MARF Working Group                                               J. Falk
Internet-Draft                                               Return Path
Updates: 5965 (if approved)                            M. Kucherawy, Ed.
Intended status: Standards Track                               Cloudmark
Expires: August 18, 2012                               February 15, 2012


 Creation and Use of Email Feedback Reports: An Applicability Statement
                  for the Abuse Reporting Format (ARF)
                         draft-ietf-marf-as-09

Abstract

   RFC 5965 defines an extensible, machine-readable format intended for
   mail operators to report feedback about received email to other
   parties.  This Applicability Statement describes common methods for
   utilizing this format for reporting both abuse and authentication
   failure events.  Mailbox Providers of any size, mail sending
   entities, and end users can use these methods as a basis to create
   procedures that best suit them.  Some related optional mechanisms are
   also discussed.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 18, 2012.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents



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   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     1.1.  Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Definitions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  Solicited and Unsolicited Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  Creating and Sending Complaint-Based Solicited Abuse
       Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     4.1.  General Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     4.2.  Where To Send Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     4.3.  What To Put In Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   5.  Receiving and Processing Complaint-Based Solicited Abuse
       Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     5.1.  General Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     5.2.  What To Expect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     5.3.  What To Do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   6.  Generating and Handling Unsolicited Abuse Reports  . . . . . .  6
     6.1.  General Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     6.2.  When To Generate Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
     6.3.  Where To Send Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     6.4.  What To Put In Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     6.5.  What To Do With Reports  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   7.  Generating Automatic Authentication Failure Reports  . . . . . 10
   8.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   9.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     9.1.  In Other Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     9.2.  Forgeries  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     9.3.  Amplification Attacks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     9.4.  Automatic Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     9.5.  Reporting Multiple Incidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   10. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
     11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15









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1.  Introduction

   The Abuse Reporting Format (ARF) was initially developed for two very
   specific use cases.  Initially, it was intended to be used for
   reporting feedback between large email operators, or from large email
   operators to end user network access operators, any of whom could be
   presumed to have automated abuse-handling systems.  Secondarily, it
   is used by those same large mail operators to send those same reports
   to other entities, including those involved in sending bulk email for
   commercial purposes.  In either case, the reports would be triggered
   by direct end user action such as clicking on a "report spam" button
   in their email client.

   Though other uses for the format defined in [RFC5965] have been
   discussed (and may be documented similarly in the future), abuse
   remains the primary application, with a small amount of adoption of
   extensions that enable authentication failure reporting.

   This Applicability Statement provides direction for using the Abuse
   Reporting Format (ARF) in both contexts.  It also includes some
   statements about the use of ARF in conjunction with other email
   technologies.

   The purpose for reporting abusive messages is to stop recurrences.
   The methods described in this document focus on automating abuse
   reporting as much as practical, so as to minimize the work of a
   site's abuse team.  There are further reasons why abuse feedback
   generation is worthwhile, such as instruction of mail filters or
   reputation trackers, or to initiate investigations of particularly
   egregious abuses.  These other applications are not discussed in this
   memo.

   Further introduction to this topic may be found in [RFC6449].

1.1.  Discussion

   [RFC Editor: please remove this section prior to publication.]

   This document is being discussed within the IETF MARF Working Group,
   on the marf@ietf.org mailing list.


2.  Definitions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119], and are
   intended to replace the Requirement Levels described in Section 3.3



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   of [RFC2026].

   Some of the terminology used in this document is taken from
   [RFC5598].

   "Mailbox Provider" refers to an organization that accepts, stores,
   and offers access to [RFC5322] messages ("email messages") for end
   users.  Such an organization has typically implemented SMTP
   ([RFC5321]), and might provide access to messages through IMAP
   ([RFC3501]), POP3 ([RFC1939]), a proprietary interface designed for
   HTTP ([RFC2616]), or a proprietary protocol.


3.  Solicited and Unsolicited Reports

   The original application of [RFC5965], and still by far the most
   common, is when two mail systems make a private agreement to exchange
   abuse reports, usually reports due to recipients manually reporting
   messages as spam.  We refer to these as solicited reports.

   Other uses for ARF involve reports sent between parties that don't
   know each other.  These unsolicited reports are sent without prior
   arrangement between the parties as to the context and meaning of the
   reports, so the constraints on how these unsolicited reports need to
   be structured such that the reports generated are likely to be useful
   to the recipient, to what address(es) they can usefully be sent, what
   issues the can be used to report, and how they can be handled by the
   receiver of the report are very different.


4.  Creating and Sending Complaint-Based Solicited Abuse Reports

   [The numbered items in these subsections are not intended to be in a
   paricular sequence.  The numbers are here during document development
   to make it easier to identify the items for discussion, and will be
   removed before publication.]

   The following subsections include statements applicable when
   establishing an abuse report relationship and generating reports in
   that context.

4.1.  General Considerations

   1.  A Mailbox Provider receives reports of abusive or unwanted mail
       from its users, most often by providing a "report spam" button
       (or similar nomenclature) in the MUA.  The method of transferring
       this message and any associated metadata from the MUA to the
       Mailbox Provider's ARF processing system is not defined by any



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       standards document, but is discussed further in Section 3.2 of
       [RFC6449].  Policy concerns related to the collection of this
       data are discussed in Section 3.4 of [RFC6449].
   2.  To implement the recommendations of this memo, the reports MUST
       be formatted per [RFC5965], and transmitted as an email message
       ([RFC5322]), typically using SMTP ([RFC5321]).
   3.  Ongoing maintenance of an ARF processing system is discussed in
       Section 3.6 of [RFC6449].

4.2.  Where To Send Reports

   1.  The Mailbox Provider SHOULD send reports to relevant parties who
       have requested to receive such reports.  The process whereby such
       parties may request the reports is discussed in Section 3.5 of
       [RFC6449].

4.3.  What To Put In Reports

   1.  The reports SHOULD use "Feedback-Type: abuse", but MAY use other
       types as appropriate.  However, the Mailbox Provider generating
       the reports SHOULD NOT assume that the operator receiving the
       reports will treat different Feedback-Types differently.
   2.  The reports SHOULD include the following optional fields whenever
       practical: Original-Mail-From, Arrival-Date, Source-IP, Original-
       Rcpt-To.  Other optional fields MAY be included, as the
       implementer feels is appropriate.
   3.  Reports MAY be subjected to redaction of user-identifiable data
       as described in [I-D.IETF-MARF-REDACTION].


5.  Receiving and Processing Complaint-Based Solicited Abuse Reports

   [The numbered items in these subsections are not intended to be in a
   paricular sequence.  The numbers are here during document development
   to make it easier to identify the items for discussion, and will be
   removed before publication.]

   The following subsections include statements applicable when
   receiving abuse reports in the context of an established abuse report
   feedback relationship.

5.1.  General Considerations

   1.  It is strongly suggested that the Mailbox Provider process the
       reports to improve its spam filtering systems.  The design of
       these systems is discussed in [RFC2505] and elsewhere.





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   2.  At the time this document is being written, for the use cases
       described here, mail operators need to proactively request a
       stream of ARF reports from Mailbox Providers.  Recommendations
       for preparing to make that request are discussed in Section 4.1
       of [RFC6449].
   3.  Mail operators MUST be prepared to receive reports formatted per
       [RFC5965] as email messages ([RFC5322]) over SMTP ([RFC5321]).
       These and other types of email messages that may be received are
       discussed in Section 4.2 of [RFC6449].
   4.  Mail operators need to consider the idea of automating report
       processing.  Discussion of this can be found in Section 4.4 of
       [RFC6449].

5.2.  What To Expect

   1.  An automated report processing system MUST accept all Feedback-
       Types defined in [RFC5965] or extensions to it, but implementers
       SHOULD NOT assume that Mailbox Providers will make use of any
       Feedback-Type other than "abuse".  Additional logic may be
       required to separate different types of abuse reports after
       receipt.
   2.  Implementers SHOULD NOT expect all Mailbox Providers to include
       the same optional fields.
   3.  Reports MAY be subjected to redaction of user-identifiable data
       as described in [I-D.IETF-MARF-REDACTION].  This is also
       discussed in Section 4.4 of [RFC6449].  Although the end user
       causing the report to be generated has been obscured, the report
       processor SHOULD attempt to correlate and prioritize reports that
       appear to have been caused by the same end user as it may be
       indicative of a problem worthy of increased attention.

5.3.  What To Do

   1.  Actions that mail operators might take upon receiving a report
       (or multiple reports) are discussed in Section 4.3 of [RFC6449].


6.  Generating and Handling Unsolicited Abuse Reports

   [The numbered items in these subsections are not intended to be in a
   paricular sequence.  The numbers are here during document development
   to make it easier to identify the items for discussion, and will be
   removed before publication.]

   The following subsections include statements applicable when sending
   or receiving reports outside of the context of an established abuse
   report feedback relationship.




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6.1.  General Considerations

   1.  A report generator MUST provide a way for a report recipient to
       request no further reports be sent to that address and MAY
       provide a way for recipients to change the address(es) to which
       reports about them are sent.

6.2.  When To Generate Reports

   1.  Handling of unsolicited reports has a significant cost to the
       receiver.  Senders of unsolicited reports, especially those
       sending large volumes of them automatically, need to be aware of
       this and do all they reasonably can to avoid sending reports that
       cannot be used as a basis for action by the recipient, whether
       this is due to the report being sent about an incident that is
       not abuse-related, the report being sent to an email address that
       won't result in action, or the content or format of the report
       being hard for the recipient to read or use.
   2.  Systems that generate unsolicited reports SHOULD ensure that the
       criteria used to decide what messages to report accurately
       identify messages that the reporting entity believes in good
       faith are abusive.  Such criteria might include direct complaint
       submissions from MUAs, reports triggered by mail sent to "spam
       trap" or "honeypot" addresses, and virus reports.  (These
       applications might be described in future IETF documents.)
   3.  Systems SHOULD NOT report all mail sent from a particular sender
       merely because some of it is determined to be abusive.
       Mechanical reports of mail that "looks like" spam, based solely
       on the results of inline content analysis tools, SHOULD NOT be
       sent since, because of their subjective nature, they are unlikely
       to provide a basis for the recipient to take action.
   4.  If a report generator applies SPF to arriving messages, and that
       evaluation produced something other than a "Pass", "None" or
       "Neutral" result, a report addressed to the RFC5321.MailFrom
       domain SHOULD NOT be generated as it is probably a forgery and
       thus not actionable.  A valid exception would be specific
       knowledge that the SPF result is not definitive for that domain
       under those circumstances (for example, a message that is also
       DKIM-signed by the same domain, and that signature validates).
   5.  Message authentication is generally a good idea, but it is
       especially important to encourage credibility of and thus
       response to unsolicited reports.  Therefore, as with any other
       message, report generators sending unsolicited reports SHOULD
       arrange to send reports for which SPF and/or DKIM checks will
       pass.






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6.3.  Where To Send Reports

   1.  MUAs SHOULD NOT generate abuse reports directly to entities found
       in the message or by queries to WHOIS ([RFC3912]) or other
       heuristic means.  Rather, the MUA needs to signal, by some means,
       the mailbox provider to which it connects to trigger generation
       of such a report.
   2.  Report generators SHOULD send reports to recipients that are both
       responsible for the messages and are able to do something about
       them, and SHOULD NOT send reports to recipients that are
       uninvolved or only peripherally involved.  For example, they
       SHOULD NOT send reports to the operator of every Autonomous
       System in the path between the apparent originating system and
       the operator generating the report.
   3.  Deciding where to send an unsolicited report will typically rely
       on heuristics.  Abuse addresses in WHOIS records of the IP
       address relaying the subject message and/or of the domain name
       found in the results of a PTR ("reverse lookup") query on that
       address are likely reasonable candidates, as is the abuse@domain
       role address (see [RFC2142]) of related domains.  Unsolicited
       reports SHOULD NOT be sent to email addresses that are not
       intended to handle abuse rpeorts, including any personal or role
       address found in WHOIS records or on a web site that is not
       either explicitly described as an abuse contact or is of the form
       "abuse@domain".
   4.  Where an abusive message is signed using a domain-level
       authentication technology such as DKIM ([RFC6376]) or SPF
       ([RFC4408]), the domain that has been verified by the
       authentication mechanism is often a reasonable candidate for
       receiving feedback about the message.  For DKIM, though, while
       the authenticated domain has some responsibility for the mail
       sent, it can be a poor contact point for abuse issues (for
       example, it could represent the message's author but not its
       sender, it could identify the bad actor responsible for the
       message, or it could refer to a domain that cannot receive mail
       at all).
   5.  Unsolicited reports will have no meaning if sent to abuse
       reporting addresses belonging to the abusive parties themselves.
       In fact, it is possible that such reports might reveal
       information about their recipients.  Reports SHOULD NOT be sent
       to such addresses if they can be identified beforehand.

6.4.  What To Put In Reports

   1.  Reports SHOULD use "Feedback-Type: abuse", but MAY use other
       types as appropriate.  However, the Mailbox Provider generating
       the reports SHOULD NOT assume that the operator receiving the
       reports will treat different Feedback-Types differently.



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   2.  Reports SHOULD include the following optional fields whenever
       practical: Original-Mail-From, Arrival-Date, Source-IP, Original-
       Rcpt-To.  Other optional fields MAY be included, as the
       implementer feels is appropriate.
   3.  Experience suggests use of ARF is advisable in most contexts.
       Automated recipient systems can handle abuse reports sent in ARF
       format at least as well as any other format such as plain text,
       with or without a copy of the message attached.  That holds even
       for systems that did not request ARF format reports, provided
       that reports are generated with use by recipients not using
       automated ARF parsing in mind.  Anyone sending unsolicited
       reports in ARF format can legitimately presume that some
       recipients will only be able to access the human readable (first,
       text/plain) part of it, and SHOULD include all information needed
       also in this part.  Further, they SHOULD ensure that the report
       is readable when viewed as plain text, to give low-end ticketing
       systems as much assistance as possible.  Finally, they need to be
       aware that the report could be discarded or ignored due to
       failure to take these steps in the most extreme cases.

6.5.  What To Do With Reports

   1.  Recipients of unsolicited ARF reports SHOULD, in general, handle
       them the same way as any other abuse reports.  However, they MAY
       take advantage of the standardized parts of the ARF format to
       automate processing.  Lacking knowledge about the sender of the
       report, they SHOULD separate valid from invalid reports by, for
       example, looking for references to IP address ranges, domains,
       and mailboxes for which the recipient organization is responsible
       in the copy of the reported message, and by correlating multiple
       reports of similar messages to identify bulk senders.
   2.  Per Section 4.4 of [RFC6449], a network service provider MAY use
       ARF data for automated forwarding of feedback messages to the
       originating customer.
   3.  Published abuse mailbox addresses SHOULD NOT reject messages not
       in the ARF format, as generation of ARF messages can occasionally
       be unavailable or not applicable.
   4.  Although [RFC6449] suggests that replying to feedback is not
       useful, in the case of receipt of ARF reports where no feedback
       arrangement has been established, a reply might be desirable to
       indicate that the complaint will result in action, heading off
       more severe filtering by the report generator.  In addition,
       using an address that cannot receive replies precludes any
       requests for additional information, and increases the likelihood
       that further reports will be discarded or blocked.  Thus, a
       report generator sending unsolicited reports SHOULD ensure that a
       reply to such a report can be received.  Where an unsolicited
       report results in the establishment of contact with a responsible



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       and responsive party, this can be saved for future complaint
       handling and possible establishment of a formal (solicited)
       feedback arrangement.  See Section 3.5 of [RFC6449] for a
       discussion of establishment of feedback arrangements.


7.  Generating Automatic Authentication Failure Reports

   [These numbered items are not intended to be in a paricular sequence.
   The numbers are here during document development to make it easier to
   identify the items for discussion, and will be removed before
   publication.]

   There are some cases where report generation is caused by automation
   rather than user request.  A specific example of this is reporting,
   using the ARF format (or extensions to it), of messages that fail
   particular message authentication checks.  Examples of this include
   [I-D.IETF-MARF-DKIM-REPORTING] and [I-D.IETF-MARF-SPF-REPORTING].
   The considerations presented below apply in those cases.

   The applicability statement for this use case is somewhat smaller as
   many of the issues associated with abuse reports are not relevant to
   reports about authentication failures.

   1.  Selection of the recipient(s) for reports that are automatically
       generated MUST be done based on data provided by the report
       recipient, and MUST NOT be done heuristically.  Therefore these
       reports are always solicited, though the means for doing so are
       not specified in this memo.
   2.  If the message under evaluation by the Verifier is an ARF
       ([RFC5965]) message, a report MUST NOT be automatically
       generated.
   3.  When sending a new report via SMTP, it is necessary to construct
       the message so as to avoid amplification attacks, deliberate or
       otherwise.  The envelope sender address of the report needs to be
       chosen so that these reports will not generate mail loops.
       Similar to Section 2 of [RFC3464], the envelope sender address of
       the report SHOULD be chosen to ensure that no feedback reports
       will be issued in response to the report itself.  Therefore, when
       an SMTP transaction is used to send a report, the MAIL FROM
       command SHOULD use the NULL reverse-path, i.e., "MAIL FROM:<>".
   4.  Reports SHOULD use "Feedback-Type: auth-failure", but MAY use
       other types as appropriate.  However, the Mailbox Provider
       generating the reports SHOULD NOT assume that the operator
       receiving the reports will treat different Feedback-Types
       differently.





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   5.  Reports SHOULD include the following optional fields whenever
       practical: Original-Mail-From, Arrival-Date, Source-IP, Original-
       Rcpt-To.  Other optional fields MAY be included, as the
       implementer feels is appropriate.


8.  IANA Considerations

   [RFC Editor: please remove this section prior to publication.]

   This document has no IANA actions.


9.  Security Considerations

9.1.  In Other Documents

   Implementers are strongly urged to review, at a minimum, the Security
   Considerations sections of [RFC5965] and [RFC6449].

9.2.  Forgeries

   Report generators that relay user complaints directly, rather than by
   reference to a stored message (e.g., IMAP or POP), could be duped
   into sending a complaint about a message that the complaining user
   never actually received, as an attack on the purported originator of
   the falsified message.  Report generators need to be resilient to
   such attack methods.

   Also, these reports may be forged as easily as ordinary Internet
   electronic mail.  User agents and automatic mail handling facilities
   (such as mail distribution list exploders) that wish to make
   automatic use of reports of any kind should take appropriate
   precautions to minimize the potential damage from denial-of-service
   attacks.

   Perhaps the simplest means of mitigating this threat is to assert
   that these reports should themselves be signed with something like
   DKIM or authorized by SPF.  On the other hand, if there is a problem
   with the DKIM infrastructure at the Verifier, signing DKIM failure
   reports may produce reports that aren't trusted or even accepted by
   their intended recipients.  Similar issues could exist with SPF
   evaluation.  Use of both technologies can mitigate this risk to a
   degree.







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9.3.  Amplification Attacks

   Failure to comply with the recommendations regarding selection of the
   envelope sender can lead to amplification denial-of-service attacks.

9.4.  Automatic Generation

   ARF ([RFC5965]) reports have historically been generated individually
   as a result of some kind of human request, such as someone clicking a
   "Report Abuse" button in a mail reader.  In contrast, the mechanisms
   described in some extension documents (i.e.,
   [I-D.IETF-MARF-DKIM-REPORTING] and [I-D.IETF-MARF-SPF-REPORTING]) are
   focused around automated reporting.  This obviously implies the
   potential for much larger volumes or frequency of messages, and thus
   greater mail system load (both for report generators and report
   receivers).

   Those mechanisms are primarily intended for use in generating reports
   to aid implementers of DKIM ([RFC6376]), ADSP ([RFC5617]), and SPF
   ([RFC4408]), and other related protocols during development and
   debugging.  They are not generally intended for prolonged forensic
   use, specifically because of these load concerns.  However, extended
   use is possible by ADMDs that want to keep a close watch for fraud or
   infrastructure problems.  It is important to consider the impact of
   doing so on both report generators and the requesting ADMDs.

   A sender requesting these reports can cause its mail servers to be
   overwhelmed if it sends out signed messages whose signatures fail to
   verify for some reason, provoking a large number of reports from
   report generators.  Similarly, a report generator could be
   overwhelmed by a large volume of messages requesting reports whose
   signatures fail to validate, as those now need to send reports back
   to the signer.

   Limiting the rate of generation of these messages may be appropriate
   but threatens to inhibit the distribution of important and possibly
   time-sensitive information.

   In general ARF feedback loop terms, it is often suggested that report
   generators only create these (or any) ARF reports after an out-of-
   band arrangement has been made between two parties.  These extension
   mechanisms then become ways to adjust parameters of an authorized
   abuse report feedback loop that is configured and activated by
   private agreement rather than starting to send them automatically
   based solely on data found in the messages, which may have unintended
   consequences.





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9.5.  Reporting Multiple Incidents

   If it is known that a particular host generates abuse reports upon
   certain incidents, an attacker could forge a high volume of messages
   that will trigger such a report.  The recipient of the report could
   then be innundated with reports.  This could easily be extended to a
   distributed denial-of-service attack by finding a number of report-
   generating servers.

   The incident count referenced in ARF ([RFC5965]) provides a limited
   form of mitigation.  The host generating reports can elect to send
   reports only periodically, with each report representing a number of
   identical or nearly-identical incidents.  One might even do something
   inverse-exponentially, sending reports for each of the first ten
   incidents, then every tenth incident up to 100, then every 100th
   incident up to 1000, etc., until some period of relative quiet after
   which the limitation resets.

   The use of this for "nearly-identical" incidents in particular causes
   a degradation in reporting quality, however.  If for example a large
   number of pieces of spam arrive from one attacker, a reporting agent
   could decide only to send a report about a fraction of those
   messages.  While this averts a flood of reports to a system
   administrator, the precise details of each incident are similarly not
   sent.

   Other rate limiting provisions might be considered, including
   detection of a temporary failure response from the report destination
   and thus halting report generation to that destination for some
   period, or simply imposing or negotiating a hard limit on the number
   of reports to be sent to a particular receiver in a given time frame.


10.  Acknowledgements

   The author and editor wish to thank Steve Atkins, John Levine, Shmuel
   Metz, S. Moonesamy, and Alessandro Vesely for their contributions to
   this memo.

   All of the Best Practices referenced by this document are found in
   [RFC6449], written within the Collaboration Committee of the
   Messaging Anti-Abuse Working Group (MAAWG).

   Finally, the original author wishes to thank the doctors and staff at
   the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center for doing what they
   do.





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11.  References

11.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC5321]  Klensin, J., "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol", RFC 5321,
              October 2008.

   [RFC5322]  Resnick, P., Ed., "Internet Message Format", RFC 5322,
              October 2008.

   [RFC5598]  Crocker, D., "Internet Mail Architecture", RFC 5598,
              July 2009.

   [RFC5965]  Shafranovich, Y., Levine, J., and M. Kucherawy, "An
              Extensible Format for Email Feedback Reports", RFC 5965,
              August 2010.

11.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.IETF-MARF-DKIM-REPORTING]
              Kucherawy, M., "Extensions to DKIM for Failure Reporting",
              I-D draft-ietf-marf-dkim-reporting, January 2012.

   [I-D.IETF-MARF-REDACTION]
              Falk, JD. and M. Kucherawy, Ed., "Redaction of Potentially
              Sensitive Data from Mail Abuse Reports",
              I-D draft-ietf-marf-redaction, March 2011.

   [I-D.IETF-MARF-SPF-REPORTING]
              Kitterman, S., "SPF Authentication Failure Reporting using
              the Abuse Report Format",
              I-D draft-ietf-marf-spf-reporting, January 2012.

   [RFC1939]  Myers, J. and M. Rose, "Post Office Protocol - Version 3",
              STD 53, RFC 1939, May 1996.

   [RFC2026]  Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
              3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.

   [RFC2142]  Crocker, D., "MAILBOX NAMES FOR COMMON SERVICES, ROLES AND
              FUNCTIONS", RFC 2142, May 1997.

   [RFC2505]  Lindberg, G., "Anti-Spam Recommendations for SMTP MTAs",
              BCP 30, RFC 2505, February 1999.




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   [RFC2616]  Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext
              Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.

   [RFC3464]  Moore, K. and G. Vaudreuil, "An Extensible Message Format
              for Delivery Status Notifications", RFC 3464,
              January 2003.

   [RFC3501]  Crispin, M., "INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL - VERSION
              4rev1", RFC 3501, March 2003.

   [RFC3912]  Daigle, L., "WHOIS Protocol Specification", RFC 3912,
              September 2004.

   [RFC4408]  Wong, M. and W. Schlitt, "Sender Policy Framework (SPF)
              for Authorizing Use of Domains in E-Mail, Version 1",
              RFC 4408, April 2006.

   [RFC5617]  Allman, E., Fenton, J., Delany, M., and J. Levine,
              "DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) Author Domain Signing
              Practices (ADSP)", RFC 5617, August 2009.

   [RFC6376]  Crocker, D., Hansen, T., and M. Kucherawy, "DomainKeys
              Identified Mail (DKIM) Signatures", RFC 6376,
              September 2011.

   [RFC6449]  Falk, J., "Complaint Feedback Loop Operational
              Recommendations", RFC 6449, November 2011.


Authors' Addresses

   J.D. Falk
   Return Path
   100 Mathilda Street, Suite 100
   Sunnyvale, CA  94089
   USA

   Email: ietf@cybernothing.org
   URI:   http://www.returnpath.net/











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   M. Kucherawy (editor)
   Cloudmark
   128 King St., 2nd Floor
   San Francisco, CA  94107
   US

   Email: msk@cloudmark.com












































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