RIB-In (Pre) |   |
          |   +------------------+      +------------------+   |
          |                 |                         |        |
          | Filters/Policy -|         Filters/Policy -|        |
          |                 V                         V        |
          |   +------------------+      +------------------+   |
          |   | Adj-RIB-In (Post)|      | Adj-RIB-In (Post)|   |
          |   +------------------+      +------------------+   |
          |                |                          |        |
          |      Selected -|                Selected -|        |
          |                V                          V        |
          |    +-----------------------------------------+     |
          |    |                 Loc-RIB                 |     |
          |    +-----------------------------------------+     |
          |                                                    |
          | ROUTER/BGP Instance                                |
          \----------------------------------------------------/

               Figure 1: BGP peering Adj-RIBs-In into Loc-RIB

   The following are some use-cases for Loc-RIB access:

   *  The Adj-RIB-In for a given peer Post-Policy may contain hundreds
      of thousands of routes, with only a handful of routes selected and
      installed in the Loc-RIB after best-path selection.  Some
      monitoring applications, such as ones that need only to correlate
      flow records to Loc-RIB entries, only need to collect and monitor
      the routes that are actually selected and used.






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      Requiring the applications to collect all Adj-RIB-In Post-Policy
      data forces the applications to receive a potentially large
      unwanted data set and to perform the BGP decision process
      selection, which includes having access to the interior gateway
      protocol (IGP) next-hop metrics.  While it is possible to obtain
      the IGP topology information using BGP Link-State (BGP-LS), it
      requires the application to implement shortest path first (SPF)
      and possibly constrained shortest path first (CSPF) based on
      additional policies.  This is overly complex for such a simple
      application that only needs to have access to the Loc-RIB.

   *  It is common to see frequent changes over many BGP peers, but
      those changes do not always result in the router's Loc-RIB
      changing.  The change in the Loc-RIB can have a direct impact on
      the forwarding state.  It can greatly reduce time to troubleshoot
      and resolve issues if operators have the history of Loc-RIB
      changes.  For example, a performance issue might have been seen
      for only a duration of 5 minutes.  Post-facto troubleshooting this
      issue without Loc-RIB history hides any decision based routing
      changes that might have happened during those five minutes.

   *  Operators may wish to validate the impact of policies applied to
      Adj-RIB-In by analyzing the final decision made by the router when
      installing into the Loc-RIB.  For example, in order to validate if
      multi-path prefixes are installed as expected for all advertising
      peers, the Adj-RIB-In Post-Policy and Loc-RIB needs to be
      compared.  This is only possible if the Loc-RIB is available.
      Monitoring the Adj-RIB-In for this router from another router to
      derive the Loc-RIB is likely to not show same installed prefixes.
      For example, the received Adj-RIB-In will be different if ADD-PATH
      [RFC7911] is not enabled or if maximum supported number of equal
      paths is different between Loc-RIB and advertised routes.

   This document adds Loc-RIB to the BGP Monitoring Protocol and
   replaces Section 8.2 of [RFC7854] Locally Originated Routes.

1.1.  Alternative Method to Monitor Loc-RIB

   Loc-RIB is used to build Adj-RIB-Out when advertising routes to a
   peer.  It is therefore possible to derive the Loc-RIB of a router by
   monitoring the Adj-RIB-In Pre-Policy from another router.  This
   becomes overly complex and error prone when considering the number of
   peers being monitored per router.








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         /------------------------------------------------------\
         |  ROUTER1 BGP Instance                                |
         |                                                      |
         |     +--------------------------------------------+   |
         |     |                 Loc-RIB                    |   |
         |     +--------------------------------------------+   |
         |                    |                    |            |
         |    +------------------+     +------------------+     |
         |    |   Peer-ROUTER2   |     |   Peer-ROUTER3   |     |
         |    | Adj-RIB-Out (Pre)|     | Adj-RIB-Out (Pre)|     |
         |    +------------------+     +------------------+     |
         |    Filters/Policy -|    Filters/Policy -|            |
         |                    V                    V            |
         |   +-------------------+     +-------------------+    |
         |   | Adj-RIB-Out (Post)|     | Adj-RIB-Out (Post)|    |
         |   +-------------------+     +-------------------+    |
         |              |                          |            |
         \------------- | ------------------------ | -----------/
                   BGP  |                     BGP  |
                   Peer |                     Peer |
            +------------------+          +------------------+
            |   Peer-ROUTER1   |          |   Peer-ROUTER1   |
         /--|                  |--\    /--|                  | --\
         |  | Adj-RIB-In (Pre) |  |    |  | Adj-RIB-In (Pre) |   |
         |  +------------------+  |    |  +------------------+   |
         |                        |    |                         |
         | ROUTER2/BGP Instance   |    | ROUTER3/BGP Instance    |
         \------------------------/    \-------------------------/
                     |                              |
                     v                              v
             ROUTER2 BMP Feed               ROUTER3 BMP Feed

              Figure 2: Alternative method to monitor Loc-RIB

   The setup needed to monitor the Loc-RIB of a router requires another
   router with a peering session to the target router that is to be
   monitored.  As shown in Figure 2, the target router Loc-RIB is
   advertised via Adj-RIB-Out to the BMP router over a standard BGP
   peering session.  The BMP router then forwards Adj-RIB-In Pre-Policy
   to the BMP receiver.

   BMP lacking access to Loc-RIB introduces the need for additional
   resources:

   *  Requires at least two routers when only one router was to be
      monitored.





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   *  Requires additional BGP peering to collect the received updates
      when peering may have not even been required in the first place.
      For example, virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) tables with no
      peers, redistributed BGP-LS with no peers, and segment routing
      egress peer engineering where no peers have link-state address
      family enabled are all situations with no preexisting BGP peers.

   Many complexities are introduced when using a received Adj-RIB-In to
   infer a router Loc-RIB:

   *  Adj-RIB-Out received as Adj-RIB-In from another router may have a
      policy applied that filters, generates aggregates, suppresses more
      specific prefixes, manipulates attributes, or filters routes.  Not
      only does this invalidate the Loc-RIB view, it adds complexity
      when multiple BMP routers may have peering sessions to the same
      router.  The BMP receiver user is left with the error-prone task
      of identifying which peering session is the best representative of
      the Loc-RIB.

   *  BGP peering is designed to work between administrative domains and
      therefore does not need to include internal system level
      information of each peering router (e.g., the system name or
      version information).  In order to derive the Loc-RIB of a router,
      the router name or other system information is needed.  The BMP
      receiver and user are forced to do some type of correlation using
      what information is available in the peering session (e.g.,
      peering addresses, autonomous system numbers, and BGP
      identifiers).  This leads to error-prone correlations.

   *  Correlating BGP identifiers (BGP-ID) and session addresses to a
      router requires additional data, such as router inventory.  This
      additional data provides the BMP receiver the ability to map and
      correlate the BGP-IDs and/or session addresses, but requires the
      BMP receiver to somehow obtain this data outside of BMP.  How this
      data is obtained and the accuracy of the data directly affects the
      integrity of the correlation.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 RFC 2119 [RFC2119] RFC 8174 [RFC8174] when, and only when, they
   appear in all capitals, as shown here.

3.  Definitions





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   *  BGP Instance: refers to an instance of BGP-4 [RFC4271] and
      considerations in section 8.1 of [RFC7854] do apply to it.

   *  Adj-RIB-In: As defined in [RFC4271], "The Adj-RIBs-In contains
      unprocessed routing information that has been advertised to the
      local BGP speaker by its peers."  This is also referred to as the
      pre-policy Adj-RIB-In in this document.

   *  Adj-RIB-Out: As defined in [RFC4271], "The Adj-RIBs-Out contains
      the routes for advertisement to specific peers by means of the
      local speaker's UPDATE messages."

   *  Loc-RIB: As defined in section 9.4 of [RFC4271], "The Loc-RIB
      contains the routes that have been selected by the local BGP
      speaker's Decision Process."  Note that the Loc-RIB state as
      monitored through BMP might also contain routes imported from
      other routing protocols such as an IGP, or local static routes.

   *  Pre-Policy Adj-RIB-Out: The result before applying the outbound
      policy to an Adj-RIB-Out. This normally represents a similar view
      of the Loc-RIB but may contain additional routes based on BGP
      peering configuration.

   *  Post-Policy Adj-RIB-Out: The result of applying outbound policy to
      an Adj-RIB-Out. This MUST be what is actually sent to the peer.

4.  Per-Peer Header

4.1.  Peer Type

   A new peer type is defined for Loc-RIB to distinguish that it
   represents the router Loc-RIB, which may have a route distinguisher
   (RD).  Section 4.2 of [RFC7854] defines a Local Instance Peer type,
   which is for the case of non-RD peers that have an instance
   identifier.

   This document defines the following new peer type:

   *  Peer Type = 3: Loc-RIB Instance Peer

4.2.  Peer Flags

   If locally sourced routes are communicated using BMP, they MUST be
   conveyed using the Loc-RIB instance peer type.

   The per-peer header flags for Loc-RIB Instance Peer type are defined
   as follows:




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                              0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
                             +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
                             |F| | | | | | | |
                             +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   *  The F flag indicates that the Loc-RIB is filtered.  This MUST be
      set when a filter is applied to Loc-RIB routes sent to the BMP
      collector.

      The unused bits are reserved for future use.  They MUST be
      transmitted as 0 and their values MUST be ignored on receipt.

5.  Loc-RIB Monitoring

   The Loc-RIB contains all routes selected by the BGP Decision Process
   as described in section 9.1 of [RFC4271].  These routes include those
   learned from BGP peers via its Adj-RIBs-In Post-Policy, as well as
   routes learned by other means as per section 9.4 of [RFC4271].
   Examples of these include redistribution of routes from other
   protocols into BGP or otherwise locally originated (i.e., aggregate
   routes).

   As described in Section 6.1.2, a subset of Loc-RIB routes MAY be sent
   to a BMP collector by setting the F flag.

5.1.  Per-Peer Header

   All peer messages that include a per-peer header as defined in
   section 4.2 of [RFC7854] MUST use the following values:

   *  Peer Type: Set to 3 to indicate Loc-RIB Instance Peer.

   *  Peer Distinguisher: Zero filled if the Loc-RIB represents the
      global instance.  Otherwise set to the route distinguisher or
      unique locally defined value of the particular instance the Loc-
      RIB belongs to.

   *  Peer Address: Zero-filled.  Remote peer address is not applicable.
      The V flag is not applicable with Loc-RIB Instance peer type
      considering addresses are zero-filed.

   *  Peer AS: Set to the primary router BGP autonomous system number
      (ASN).

   *  Peer BGP ID: Set to the BGP instance global or RD (e.g., VRF)
      specific router-id section 1.1 of [RFC7854].





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   *  Timestamp: The time when the encapsulated routes were installed in
      the Loc-RIB, expressed in seconds and microseconds since midnight
      (zero hour), January 1, 1970 (UTC).  If zero, the time is
      unavailable.  Precision of the timestamp is implementation-
      dependent.

5.2.  Peer Up Notification

   Peer Up notifications follow section 4.10 of [RFC7854] with the
   following clarifications:

   *  Local Address: Zero-filled, local address is not applicable.

   *  Local Port: Set to 0, local port is not applicable.

   *  Remote Port: Set to 0, remote port is not applicable.

   *  Sent OPEN Message: This is a fabricated BGP OPEN message.
      Capabilities MUST include the 4-octet ASN and all necessary
      capabilities to represent the Loc-RIB route monitoring messages.
      Only include capabilities if they will be used for Loc-RIB
      monitoring messages.  For example, if ADD-PATH is enabled for IPv6
      and Loc-RIB contains additional paths, the ADD-PATH capability
      should be included for IPv6.  In the case of ADD-PATH, the
      capability intent of advertise, receive or both can be ignored
      since the presence of the capability indicates enough that add-
      paths will be used for IPv6.

   *  Received OPEN Message: Repeat of the same Sent Open Message.  The
      duplication allows the BMP receiver to parse the expected received
      OPEN message as defined in section 4.10 of [RFC7854].

5.2.1.  Peer Up Information

   The following Peer Up information TLV type is added:

   *  Type = 3: VRF/Table Name.  The Information field contains a UTF-8
      string whose value MUST be equal to the value of the VRF or table
      name (e.g., RD instance name) being conveyed.  The string size
      MUST be within the range of 1 to 255 bytes.

      The VRF/Table Name TLV is optionally included to support
      implementations that may not have defined a name.  If a name is
      configured, it MUST be included.  The default value of "global"
      MUST be used for the default Loc-RIB instance with a zero-filled
      distinguisher.  If the TLV is included, then it MUST also be
      included in the Peer Down notification.




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   Multiple TLVs of the same type can be repeated as part of the same
   message, for example to convey a filtered view of a VRF.  A BMP
   receiver should append multiple TLVs of the same type to a set in
   order to support alternate or additional names for the same peer.  If
   multiple strings are included, their ordering MUST be preserved when
   they are reported.

5.3.  Peer Down Notification

   Peer Down notification MUST use reason code 6.  Following the reason
   is data in TLV format.  The following Peer Down information TLV type
   is defined:

   *  Type = 3: VRF/Table Name.  The Information field contains a UTF-8
      string whose value MUST be equal to the value of the VRF or table
      name (e.g., RD instance name) being conveyed.  The string size
      MUST be within the range of 1 to 255 bytes.  The VRF/Table Name
      informational TLV MUST be included if it was in the Peer Up.

5.4.  Route Monitoring

   Route Monitoring messages are used for initial synchronization of the
   Loc-RIB.  They are also used to convey incremental Loc-RIB changes.

   As defined in section 4.6 of [RFC7854], "Following the common BMP
   header and per-peer header is a BGP Update PDU."

5.4.1.  ASN Encoding

   Loc-RIB route monitor messages MUST use 4-byte ASN encoding as
   indicated in Peer Up sent OPEN message (Section 5.2) capability.

5.4.2.  Granularity

   State compression and throttling SHOULD be used by a BMP sender to
   reduce the amount of route monitoring messages that are transmitted
   to BMP receivers.  With state compression, only the final resultant
   updates are sent.

   For example, prefix 192.0.2.0/24 is updated in the Loc-RIB 5 times
   within 1 second.  State compression of BMP route monitor messages
   results in only the final change being transmitted.  The other 4
   changes are suppressed because they fall within the compression
   interval.  If no compression was being used, all 5 updates would have
   been transmitted.

   A BMP receiver should expect that Loc-RIB route monitoring
   granularity can be different by BMP sender implementation.



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5.5.  Route Mirroring

   Section 4.7 of [RFC7854], defines Route Mirroring for verbatim
   duplication of messages received.  This is not applicable to Loc-RIB
   as PDUs are originated by the router.  Any received Route Mirroring
   messages SHOULD be ignored.

5.6.  Statistics Report

   Not all Stat Types are relevant to Loc-RIB.  The Stat Types that are
   relevant are listed below:

   *  Stat Type = 8: (64-bit Gauge) Number of routes in Loc-RIB.

   *  Stat Type = 10: Number of routes in per-AFI/SAFI Loc-RIB.  The
      value is structured as: 2-byte AFI, 1-byte SAFI, followed by a 64-
      bit Gauge.

6.  Other Considerations

6.1.  Loc-RIB Implementation

   There are several methods for a BGP speaker to implement Loc-RIB
   efficiently.  In all methods, the implementation emulates a peer with
   Peer Up and Down messages to convey capabilities as well as Route
   Monitor messages to convey Loc-RIB.  In this sense, the peer that
   conveys the Loc-RIB is a locally emulated peer.

6.1.1.  Multiple Loc-RIB Peers

   There MUST be at least one emulated peer for each Loc-RIB instance,
   such as with VRFs.  The BMP receiver identifies the Loc-RIB by the
   peer header distinguisher and BGP ID.  The BMP receiver uses the VRF/
   Table Name from the Peer Up information to associate a name to the
   Loc-RIB.

   In some implementations, it might be required to have more than one
   emulated peer for Loc-RIB to convey different address families for
   the same Loc-RIB.  In this case, the peer distinguisher and BGP ID
   should be the same since they represent the same Loc-RIB instance.
   Each emulated peer instance MUST send a Peer Up with the OPEN message
   indicating the address family capabilities.  A BMP receiver MUST
   process these capabilities to know which peer belongs to which
   address family.







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6.1.2.  Filtering Loc-RIB to BMP Receivers

   There maybe be use-cases where BMP receivers should only receive
   specific routes from Loc-RIB.  For example, IPv4 unicast routes may
   include internal BGP (IBGP), external BGP (EBGP), and IGP but only
   routes from EBGP should be sent to the BMP receiver.  Alternatively,
   it may be that only IBGP and EBGP that should be sent and IGP
   redistributed routes should be excluded.  In these cases where the
   Loc-RIB is filtered, the F flag is set to 1 to indicate to the BMP
   receiver that the Loc-RIB is filtered.  If multiple filters are
   associated to the same Loc-RIB, a Table Name MUST be used in order to
   allow a BMP receiver to make the right associations.

6.1.3.  Changes to existing BMP sessions

   In case of any change that results in the alteration of behavior of
   an existing BMP session, ie. changes to filtering and table names,
   the session MUST be bounced with a Peer Down/Peer Up sequence.

7.  Security Considerations

   The same considerations as in section 11 of [RFC7854] apply to this
   document.  Implementations of this protocol SHOULD require that
   sessions are only established with authorized and trusted monitoring
   devices.  It is also believed that this document does not add any
   additional security considerations.

8.  IANA Considerations

   This document requests that IANA assign the following new parameters
   to the BMP parameters name space (https://www.iana.org/assignments/
   bmp-parameters/bmp-parameters.xhtml).

8.1.  BMP Peer Type

   This document defines a new peer type (Section 4.1):

   *  Peer Type = 3: Loc-RIB Instance Peer

8.2.  BMP Loc-RIB Instance Peer Flags

   This document requests IANA to rename "BMP Peer Flags" to "BMP Peer
   Flags for Peer Types 0 through 2" and create a new registry named
   "BMP Peer Flags for Loc-RIB Instance Peer Type 3" This document
   defines that peer flags are specific to the Loc-RIB instance peer
   type.  As defined in (Section 4.2):





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   *  Flag 0: The F flag indicates that the Loc-RIB is filtered.  This
      indicates that the Loc-RIB does not represent the complete routing
      table.

   Flags 0 through 3 and 5 through 7 are unassigned.  The registration
   procedure for the registry is "Standards Action".

8.3.  Peer Up Information TLV

   This document requests that IANA rename "BMP Initiation Message TLVs"
   registry to "BMP Initiation and Peer Up Information TLVs." section
   4.4 of [RFC7854] defines that both Initiation and Peer Up share the
   same information TLVs.  This document defines the following new BMP
   Peer Up information TLV type (Section 5.2.1):

   *  Type = 3: VRF/Table Name.  The Information field contains a UTF-8
      string whose value MUST be equal to the value of the VRF or table
      name (e.g., RD instance name) being conveyed.  The string size
      MUST be within the range of 1 to 255 bytes.

8.4.  Peer Down Reason code

   This document defines the following new BMP Peer Down reason code
   (Section 5.3):

   *  Type = 6: Local system closed, TLV data follows.

9.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC4271]  Rekhter, Y., Ed., Li, T., Ed., and S. Hares, Ed., "A
              Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4271, January 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4271>.

   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", RFC 5226,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5226, May 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5226>.

   [RFC7854]  Scudder, J., Ed., Fernando, R., and S. Stuart, "BGP
              Monitoring Protocol (BMP)", RFC 7854,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7854, June 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7854>.



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   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

10.  Informative References

   [RFC7911]  Walton, D., Retana, A., Chen, E., and J. Scudder,
              "Advertisement of Multiple Paths in BGP", RFC 7911,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7911, July 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7911>.

Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank John Scudder, Jeff Haas and Mukul
   Srivastava for their valuable input.

Authors' Addresses

   Tim Evens
   Cisco Systems
   2901 Third Avenue, Suite 600
   Seattle, WA 98121
   United States of America

   Email: tievens@cisco.com


   Serpil Bayraktar
   Cisco Systems
   3700 Cisco Way
   San Jose, CA 95134
   United States of America

   Email: serpil@cisco.com


   Manish Bhardwaj
   Cisco Systems
   3700 Cisco Way
   San Jose, CA 95134
   United States of America

   Email: manbhard@cisco.com


   Paolo Lucente
   NTT Communications
   Siriusdreef 70-72



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   2132 Hoofddorp
   Netherlands

   Email: paolo@ntt.net















































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