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Versions: 00 01 02 04 05 rfc2602                                        
Internet-Draft                                           Mike Davison
                                                         Cisco Systems
                                                         Oct 15, 1998

                  ILMI-Based Server Discovery for MARS

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft.  Internet-Drafts are working
   documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas,
   and its working groups.  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
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   To learn the current status of any Internet Draft, please check the
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   ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast).

   This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo
   does not specify an Internet standard of any kind.  Distribution of
   this memo is unlimited.


   This memo defines how ILMI-based Server Discovery, which provides a
   method for ATM-attached hosts and routers to dynamically determine
   the ATM address of servers,  shall be used to locate MARS servers.

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1. Introduction

   Presently, configuring a host or router to use MARS [1] is cumbersome
   and error-prone since it requires at least one ATM addresses to be
   statically configured on each host or router in the network.
   Further, it is impossible to implement a diskless host to use MARS
   since local configuration is required.  ILMI-based Server Discovery,
   hereafter referred to as "server discovery," provides a solution to
   these problems.

   A brief overview of the Service Registry MIB, as defined by the ATM
   Forum, is provided in this memo. The reader should consult [2] for a
   complete description of this MIB, but the information contained here
   is sufficient for an understanding of its use to support MARS server

2. ILMI 4.0 Service Registry MIB

   Server discovery utilizes the Service Registry MIB defined by the ATM
   Forum in ILMI Specification Version 4.0 [2]. To support the existing
   framework for IP over ATM, as embodied by ATMARP and MARS, ATM
   switches must support the Service Registry MIB.

   A row in the service registry table [2] is defined as:

      AtmfSrvcRegEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
          atmfSrvcRegPort          INTEGER,
          atmfSrvcRegServiceID     OBJECT IDENTIFIER,
          atmfSrvcRegATMAddress    AtmAddress,
          atmfSrvcRegAddressIndex  INTEGER,
          atmfSrvcRegParm1         OCTET STRING

   The definition of each field in this structure is:

      atmfSrvcRegPort - The port number for which this entry contains
          management information. The value of zero may be used to
          indicate the ATM interface over which a management request
          was received.

      atmfSrvcRegServiceID - This is the service identifier which
          uniquely identifies the type of service at the address
          provided in the table. (See Appendix for MARS OID.)

      atmfSrvcRegATMAddress - This is the full address of the service.

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          The ATM client will use this address to establish a connection
          with the service.

      atmfSrvcRegAddressIndex - An arbitrary integer to differentiate
          multiple rows containing different ATM addresses for the same
          service on the same port.

      atmfSrvcRegParm1 - An octet string whose size and meaning is
          determined by the value of atmfSrvcRegServiceID.

   The service registry table is indexed by atmfSrvcRegPort,
   atmfSrvcRegServiceID and atmfSrvcRegAddressIndex.

2.1 Service Parameter String

   A generic parameter string is defined in the service registry table,
   thus allowing protocol-specific parameters to be specified. To be
   consistent with [1], the parameter string for MARS shall be:

       mar$pro.type   16 bits     Protocol type
       mar$pro.snap   40 bits     Optional extension to protocol type
       mar$plen        8 bits     Length of protocol address (a)
       mar$addr        a octets   Network address
       mar$mask        a octets   Network mask


       mar$pro.type   - See [1]. (IPv4 is 0x0800, IPv6 is 0x86DD)
       mar$pro.snap   - See [1]. (IPv4 and IPv6 are 0)

       mar$plen       - Length of the protocol address.
                        (IPv4 is 4, IPv6 is 16)

       mar$addr       - Network address represented in network byte

       mar$mask       - Network mask represented in network byte order

2.2 Service Object Identifier

   This OID, assigned in the ATM Forum Service Registry MIB, names MARS
   within the context of server discovery.

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     atmfSrvcRegMARS   OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { }

   It does not name any managed objects, rather is used to locate
   appropriate rows in the service registery table.

3. MARS Client Behavior

   An MARS client will access the service registry table via ILMI using
   the SNMP GetNext operator to "sweep" (SNMP parlance for a linear
   search) beginning with {Port = 0, ServiceID = <see Appendix>, Index =
   0} while holding the port number and the serviceID constant. (Port
   number 0 is used within ILMI to indicate "this port.")

   An MARS client with no local configuration, such as a diskless
   workstation, must use the row with the lowest index value if multiple
   MARS servers, possibly for multiple networks, are listed.

   MARS clients that have local IP configuration must use a row that has
   the appropriate IP address.  For example, consider the case where an
   IP router has 3 logical interfaces defined on a single physical
   interface with IP addresses, and The router will sweep the service registry table
   looking for a rows that have atmfSrvcRegParm1 values as shown below:

     Net number/mask  atmfSrvcRegParm1
     ---------------- --------------------------------------------------        08 00 00 00 00 00 00  04  01 00 00 00  ff 00 00 00    08 00 00 00 00 00 00  04  80 0a 00 00  ff ff 00 00  08 00 00 00 00 00 00  04  ab 45 96 00  ff ff ff 00

   When the correct atmfSrvcRegParm1 values are located, the router may
   then establish an SVC to the selected server and perform the
   appropriate protocol operations.

   Redundant MARS servers are supported with multiple rows in the
   service registry table. This list of MARS servers is ordered with the
   primary MARS server having the lowest index value. The MARS client
   must attempt to utilize the primary MARS server before utilizing a
   secondary MARS server. Administrators must ensure that the listed
   MARS servers are synchronized via (SCCP draft for MARS not yet

4. MARS Server Behavior

   An MARS server shall be locally configured. The MARS server may

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   retrieve the MARS service registry data to validate the results. If
   an incorrect row is retrieved the error may be flagged in a locally
   significant way.

5. Relationship with PNNI Augmented Routing

   An augmented version PNNI ("PNNI Augmented Routing," or PAR) [4] is
   being developed by the ATM Forum. PAR can distribute data such as
   MARS server addresses. Further, the ATM Forum developing a proxy
   mechanism for PAR (Proxy PAR) [5] that would allow a UNI-attached
   host or router to access PAR data without a full PAR implementation.

   These mechanisms offer a promising way to manage the service registry
   tables maintained on each switch in an ATM network, yet would not
   require changes to the mechanism defined in this memo. Hosts and
   routers can continue to utilize ILMI-based or Proxy PAR-based server
   discovery and network administrators could manage the service
   registry data with local configuration or via PAR and Proxy PAR.

7. Security Considerations

   The server discovery mechanism is intended for environments where a
   given ATM switch and its attached hosts or routers are in the same
   administrative domain, hence no authentication is required.


      [1]  Armitage, G., "Support for Multicast over UNI 3.0/3.1
      based ATM Networks," IETF RFC 2022, Bellcore, November, 1996.

      [2]  ATM Forum, "Integrated Local Management Interface (ILMI)
      Specification Version 4.0," af-ilmi-0065.000, September, 1996.

      [3]  Reynolds, J., Postel, J., "Assigned Numbers," IETF STD 2,
      IETF RFC 1700, October 1994.

      [4]  Callon, R., et al., "An Overview of PNNI Augmented Routing,"
      ATM-Forum 96-0354, April, 1996.

      [5]  Droz, P., Przygienda, T., "Proxy PAR,"
      <draft-ietf-ion-proxypar-arch-00.txt>, March, 1998.

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Author's  Address

      Mike Davison
      Cisco Systems
      170 West Tasman Drive
      San Jose, California 95134

      Phone: (408) 526-4000
      EMail: mike.davison@cisco.com

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