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Versions: 00 01 02 rfc3381                                              
INTERNET-DRAFT
<draft-ietf-ipp-job-prog-00.txt>
                                                             T. Hastings
                                                       Xerox Corporation
                                                                H. Lewis
                                                    IBM Printing Company
                                                              R. Bergman
                                          Hitachi Koki Imaging Solutions
                                                            July 6, 2000

                      IPP: Job Progress Attributes

    Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved.

Status of this Memo

This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all
provisions of Section 10 of [RFC2026].  Internet-Drafts are working
documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and
its working groups.  Note that other groups may also distribute working
documents as Internet-Drafts.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material
or to cite them other than as "work in progress".

The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt

The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed as
http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

Abstract

This document defines four new Job Description attributes for monitoring
job progress to be registered as extensions to IPP/1.0 [RFC2566] and
IPP/1.1 [ipp-mod].  These attributes are drawn from the PWG Job
Monitoring MIB [rfc2707].  The new Job Description attributes are:

  "job-collation-type" (type2 enum)
  "sheet-completed-copy-number" (integer(0:MAX))
  "sheet-completed-document-number" (integer(0:MAX))
  "impressions-completed-current-copy" (integer(0:MAX))


This document also defines a new "sheet-collate" Job Template attribute
to control sheet collation and to help with the interpretation of the
job progress attributes.  These new attributes may also be used by
themselves in combination with the IPP/1.1 "job-impressions-completed"
attribute as useful job progress monitoring attributes and/or may be
passed in an IPP Notification (see [ipp-ntfy]).






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The full set of IPP documents includes:

  Design Goals for an Internet Printing Protocol [RFC2567]
  Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol for the Internet
     Printing Protocol [RFC2568]
  Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Model and Semantics [ipp-mod]
  Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Encoding and Transport [ipp-pro]
  Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Implementer's Guide [ipp-iig]
  Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols [RFC2569]
  Internet Printing Protocol/1.0 & 1.1:  Event Notification
     Specification [ipp-ntfy]

The "Design Goals for an Internet Printing Protocol" document takes a
broad look at distributed printing functionality, and it enumerates
real-life scenarios that help to clarify the features that need to be
included in a printing protocol for the Internet.  It identifies
requirements for three types of users: end users, operators, and
administrators.  It calls out a subset of end user requirements that are
satisfied in IPP/1.0.  A few OPTIONAL operator operations have been
added to IPP/1.1.

The "Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol for the Internet
Printing Protocol" document describes IPP from a high level view,
defines a roadmap for the various documents that form the suite of IPP
specification documents, and gives background and rationale for the IETF
working group's major decisions.

The "Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Model and Semantics" document
describes a simplified model with abstract objects, their attributes,
and their operations that are independent of encoding and transport.  It
introduces a Printer and a Job object.  The Job object optionally
supports multiple documents per Job.  It also addresses security,
internationalization, and directory issues.

The "Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Encoding and Transport" document is
a formal mapping of the abstract operations and attributes defined in
the model document onto HTTP/1.1 [RFC2616].  It defines the encoding
rules for a new Internet MIME media type called "application/ipp".  This
document also defines the rules for transporting over HTTP a message
body whose Content-Type is "application/ipp".  This document defines a
new scheme named 'ipp' for identifying IPP printers and jobs.

The "Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Implementer's Guide" document gives
insight and advice to implementers of IPP clients and IPP objects.  It
is intended to help them understand IPP/1.1 and some of the
considerations that may assist them in the design of their client and/or
IPP object implementations.  For example, a typical order of processing
requests is given, including error checking.  Motivation for some of the
specification decisions is also included.

The "Mapping between LPD and IPP Protocols" document gives some advice
to implementers of gateways between IPP and LPD (Line Printer Daemon)
implementations.



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The "Event Notification Specification" document defines OPTIONAL
operations that allow a client to subscribe to printing related events.
Subscriptions include "Per-Job subscriptions" and "Per-Printer
subscriptions".  Subscriptions are modeled as Subscription objects.
Four other operations are defined for subscription objects:  get
attributes, get subscriptions, renew a subscription, and cancel a
subscription.















































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                           TABLE OF CONTENTS

1    New Job Template attribute.......................................5

 1.1     "sheet-collate" (boolean)...................................5

2    IPP Job Description attributes for monitoring Job Progress.......7

 2.1     "job-collation-type" (type2 enum)..........................10

 2.2     "sheet-completed-copy-number" (integer(0:MAX)).............11

 2.3     "sheet-completed-document-number" (integer(0:MAX)).........11

 2.4     "impressions-completed-current-copy" (integer(0:MAX))......12

3    Conformance Requirements........................................12

4    IANA Considerations.............................................12

5    Internationalization Considerations.............................12

6    Security Considerations.........................................12

7    References......................................................12

8    Author's Addresses..............................................13

9    Full Copyright Statement........................................14































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1  New Job Template attribute


1.1 "sheet-collate" (boolean)

  +===================+======================+======================+
  | Job Attribute     |Printer: Default Value|  Printer: Supported  |
  |                   |   Attribute          |   Values Attribute   |
  +===================+======================+======================+
  | sheet-collate     | sheet-collate-default| sheet-collate-       |
  | (type2 keyword)   | (type2 keyword)      |  supported (1setOf   |
  |                   |                      |       type2 keyword) |
  +-------------------+----------------------+----------------------+

This attribute specifies whether or not the media sheets of each copy of
each printed document in a job are to be in sequence, when multiple
copies of the document are specified by the 'copies' attribute.

Standard keyword values are:

  'uncollated':  each print-stream sheet is printed a number of times
     in succession equal to the value of the 'copies' attribute,
     followed by the next print-stream sheet.

  'collated':  each copy of each document is printed with the print-
     stream sheets in sequence, followed by the next document copy.

For example, suppose a document produces two media sheets as output, and
"copies" is equal to '6',  For the 'uncollated' case, six copies of the
first media sheet are printed followed by six copies of the second media
sheet.  For the 'collated' case, one copy of each of the six sheets are
printed followed by another copy of each of the six media sheets.

Whether the effect of sheet collation is achieved by placing copies of a
document in multiple output bins or in the same output bin with
implementation defined document separation is implementation dependent.
Also whether it is achieved by making multiple passes over the job or by
using an output sorter is implementation dependent.

Note:  IPP/1.0 [RFC2566] and IPP/1.1 [ipp-mod] is silent on whether or
not sheets within documents are collated.  The "sheet-collate-supported"
Printer attribute permits a Printer object to indicate whether or not it
collates sheets with each document and whether it allows the client to
control sheet collation.  An implementation is able to indicate that it
supports uncollated sheets, collated sheets, or both, using the
'uncollated', 'collated', or both 'uncollated' and 'collated' values,
respectively.

This attribute is affected by "multiple-document-handling."  The
"multiple-document-handling" attribute describes the collation of
documents, and the "sheet-collate" attribute describes the semantics of
collating individual pages within a document.  To better explain the
interaction between these two attributes the term "set" is introduced.
A "set" is a logical boundary between the delivered media sheets of a
printed job.  For-example, in the case of a ten page single document
with collated pages and a request for 50 copies, each of the 50 printed

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copies of the document constitutes a "set."  In the above example if the
pages were uncollated, then 50 copies of each of the individual pages
within the document would represent each "set".

The following table describes the interaction of "sheet-collate" with
multiple document handling.


     "sheet-      "multiple-     Semantics
     collate"     document-
                   handling"

     'collated'   'single-       Each copy of the concatenated documents,
                   document'      with their pages in sequence, represents a
                                  "set."

     'collated'   'single-       Each copy of the concatenated documents,
                   document-new-  with their pages in sequence, represents a
                   sheet'         "set."

     'collated'   'separate-     Each copy of each separate document, with
                   documents-     its pages in sequence, represents a "set."
                   collated-
                   copies'

     'collated'   'separate-     Each copy of each separate document, with
                   documents-     its pages in sequence, represents a "set."
                   uncollated-
                   copies

     'uncollated' 'single-       Each media sheet of the document is
                   document'      printed a number of times equal to the
                                  "copies" attribute; which constitutes a
                                  "set."

     'uncollated' 'single-       Each media sheet of the concatenated
                   document-new-  documents is printed a number of times
                   sheet'         equal to the "copies" attribute; which
                                  constitutes a "set."

     'uncollated' 'separate-     This is a degenerate case, and the printer
                   documents-     object MUST reject the job and return the
                   collated-      status, "client-error-conflicting-
                   copies'        attributes."

     'uncollated' 'separate-     This is a degenerate case, and the printer
                   documents-     object MUST reject the job and return the
                   uncollated-    status "client-error-conflicting-
                   copies         attributes."

     From the above table it is obvious that the implicit value of the
     "sheet-collate" attribute in a printer that does not support the
     "sheet-collate" attribute, is 'collated.'  The semantics of
     "multiple-document-handling" are otherwise nonsensical in the case
     of separate documents.




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2  IPP Job Description attributes for monitoring Job Progress

The following IPP Job Description attributes are proposed to be added to
IPP through the type2 registration procedures.  They are useful for
monitoring the progress of a job.  They are also used at attributes in
the notification content in a notification report [ipp-ntfy].

There are a number of Job Description attributes for monitoring the
progress of a job.  These objects and attributes count the number of K
octets, impressions, sheets, and pages requested or completed.  For
impressions and sheets, "completed" means stacked, unless the
implementation is unable to detect when each sheet is stacked, in which
case stacked is approximated when processing of each sheet completes.
There are objects and attributes for the overall job and for the current
copy of the document currently being stacked.  For the latter, the rate
at which the various objects and attributes count depends on the sheet
and document collation of the job.

Consider the following four Job Description attributes that are used to
monitor the progress of a job's impressions:

     1."job-impressions-completed" - counts the total number of
       impressions stacked for the job (see [ipp-mod] section 4.3.18.2)

     2."impressions-completed-current-copy" - counts the number of
       impressions stacked for the current document copy

     3."sheet-completed-copy-number" - identifies the number of the
       copy for the current document being stacked where the first copy
       is 1.

     4."sheet-completed-document-number" - identifies the current
       document within the job that is being stacked where the first
       document in a job is 1.  NOTE: this attribute SHOULD NOT be
       implemented for implementations that only support one document
       per job.

For each of the three types of job collation, a job with three copies of
two documents (1, 2), where each document consists of 3 impressions, the
four variables have the following values as each sheet is stacked for
one-sided printing:

















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"job-collation-type" = 'uncollated-sheets(3)'


"job-            "impressions-    "sheet-        "sheet-
impressions-     completed-       completed-     completed-
completed"       current-copy"    copy-number"   document-
                                                   number"

        0                0               0               0
        1                1               1               1
        2                1               2               1
        3                1               3               1
        4                2               1               1
        5                2               2               1
        6                2               3               1
        7                3               1               1
        8                3               2               1
        9                3               3               1
       10                1               1               2
       11                1               2               2
       12                1               3               2
       13                2               1               2
       14                2               2               2
       15                2               3               2
       16                3               1               2
       17                3               2               2
       18                3               3               2



























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"job-collation-type" = 'collated-documents(4)'


"job-            "impressions-    "sheet-        "sheet-
impressions-     completed-       completed-     completed-
completed"       current-copy"    copy-number"   document-
                                                   number"


        0                0               0               0
        1                1               1               1
        2                2               1               1
        3                3               1               1
        4                1               1               2
        5                2               1               2
        6                3               1               2
        7                1               2               1
        8                2               2               1
        9                3               2               1
       10                1               2               2
       11                2               2               2
       12                3               2               2
       13                1               3               1
       14                2               3               1
       15                3               3               1
       16                1               3               2
       17                2               3               2
       18                3               3               2



























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"job-collation-type" = 'uncollated-documents(5)'


"job-            "impressions-    "sheet-        "sheet-
impressions-     completed-       completed-     completed-
completed"       current-copy"    copy-number"   document-
                                                   number"


        0                0               0               0
        1                1               1               1
        2                2               1               1
        3                3               1               1
        4                1               2               1
        5                2               2               1
        6                3               2               1
        7                1               3               1
        8                2               3               1
        9                3               3               1
       10                1               1               2
       11                2               1               2
       12                3               1               2
       13                1               2               2
       14                2               2               2
       15                3               2               2
       16                1               3               2
       17                2               3               2
       18                3               3               2



2.1 "job-collation-type" (type2 enum)

Job Collation includes sheet collation and document collation.  Sheet
collation is defined to be the ordering of sheets within a document
copy.  Document collation is defined to be ordering of document copies
within a multi-document job.  The value of the "job-collation-type" is
affected by the value of the "sheet-collate" Job Template attribute (see
section 1.1), if supplied and supported.

The Standard enum values are:


  '1'    'other':  not one of the defined values

  '2'    'unknown':  the collation type is unknown

  '3'    'uncollated-sheets':  No collation of the sheets within each
               document copy, i.e., each sheet of a document that is to
               produce multiple copies is replicated before the next
               sheet in the document is processed and stacked.  If the
               device has an output bin collator, the 'uncollated-
               sheets(3)' value may actually produce collated sheets as
               far as the user is concerned (in the output bins).
               However, when the job collation is the 'uncollated-
               sheets(3)' value, job progress is indistinguishable to a

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               monitoring application between a device that has an
               output bin collator and one that does not.

  '4'    'collated-documents':  Collation of the sheets within each
               document copy is performed within the printing device by
               making multiple passes over either the source or an
               intermediate representation of the document.  In
               addition, when there are multiple documents per job, the
               i'th copy of each document is stacked before the j'th
               copy of each document, i.e., the documents are collated
               within each job copy.  For example, if a job is submitted
               with documents, A and B, the job is made available to the
               end user as: A, B, A, B, ..  The 'collated-documents(4)'
               value corresponds to the IPP [ipp-mod] 'separate-
               documents-collated-copies' keyword value of the
               "multiple-document-handling" attribute.


               If the job's "copies" attribute is  '1' (or not
               supplied), then the "job-collation-type" attribute is
               defined to be '4'.


  '5'    'uncollated-documents':  Collation of the sheets within each
               document copy is performed within the printing device by
               making multiple passes over either the source or an
               intermediate representation of the document.  In
               addition, when there are multiple documents per job, all
               copies of the first document in the job are stacked
               before the any copied of the next document in the job,
               i.e., the documents are uncollated within the job.  For
               example, if a job is submitted with documents, A and B,
               the job is mad available to the end user as:  A, A, ., B,
               B, ..  The 'uncollated-documents(5)' value corresponds to
               the IPP [ipp-mod] 'separate-documents-uncollated-copies'
               keyword value of the "multiple-document-handling"
               attribute.

2.2 "sheet-completed-copy-number" (integer(0:MAX))

The number of the copy being stacked for the current document.  This
number starts at 0, is set to 1 when the first sheet of the first copy
for each document is being stacked and is equal to n where n is the nth
sheet stacked in the current document copy.  If the value is unknown,
the Printer MUST return the 'unknown' out-of-band value (see [ipp-mod]
section 4.1), rather than the -2 value used in some MIBs [rfc2707].


2.3 "sheet-completed-document-number" (integer(0:MAX))

The ordinal number of the document in the job that is currently being
stacked.  This number starts at 0, increments to 1 when the first sheet
of the first document in the job is being stacked, and is equal to n
where n is the nth document in the job, starting with 1. If the value is
unknown, the Printer MUST return the 'unknown' out-of-band value (see


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[ipp-mod] section 4.1), rather than the -2 value used in some MIBs
[rfc2707].

Implementations that only support one document jobs SHOULD NOT implement
this attribute.


2.4 "impressions-completed-current-copy" (integer(0:MAX))

The number of impressions completed by the device for the current copy
of the current document so far.  For printing, the impressions completed
includes interpreting, marking, and stacking the output.  For other
types of job services, the number of impressions completed includes the
number of impressions processed.  If the value is unknown, the Printer
MUST return the 'unknown' out-of-band value (see [ipp-mod] section 4.1),
rather than the -2 value used in some MIBs [rfc2707].

This value SHALL be reset to 0 for each document in the job and for each
document copy.


3  Conformance Requirements

This section summarizes the Conformance Requirements detailed in the
definitions in this document.  In general each of the attributes defined
in this document are OPTIONAL for a Printer to support, so that Printer
implementers MAY implement any combination of attributes.

4  IANA Considerations

IANA will be called on to register the attributes defined in this
document, using the procedures outlined in [ipp-mod].

5  Internationalization Considerations

The IPP extensions defined in this document require the same
internationalization considerations as any of the Job Template and Job
Descriptions attributes defined in IPP/1.1 [ipp-mod].

6  Security Considerations

The IPP extensions defined in this document require the same security
considerations as any of the Job Template attributes and Job
Descriptions attributes defined in IPP/1.1 [ipp-mod].

7  References

[ipp-iig]

     Hastings, T., Manros, C., "Internet Printing Protocol/1.1:  draft-
     ietf-ipp-implementers-guide-v11-01.txt, work in progress, May 2000.


[ipp-mod]

     deBry, R., , Hastings, T., Herriot, R., Isaacson, S., Powell, P.,
     "Internet Printing Protocol/1.1: Model and Semantics", <draft-ietf-
     ipp-model-v11-07.txt>, work in progress, May, 2000.



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[ipp-ntfy]

     Isaacson, S., Martin, J., deBry, R., Hastings, T., Shepherd, M.,
     Bergman, R., " IPP Event Notification Specification", <draft-ietf-
     ipp-not-spec-03.txt>, work in progress, June, 2000.


[ipp-pro]

     Herriot, R., Butler, S., Moore, P., Tuner, R., "Internet Printing
     Protocol/1.1: Encoding and Transport", draft-ietf-ipp-protocol-v11-
     06.txt, May, 2000.


[RFC2565]

     Herriot, R., Butler, S., Moore, P., Tuner, R., "Internet Printing
     Protocol/1.0: Encoding and Transport", RFC 2565, April 1999.


[RFC2566]

     deBry, R., , Hastings, T., Herriot, R., Isaacson, S., Powell, P.,
     "Internet Printing Protocol/1.0: Model and Semantics", RFC 2566,
     April 1999.


[RFC2567]

     Wright, D., "Design Goals for an Internet Printing Protocol", RFC
     2567, April 1999.


[RFC2568]

     Zilles, S., "Rationale for the Structure and Model and Protocol for
     the Internet Printing Protocol", RFC 2568, April 1999.


[RFC2569]

     Herriot, R., Hastings, T., Jacobs, N., Martin, J., "Mapping between
     LPD and IPP Protocols", RFC 2569, April 1999.


[RFC2707]

     Bergman, R., Hastings, T., Isaacson, S., Lewis, H. "PWG Job
     Monitoring MIB - V1", RFC 2707,  November, 1999.


8  Author's Addresses


     Tom Hastings
     Xerox Corporation
     737 Hawaii St.  ESAE 231
     El Segundo, CA  90245
     Phone: 310-333-6413
     Fax: 310-333-5514
     e-mail: hastings@cp10.es.xerox.com


     Harry Lewis

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     IBM
     P.O. Box 1900
     Boulder, CO 80301-9191

     Phone: (303) 924-5337
     FAX:
     e-mail:  harryl@us.ibm.com


     Ron Bergman (Editor)
     Hitachi Koki Imaging Solutions
     1757 Tapo Canyon Road
     Simi Valley, CA 93063-3394

     Phone: 805-578-4421
     Fax:  805-578-4001
     Email: rbergma@hitachi-hkis.com


9  Full Copyright Statement

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved.

This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or
assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and
distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind,
provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included
on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this document itself
may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice
or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations,
except as needed for the  purpose of developing Internet standards in
which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet
Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into
languages other than English.

The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS
IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK
FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT
INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.










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