HTTP                                                         R. Hamilton
Internet-Draft                                                    Google
Intended status: Standards Track                         7 February 2022
Expires: 11 August 2022


                  Bootstrapping WebSockets with HTTP/3
                  draft-ietf-httpbis-h3-websockets-03

Abstract

   The mechanism for running the WebSocket Protocol over a single stream
   of an HTTP/2 connection is equally applicable to HTTP/3, but the HTTP
   version-specific details need to be specified.  This document
   describes how the mechanism is adapted for HTTP/3.

About This Document

   This note is to be removed before publishing as an RFC.

   Status information for this document may be found at
   https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-ietf-httpbis-h3-websockets/.

   Discussion of this document takes place on the HTTP Working Group
   mailing list (mailto:ietf-http-wg@w3.org), which is archived at
   https://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/ietf-http-wg/.  Working Group
   information can be found at https://httpwg.org/.

   Source for this draft and an issue tracker can be found at
   https://github.com/httpwg/http-extensions/labels/h3-websockets.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 11 August 2022.




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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights
   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Revised BSD License text as
   described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Revised BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions and Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Websockets Upgrade over HTTP/3  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   6.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

1.  Introduction

   "Bootstrapping WebSockets with HTTP/2" [RFC8441] defines an extension
   to HTTP/2 [HTTP2] which is also useful in HTTP/3 [HTTP3].  This
   extension makes use of an HTTP/2 setting.  Appendix A.3 of [HTTP3]
   gives some guidance on what changes (if any) are appropriate when
   porting settings from HTTP/2 to HTTP/3.

2.  Conventions and Definitions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.











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3.  Websockets Upgrade over HTTP/3

   [RFC8441] defines a mechanism for running the WebSocket Protocol
   [RFC6455] over a single stream of an HTTP/2 connection.  It defines
   an Extended CONNECT method which specifies a new ":protocol" pseudo-
   header field and new semantics for the ":path" and ":authority"
   pseudo-header fields.  It also defines a new HTTP/2 setting sent by a
   server to allow the client to use Extended CONNECT.

   The semantics of the pseudo-header fields and setting are identical
   to those in HTTP/2 as defined [RFC8441].  Appendix A.3 of [HTTP3]
   requires that HTTP/3 settings be registered separately for HTTP/3.
   The SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL value is 0x08 (decimal 8), as in
   HTTP/2.

   If a server advertises support for Extended CONNECT but receives an
   Extended CONNECT request with a ":protocol" value that is unknown or
   is not supported, the server SHOULD respond to the request with a 501
   (Not Implemented) status code (Section 15.6.2 of [HTTP]).  A server
   MAY provide more information via a Problem Details response
   [RFC7807].

   The HTTP/3 stream closure is also analogous to the TCP connection
   closure of [RFC6455].  Orderly TCP-level closures are represented as
   a FIN bit on the stream (Section 4.2 of [HTTP3]).  RST exceptions are
   represented with a stream error (Section 8 of [HTTP3]) of type
   H3_REQUEST_CANCELLED (Section 8.1 of [HTTP3]).

4.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no new security considerations beyond those
   discussed in [RFC8441].

5.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers a new setting in the "HTTP/3 Settings"
   registry (Section 11.2.2 of [HTTP3]).

   Value:  0x08

   Setting Name:  SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL

   Default:  0

   Status:  permanent

   Specification:  This Document




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   Date:  [ date of publication ]

   Change Controller:  IETF

   Contact:  HTTP Working Group (ietf-http-wg@w3.org)

   Notes:

6.  Normative References

   [HTTP]     Fielding, R. T., Nottingham, M., and J. Reschke, "HTTP
              Semantics", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
              httpbis-semantics-19, 12 September 2021,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-
              semantics-19>.

   [HTTP2]    Belshe, M., Peon, R., and M. Thomson, Ed., "Hypertext
              Transfer Protocol Version 2 (HTTP/2)", RFC 7540,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7540, May 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7540>.

   [HTTP3]    Bishop, M., "Hypertext Transfer Protocol Version 3
              (HTTP/3)", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
              quic-http-34, 2 February 2021,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-ietf-quic-
              http-34>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc2119>.

   [RFC6455]  Fette, I. and A. Melnikov, "The WebSocket Protocol",
              RFC 6455, DOI 10.17487/RFC6455, December 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc6455>.

   [RFC7807]  Nottingham, M. and E. Wilde, "Problem Details for HTTP
              APIs", RFC 7807, DOI 10.17487/RFC7807, March 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7807>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8441]  McManus, P., "Bootstrapping WebSockets with HTTP/2",
              RFC 8441, DOI 10.17487/RFC8441, September 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc8441>.




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Acknowledgments

   This document had reviews and input from many contributors in the
   IETF HTTP and QUIC Working Groups, with substantive input from David
   Schinazi, Martin Thomson, Lucas Pardue, Mike Bishop, Dragana
   Damjanovic, Mark Nottingham, and Julian Reschke.

Author's Address

   Ryan Hamilton
   Google

   Email: rch@google.com






































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