OPSAWG                                                 M. Boucadair, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                    Orange
Intended status: Standards Track                O. Gonzalez de Dios, Ed.
Expires: 4 December 2022                                      S. Barguil
                                                              Telefonica
                                                                L. Munoz
                                                                Vodafone
                                                             2 June 2022


               A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs
                       draft-ietf-opsawg-l2nm-19

Abstract

   This document defines an L2VPN Network YANG Model (L2NM) which can be
   used to manage the provisioning of Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
   services within a network (e.g., service provider network).  The L2NM
   complements the Layer 2 Service Model (L2SM) by providing a network-
   centric view of the service that is internal to a service provider.
   The L2NM is particularly meant to be used by a network controller to
   derive the configuration information that will be sent to relevant
   network devices.

   Also, this document defines a YANG module to manage Ethernet segments
   and the initial versions of two IANA-maintained modules that include
   a set of identities of BGP Layer 2 encapsulation types and pseudowire
   types.

Editorial Note (To be removed by RFC Editor)

   Please update these statements within the document with the RFC
   number to be assigned to this document:

   *  "This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX;"

   *  "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs";

   *  reference: RFC XXXX

   Also, please update the "revision" date of the YANG modules.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.





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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Acronyms and Abbreviations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Reference Architecture  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   5.  Relationship to Other YANG Data Models  . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   6.  Description of the Ethernet Segment YANG Module . . . . . . .  12
   7.  Description of the L2NM YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     7.1.  Overall Structure of the Module . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     7.2.  VPN Profiles  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     7.3.  VPN Services  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     7.4.  Global Parameters Profiles  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     7.5.  VPN Nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
       7.5.1.  BGP Auto-Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
       7.5.2.  Signaling Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
         7.5.2.1.  BGP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
         7.5.2.2.  LDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33
         7.5.2.3.  L2TP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34
     7.6.  VPN Network Accesses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34
       7.6.1.  Connection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  36
       7.6.2.  EVPN-VPWS Service Instance  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  39



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       7.6.3.  Ethernet OAM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
       7.6.4.  Services  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  42
   8.  YANG Modules  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  48
     8.1.  IANA-Maintained Module for BGP Layer 2 Encapsulation
           Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  48
     8.2.  IANA-Maintained Module for Pseudowire Types . . . . . . .  54
     8.3.  Ethernet Segments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  61
     8.4.  L2NM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  69
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
   10. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
     10.1.  Registering YANG Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
     10.2.  BGP Layer 2 Encapsulation Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
     10.3.  Pseudowire Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
   11. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
     11.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
     11.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
   Appendix A.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
     A.1.  BGP-based VPLS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
     A.2.  BGP-based VPWS with LDP Signaling . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
     A.3.  LDP-based VPLS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
     A.4.  VPWS-EVPN Service Instance  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
     A.5.  Automatic ESI Assignment  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
     A.6.  VPN Network Access Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
   Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
   Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

1.  Introduction

   [RFC8466] defines an L2VPN Service Model (L2SM) YANG data model that
   can be used between customers and service providers for ordering
   Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN) services.  This document
   complements the L2SM by creating a network-centric view of the
   service: the L2VPN Network Model (L2NM).

   Also, this document defines the initial versions of two IANA-
   maintained modules that define a set of identities of BGP Layer 2
   encapsulation types (Section 8.1) and pseudowire types (Section 8.2).
   These types are used in the L2NM to identify a Layer 2 encapsulation
   type as a function of the signalling option used to deliver an L2VPN
   service.  Relying upon these IANA-maintained modules is meant to
   provide more flexibility in handling new types rather than being
   limited by a set of identities defined in the L2NM itself.
   Section 8.3 defines another YANG module to manage Ethernet Segments
   (ESes) that are required for instantiating Ethernet VPNs (EVPNs).
   References to Ethernet segments that are created using the module in
   Section 8.3 can be included in the L2NM for EVPNs.




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   The L2NM (Section 8.4) can be exposed, for example, by a network
   controller to a service controller within the service provider's
   network.  In particular, the model can be used in the communication
   interface between the entity that interacts directly with the
   customer (i.e., the service orchestrator) and the entity in charge of
   network orchestration and control (a.k.a., network controller/
   orchestrator) by allowing for more network-centric information to be
   included.

   The L2NM supports capabilities, such as exposing operational
   parameters, transport protocols selection, and precedence.  It can
   also serve as a multi-domain orchestration interface.

   The L2NM is scoped for a variety of Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks,
   such as:

   *  Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) [RFC4761][RFC4762]
   *  Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS) (Section 3.1.1 of [RFC4664])
   *  Various flavors of EVPNs:
      -  VPWS EVPN [RFC8214],
      -  Provider Backbone Bridging Ethernet VPNs (PBB EVPNs) [RFC7623],
      -  EVPN over MPLS [RFC7432], and
      -  EVPN over Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN)
         [RFC8365].

   The L2NM is designed to easily support future Layer 2 VPN flavors and
   procedures (e.g., advanced configuration such as pseudowires
   resilience or Multi-Segment pseudowires [RFC7267]).  A set of
   examples to illustrate the use of the L2NM are provided in
   Appendix A.

   This document uses the common Virtual Private Network (VPN) YANG
   module defined in [RFC9181].

   The YANG data models in this document conforms to the Network
   Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA) defined in [RFC8342].

2.  Terminology

   This document assumes that the reader is familiar with [RFC6241],
   [RFC7950], [RFC8466], [RFC4026], and [RFC8309].  This document uses
   terminology from those documents.

   This document uses the term "network model" as defined in Section 2.1
   of [RFC8969].

   The meanings of the symbols in YANG tree diagrams is defined in
   [RFC8340].



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   This document makes use of the following terms:

   Ethernet segment (ES):  Refers to the set of the Ethernet links that
      are used by a customer site (device or network) to connect to one
      or more Provider Edges (PEs).

   Layer 2 VPN Service Model (L2SM):  Describes the service
      characterization of an L2VPN that interconnects a set of sites
      from the customer's perspective.  The customer service model does
      not provide details on the service provider network.  An L2VPN
      customer service model is defined in [RFC8466].

   Layer 2 VPN Network Model (L2NM):  Refers to the YANG data model that
      describes an L2VPN service with a network-centric view.  It
      contains information on the service provider network and might
      include allocated resources.  Network controllers can use it to
      manage the Layer 2 VPN service configuration in the service
      provider's network.  The corresponding YANG module can be used by
      a service orchestrator to request a VPN service to a network
      controller or to expose the list of active L2VPN services.  The
      L2NM can also be used to retrieve a set of L2VPN-related state
      information (including OAM).

   MAC-VRF:  Refers to a Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) table for
      Media Access Control (MAC) addresses on a PE.

   Network controller:  Denotes a functional entity responsible for the
      management of the service provider network.

   Service orchestrator:  Refers to a functional entity that interacts
      with the customer of an L2VPN relying upon, e.g., the L2SM.  The
      service orchestrator is responsible for the Customer Edge - to
      Provider Edge (CE-PE) attachment circuits, the PE selection, and
      requesting the activation of the L2VPN service to a network
      controller.

   Service provider network:  Is a network able to provide L2VPN-related
      services.

   VPN node:  Is an abstraction that represents a set of policies
      applied on a PE and belonging to a single VPN service.  A VPN
      service involves one or more VPN nodes.  The VPN node will
      identify the service providers' node on which the VPN is deployed.

   VPN network access:  Is an abstraction that represents the network






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      interfaces that are associated with a given VPN node.  Traffic
      coming from the VPN network access belongs to the VPN.  The
      attachment circuits (bearers) between Customer Edges (CEs) and
      Provider Edges (PEs) are terminated in the VPN network access.

   VPN service provider:  Is a service provider that offers L2VPN-
      related services.

3.  Acronyms and Abbreviations

   The following acronyms and abbreviations are used in this document:

   ACL     Access Control List
   BGP     Border Gateway Protocol
   BUM     Broadcast, unknown unicast, or multicast
   CE      Customer Edge
   ES      Ethernet Segment
   ESI     Ethernet Segment Identifier
   EVPN    Ethernet VPN
   L2VPN   Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
   L2SM    L2VPN Service Model
   L2NM    L2VPN Network Model
   MAC     Media Access Control
   PBB     Provider Backbone Bridging
   PCP     Priority Code Point
   PE      Provider Edge
   QoS     Quality of Service
   RD      Route Distinguisher
   RT      Route Target
   VPLS    Virtual Private LAN Service
   VPN     Virtual Private Network
   VPWS    Virtual Private Wire Service
   VRF     Virtual Routing and Forwarding


4.  Reference Architecture

   Figure 1 illustrates how the L2NM is used.  As a reminder, this
   figure is an expansion of the architecture presented in Section 3 of
   [RFC8466] and decomposes the box marked "orchestration" in that
   figure into three separate functional components called "Service
   Orchestration", "Network Orchestration", and "Domain Orchestration".

   Similar to Section 3 of [RFC8466], CE to PE attachment is achieved
   through a bearer with a Layer 2 connection on top.  The bearer refers
   to properties of the attachment that are below Layer 2, while the
   connection refers to Layer 2 protocol-oriented properties.




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   The reader may refer to [RFC8309] for the distinction between the
   "Customer Service Model", the "Service Delivery Model", the "Network
   Configuration Model", and the "Device Configuration Model".  The
   "Domain Orchestration" and "Config Manager" roles may be performed by
   "SDN Controllers".














































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                             +---------------+
                             |   Customer    |
                             +-------+-------+
             Customer Service Model  |
                 e.g., l2vpn-svc     |
                             +-------+-------+
                             |    Service    |
                             | Orchestration |
                             +-------+-------+
              Network Model          |
           l2vpn-ntw + l2vpn-es      |
                             +-------+-------+
                             |   Network     |
                             | Orchestration |
                             +-------+-------+
       Network Configuration Model   |
                         +-----------+-----------+
                         |                       |
                +--------+------+       +--------+------+
                |    Domain     |       |     Domain    |
                | Orchestration |       | Orchestration |
                +---+-----------+       +--------+------+
     Device         |        |                   |
     Configuration  |        |                   |
     Model          |        |                   |
               +----+----+   |                   |
               | Config  |   |                   |
               | Manager |   |                   |
               +----+----+   |                   |
                    |        |                   |
                    | NETCONF/CLI..................
                    |        |                   |
                  +--------------------------------+
                   \            Network           /
                    \                           /
   +----+  Bearer    +----+              +----+         +----+
   |CE A+ ---------- +PE A+              +PE B+ ------- +CE B|
   +----+ Connection +----+              +----+         +----+

           Site A                                 Site B

   NETCONF:  Network Configuration Protocol
   CLI:  Command-Line Interface

                    Figure 1: L2SM and L2NM Interaction






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   The customer may use various means to request a service that may
   trigger the instantiation of an L2NM.  The customer may use the L2SM
   or may rely upon more abstract models to request a service that
   relies upon an L2VPN service.  For example, the customer may supply
   an IP Connectivity Provisioning Profile (CPP) that characterizes the
   requested service [RFC7297], an enhanced VPN (VPN+) service
   [I-D.ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn], or an IETF network slice service
   [I-D.ietf-teas-ietf-network-slices].

   Note also that both the L2SM and the L2NM may be used in the context
   of the Abstraction and Control of TE Networks (ACTN) framework
   [RFC8453].  Figure 2 shows the Customer Network Controller (CNC), the
   Multi-Domain Service Coordinator (MDSC), and the Provisioning Network
   Controller (PNC).





































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                  +----------------------------------+
                  | Customer                         |
                  | +-----------------------------+  |
                  | |             CNC             |  |
                  | +-----------------------------+  |
                  +----+-----------------------+-----+
                       |                       |
                       | L2SM                  | L2SM
                       |                       |
             +---------+---------+   +---------+---------+
             | MDSC              |   |       MDSC        |
             | +---------------+ |   |     (parent)      |
             | |    Service    | |   +---------+---------+
             | | Orchestration | |             |
             | +-------+-------+ |             | L2NM
             |         |         |             |
             |         | L2NM    |   +---------+---------+
             |         |         |   |       MDSC        |
             | +-------+-------+ |   |      (child)      |
             | |    Network    | |   +---------+---------+
             | | Orchestration | |             |
             | +---------------+ |             |
             +---------+---------+             |
                       |                       |
                       | Network Configuration |
                       |                       |
          +------------+-------+     +---------+------------+
          | Domain             |     |           Domain     |
          | Controller         |     |           Controller |
          |       +---------+  |     |    +---------+       |
          |       |   PNC   |  |     |    |   PNC   |       |
          |       +---------+  |     |    +---------+       |
          +------------+-------+     +---------+------------+
                       |                       |
                       | Device Configuration  |
                       |                       |
                  +----+---+              +----+---+
                  | Device |              | Device |
                  +--------+              +--------+

               Figure 2: L2SM and L2NM in the Context of ACTN










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5.  Relationship to Other YANG Data Models

   The "ietf-vpn-common" module [RFC9181] includes a set of identities,
   types, and groupings that are meant to be reused by VPN-related YANG
   modules independently of the layer (e.g., Layer 2, Layer 3) and the
   type of the module (e.g., network model, service model) including
   future revisions of existing models (e.g., [RFC8466]).  The L2NM
   reuses these common types and groupings.

   Also, the L2NM uses the IANA-maintained modules "iana-bgp-l2-encaps"
   (Section 8.1) and "iana-pseudowire-types" (Section 8.2) to identify
   Layer 2 encapsulation and pseudowire types.  More details are
   provided in Sections 7.5.2.1 and 7.5.2.3.

   For the particular case of EVPN, the L2NM includes a name that refers
   to an Ethernet segment that is created using the "ietf-ethernet-
   segment" module (Section 8.3).  Some ES-related examples are provided
   in Appendices A.4 and A.5.

   As discussed in Section 4, the L2NM is used to manage L2VPN services
   within a service provider network.  The module provides a network
   view of the L2VPN service.  Such a view is only visible to the
   service provider and is not exposed outside (to customers, for
   example).  The following discusses how the L2NM interfaces with other
   YANG modules:

   L2SM:  The L2NM is not a customer service model.

      The internal view of the service (i.e., the L2NM) may be mapped to
      an external view which is visible to customers: L2VPN Service
      Model (L2SM) [RFC8466].

      The L2NM can be fed with inputs that are requested by customers,
      typically, relying upon an L2SM template.  Concretely, some parts
      of the L2SM module can be directly mapped into the L2NM while
      other parts are generated as a function of the requested service
      and local guidelines.  Finally, there are parts local to the
      service provider and do not map directly to the L2SM.

      Note that using the L2NM within a service provider does not
      assume, nor does it preclude, exposing the VPN service via the
      L2SM.  This is deployment specific.  Nevertheless, the design of
      L2NM tries to align as much as possible with the features
      supported by the L2SM to ease the grafting of both the L2NM and
      the L2SM for the sake of highly automated VPN service provisioning
      and delivery.

   Network Topology Modules:  An L2VPN involves nodes that are part of a



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      topology managed by the service provider network.  Such a topology
      can be represented using the network topology module in [RFC8345]
      or its extension, such as a network YANG module for Service
      Attachment Points (SAPs) [I-D.ietf-opsawg-sap].

   Device Modules:  The L2NM is not a device model.

      Once a global VPN service is captured by means of the L2NM, the
      actual activation and provisioning of the VPN service will involve
      a variety of device modules to tweak the required functions for
      the delivery of the service.  These functions are supported by the
      VPN nodes and can be managed using device YANG modules.  A non-
      comprehensive list of such device YANG modules is provided below:

      *  Interfaces [RFC8343].

      *  BGP [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-model].

      *  MPLS [RFC8960].

      *  Access Control Lists (ACLs) [RFC8519].

      How the L2NM is used to derive device-specific actions is
      implementation specific.

6.  Description of the Ethernet Segment YANG Module

   The 'ietf-ethernet-segment' module (Figure 3) is used to manage a set
   of Ethernet segments in the context of an EVPN service.






















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    module: ietf-ethernet-segment
      +--rw ethernet-segments
         +--rw ethernet-segment* [name]
            +--rw name                                 string
            +--rw esi-type?                            identityref
            +--rw (esi-choice)?
            |  +--:(directly-assigned)
            |  |  +--rw ethernet-segment-identifier?   yang:hex-string
            |  +--:(auto-assigned)
            |     +--rw esi-auto
            |        +--rw (auto-mode)?
            |        |  +--:(from-pool)
            |        |  |  +--rw esi-pool-name?                string
            |        |  +--:(full-auto)
            |        |     +--rw auto?                         empty
            |        +--ro auto-ethernet-segment-identifier?
            |                yang:hex-string
            +--rw esi-redundancy-mode?                 identityref
            +--rw df-election
            |  +--rw df-election-method?   identityref
            |  +--rw revertive?            boolean
            |  +--rw election-wait-time?   uint32
            +--rw split-horizon-filtering?             boolean
            +--rw pbb
            |  +--rw backbone-src-mac?   yang:mac-address
            +--rw member* [ne-id interface-id]
               +--rw ne-id           string
               +--rw interface-id    string

                 Figure 3: Ethernet Segments Tree Structure

   The descriptions of the data nodes depicted in Figure 3 are as
   follows:

   'name':  Sets a name to uniquely identify an ES within a service
      provider network.  In order to ease referencing ESes by their name
      in other modules, "es-ref" typedef is defined.

      This typedef is used in the VPN network access level of the L2NM
      to reference an ES (Section 7.6).  An example to illustrate such a
      use in the L2NM is provided in Appendix A.4.

   'esi-type':  Indicates the Ethernet Segment Identifier (ESI) type as
      discussed in Section 5 of [RFC7432].  ESIs can be automatically
      assigned either with or without indicating a pool from which an
      ESI should be taken ('esi-pool-name').  The following types are
      supported:




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      'esi-type-0-operator':  The ESI is directly configured by the VPN
         service provider.  The configured value is provided in
         'ethernet-segment-identifier'.

      'esi-type-1-lacp':  The ESI is auto-generated from the IEEE
         802.1AX Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) [IEEE802.1AX].

      'esi-type-2-bridge':  The ESI is auto-generated and determined
         based on the Layer 2 bridge protocol.

      'esi-type-3-mac':  The ESI is a MAC-based ESI value that can be
         auto-generated or configured by the VPN service provider.

      'esi-type-4-router-id':  The ESI is auto-generated or configured
         by the VPN service provider based on the Router ID.  The
         'router-id' supplied in Section 7.5 can be used to auto-derive
         an ESI when this type is used.

      'esi-type-5-asn':  The ESI is auto-generated or configured by the
         VPN service provider based on the Autonomous System (AS)
         number.  The 'local-autonomous-system' supplied in Section 7.4
         can be used to auto-derive an ESI when this type is used.

      Auto-generated values can be retrieved using 'auto-ethernet-
      segment-identifier'.

   'esi-redundancy-mode':  Specifies the EVPN redundancy mode for a
      given ES.  The following modes are supported: Single-Active
      (Section 14.1.1 of [RFC7432]) or All-Active (Section 14.1.2 of
      [RFC7432]).

   'df-election':  Specifies a set of parameters related to the
      Designated Forwarder (DF) election (Section 8.5 of [RFC7432]).
      For example, this data node can be used to indicate an election
      method (e.g., [RFC8584] or [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-pref-df]).  If no
      election method is indicated, the default method defined in
      Section 8.5 of [RFC7432] is used.

      As discussed in Section 1.3.2 of [RFC8584], the default behavior
      is to trigger the DF election procedure when a DF fails (e.g.,
      link failure).  The former DF will take over when it is available
      again.  Such a mode is called revertive.  The behavior can be
      overridden by setting the 'revertive' leaf to 'false'.

      Also, this data node can be used to configure a DF Wait timer
      ('election-wait-time') (Section 2.1 of [RFC8584]).

   'split-horizon-filtering':  Controls the activation of the split-



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      horizon filtering for an ES (Section 8.3 of [RFC7432]).

   'pbb':  Indicates data nodes that are specific to PBB [IEEE-802-1ah]:

      'backbone-src-mac':  Associates a Provider Backbone MAC (B-MAC)
         address with an ES.  This is particularly useful for All-Active
         multihomed ESes (Section 9.1 of [RFC7623]).

   'member':  Lists the members of an ES in a service provider network.

7.  Description of the L2NM YANG Module

   The L2NM ('ietf-l2vpn-ntw', Section 8.4) is used to manage L2VPNs
   within a service provider network.  In particular, the 'ietf-l2vpn-
   ntw' module can be used to create, modify, delete and retrieve L2VPN
   services in a network controller.  The module is designed to minimize
   the amount of customer-related information.

   The full tree diagram of the module can be generated using the
   "pyang" tool [PYANG].  That tree is not included here because it is
   too long (Section 3.3 of [RFC8340]).  Instead, subtrees are provided
   for the reader's convenience.

   Note that the following subsections introduce some data nodes that
   enclose textual descriptions (e.g., VPN service (Section 7.3), VPN
   node (Section 7.5), or VPN network access (Section 7.6)).  Such
   descriptions are not intended for random end users but for
   network/system/software engineers that use their local context to
   provide and interpret such information.  Therefore, no mechanism for
   language tagging is needed.

7.1.  Overall Structure of the Module

   The 'ietf-l2vpn-ntw' module uses two main containers: 'vpn-profiles'
   and 'vpn-services' (see Figure 4).

   The 'vpn-profiles' container is used by the provider to define and
   maintain a set of common VPN profiles that apply to VPN services
   (Section 7.2).

   The 'vpn-services' container maintains the set of L2VPN services
   managed in the service provider network.  The module allows creating
   a new L2VPN service by adding a new instance of 'vpn-service'.  The
   'vpn-service' is the data structure that abstracts the VPN service
   (Section 7.3).






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            module: ietf-l2vpn-ntw
              +--rw l2vpn-ntw
                 +--rw vpn-profiles
                 |  ...
                 +--rw vpn-services
                    +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
                       ...
                       +--rw vpn-nodes
                          +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                             ...
                             +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                                +--rw vpn-network-access* [id]
                                   ...

                   Figure 4: Overall L2NM Tree Structure


7.2.  VPN Profiles

   The 'vpn-profiles' container (Figure 5) is used by a VPN service
   provider to define and maintain a set of VPN profiles [RFC9181] that
   apply to one or several VPN services.

            +--rw l2vpn-ntw
               +--rw vpn-profiles
               |  +--rw valid-provider-identifiers
               |     +--rw external-connectivity-identifier* [id]
               |     |       {external-connectivity}?
               |     |  +--rw id    string
               |     +--rw encryption-profile-identifier* [id]
               |     |  +--rw id    string
               |     +--rw qos-profile-identifier* [id]
               |     |  +--rw id    string
               |     +--rw bfd-profile-identifier* [id]
               |     |  +--rw id    string
               |     +--rw forwarding-profile-identifier* [id]
               |     |  +--rw id    string
               |     +--rw routing-profile-identifier* [id]
               |        +--rw id    string
               +--rw vpn-services
                  ...

                  Figure 5: VPN Profiles Subtree Structure








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   The exact definition of these profiles is local to each VPN service
   provider.  The model only includes an identifier for these profiles
   in order to ease identifying and binding local policies when building
   a VPN service.  As shown in Figure 5, the following identifiers can
   be included:

   'external-connectivity-identifier':  This identifier refers to a
      profile that defines the external connectivity provided to a VPN
      service (or a subset of VPN sites).  External connectivity may be
      access to the Internet or restricted connectivity, such as access
      to a public/private cloud.

   'encryption-profile-identifier':  An encryption profile refers to a
      set of policies related to the encryption schemes and setup that
      can be applied when building and offering a VPN service.

   'qos-profile-identifier':  A Quality of Service (QoS) profile refers
      to as set of policies, such as classification, marking, and
      actions (e.g., [RFC3644]).

   'bfd-profile-identifier':  A Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)
      profile refers to a set of BFD policies [RFC5880] that can be
      invoked when building a VPN service.

   'forwarding-profile-identifier':  A forwarding profile refers to the
      policies that apply to the forwarding of packets conveyed within a
      VPN.  Such policies may consist, for example, of applying ACLs.

   'routing-profile-identifier':  A routing profile refers to a set of
      routing policies that will be invoked (e.g., BGP policies) when
      delivering the VPN service.


7.3.  VPN Services

   The 'vpn-service' is the data structure that abstracts an L2VPN
   service in the service provider network.  Each 'vpn-service' is
   uniquely identified by an identifier: 'vpn-id'.  Such a 'vpn-id' is
   only meaningful locally within the network controller.  The subtree
   of the 'vpn-services' is shown in Figure 6.











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          +--rw vpn-services
             +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
                +--rw vpn-id                        vpn-common:vpn-id
                +--rw vpn-name?                     string
                +--rw vpn-description?              string
                +--rw customer-name?                string
                +--rw parent-service-id?            vpn-common:vpn-id
                +--rw vpn-type?                     identityref
                +--rw vpn-service-topology?         identityref
                +--rw bgp-ad-enabled?               boolean
                +--rw signaling-type?               identityref
                +--rw global-parameters-profiles
                |  ...
                +--rw underlay-transport
                |  +--rw (type)?
                |     +--:(abstract)
                |     |  +--rw transport-instance-id?   string
                |     |  +--rw instance-type?           identityref
                |     +--:(protocol)
                |        +--rw protocol*                identityref
                +--rw status
                |  +--rw admin-status
                |  |  +--rw status?         identityref
                |  |  +--rw last-change?   yang:date-and-time
                |  +--ro oper-status
                |     +--ro status?         identityref
                |     +--ro last-change?   yang:date-and-time
                +--rw vpn-nodes
                   ...

                       Figure 6: VPN Services Subtree

   The descriptions of the VPN service data nodes that are depicted in
   Figure 6 are as follows:

   'vpn-id':  An identifier that is used to uniquely identify the L2VPN
      service within the L2NM scope.

   'vpn-name':  Associates a name with the service in order to
      facilitate the identification of the service.

   'vpn-description':  Includes a textual description of the service.

      The internal structure of a VPN description is local to each VPN
      service provider.

   'customer-name':  Indicates the name of the customer who ordered the
      service.



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   'parent-service-id':  Refers to an identifier of the parent service
      (e.g., the L2SM, IETF network slice, VPN+) that triggered the
      creation of the L2VPN service.  This identifier is used to easily
      correlate the (network) service as built in the network with a
      service order.  A controller can use that correlation to enrich or
      populate some fields (e.g., description fields) as a function of
      local deployments.

   'vpn-type':  Indicates the L2VPN type.  The following types, defined
      in [RFC9181], can be used for the L2NM:

      'vpls':  Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) as defined in
         [RFC4761] or [RFC4762].  This type is also used for
         hierarchical VPLS (H-VPLS) (Section 10 of [RFC4762]).

      'vpws':  Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS) as defined in
         Section 3.1.1 of [RFC4664].

      'vpws-evpn':  VPWS as defined in [RFC8214].

      'pbb-evpn':  Provider Backbone Bridging (PBB) EVPNs as defined in
         [RFC7623].

      'mpls-evpn':  MPLS-based EVPNs [RFC7432].

      'vxlan-evpn':  VXLAN based EVPNs [RFC8365].

      The type is used as a condition for the presence of some data
      nodes in the L2NM.

   'vpn-service-topology':  Indicates the network topology for the
      service: hub-spoke, any-to-any, or custom.  These types are
      defined in [RFC9181].

   'bgp-ad-enabled':  Controls whether BGP auto-discovery is enabled.
      If so, additional data nodes are included (Section 7.5.1).

   'signaling-type':  Indicates the signaling that is used for setting
      up pseudowires.  Signaling type values are taken from [RFC9181].
      The following signaling options are supported:

      'bgp-signaling':  The L2NM supports two flavors of BGP-signaled
         L2VPNs:

         'l2vpn-bgp':  The service is a Multipoint VPLS that uses a BGP
            control plane as described in [RFC4761] and [RFC6624].

         'evpn-bgp':  The service is a Multipoint VPLS that uses also a



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            BGP control plane, but also includes the additional EVPN
            features and related parameters [RFC7432] and [RFC7209].

      'ldp-signaling':  A Multipoint VPLS that uses a mesh of LDP-
         signaled Pseudowires [RFC6074].

      'l2tp-signaling':  The L2NM uses L2TP-signaled Pseudowires as
         described in [RFC6074].

      Table 1 summarizes the allowed signaling types for each VPN
      service type ('vpn-type').  See Section 7.5.2 for more details.

               +============+================================+
               | VPN Type   | Signaling Options              |
               +============+================================+
               | vpls       | l2tp-signaling, ldp-signaling, |
               |            | bgp-signaling (l2vpn-bgp)      |
               +------------+--------------------------------+
               | vpws       | l2tp-signaling, ldp-signaling, |
               |            | bgp-signaling (l2vpn-bgp)      |
               +------------+--------------------------------+
               | vpws-evpn  | bgp-signaling (evpn-bgp)       |
               +------------+--------------------------------+
               | pbb-evpn   | bgp-signaling (evpn-bgp)       |
               +------------+--------------------------------+
               | mpls-evpn  | bgp-signaling (evpn-bgp)       |
               +------------+--------------------------------+
               | vxlan-evpn | bgp-signaling (evpn-bgp)       |
               +------------+--------------------------------+

                   Table 1: Signaling Options per VPN
                                 Service Type

   'global-parameters-profiles':  Defines reusable parameters for the
      same L2VPN service.

      More details are provided in Section 7.4.

   'underlay-transport':  Describes the preference for the transport
      technology to carry the traffic of the VPN service.  This
      preference is especially useful in networks with multiple domains
      and Network-to-Network Interface (NNI) types.  The underlay
      transport can be expressed as an abstract transport instance
      (e.g., an identifier of a VPN+ instance, a virtual network
      identifier, or a network slice name) or as an ordered list of the
      actual protocols to be enabled in the network.





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      A rich set of protocol identifiers that can be used to refer to an
      underlay transport (or how such an underlay is set up) are defined
      in [RFC9181].

      The model defined in Section 6.3.2 of
      [I-D.ietf-teas-te-service-mapping-yang] may be used if specific
      protection and availability requirements are needed between PEs.

   'status':  Used to track the overall status of a given VPN service.
      Both operational and administrative status are maintained together
      with a timestamp.  For example, a service can be created, but not
      put into effect.

      Administrative and operational status can be used as a trigger to
      detect service anomalies.  For example, a service that is declared
      at the service layer as being created but still inactive at the
      network layer is an indication that network provisioning actions
      are needed to align the observed service status with the expected
      service status.

   'vpn-node':  An abstraction that represents a set of policies applied
      to a network node and belonging to a single 'vpn-service'.  An
      L2VPN service is typically built by adding instances of 'vpn-node'
      to the 'vpn-nodes' container.

      A 'vpn-node' contains 'vpn-network-accesses', which are the
      interfaces attached to the VPN by which the customer traffic is
      received.  Therefore, the customer sites are connected to the
      'vpn-network-accesses'.

      Note that, as this is a network data model, the information about
      customers sites is not required in the model.  Such information is
      rather relevant in the L2SM.  Whether that information is included
      in the L2NM, e.g., to populate the various 'description' data
      nodes is implementation specific.

      More details are provided in Section 7.5.


7.4.  Global Parameters Profiles

   The 'global-parameters-profile' defines reusable parameters for the
   same L2VPN service instance ('vpn-service').  Global parameters
   profiles are defined at the VPN service level, activated at the VPN
   node level, and then an activated VPN profile may be used at the VPN
   network access level.  Each VPN instance profile is identified by
   'profile-id'.  Some of the data nodes can be adjusted at the VPN node
   or VPN network access levels.  These adjusted values take precedence



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   over the global values.  The subtree of 'global-parameters-profile'
   is depicted in Figure 7.

         ...
         +--rw vpn-services
            +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
               ...
               +--rw global-parameters-profiles
               |  +--rw global-parameters-profile* [profile-id]
               |     +--rw profile-id                  string
               |     +--rw (rd-choice)?
               |     |  +--:(directly-assigned)
               |     |  |  +--rw rd?
               |     |  |          rt-types:route-distinguisher
               |     |  +--:(directly-assigned-suffix)
               |     |  |  +--rw rd-suffix?            uint16
               |     |  +--:(auto-assigned)
               |     |  |  +--rw rd-auto
               |     |  |     +--rw (auto-mode)?
               |     |  |     |  +--:(from-pool)
               |     |  |     |  |  +--rw rd-pool-name?   string
               |     |  |     |  +--:(full-auto)
               |     |  |     |     +--rw auto?           empty
               |     |  |     +--ro auto-assigned-rd?
               |     |  |             rt-types:route-distinguisher
               |     |  +--:(auto-assigned-suffix)
               |     |  |  +--rw rd-auto-suffix
               |     |  |     +--rw (auto-mode)?
               |     |  |     |  +--:(from-pool)
               |     |  |     |  |  +--rw rd-pool-name?        string
               |     |  |     |  +--:(full-auto)
               |     |  |     |     +--rw auto?                empty
               |     |  |     +--ro auto-assigned-rd-suffix?   uint16
               |     |  +--:(no-rd)
               |     |     +--rw no-rd?                empty
               |     +--rw vpn-target* [id]
               |     |  +--rw id                  uint8
               |     |  +--rw route-targets* [route-target]
               |     |  |  +--rw route-target    rt-types:route-target
               |     |  +--rw route-target-type
               |     |          rt-types:route-target-type
               |     +--rw vpn-policies
               |     |  +--rw import-policy?   string
               |     |  +--rw export-policy?   string
               |     +--rw local-autonomous-system?    inet:as-number
               |     +--rw svc-mtu?                    uint32
               |     +--rw ce-vlan-preservation?       boolean
               |     +--rw ce-vlan-cos-preservation?   boolean



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               |     +--rw control-word-negotiation?   boolean
               |     +--rw mac-policies
               |     |  +--rw mac-addr-limit
               |     |  |  +--rw limit-number?    uint16
               |     |  |  +--rw time-interval?   uint32
               |     |  |  +--rw action?          identityref
               |     |  +--rw mac-loop-prevention
               |     |     +--rw window?            uint32
               |     |     +--rw frequency?         uint32
               |     |     +--rw retry-timer?       uint32
               |     |     +--rw protection-type?   identityref
               |     +--rw multicast {vpn-common:multicast}?
               |        +--rw enabled?                 boolean
               |        +--rw customer-tree-flavors
               |           +--rw tree-flavor*   identityref
                        ...

                Figure 7: Global Parameters Profiles Subtree

   The description of the global parameters profile is as follows:

   'profile-id':  Uniquely identifies a global parameter profile in the
      context of an L2VPN service.

   'rd':  As defined in [RFC9181], these RD assignment modes are
      supported: direct assignment, automatic assignment from a given
      pool, full automatic assignment, and no assignment.

      Also, the module accommodates deployments where only the Assigned
      Number subfield of RDs is assigned from a pool while the
      Administrator subfield is set to, e.g., the Router ID that is
      assigned to a VPN node.  The module supports these modes for
      managing the Assigned Number subfield: explicit assignment, auto-
      assignment from a pool, and full auto-assignment.

   'vpn-targets':  Specifies RT import/export rules for the VPN service.

   'local-autonomous-system':  Indicates the Autonomous System Number
      (ASN) that is configured for the VPN node.  The ASN can be used to
      auto-derive some other attributes such as RDs or Ethernet Segment
      Identifiers (ESIs).

   'svc-mtu':  Is the service MTU for an L2VPN service (i.e., Layer 2
      MTU including L2 frame header/trailer).  It is also known as the
      maximum transmission unit or maximum frame size.  It is expressed
      in bytes.

   'ce-vlan-preservation':  Is set to preserve the Customer Edge VLAN



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      IDs (CE-VLAN IDs) from ingress to egress, i.e., CE-VLAN tag of the
      egress frame are identical to those of the ingress frame that
      yielded this egress service frame.  If all-to-one bundling within
      a site is enabled, then preservation applies to all ingress
      service frames.  If all-to-one bundling is disabled, then
      preservation applies to tagged Ingress service frames having CE-
      VLAN ID 1 through 4094.

   'ce-vlan-cos-preservation':  Controls the CE VLAN CoS preservation.
      When set, Priority Code Point (PCP) bits in the CE-VLAN tag of the
      egress frame are identical to those of the ingress frame that
      yielded this egress service frame.

   'control-word-negotiation':  Controls whether control-word
      negotiation is enabled (if set to true) or not (if set to false).
      Refer to Section 7 of [RFC8077] for more details.

   'mac-policies':  Includes a set of MAC policies that apply to the
      service:

      'mac-addr-limit':  Is a container of MAC address limit
         configuration.  It includes the following data nodes:

         'limit-number':  Maximum number of MAC addresses learned from
            the customer for a single service instance.

         'time-interval':  The aging time of the MAC address.

         'action':  Specifies the action when the upper limit is
            exceeded: drop the packet, flood the packet, or simply send
            a warning message.

      'mac-loop-prevention':  Container for MAC loop prevention.

         'window':  The time interval over which a MAC mobility event is
            detected and checked.

         'frequency':  The number of times to detect MAC duplication,
            where a 'duplicate MAC address' situation has occurred
            within the 'window' time interval, and the duplicate MAC
            address has been added to a list of duplicate MAC addresses.

         'retry-timer':  The retry timer.  When the retry timer expires,
            the duplicate MAC address will be flushed from the MAC-VRF.

         'protection-type':  It defines the loop prevention type (e.g.,
            shut).




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   'multicast':  Controls whether multicast is allowed in the service.

7.5.  VPN Nodes

   The 'vpn-node' (Figure 8) is an abstraction that represents a set of
   policies/configurations applied to a network node and that belong to
   a single 'vpn-service'.  A 'vpn-node' contains 'vpn-network-
   accesses', which are the interfaces involved in the creation of the
   VPN.  The customer sites are connected to the 'vpn-network-accesses'.










































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       +--rw l2vpn-ntw
          +--rw vpn-profiles
          |  ...
          +--rw vpn-services
             +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
                ...
                +--rw vpn-nodes
                   +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                      +--rw vpn-node-id            vpn-common:vpn-id
                      +--rw description?           string
                      +--rw ne-id?                 string
                      +--rw role?                  identityref
                      +--rw router-id?             rt-types:router-id
                      +--rw active-global-parameters-profiles
                      |  +--rw global-parameters-profile* [profile-id]
                      |     +--rw profile-id                  leafref
                      |     +--rw local-autonomous-system?
                      |     |       inet:as-number
                      |     +--rw svc-mtu?                    uint32
                      |     +--rw ce-vlan-preservation?       boolean
                      |     +--rw ce-vlan-cos-preservation?   boolean
                      |     +--rw control-word-negotiation?   boolean
                      |     +--rw mac-policies
                      |     |  +--rw mac-addr-limit
                      |     |  |  +--rw limit-number?    uint16
                      |     |  |  +--rw time-interval?   uint32
                      |     |  |  +--rw action?          identityref
                      |     |  +--rw mac-loop-prevention
                      |     |     +--rw window?            uint32
                      |     |     +--rw frequency?         uint32
                      |     |     +--rw retry-timer?       uint32
                      |     |     +--rw protection-type?   identityref
                      |     +--rw multicast {vpn-common:multicast}?
                      |        +--rw enabled?                 boolean
                      |        +--rw customer-tree-flavors
                      |           +--rw tree-flavor*   identityref
                      +--rw status
                      |  ...
                      +--rw bgp-auto-discovery
                      |  ...
                      +--rw signaling-option
                      |  ...
                      +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                         ...

                        Figure 8: VPN Nodes Subtree

   The descriptions of VPN node data nodes are as follows:



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   'vpn-node-id':  Used to uniquely identify a node that enables a VPN
      network access.

   'description':  Provides a textual description of the VPN node.

   'ne-id':  Includes an identifier of the network element where the VPN
      node is deployed.

   'role':  Indicates the role of the VPN instance profile in the VPN.
      Role values are defined in [RFC9181] (e.g., 'any-to-any-role',
      'spoke-role', 'hub-role').

   'router-id':  Indicates a 32-bit number that is used to uniquely
      identify a router within an Autonomous System (AS).

   'active-global-parameters-profiles':  Lists the set of active global
      VPN parameters profiles for this VPN node.  Concretely, one or
      more global profiles that are defined at the VPN service level
      (i.e., under 'l2vpn-ntw/vpn-services/vpn-service' level) can be
      activated at the VPN node level; each of these profiles is
      uniquely identified by means of 'profile-id'.  The structure of
      'active-global-parameters-profiles' uses the same data nodes as
      Section 7.4 except RD and RT related data nodes.

      Values defined in 'active-global-parameters-profiles' overrides
      the values defined in the VPN service level.

   'status':  Tracks the status of a node involved in a VPN service.
      Both operational and administrative status are maintained.  A
      mismatch between the administrative status vs. the operational
      status can be used as a trigger to detect anomalies.

   'bgp-auto-discovery':  See Section 7.5.1.

   'signaling-option':  See Section 7.5.2.

   'vpn-network-accesses':  Represents the point to which sites are
      connected.

      Note that, unlike the L2SM, the L2NM does not need to model the
      customer site -- only the points that receive traffic from the
      site are covered (i.e., the PE side of Provider Edge to Customer
      Edge (PE-CE) connections).  Hence, the VPN network access contains
      the connectivity information between the provider's network and
      the customer premises.  The VPN profiles ('vpn-profiles') have a
      set of routing policies that can be applied during the service
      creation.




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      See Section 7.6 for more details.

7.5.1.  BGP Auto-Discovery

   The 'bgp-auto-discovery' container (Figure 9) includes the required
   information for the activation of BGP auto-discovery
   [RFC4761][RFC6624].

     +--rw l2vpn-ntw
        +--rw vpn-profiles
        |  ...
        +--rw vpn-services
           +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
              ...
              +--rw vpn-nodes
                 +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                    ...
                    +--rw bgp-auto-discovery
                    |  +--rw (bgp-type)?
                    |  |  +--:(l2vpn-bgp)
                    |  |  |  +--rw vpn-id?
                    |  |  |          vpn-common:vpn-id
                    |  |  +--:(evpn-bgp)
                    |  |     +--rw evpn-type?           leafref
                    |  |     +--rw auto-rt-enable?      boolean
                    |  |     +--ro auto-route-target?
                    |  |             rt-types:route-target
                    |  +--rw (rd-choice)?
                    |  |  +--:(directly-assigned)
                    |  |  |  +--rw rd?
                    |  |  |          rt-types:route-distinguisher
                    |  |  +--:(directly-assigned-suffix)
                    |  |  |  +--rw rd-suffix?           uint16
                    |  |  +--:(auto-assigned)
                    |  |  |  +--rw rd-auto
                    |  |  |     +--rw (auto-mode)?
                    |  |  |     |  +--:(from-pool)
                    |  |  |     |  |  +--rw rd-pool-name?   string
                    |  |  |     |  +--:(full-auto)
                    |  |  |     |     +--rw auto?           empty
                    |  |  |     +--ro auto-assigned-rd?
                    |  |  |             rt-types:route-distinguisher
                    |  |  +--:(auto-assigned-suffix)
                    |  |  |  +--rw rd-auto-suffix
                    |  |  |     +--rw (auto-mode)?
                    |  |  |     |  +--:(from-pool)
                    |  |  |     |  |  +--rw rd-pool-name?        string
                    |  |  |     |  +--:(full-auto)



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                    |  |  |     |     +--rw auto?                empty
                    |  |  |     +--ro auto-assigned-rd-suffix?   uint16
                    |  |  +--:(no-rd)
                    |  |     +--rw no-rd?               empty
                    |  +--rw vpn-target* [id]
                    |  |  +--rw id                   uint8
                    |  |  +--rw route-targets* [route-target]
                    |  |  |  +--rw route-target    rt-types:route-target
                    |  |  +--rw route-target-type
                    |  |          rt-types:route-target-type
                    |  +--rw vpn-policies
                    |     +--rw import-policy?   string
                    |     +--rw export-policy?   string
                    +--rw signaling-option
                    |  ...
                    +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                       ...

                    Figure 9: BGP Auto-Discovery Subtree

   As discussed in Section 1 of [RFC6624], all of BGP-based methods
   include the notion of a VPN identifier that serves to unify
   components of a given VPN and the concept of auto-discovery; hence
   the support of the data node 'vpn-id'.

   For the particular case of EVPN, the L2NM supports RT auto-derivation
   based on the Ethernet Tag ID specified in Section 7.10.1 of
   [RFC7432].  A VPN service provider can enable/disable this
   functionality by means of 'auto-rt-enable'.  The assigned RT can be
   retrieved using 'auto-route-target'.

   For all BGP-based L2VPN flavors, other data nodes such as RD and RT
   are used.  These data nodes have the same structure as the one
   discussed in Section 7.4.

7.5.2.  Signaling Options

   The 'signaling-option' container (Figure 10) defines a set of data
   nodes for a given signaling protocol that is used for an L2VPN
   service.  As discussed in Section 7.3, several signaling options to
   exchange membership information between PEs of an L2VPN are
   supported.  The signaling type to be used for an L2VPN service is
   controlled at the VPN service level by means of 'signaling-type'.








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                 ...
                 +--rw vpn-nodes
                    +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                    ...
                    +--rw signaling-option
                    |  +--rw advertise-mtu?        boolean
                    |  +--rw mtu-allow-mismatch?   boolean
                    |  +--rw signaling-type?       leafref
                    |  +--rw (signaling-option)?
                    |     +--:(bgp)
                    |     |  ...
                    |     +--:(ldp-or-l2tp)
                    |        +--rw ldp-or-l2tp
                    |           ...
                    |           +--rw (ldp-or-l2tp)?
                    |              +--:(ldp)
                    |              |  ...
                    |              +--:(l2tp)
                    |                 ...

                Figure 10: Signaling Option Overall Subtree

   The following signaling data nodes are supported:

   'advertise-mtu':  Controls whether MTU is advertised when setting a
      pseudowire (e.g., Section 4.3 of [RFC4667], Section 5.1 of
      [RFC6624], or Section 6.1 of [RFC4762]).

   'mtu-allow-mismatch':  When set to true, it allows MTU mismatch for a
      pseudowire (see, e.g., Section 4.3 of [RFC4667]).

   'signaling-type':  Indicates the signaling type.  This type inherits
      the value of 'signaling-type' defined at the service level
      (Section 7.3).

   'bgp':  Is provided when BGP is used for L2VPN signaling.  Refer to
      Section 7.5.2.1 for more details.

   'ldp':  The model supports the configuration of the parameters that
      are discussed in Section 6 of [RFC4762].  Refer to Section 7.5.2.2
      for more details.

   'l2tp':  The model supports the configuration of the parameters that
      are discussed in Section 4 of [RFC4667].  Refer to Section 7.5.2.3
      for more details.






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   Note that LDP and L2TP choices are bundled ("ldp-or-l2tp") because
   they share a set of common parameters that are further detailed in
   Sections 7.5.2.2 and 7.5.2.3.

7.5.2.1.  BGP

   The structure of the BGP-related data nodes is provided in Figure 11.

         ...
         |  +--rw (signaling-option)?
         |     ...
         |     +--:(bgp)
         |     |  +--rw (bgp-type)?
         |     |     +--:(l2vpn-bgp)
         |     |     |  +--rw ce-range?     uint16
         |     |     |  +--rw pw-encapsulation-type?
         |     |     |  |       identityref
         |     |     |  +--rw vpls-instance
         |     |     |     +--rw vpls-edge-id?         uint16
         |     |     |     +--rw vpls-edge-id-range?   uint16
         |     |     +--:(evpn-bgp)
         |     |        +--rw evpn-type?                leafref
         |     |        +--rw service-interface-type?
         |     |        |       identityref
         |     |        +--rw evpn-policies
         |     |           +--rw mac-learning-mode?
         |     |           |       identityref
         |     |           +--rw ingress-replication?
         |     |           |       boolean
         |     |           +--rw p2mp-replication?
         |     |           |       boolean
         |     |           +--rw arp-proxy {vpn-common:ipv4}?
         |     |           |  +--rw enable?           boolean
         |     |           |  +--rw arp-suppression?
         |     |           |  |       boolean
         |     |           |  +--rw ip-mobility-threshold?
         |     |           |  |       uint16
         |     |           |  +--rw duplicate-ip-detection-interval?
         |     |           |          uint16
         |     |           +--rw nd-proxy {vpn-common:ipv6}?
         |     |           |  +--rw enable?          boolean
         |     |           |  +--rw nd-suppression?
         |     |           |  |       boolean
         |     |           |  +--rw ip-mobility-threshold?
         |     |           |  |       uint16
         |     |           |  +--rw duplicate-ip-detection-interval?
         |     |           |          uint16
         |     |           +--rw underlay-multicast?



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         |     |           |       boolean
         |     |           +--rw flood-unknown-unicast-supression?
         |     |           |       boolean
         |     |           +--rw vpws-vlan-aware?        boolean
         |     |           +--rw bum-management
         |     |           |  +--rw discard-broadcast?
         |     |           |  |       boolean
         |     |           |  +--rw discard-unknown-multicast?
         |     |           |  |       boolean
         |     |           |  +--rw discard-unknown-unicast?
         |     |           |          boolean
         |     |           +--rw pbb
         |     |              +--rw backbone-src-mac?
         |     |                      yang:mac-address
         |     +--:(ldp-or-l2tp)
         |        ...

                 Figure 11: Signaling Option Subtree (BGP)

   Remote CEs that are entitled to connect to the same VPN should fit
   with the CE range ('ce-range') as discussed in Section 2.2.3 of
   [RFC6624]. 'pw-encapsulation-type' is used to control the pseudowire
   encapsulation type (Section 3 of [RFC6624]).  The value of the 'pw-
   encapsulation-type' are taken from the IANA-maintained "iana-bgp-
   l2-encaps" module (Section 8.1).

   For the specific case of VPLS, the VPLS Edge ID (VE ID, 'vpls-edge-
   id') and a VE ID range ('vpls-edge-id-range') are provided as per
   Section 3.2 of [RFC4761].  If different VE IDs are required (e.g.,
   multihoming as per Section 3.5 of [RFC4761]), these IDs are
   configured at the VPN network access level (under 'signaling-option'
   in Section 7.6).

   For EVPN-related L2VPNs, 'service-interface-type' indicates whether
   this is a VLAN-based, VLAN bundle, or VLAN-aware bundle service
   interface (Section 6 of [RFC7432]).  Moreover, a set of policies can
   be provided such as MAC address learning mode (Section 9 of
   [RFC7432]), ingress replication (Section 12.1 of [RFC7432]), Address
   Resolution Protocol (ARP) and Nighbor Discovery (ND) proxy
   (Section 10 of [RFC7432]), processing of Broadcast, unknown unicast,
   or multicast (BUM) (Section 12 of [RFC7432]), etc.










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7.5.2.2.  LDP

   The model supports the configuration of the parameters that are
   discussed in Section 6 of [RFC4762].  Such parameters include an
   Attachment Group Identifier (AGI) (a.k.a., VPLS-id), a Source
   Attachment Individual Identifier (SAII), a list of peers that are
   associated with a Target Attachment Individual Identifier (TAII), a
   pseudowire type, and a pseudowire description (Figure 12).  Unlike
   BGP, only Ethernet and Ethernet tagged mode are supported.  The AGI,
   SAII, and TAII are encoded following the types defined in Section 3.4
   of [RFC4446].

            ...
            |  +--rw (signaling-option)?
            |     ...
            |     +--:(bgp)
            |     |  ...
            |     +--:(ldp-or-l2tp)
            |        +--rw ldp-or-l2tp
            |           +--rw agi?
            |           |       rt-types:route-distinguisher
            |           +--rw saii?                      uint32
            |           +--rw remote-targets* [taii]
            |           |  +--rw taii         uint32
            |           |  +--rw peer-addr    inet:ip-address
            |           +--rw (ldp-or-l2tp)?
            |              +--:(ldp)
            |              |  +--rw t-ldp-pw-type?
            |              |  |       identityref
            |              |  +--rw pw-type?       identityref
            |              |  +--rw pw-description?      string
            |              |  +--rw mac-addr-withdraw?   boolean
            |              |  +--rw pw-peer-list*
            |              |  |       [peer-addr vc-id]
            |              |  |  +--rw peer-addr
            |              |  |  |       inet:ip-address
            |              |  |  +--rw vc-id   string
            |              |  |  +--rw pw-priority?   uint32
            |              |  +--rw qinq
            |              |     +--rw s-tag   dot1q-types:vlanid
            |              |     +--rw c-tag   dot1q-types:vlanid
            |              +--:(l2tp)
            |                 ...
            ...

                 Figure 12: Signaling Option Subtree (LDP)





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7.5.2.3.  L2TP

   The model supports the configuration of the parameters that are
   discussed in Section 4 of [RFC4667].  Such parameters include a
   Router ID that is used to uniquely identify a PE, a pseudowire type,
   an AGI, an SAII, and a list of peers that are associated with a TAII
   (Figure 13).  The pseudowire type ('pseudowire-type') value is taken
   from the IANA-maintained "iana-pseudowire-types" module
   (Section 8.2).

             ...
             |  +--rw (signaling-option)?
             |     ...
             |     +--:(bgp)
             |     |  ...
             |     +--:(ldp-or-l2tp)
             |        +--rw ldp-or-l2tp
             |           +--rw agi?
             |           |       rt-types:route-distinguisher
             |           +--rw saii?                      uint32
             |           +--rw remote-targets* [taii]
             |           |  +--rw taii         uint32
             |           |  +--rw peer-addr    inet:ip-address
             |           +--rw (ldp-or-l2tp)?
             |              +--:(ldp)
             |              |  ...
             |              +--:(l2tp)
             |                 +--rw router-id?
             |                 |       rt-types:router-id
             |                 +--rw pseudowire-type?
             |                         identityref
             ...

                 Figure 13: Signaling Option Subtree (L2TP)

7.6.  VPN Network Accesses

   A 'vpn-network-access' (Figure 14) represents an entry point to a VPN
   service.  In other words, this container encloses the parameters that
   describe the access information for the traffic that belongs to a
   particular L2VPN.

   A 'vpn-network-access' includes information such as the connection on
   which the access is defined, the specific Layer 2 service
   requirements, etc.






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           ...
           +--rw vpn-nodes
              +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                 ...
                 +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                    +--rw vpn-network-access* [id]
                       +--rw id                        vpn-common:vpn-id
                       +--rw description?              string
                       +--rw interface-id?             string
                       +--rw active-vpn-node-profile?   leafref
                       +--rw status
                       |  ...
                       +--rw connection
                       |  ...
                       +--rw (signaling-option)?
                       |  +--:(bgp)
                       |     +--rw (bgp-type)?
                       |        +--:(l2vpn-bgp)
                       |        |  +--rw ce-id?             uint16
                       |        |  +--rw remote-ce-id?      uint16
                       |        |  +--rw vpls-instance
                       |        |     +--rw vpls-edge-id?   uint16
                       |        +--:(evpn-bgp)
                       |           +--rw df-preference?     uint16
                       |           +--rw vpws-service-instance
                       |              ...
                       +--rw group* [group-id]
                       |  +--rw group-id                       string
                       |  +--rw precedence?               identityref
                       |  +--rw ethernet-segment-identifier?
                       |                              l2vpn-es:es-ref
                       +--rw ethernet-service-oam
                       |  ...
                       +--rw service
                          ...

                Figure 14: VPN Network Access Subtree

   The VPN network access comprises:

   'id':  Includes an identifier of the VPN network access.

   'description':  Includes a textual description of the VPN network
      access.

   'interface-id':  Indicates the interface on which the VPN network
      access is bound.




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   'active-vpn-node-profile':  Provides a pointer to an active 'global-
      parameters-profile' at the VPN node level.  Referencing an active
      'global-parameters-profile' implies that all associated data nodes
      will be inherited by the VPN network access.  However, some of the
      inherited data nodes (e.g., ACL policies) can be overridden at the
      VPN network access level.  In such case, adjusted values take
      precedence over inherited values.

   'status':  Indicates the administrative and operational status of the
      VPN network access.

   'connection':  Represents and groups the set of Layer 2 connectivity
      from where the traffic of the L2VPN in a particular VPN Network
      access is coming.  See Section 7.6.1.

   'signaling-option':  Indicates a set of signaling options that are
      specific to a given VPN network access, e.g., a CE ID ('ce-id'
      identifying the CE within the VPN) and a remote CE ID as discussed
      in Section 2.2.2 of [RFC6624].

      It can also include a set of data nodes that are required for the
      configuration of a VPWS-EVPN [RFC8214].  See Section 7.6.2.

   'group':  Is used for grouping VPN network accesses by assigning the
      same identifier to these accesses.  The precedence attribute is
      used to differentiate the primary and secondary accesses for a
      service with multiple accesses.  An example to illustrate the use
      of this container for redundancy purposes is provided in
      Appendix A.6.  This container is also used to identify the link of
      an ES by allocating the same ESI.  An example to illustrate this
      functionality is provided in Appendices A.4 and A.5.

   'ethernet-service-oam':  Carries information about the service OAM.
      See Section 7.6.3.

   'service':  Specifies the service parameters (e.g., QoS, multicast)
      to apply for a given VPN network access.  See Section 7.6.4.

7.6.1.  Connection

   The 'connection' container (Figure 15) is used to configure the
   relevant properties of the interface to which the L2VPN instance is
   attached to (e.g., encapsulation type, Link Aggregation Group (LAG)
   interfaces, split-horizon).  The L2NM supports tag manipulation
   operations (e.g., tag rewrite).






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   Note that the 'connection' container does not include the physical-
   specific configuration as this is assumed to be directly handled
   using device modules (e.g., interfaces module).  Moreover, this
   design is also meant to avoid manipulated global parameters at the
   service level and lower the risk of impacting other services sharing
   the same physical interface.

   A reference to the bearer is maintained to allow keeping the link
   between the L2SM and the L2NM when both data models are used in a
   given deployment.

   Some consistency checks should be ensured by implementations
   (typically, network controllers) for LAG interface as the same
   information (e.g., LACP system-id) should be provided to the involved
   nodes.

   The L2NM inherits the 'member-link-list' structure from the L2SM
   (including indication of OAM 802.3ah support [IEEE-802-3ah]).

              ...
              +--rw vpn-nodes
                 +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                    ...
                    +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                       +--rw vpn-network-access* [id]
                          ...
                          +--rw connection
                          |  +--rw l2-termination-point?
                          |  |       string
                          |  +--rw local-bridge-reference?
                          |  |       string
                          |  +--rw bearer-reference?         string
                          |  |       {vpn-common:bearer-reference}?
                          |  +--rw encapsulation
                          |  |  +--rw encap-type?            identityref
                          |  |  +--rw dot1q
                          |  |  |  +--rw tag-type?           identityref
                          |  |  |  +--rw cvlan-id?
                          |  |  |  |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |  |  +--rw tag-operations
                          |  |  |     +--rw (op-choice)?
                          |  |  |     |  +--:(pop)
                          |  |  |     |  |  +--rw pop?         empty
                          |  |  |     |  +--:(push)
                          |  |  |     |  |  +--rw push?        empty
                          |  |  |     |  +--:(translate)
                          |  |  |     |     +--rw translate?   empty
                          |  |  |     +--rw tag-1?



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                          |  |  |     |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |  |     +--rw tag-1-type?
                          |  |  |     |       dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type
                          |  |  |     +--rw tag-2?
                          |  |  |     |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |  |     +--rw tag-2-type?
                          |  |  |             dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type
                          |  |  +--rw priority-tagged
                          |  |  |  +--rw tag-type?   identityref
                          |  |  +--rw qinq
                          |  |     +--rw tag-type?         identityref
                          |  |     +--rw svlan-id
                          |  |     |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |     +--rw cvlan-id
                          |  |     |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |     +--rw tag-operations
                          |  |        +--rw (op-choice)?
                          |  |        |  +--:(pop)
                          |  |        |  |  +--rw pop?         uint8
                          |  |        |  +--:(push)
                          |  |        |  |  +--rw push?        empty
                          |  |        |  +--:(translate)
                          |  |        |     +--rw translate?   empty
                          |  |        +--rw tag-1?
                          |  |        |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |        +--rw tag-1-type?
                          |  |        |       dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type
                          |  |        +--rw tag-2?
                          |  |        |       dot1q-types:vlanid
                          |  |        +--rw tag-2-type?
                          |  |                dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type
                          |  +--rw lag-interface
                          |     |    {vpn-common:lag-interface}?
                          |     +--rw lag-interface-id?   string
                          |     +--rw lacp
                          |     |  +--rw lacp-state?         boolean
                          |     |  +--rw mode?               identityref
                          |     |  +--rw speed?              uint32
                          |     |  +--rw mini-link-num?      uint32
                          |     |  +--rw system-id?
                          |     |  |       yang:mac-address
                          |     |  +--rw admin-key?          uint16
                          |     |  +--rw system-priority?    uint16
                          |     |  +--rw member-link-list
                          |     |  |  +--rw member-link* [name]
                          |     |  |     +--rw name         string
                          |     |  |     +--rw speed?       uint32
                          |     |  |     +--rw mode?   identityref



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                          |     |  |     +--rw link-mtu?    uint32
                          |     |  |     +--rw oam-802.3ah-link
                          |     |  |        |    {oam-3ah}?
                          |     |  |        +--rw enable?   boolean
                          |     |  +--rw flow-control?       boolean
                          |     |  +--rw lldp?               boolean
                          |     +--rw split-horizon
                          |        +--rw group-name?   string
                          ...

                       Figure 15: Connection Subtree

7.6.2.  EVPN-VPWS Service Instance

   The 'vpws-service-instance' provides the local and remote VPWS
   Service Instance (VSI) [RFC8214].  This container is only present
   when the 'vpn-type' is VPWS-EVPN.  As shown in Figure 16, the VSIs
   can be configured by a VPN service provider or auto-generated.

   An example to illustrate the use of the L2NM to configure VPWS-EVPN
   instances is provided in Appendix A.4.






























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   ...
   +--rw vpn-nodes
      +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
         ...
         +--rw vpn-network-accesses
            +--rw vpn-network-access* [id]
               ...
               +--rw (signaling-option)?
               |  +--:(bgp)
               |     +--rw (bgp-type)?
               |        +--:(l2vpn-bgp)
               |        |  ...
               |        +--:(evpn-bgp)
               |           +--rw df-preference?     uint16
               |           +--rw vpws-service-instance
               |              +--rw (local-vsi-choice)?
               |              |  +--:(directly-assigned)
               |              |  |  +--rw local-vpws-service-instance?
               |              |  |          uint32
               |              |  +--:(auto-assigned)
               |              |     +--rw local-vsi-auto
               |              |        +--rw (auto-mode)?
               |              |        |  +--:(from-pool)
               |              |        |  |  +--rw vsi-pool-name?
               |              |        |  |          string
               |              |        |  +--:(full-auto)
               |              |        |     +--rw auto?      empty
               |              |        +--ro auto-local-vsi?  uint32
               |              +--rw (remote-vsi-choice)?
               |                 +--:(directly-assigned)
               |                 |  +--rw remote-vpws-service-instance?
               |                 |          uint32
               |                 +--:(auto-assigned)
               |                    +--rw remote-vsi-auto
               |                       +--rw (auto-mode)?
               |                       |  +--:(from-pool)
               |                       |  |  +--rw vsi-pool-name?
               |                       |  |          string
               |                       |  +--:(full-auto)
               |                       |     +--rw auto?       empty
               |                       +--ro auto-remote-vsi?  uint32
               ...

               Figure 16: EVPN-VPWS Service Instance Subtree







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7.6.3.  Ethernet OAM

   Ethernet OAM refers to both [IEEE-802-1ag] and [ITU-T-Y-1731].

   As shown in Figure 17, the L2NM inherits the same structure as in
   Section 5.3.2.2.6 of [RFC8466] for OAM matters.

       +--rw l2vpn-ntw
          +--rw vpn-profiles
          |  ...
          +--rw vpn-services
             +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
                ...
                +--rw vpn-nodes
                   +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                      ...
                      +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                         +--rw vpn-network-access* [id]
                            ...
                            +--rw ethernet-service-oam
                            |  +--rw md-name?        string
                            |  +--rw md-level?       uint8
                            |  +--rw cfm-802.1-ag
                            |  |  +--rw n2-uni-c* [maid]
                            |  |  |  +--rw maid                string
                            |  |  |  +--rw mep-id?             uint32
                            |  |  |  +--rw mep-level?          uint32
                            |  |  |  +--rw mep-up-down?
                            |  |  |  |                   enumeration
                            |  |  |  +--rw remote-mep-id?      uint32
                            |  |  |  +--rw cos-for-cfm-pdus?   uint32
                            |  |  |  +--rw ccm-interval?       uint32
                            |  |  |  +--rw ccm-holdtime?       uint32
                            |  |  |  +--rw ccm-p-bits-pri?
                            |  |  |          ccm-priority-type
                            |  |  +--rw n2-uni-n* [maid]
                            |  |     +--rw maid                string
                            |  |     +--rw mep-id?             uint32
                            |  |     +--rw mep-level?          uint32
                            |  |     +--rw mep-up-down?
                            |  |     |                    enumeration
                            |  |     +--rw remote-mep-id?      uint32
                            |  |     +--rw cos-for-cfm-pdus?   uint32
                            |  |     +--rw ccm-interval?       uint32
                            |  |     +--rw ccm-holdtime?       uint32
                            |  |     +--rw ccm-p-bits-pri?
                            |  |             ccm-priority-type
                            |  +--rw y-1731* [maid]



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                            |     +--rw maid               string
                            |     +--rw mep-id?            uint32
                            |     +--rw pm-type?           identityref
                            |     +--rw remote-mep-id?     uint32
                            |     +--rw message-period?    uint32
                            |     +--rw measurement-interval?   uint32
                            |     +--rw cos?        uint32
                            |     +--rw loss-measurement?      boolean
                            |     +--rw synthethic-loss-measurement?
                            |     |       boolean
                            |     +--rw delay-measurement
                            |     |  +--rw enable-dm?   boolean
                            |     |  +--rw two-way?     boolean
                            |     +--rw frame-size?     uint32
                            |     +--rw session-type?   enumeration
                            ...

                           Figure 17: OAM Subtree

7.6.4.  Services

   The 'service' container (Figure 18) provides a set of service-
   specific configuration such as Quality of Service (QoS).




























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      +--rw l2vpn-ntw
         +--rw vpn-profiles
         |  ...
         +--rw vpn-services
            +--rw vpn-service* [vpn-id]
               ...
               +--rw vpn-nodes
                  +--rw vpn-node* [vpn-node-id]
                     ...
                     +--rw vpn-network-accesses
                        +--rw vpn-network-access* [id]
                           ...
                           +--rw service
                              +--rw mtu?            uint32
                              +--rw svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth
                              |       {vpn-common:inbound-bw}?
                              |  ...
                              +--rw svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth
                              |       {vpn-common:outbound-bw}?
                              |  ...
                              +--rw qos {vpn-common:qos}?
                              |  ...
                              +--rw mac-policies
                              |  ...
                              +--rw broadcast-unknown-unicast-multicast
                                 ...

                     Figure 18: Service Overall Subtree

   The description of the service data nodes is as follows:

   'mtu':  Specifies the Layer 2 MTU, in bytes, for the VPN network
      access.

   'svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth' and 'svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth':  Specify the
      service bandwidth for the L2VPN service.

      'svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth' indicates the inbound bandwidth of the
      connection (i.e., download bandwidth from the service provider to
      the site).

      'svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth' indicates the outbound bandwidth of the
      connection (i.e., upload bandwidth from the site to the service
      provider).

      'svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth' and 'svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth' can be
      represented using the Committed Information Rate (CIR), the Excess
      Information Rate (EIR), or the Peak Information Rate (PIR).



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      As shown in Figure 19, the structure of service bandwidth data
      nodes is inherited from the L2SM [RFC8466].  The following types,
      defined in [RFC9181], can be used to indicate the bandwidth type:

      'bw-per-cos':  The bandwidth is per Class of Service (CoS).

      'bw-per-port':  The bandwidth is per VPN network access.

      'bw-per-site':  The bandwidth is to all VPN network accesses that
         belong to the same site.

      'bw-per-service':  The bandwidth is per L2VPN service.







































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                              +--rw service
                                 ...
                                 +--rw svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth
                                 |       {vpn-common:inbound-bw}?
                                 |  +--rw pe-to-ce-bandwidth* [bw-type]
                                 |     +--rw bw-type      identityref
                                 |     +--rw (type)?
                                 |        +--:(per-cos)
                                 |        |  +--rw cos* [cos-id]
                                 |        |     +--rw cos-id    uint8
                                 |        |     +--rw cir?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw cbs?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw eir?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw ebs?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw pir?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw pbs?      uint64
                                 |        +--:(other)
                                 |           +--rw cir?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw cbs?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw eir?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw ebs?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw pir?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw pbs?   uint64
                                 +--rw svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth
                                 |       {vpn-common:outbound-bw}?
                                 |  +--rw ce-to-pe-bandwidth* [bw-type]
                                 |     +--rw bw-type      identityref
                                 |     +--rw (type)?
                                 |        +--:(per-cos)
                                 |        |  +--rw cos* [cos-id]
                                 |        |     +--rw cos-id    uint8
                                 |        |     +--rw cir?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw cbs?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw eir?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw ebs?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw pir?      uint64
                                 |        |     +--rw pbs?      uint64
                                 |        +--:(other)
                                 |           +--rw cir?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw cbs?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw eir?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw ebs?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw pir?   uint64
                                 |           +--rw pbs?   uint64
                                 ...

                     Figure 19: Service Bandwidth Subtree




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   'qos':  Is used to define a set of QoS policies to apply on a given
    VPN network access (Figure 20).  The QoS classification can be
    based on many criteria such as source MAC address, destination MAC
    address, etc.  See also Section 5.10.2.1 of [RFC8466] for more
    discussion of QoS classification including the use of color types.

                           +--rw service
                              ...
                              +--rw qos {vpn-common:qos}?
                              |  +--rw qos-classification-policy
                              |  |  +--rw rule* [id]
                              |  |     +--rw id                string
                              |  |     +--rw (match-type)?
                              |  |     |  +--:(match-flow)
                              |  |     |  |  +--rw match-flow
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw dscp?   inet:dscp
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw dot1q?     uint16
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw pcp?       uint8
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw src-mac-address?
                              |  |     |  |     |       yang:mac-address
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw dst-mac-address?
                              |  |     |  |     |       yang:mac-address
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw color-type?
                              |  |     |  |     |       identityref
                              |  |     |  |     +--rw any?         empty
                              |  |     |  +--:(match-application)
                              |  |     |     +--rw match-application?
                              |  |     |             identityref
                              |  |     +--rw target-class-id?     string
                              |  +--rw qos-profile
                              |     +--rw qos-profile* [profile]
                              |        +--rw profile      leafref
                              |        +--rw direction?   identityref
                              ...

                          Figure 20: QoS Subtree

   'mac-policies':  Lists a set of MAC-related policies such as MAC
    ACLs.  Similar to [RFC8519], an ACL match can be based upon source
    MAC address, source MAC address mask, destination MAC address,
    destination MAC address mask, or a combination thereof.

    A data frame that matches an ACL can be dropped, flooded, or
    trigger an alarm.  A rate-limit policy can be defined for handling
    frames that match an ACL entry with 'flood' action.






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    When 'mac-loop-prevention' or 'mac-addr-limit' data nodes are
    provided, they take precedence over the ones inlcuded in the
    'global-parameters-profile' at the VPN service or VPN node levels.

                           +--rw service
                              ...
                              +--rw mac-policies
                              |  +--rw access-control-list* [name]
                              |  |  +--rw name                    string
                              |  |  +--rw src-mac-address*
                              |  |  |       yang:mac-address
                              |  |  +--rw src-mac-address-mask*
                              |  |  |       yang:mac-address
                              |  |  +--rw dst-mac-address*
                              |  |  |       yang:mac-address
                              |  |  +--rw dst-mac-address-mask*
                              |  |  |       yang:mac-address
                              |  |  +--rw action?          identityref
                              |  |  +--rw rate-limit?      decimal64
                              |  +--rw mac-loop-prevention
                              |  |  +--rw window?            uint32
                              |  |  +--rw frequency?         uint32
                              |  |  +--rw retry-timer?       uint32
                              |  |  +--rw protection-type?   identityref
                              |  +--rw mac-addr-limit
                              |     +--rw limit-number?    uint16
                              |     +--rw time-interval?   uint32
                              |     +--rw action?          identityref
                              ...

                     Figure 21: MAC Policies Subtree

   'broadcast-unknown-unicast-multicast':  Defines the type of site in
   the customer multicast service topology: source, receiver, or
   both.  It is also used to define multicast group-to-port mappings.

                          +--rw service
                             ...
                             +--rw broadcast-unknown-unicast-multicast
                                +--rw multicast-site-type?
                                |       enumeration
                                +--rw multicast-gp-address-mapping* [id]
                                |  +--rw id                 uint16
                                |  +--rw vlan-id            uint32
                                |  +--rw mac-gp-address
                                |  |       yang:mac-address
                                |  +--rw port-lag-number?   uint32
                                +--rw bum-overall-rate?     uint64



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                         Figure 22: BUM Subtree

8.  YANG Modules


8.1.  IANA-Maintained Module for BGP Layer 2 Encapsulation Types

   The "iana-bgp-l2-encaps" YANG module echoes the registry available at
   [IANA-BGP-L2].

   This module references [RFC3032], [RFC4446], [RFC4448], [RFC4553],
   [RFC4618], [RFC4619], [RFC4717], [RFC4761], [RFC4816], [RFC4842], and
   [RFC5086].

   <CODE BEGINS>
   file "iana-bgp-l2-encaps@2021-07-05.yang"
   module iana-bgp-l2-encaps {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-bgp-l2-encaps";
     prefix iana-bgp-l2-encaps;

     organization
       "IANA";
     contact
       "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

        Postal: ICANN
             12025 Waterfront Drive, Suite 300
             Los Angeles, CA  90094-2536
             United States of America
        Tel:    +1 310 301 5800
        <mailto:iana@iana.org>";
     description
       "This module contains a collection of IANA-maintained YANG
        data types that are used for referring to BGP Layer 2
        encapsulation types.

        Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
        to the license terms contained in, the Revised BSD License
        set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see



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        the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2021-07-05 {
       description
         "First revision.";
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }

     identity bgp-l2-encaps-type {
       description
         "Base BGP Layer 2 encapsulation type.";
       reference
         "RFC 6624: Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks Using BGP for
                    Auto-Discovery and Signaling";
     }

     identity frame-relay {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Frame Relay.";
       reference
         "RFC 4446: IANA Allocations for Pseudowire Edge
                    to Edge Emulation (PWE3)";
     }

     identity atm-aal5 {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "ATM AAL5 SDU VCC transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4446: IANA Allocations for Pseudowire Edge
                    to Edge Emulation (PWE3)";
     }

     identity atm-cell {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "ATM transparent cell transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4816: Pseudowire Emulation Edge-to-Edge (PWE3)
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Transparent
                    Cell Transport Service";
     }

     identity ethernet-tagged-mode {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description



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         "Ethernet (VLAN) Tagged Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4448: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity ethernet-raw-mode {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Ethernet Raw Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4448: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity hdlc {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Cisco HDLC.";
       reference
         "RFC 4618: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    PPP/High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC)
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity ppp {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "PPP.";
       reference
         "RFC 4618: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    PPP/High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC)
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity circuit-emulation {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "SONET/SDH Circuit Emulation Service.";
       reference
         "RFC 4842: Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital
                    Hierarchy (SONET/SDH) Circuit Emulation over Packet
                    (CEP)";
     }

     identity atm-to-vcc {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description



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         "ATM n-to-one VCC cell transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity atm-to-vpc {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "ATM n-to-one VPC cell transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity layer-2-transport {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "IP Layer 2 Transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 3032: MPLS Label Stack Encoding";
     }

     identity fr-port-mode {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Frame Relay Port mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4619: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Frame Relay
                    over Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
                    Networks";
     }

     identity e1 {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic E1 over packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity t1 {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic T1 (DS1) over packet.";



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       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity vpls {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "VPLS.";
       reference
         "RFC 4761: Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)
                    Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and Signaling";
     }

     identity t3 {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic T3 (DS3) over packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity structure-aware {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Nx64kbit/s Basic Service using Structure-aware.";
       reference
         "RFC 5086: Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
                    Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched
                    Network (CESoPSN)";
     }

     identity dlci {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Frame Relay DLCI.";
       reference
         "RFC 4619: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Frame Relay
                    over Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
                    Networks";
     }

     identity e3 {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic E3 over packet.";
       reference



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         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity ds1 {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "Octet-aligned payload for Structure-agnostic DS1 circuits.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity cas {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "E1 Nx64kbit/s with CAS using Structure-aware.";
       reference
         "RFC 5086: Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
                    Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched
                    Network (CESoPSN)";
     }

     identity esf {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "DS1 (ESF) Nx64kbit/s with CAS using Structure-aware.";
       reference
         "RFC 5086: Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
                    Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched
                    Network (CESoPSN)";
     }

     identity sf {
       base bgp-l2-encaps-type;
       description
         "DS1 (SF) Nx64kbit/s with CAS using Structure-aware.";
       reference
         "RFC 5086: Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
                    Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched
                    Network (CESoPSN)";
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>







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8.2.  IANA-Maintained Module for Pseudowire Types

   The initial version of the "iana-pseudowire-types" YANG module echoes
   the registry available at [IANA-PW-Types].

   This module references [MFA], [RFC2507], [RFC2508], [RFC3032],
   [RFC3545], [RFC4448], [RFC4618], [RFC4619], [RFC4717], [RFC4842],
   [RFC4863], [RFC4901], [RFC5086], [RFC5087], [RFC5143], [RFC5795], and
   [RFC6307].

   <CODE BEGINS>
   file "iana-pseudowire-types@2021-07-05.yang"
   module iana-pseudowire-types {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-pseudowire-types";
     prefix iana-pw-types;

     organization
       "IANA";
     contact
       "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

        Postal: ICANN
             12025 Waterfront Drive, Suite 300
             Los Angeles, CA  90094-2536
             United States of America
        Tel:    +1 310 301 5800
        <mailto:iana@iana.org>";
     description
       "This module contains a collection of IANA-maintained YANG
        data types that are used for referring to Pseudowire Types.

        Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
        to the license terms contained in, the Revised BSD License
        set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
        the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2021-07-05 {
       description
         "First revision.";



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       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }

     identity iana-pw-types {
       description
         "Base Pseudowire Layer 2 encapsulation type.";
     }

     identity frame-relay {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Frame Relay DLCI (Martini Mode).";
       reference
         "RFC 4619: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Frame Relay
                    over Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
                    Networks";
     }

     identity atm-aal5 {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM AAL5 SDU VCC transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity atm-cell {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM transparent cell transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity ethernet-tagged-mode {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Ethernet (VLAN) Tagged Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4448: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }




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     identity ethernet {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Ethernet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4448: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity hdlc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "HDLC.";
       reference
         "RFC 4618: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    PPP/High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC)
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity ppp {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "PPP.";
       reference
         "RFC 4618: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    PPP/High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC)
                    over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity circuit-emulation-mpls {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "SONET/SDH Circuit Emulation Service Over MPLS Encapsulation.";
       reference
         "RFC 5143: Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital
                    Hierarchy (SONET/SDH) Circuit Emulation Service over
                    MPLS (CEM) Encapsulation";
     }

     identity atm-to-vcc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM n-to-one VCC cell transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }



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     identity atm-to-vpc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM n-to-one VPC cell transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity layer-2-transport {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "IP Layer2 Transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 3032: MPLS Label Stack Encoding";
     }

     identity atm-one-to-one-vcc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM one-to-one VCC Cell Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity atm-one-to-one-vpc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM one-to-one VPC Cell Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }

     identity atm-aal5-vcc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM AAL5 PDU VCC transport.";
       reference
         "RFC 4717: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
                    Networks";
     }




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     identity fr-port-mode {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Frame-Relay Port mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 4619: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Frame Relay
                    over Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
                    Networks";
     }

     identity circuit-emulation-packet {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "SONET/SDH Circuit Emulation over Packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4842: Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital
                    Hierarchy (SONET/SDH) Circuit Emulation over Packet
                    (CEP)";
     }

     identity e1 {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic E1 over Packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity t1 {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic T1 (DS1) over Packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity e3 {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic E3 over Packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity t3 {



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       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Structure-agnostic T3 (DS3) over Packet.";
       reference
         "RFC 4553: Structure-Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
                    over Packet (SAToP)";
     }

     identity ces-over-psn {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "CESoPSN basic mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 5086: Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
                    Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched
                    Network (CESoPSN)";
     }

     identity tdm-over-ip-aal1 {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "TDMoIP AAL1 Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 5087: Time Division Multiplexing over IP (TDMoIP)";
     }

     identity ces-over-psn-cas {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "CESoPSN TDM with CAS.";
       reference
         "RFC 5086: Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
                    Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched
                    Network (CESoPSN)";
     }

     identity tdm-over-ip-aal2 {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "TDMoIP AAL2 Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 5087: Time Division Multiplexing over IP (TDMoIP)";
     }

     identity dlci {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Frame Relay DLCI.";



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       reference
         "RFC 4619: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Frame Relay
                    over Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS)
                    Networks";
     }

     identity rohc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ROHC Transport Header-compressed Packets.";
       reference
         "RFC 5795: The RObust Header Compression (ROHC) Framework
          RFC 4901: Protocol Extensions for Header Compression over
                    MPLS";
     }

     identity ecrtp {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ECRTP Transport Header-compressed Packets.";
       reference
         "RFC 3545: Enhanced Compressed RTP (CRTP) for Links with High
                    Delay, Packet Loss and Reordering
          RFC 4901: Protocol Extensions for Header Compression over
                    MPLS";
     }

     identity iphc {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "IPHC Transport Header-compressed Packets.";
       reference
         "RFC 2507: IP Header Compression
          RFC 4901: Protocol Extensions for Header Compression over
                    MPLS";
     }

     identity crtp {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "cRTP Transport Header-compressed Packets.";
       reference
         "RFC 2508: Compressing IP/UDP/RTP Headers for Low-Speed Serial
                    Links
          RFC 4901: Protocol Extensions for Header Compression over
                    MPLS";
     }




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     identity atm-vp-virtual-trunk {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "ATM VP Virtual Trunk.";
       reference
         "MFA Forum: The Use of Virtual Trunks for ATM/MPLS
                     Control Plane Interworking Specification";
     }

     identity fc-port-mode {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "FC Port Mode.";
       reference
         "RFC 6307: Encapsulation Methods for Transport of
                    Fibre Channel Traffic over MPLS Networks";
     }

     identity wildcard {
       base iana-pw-types;
       description
         "Wildcard.";
       reference
         "RFC 4863: Wildcard Pseudowire Type";
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

8.3.  Ethernet Segments

   The "ietf-ethernet-segment" YANG module uses types defined in
   [RFC6991].

   <CODE BEGINS>
   file "ietf-ethernet-segment@2022-05-25.yang"
   module ietf-ethernet-segment {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ethernet-segment";
     prefix l2vpn-es;

     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix yang;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types, Section 3";
     }

     organization
       "IETF OPSA (Operations and Management Area) Working Group";



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     contact
       "WG Web:   <https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/opsawg/>
        WG List:  <mailto:opsawg@ietf.org>

        Editor:    Mohamed Boucadair
                  <mailto:mohamed.boucadair@orange.com>
        Editor:    Samier Barguil
                  <mailto:samier.barguilgiraldo.ext@telefonica.com>
        Author:    Oscar Gonzalez de Dios
                  <mailto:oscar.gonzalezdedios@telefonica.com>";
     description
       "This YANG module defines a model for Ethernet Segments.

        Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
        to the license terms contained in, the Revised BSD License
        set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
        the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2022-05-25 {
       description
         "Initial version.";
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }

     /* Typedefs */

     typedef es-ref {
       type leafref {
         path "/l2vpn-es:ethernet-segments/l2vpn-es:ethernet-segment"
            + "/l2vpn-es:name";
       }
       description
         "Defines a type for referencing an Ethernet segment in
          other modules.";
     }

     /* Identities */

     identity esi-type {



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       description
         "T-(Ethernet Segment Identifier (ESI) Type) is a 1-octet field
          (most significant octet) that specifies the format of the
          remaining 9 octets (ESI Value).";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 5";
     }

     identity esi-type-0-operator {
       base esi-type;
       description
         "This type indicates an arbitrary 9-octet ESI value,
          which is managed and configured by the operator.";
     }

     identity esi-type-1-lacp {
       base esi-type;
       description
         "When IEEE 802.1AX Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)
          is used between the Provider Edge (PE) and Customer Edge (CE)
          devices, this ESI type indicates an auto-generated ESI value
          determined from LACP.";
       reference
         "IEEE Std. 802.1AX: Link Aggregation";
     }

     identity esi-type-2-bridge {
       base esi-type;
       description
         "The ESI value is auto-generated and determined based
          on the Layer 2 bridge protocol.";
     }

     identity esi-type-3-mac {
       base esi-type;
       description
         "This type indicates a MAC-based ESI value that can be
          auto-generated or configured by the operator.";
     }

     identity esi-type-4-router-id {
       base esi-type;
       description
         "This type indicates a Router ID ESI value that can be
          auto-generated or configured by the operator.";
     }

     identity esi-type-5-asn {



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       base esi-type;
       description
         "This type indicates an Autonomous System (AS)-based ESI value
          that can be auto-generated or configured by the operator.";
     }

     identity df-election-methods {
       description
         "Base Identity Designated Forwarder (DF) election method.";
     }

     identity default-7432 {
       base df-election-methods;
       description
         "The default DF election method.

          The default procedure for DF election at the granularity of
          <ES,VLAN> for VLAN-based service or <ES, VLAN bundle> for
          VLAN-(aware) bundle service is referred to as
          'service carving'.";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 8.5";
     }

     identity highest-random-weight {
       base df-election-methods;
       description
         "The highest random weight (HRW) method.";
       reference
         "RFC 8584: Framework for Ethernet VPN Designated
                    Forwarder Election Extensibility, Section 3";
     }

     identity preference {
       base df-election-methods;
       description
         "The preference based method. PEs are assigned with
          preferences to become the DF in the Ethernet Segment (ES).
          The exact preference-based algorithm (e.g., lowest-preference
          algorithm, highest-preference algorithm) to use is
          signaled at the control plane.";
     }

     identity es-redundancy-mode {
       description
         "Base identity for ES redundancy modes.";
     }




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     identity single-active {
       base es-redundancy-mode;
       description
         "Indicates Single-Active redundancy mode for a given ES.";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 14.1.1";
     }

     identity all-active {
       base es-redundancy-mode;
       description
         "Indicates All-Active redundancy mode for a given ES.";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 14.1.2";
     }

     /* Main Ethernet Segment Container */

     container ethernet-segments {
       description
         "Top container for the Ethernet Segment Identifier (ESI).";
       list ethernet-segment {
         key "name";
         description
           "Top list for ESIs.";
         leaf name {
           type string;
           description
             "Includes the name of the Ethernet Segment (ES) that
              is used to unambiguously identify an ES.";
         }
         leaf esi-type {
           type identityref {
             base esi-type;
           }
           default "esi-type-0-operator";
           description
             "T-(ESI Type) is a 1-octet field (most significant
              octet) that specifies the format of the remaining
              9 octets (ESI Value).";
           reference
             "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 5";
         }
         choice esi-choice {
           description
             "Ethernet segment choice between several types.
              For ESI Type 0: The esi is directly configured by the
                              operator.



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              For ESI Type 1: The auto-mode must be used.
              For ESI Type 2: The auto-mode must be used.
              For ESI Type 3: The directly-assigned or auto-mode must
                              be used.
              For ESI Type 4: The directly-assigned or auto-mode must
                              be used.
              For ESI Type 5: The directly-assigned or auto-mode must
                              be used.";
           case directly-assigned {
             description
               "Explicitly assign an ESI value.";
             leaf ethernet-segment-identifier {
               type yang:hex-string {
                 length "29";
               }
               description
                 "10-octet ESI.";
             }
           }
           case auto-assigned {
             description
               "The ESI is auto-assigned.";
             container esi-auto {
               description
                 "The ESI is auto-assigned.";
               choice auto-mode {
                 description
                   "Indicates the auto-assignment mode. ESI can be
                    automatically assigned either with or without
                    indicating a pool from which the ESI should be
                    taken.

                    For both cases, the server will auto-assign an
                    ESI value 'auto-assigned-ESI' and use that value
                    operationally.";
                 case from-pool {
                   leaf esi-pool-name {
                     type string;
                     description
                       "The auto-assignment will be made from the
                        pool identified by the ESI-pool-name.";
                   }
                 }
                 case full-auto {
                   leaf auto {
                     type empty;
                     description
                       "Indicates an ESI is fully auto-assigned.";



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                   }
                 }
               }
               leaf auto-ethernet-segment-identifier {
                 type yang:hex-string {
                   length "29";
                 }
                 config false;
                 description
                   "The value of the auto-assigned ESI.";
               }
             }
           }
         }
         leaf esi-redundancy-mode {
           type identityref {
             base es-redundancy-mode;
           }
           description
             "Indicates the ES redundancy mode.";
           reference
             "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 14.1";
         }
         container df-election {
           description
             "Top container for the DF election method properties.";
           leaf df-election-method {
             type identityref {
               base df-election-methods;
             }
             default "default-7432";
             description
               "Specifies the DF election method.";
             reference
               "RFC 8584: Framework for Ethernet VPN Designated
                          Forwarder Election Extensibility";
           }
           leaf revertive {
             when "derived-from-or-self(../df-election-method, "
                + "'preference')" {
               description
                 "The revertive value is only applicable
                  to the preference method.";
             }
             type boolean;
             default "true";
             description
               "The default behavior is that the DF election



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                procedure is triggered upon PE failures following
                configured preference values. Such a mode is called
                the revertive mode. This mode may not be suitable in
                some scenarios where, e.g., an operator may want to
                maintain the new DF even if the former DF recovers.
                Such a mode is called the 'non-revertive' mode.

                The non-revertive mode can be configured by
                setting 'revertive' leaf to 'false'.";
             reference
               "RFC 8584: Framework for Ethernet VPN Designated
                          Forwarder Election Extensibility,
                          Section 1.3.2";
           }
           leaf election-wait-time {
             type uint32;
             units "seconds";
             default "3";
             description
               "Election wait timer.";
             reference
               "RFC 8584: Framework for Ethernet VPN Designated
                          Forwarder Election Extensibility";
           }
         }
         leaf split-horizon-filtering {
           type boolean;
           description
             "Controls split-horizon filtering. It is enabled
              when set to 'true'.

              In order to achieve split-horizon filtering, every
              Broadcast, unknown unicast, or multicast (BUM)
              packet originating from a non-DF PE is encapsulated
              with an MPLS label that identifies the origin ES.";
           reference
             "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 8.3";
         }
         container pbb {
           description
             "Provider Backbone Bridging (PBB) parameters .";
           reference
             "IEEE 802.1ah: Provider Backbone Bridge";
           leaf backbone-src-mac {
             type yang:mac-address;
             description
               "The PEs connected to the same CE must share the
                same Provider Backbone (B-MAC) address in



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                All-Active mode.";
             reference
               "RFC 7623: Provider Backbone Bridging Combined with
                          Ethernet VPN (PBB-EVPN), Section 6.2.1.1";
           }
         }
         list member {
           key "ne-id interface-id";
           description
             "Includes a list of ES members.";
           leaf ne-id {
             type string;
             description
               "An identifier of the network element where the ES
                is configured within a service provider network.";
           }
           leaf interface-id {
             type string;
             description
               "Identifier of a node interface.";
           }
         }
       }
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

8.4.  L2NM

   The "ietf-l2vpn-ntw" YANG module uses types defined in [RFC6991],
   [RFC9181], [RFC8294], and [IEEE802.1Qcp-2018].

   <CODE BEGINS>
   file "ietf-l2vpn-ntw@2022-05-25.yang"
   module ietf-l2vpn-ntw {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2vpn-ntw";
     prefix l2vpn-ntw;

     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix inet;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types, Section 4";
     }
     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix yang;
       reference
         "RFC 6991: Common YANG Data Types, Section 3";



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     }
     import ietf-vpn-common {
       prefix vpn-common;
       reference
         "RFC 9181: A Common YANG for Data Model for Layer 2
                    and Layer 3 VPNs";
     }
     import iana-bgp-l2-encaps {
       prefix iana-bgp-l2-encaps;
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }
     import iana-pseudowire-types {
       prefix iana-pw-types;
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }
     import ietf-ethernet-segment {
       prefix l2vpn-es;
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }
     import ietf-routing-types {
       prefix rt-types;
       reference
         "RFC 8294: Common YANG Data Types for the Routing Area";
     }
     import ieee802-dot1q-types {
       prefix dot1q-types;
       reference
         "IEEE Std 802.1Qcp-2018: Bridges and Bridged Networks -
                                  Amendment: YANG Data Model";
     }

     organization
       "IETF OPSA (Operations and Management Area) Working Group";
     contact
       "WG Web:   <https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/opsawg/>
        WG List:  <mailto:opsawg@ietf.org>

        Editor:    Mohamed Boucadair
                  <mailto:mohamed.boucadair@orange.com>
        Editor:    Samier Barguil
                  <mailto:samier.barguilgiraldo.ext@telefonica.com>
        Author:    Oscar Gonzalez de Dios
                  <mailto:oscar.gonzalezdedios@telefonica.com>";
     description
       "This YANG module defines a network model for Layer 2 VPN



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        services.

        Copyright (c) 2022 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
        to the license terms contained in, the Revised BSD License
        set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
        the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2022-05-25 {
       description
         "Initial version.";
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Network Data Model for Layer 2 VPNs.";
     }

     /* Features */

     feature oam-3ah {
       description
         "Indicates the support of OAM 802.3ah.";
       reference
         "IEEE Std 802.3ah: Media Access Control Parameters, Physical
                            Layers, and  Management Parameters for
                            Subscriber Access Networks";
     }

     /* Identities */

     identity evpn-service-interface-type {
       description
         "Base identity for EVPN service interface type.";
     }

     identity vlan-based-service-interface {
       base evpn-service-interface-type;
       description
         "VLAN-Based Service Interface.";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 6.1";
     }




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     identity vlan-bundle-service-interface {
       base evpn-service-interface-type;
       description
         "VLAN Bundle Service Interface.";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 6.2";
     }

     identity vlan-aware-bundle-service-interface {
       base evpn-service-interface-type;
       description
         "VLAN-Aware Bundle Service Interface.";
       reference
         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN, Section 6.3";
     }

     identity mapping-type {
       base vpn-common:multicast-gp-address-mapping;
       description
         "Identity for multicast group mapping type.";
     }

     identity loop-prevention-type {
       description
         "Identity of loop prevention.";
     }

     identity shut {
       base loop-prevention-type;
       description
         "Shut protection type.";
     }

     identity trap {
       base loop-prevention-type;
       description
         "Trap protection type.";
     }

     identity color-type {
       description
         "Identity of color types. A type is assigned to a service frame
          to identify its QoS profile conformance.";
     }

     identity green {
       base color-type;
       description



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         "'green' color type.  A service frame is 'green' if it is
          conformant with the committed rate of the bandwidth profile.";
     }

     identity yellow {
       base color-type;
       description
         "'yellow' color type. A service frame is 'yellow' if it exceeds
           the committed rate but is conformant with the excess rate
          of the bandwidth profile.";
     }

     identity red {
       base color-type;
       description
         "'red' color type. A service famre is 'red' if it is not
          conformant with both the committed and excess rates of the
          bandwidth profile.";
     }

     identity t-ldp-pw-type {
       description
         "Identity for t-ldp-pw-type.";
     }

     identity vpws-type {
       base t-ldp-pw-type;
       description
         "Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS) t-ldp-pw-type.";
       reference
         "RFC 4664: Framework for Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks
                   (L2VPNs), Section 3.3";
     }

     identity vpls-type {
       base t-ldp-pw-type;
       description
         "Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) t-ldp-pw-type.";
       reference
         "RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using
                    Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
                    Signaling, Section 6.1";
     }

     identity hvpls {
       base t-ldp-pw-type;
       description
         "Identity for Hierarchical Virtual Private LAN Service (H-VPLS)



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          t-ldp-pw-type.";
       reference
         "RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using
                    Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
                    Signaling, Section 10";
     }

     identity lacp-mode {
       description
         "Identity of the LACP mode.";
     }

     identity lacp-active {
       base lacp-mode;
       description
         "LACP active mode.

          This mode refers to the mode where auto-speed negotiation
          is initiated followed by an establishment of an
          Ethernet channel with the other end.";
     }

     identity lacp-passive {
       base lacp-mode;
       description
         "LACP passive mode.

          This mode refers to the LACP mode where an endpoint does
          not initiate the negotiation, but only responds to LACP
          packets initiated by the other end (e.g., full duplex
          or half duplex)";
     }

     identity pm-type {
       description
         "Identity for performance monitoring type.";
     }

     identity loss {
       base pm-type;
       description
         "Loss measurement is the performance monitoring type.";
     }

     identity delay {
       base pm-type;
       description
         "Delay measurement is the performance monitoring type.";



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     }

     identity mac-learning-mode {
       description
         "Media Access Control (MAC) learning mode.";
     }

     identity data-plane {
       base mac-learning-mode;
       description
         "User MAC addresses are learned through ARP broadcast.";
     }

     identity control-plane {
       base mac-learning-mode;
       description
         "User MAC addresses are advertised through EVPN-BGP.";
     }

     identity mac-action {
       description
         "Base identity for a MAC action.";
     }

     identity drop {
       base mac-action;
       description
         "Dropping a packet as the MAC action.";
     }

     identity flood {
       base mac-action;
       description
         "Packet flooding as the MAC action.";
     }

     identity warning {
       base mac-action;
       description
         "Log a warning message as the MAC action.";
     }

     identity precedence-type {
       description
         "Redundancy type. The service can be created
          with primary and secondary signalization.";
     }




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     identity primary {
       base precedence-type;
       description
         "Identifies the main VPN network access.";
     }

     identity secondary {
       base precedence-type;
       description
         "Identifies the secondary VPN network access.";
     }

     identity ldp-pw-type {
       description
         "Identity for allowed LDP-based pseudowire (PW) type.";
       reference
         "RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) Using
                    Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
                    Signaling, Section 6.1.1";
     }

     identity ethernet {
       base ldp-pw-type;
       description
         "PW Ethernet type.";
     }

     identity ethernet-tagged {
       base ldp-pw-type;
       description
         "PW Ethernet tagged mode type.";
     }

     /* Typedefs */

     typedef ccm-priority-type {
       type uint8 {
         range "0..7";
       }
       description
         "A 3-bit priority value to be used in the VLAN tag,
          if present in the transmitted frame. A larger value
          indicates a higher priority.";
     }

     /* Groupings */

     grouping cfm-802 {



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       description
         "Grouping for 802.1ag Connectivity Fault Management (CFM)
          attributes.";
       reference
         "IEEE Std 802-1ag: Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks
                            Amendment 5: Connectivity Fault Management";
       leaf maid {
         type string;
         description
           "Maintenance Association Identifier (MAID).";
       }
       leaf mep-id {
         type uint32;
         description
           "Local Maintenance Entity Group End Point (MEP) ID.";
       }
       leaf mep-level {
         type uint32;
         description
           "MEP level.";
       }
       leaf mep-up-down {
         type enumeration {
           enum up {
             description
               "MEP is up.";
           }
           enum down {
             description
               "MEP is down.";
           }
         }
         default "up";
         description
           "MEP up/down.";
       }
       leaf remote-mep-id {
         type uint32;
         description
           "Remote MEP ID.";
       }
       leaf cos-for-cfm-pdus {
         type uint32;
         description
           "Class of service for CFM PDUs.";
       }
       leaf ccm-interval {
         type uint32;



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         units "milliseconds";
         default "10000";
         description
           "Continuity Check Message (CCM) interval.";
       }
       leaf ccm-holdtime {
         type uint32;
         units "milliseconds";
         default "35000";
         description
           "CCM hold time.";
       }
       leaf ccm-p-bits-pri {
         type ccm-priority-type;
         description
           "The priority parameter for Continuity Check Messages (CCMs)
            transmitted by the MEP.";
       }
     }

     grouping y-1731 {
       description
         "Grouping for Y-1731";
       reference
         "ITU-T Y-1731:  Operations, administration and maintenance
                         (OAM) functions and mechanisms for
                         Ethernet-based networks";
       list y-1731 {
         key "maid";
         description
           "List of configured Y-1731 instances.";
         leaf maid {
           type string;
           description
             "MAID.";
         }
         leaf mep-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Local MEP ID.";
         }
         leaf pm-type {
           type identityref {
             base pm-type;
           }
           default "delay";
           description
             "Performance monitor types.";



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         }
         leaf remote-mep-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Remote MEP ID.";
         }
         leaf message-period {
           type uint32;
           units "milliseconds";
           default "10000";
           description
             "Defines the interval between OAM messages.";
         }
         leaf measurement-interval {
           type uint32;
           units "seconds";
           description
             "Specifies the measurement interval for statistics.";
         }
         leaf cos {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Identifies the Class of Service.";
         }
         leaf loss-measurement {
           type boolean;
           default "false";
           description
             "Controls whether loss measurement is ('true') or
              disabled ('false').";
         }
         leaf synthethic-loss-measurement {
           type boolean;
           default "false";
           description
             "Indicates whether synthetic loss measurement is enabled
              ('true') or disabled ('false').";
         }
         container delay-measurement {
           description
             "Container for delay measurement";
           leaf enable-dm {
             type boolean;
             default "false";
             description
               "Controls whether delay measurement is enabled ('true')
                or disabled ('false').";
           }



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           leaf two-way {
             type boolean;
             default "false";
             description
               "Whether delay measurement is two-way ('true') of one-
                way ('false').";
           }
         }
         leaf frame-size {
           type uint32;
           units "bytes";
           description
             "Indicates the frame size.";
         }
         leaf session-type {
           type enumeration {
             enum proactive {
               description
                 "Proactive mode.";
             }
             enum on-demand {
               description
                 "On-demand mode.";
             }
           }
           default "on-demand";
           description
             "Specifies the session type.";
         }
       }
     }

     grouping parameters-profile {
       description
         "Container for per-service parameters.";
       leaf local-autonomous-system {
         type inet:as-number;
         description
           "Indicates a local AS Number (ASN).";
       }
       leaf svc-mtu {
         type uint32;
         units "bytes";
         description
           "Layer 2 service MTU.
            It is also known as the maximum transmission
            unit or maximum frame size.";
       }



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       leaf ce-vlan-preservation {
         type boolean;
         description
           "Preserve the CE-VLAN ID from ingress to egress, i.e.,
            CE-VLAN tag of the egress frame is identical to
            that of the ingress frame that yielded this egress
            service frame. If all-to-one bundling within a site
            is enabled, then preservation applies to all ingress
            service frames. If all-to-one bundling is disabled,
            then preservation applies to tagged ingress service
            frames having CE-VLAN ID 1 through 4094.";
       }
       leaf ce-vlan-cos-preservation {
         type boolean;
         description
           "CE VLAN CoS preservation. Priority Code Point (PCP) bits
            in the CE-VLAN tag of the egress frame are identical to
            those of the ingress frame that yielded this egress
            service frame.";
       }
       leaf control-word-negotiation {
         type boolean;
         description
           "Controls whether Control-word negotiation is enabled
            (if set to true) or not (if set to false).";
         reference
           "RFC 8077: Pseudowire Setup and Maintenance
                      Using the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP),
                      Section 7";
       }
       container mac-policies {
         description
           "Container of MAC policies.";
         container mac-addr-limit {
           description
             "Container of MAC address limit configuration.";
           leaf limit-number {
             type uint16;
             description
               "Maximum number of MAC addresses learned from
                the customer for a single service instance.
                The default value is '2' when this grouping
                is used at the service level.";
           }
           leaf time-interval {
             type uint32;
             units "milliseconds";
             description



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               "The aging time of the mac address.
                The default value is '300' when this grouping
                is used at the service level.";
           }
           leaf action {
             type identityref {
               base mac-action;
             }
             description
               "Specifies the action when the upper limit is
                exceeded: drop the packet, flood the packet,
                or log a warning message (without dropping
                the packet).
                The default value is 'warning' when this
                grouping is used at the service level.";
           }
         }
         container mac-loop-prevention {
           description
             "Container for MAC loop prevention.";
           leaf window {
             type uint32;
             units "seconds";
             description
               "The time interval over which a MAC mobility event
                is detected and checked.
                The default value is '180' when this grouping
                is used at the service level.";
           }
           leaf frequency {
             type uint32;
             description
               "The number of times to detect MAC duplication, where
                a 'duplicate MAC address' situation has occurred
                within the 'window' time interval and the duplicate
                MAC address has been added to a list of duplicate
                MAC addresses.
                The default value is '5' when this grouping is
                called at the service level.";
           }
           leaf retry-timer {
             type uint32;
             units "seconds";
             description
               "The retry timer. When the retry timer expires,
                the duplicate MAC address will be flushed from
                the MAC-VRF.";
           }



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           leaf protection-type {
             type identityref {
               base loop-prevention-type;
             }
             description
               "Protection type.
                The default value is 'trap' when this grouping
                is used at the service level.";
           }
         }
       }
       container multicast {
         if-feature "vpn-common:multicast";
         description
           "Multicast container.";
         leaf enabled {
           type boolean;
           default "false";
           description
             "Enables multicast.";
         }
         container customer-tree-flavors {
           description
             "Type of trees used by the customer.";
           leaf-list tree-flavor {
             type identityref {
               base vpn-common:multicast-tree-type;
             }
             description
               "Type of multicast tree to be used.";
           }
         }
       }
     }

     grouping bandwidth-parameters {
       description
         "A grouping for bandwidth parameters.";
       leaf cir {
         type uint64;
         units "bps";
         description
           "Committed Information Rate. The maximum
            number of bits that a port can receive or
            send during one-second over an
            interface.";
       }
       leaf cbs {



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         type uint64;
         units "bytes";
         description
           "Committed Burst Size. CBS controls the
            bursty nature of the traffic. Traffic
            that does not use the configured CIR
            accumulates credits until the credits
            reach the configured CBS.";
       }
       leaf eir {
         type uint64;
         units "bps";
         description
           "Excess Information Rate, i.e., excess
            frame delivery allowed not subject to
            SLA. The traffic rate can be limited
            by EIR.";
       }
       leaf ebs {
         type uint64;
         units "bytes";
         description
           "Excess Burst Size. The bandwidth
            available for burst traffic from the
            EBS is subject to the amount of
            bandwidth that is accumulated during
            periods when traffic allocated by the
            EIR policy is not used.";
       }
       leaf pir {
         type uint64;
         units "bps";
         description
           "Peak Information Rate, i.e., maximum
            frame delivery allowed. It is equal
            to or less than sum of CIR and EIR.";
       }
       leaf pbs {
         type uint64;
         units "bytes";
         description
           "Peak Burst Size.";
       }
     }

     /* Main L2NM Container */

     container l2vpn-ntw {



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       description
         "Container for the L2NM.";
       container vpn-profiles {
         description
           "Container for VPN profiles.";
         uses vpn-common:vpn-profile-cfg;
       }
       container vpn-services {
         description
           "Container for L2VPN services.";
         list vpn-service {
           key "vpn-id";
           description
             "Container of a VPN service.";
           uses vpn-common:vpn-description;
           leaf parent-service-id {
             type vpn-common:vpn-id;
             description
               "Pointer to the parent service that
                triggered the L2NM.";
           }
           leaf vpn-type {
             type identityref {
               base vpn-common:service-type;
             }
             must "not(derived-from-or-self(current(), "
                + "'vpn-common:l3vpn'))" {
               error-message "L3VPN is only applicable in L3NM.";
             }
             description
               "Service type.";
           }
           leaf vpn-service-topology {
             type identityref {
               base vpn-common:vpn-topology;
             }
             description
               "Defining service topology, such as
                any-to-any, hub-spoke, etc.";
           }
           leaf bgp-ad-enabled {
             type boolean;
             description
               "Indicates whether BGP auto-discovery is enabled
                or disabled.";
           }
           leaf signaling-type {
             type identityref {



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               base vpn-common:vpn-signaling-type;
             }
             description
               "VPN signaling type.";
           }
           container global-parameters-profiles {
             description
               "Container for a list of global parameters
                profiles.";
             list global-parameters-profile {
               key "profile-id";
               description
                 "List of global parameters profiles.";
               leaf profile-id {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "The identifier of the global parameters profile.";
               }
               uses vpn-common:route-distinguisher;
               uses vpn-common:vpn-route-targets;
               uses parameters-profile;
             }
           }
           container underlay-transport {
             description
               "Container for the underlay transport.";
             uses vpn-common:underlay-transport;
           }
           uses vpn-common:service-status;
           container vpn-nodes {
             description
               "Set of VPN nodes that are involved in the L2NM.";
             list vpn-node {
               key "vpn-node-id";
               description
                 "Container of the VPN nodes.";
               leaf vpn-node-id {
                 type vpn-common:vpn-id;
                 description
                   "Sets the identifier of the VPN node.";
               }
               leaf description {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "Textual description of a VPN node.";
               }
               leaf ne-id {
                 type string;



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                 description
                   "An identifier of the network element where
                    the VPN node is deployed. This identifier
                    uniquely identifies the network element within
                    an administrative domain.";
               }
               leaf role {
                 type identityref {
                   base vpn-common:role;
                 }
                 default "vpn-common:any-to-any-role";
                 description
                   "Role of the VPN node in the VPN.";
               }
               leaf router-id {
                 type rt-types:router-id;
                 description
                   "A 32-bit number in the dotted-quad format that is
                    used to uniquely identify a node within an
                    autonomous system (AS).";
               }
               container active-global-parameters-profiles {
                 description
                   "Container for a list of global parameters
                    profiles.";
                 list global-parameters-profile {
                   key "profile-id";
                   description
                     "List of active global parameters profiles.";
                   leaf profile-id {
                     type leafref {
                       path "../../../../../global-parameters-profiles"
                          + "/global-parameters-profile/profile-id";
                     }
                     description
                       "Points to a global profile defined at the
                        service level.";
                   }
                   uses parameters-profile;
                 }
               }
               uses vpn-common:service-status;
               container bgp-auto-discovery {
                  when "../../../bgp-ad-enabled = 'true'" {
                   description
                     "Only applies when BGP auto-discovery is enabled.";
                 }
                 description



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                   "BGP is used for auto-discovery.";
                 choice bgp-type {
                   description
                     "Choice for the BGP type.";
                   case l2vpn-bgp {
                     description
                       "Container for BGP L2VPN.";
                     leaf vpn-id {
                       type vpn-common:vpn-id;
                       description
                         "VPN Identifier. This identifier serves to
                          unify components of a given VPN for the
                          sake of auto-discovery.";
                       reference
                         "RFC 6624: Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks
                                    Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and
                                    Signaling";
                     }
                   }
                   case evpn-bgp {
                     description
                       "EVPN case.";
                     leaf evpn-type {
                       type leafref {
                         path "../../../../vpn-type";
                       }
                       description
                         "EVPN type.";
                     }
                     leaf auto-rt-enable {
                       type boolean;
                       default "false";
                       description
                         "Enables/disabled RT auto-derivation based on
                          the ASN and Ethernet Tag ID.";
                       reference
                         "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN,
                                    Section 7.10.1";
                     }
                     leaf auto-route-target {
                       when "../auto-rt-enable = 'true'" {
                         description
                           "Can only be used when auto-RD is enabled.";
                       }
                       type rt-types:route-target;
                       config false;
                       description
                         "The value of the auto-assigned RT.";



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                     }
                   }
                 }
                 uses vpn-common:route-distinguisher;
                 uses vpn-common:vpn-route-targets;
               }
               container signaling-option {
                 description
                   "Container for the L2VPN signaling.";
                 leaf advertise-mtu {
                   type boolean;
                   description
                     "Controls whether MTU is advertised.";
                   reference
                     "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN)
                                Extensions for Layer 2 Tunneling
                                Protocol (L2TP), Section 4.3";
                 }
                 leaf mtu-allow-mismatch {
                   type boolean;
                   description
                     "When set to true, it allows MTU mismatch.";
                   reference
                     "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN)
                                Extensions for Layer 2 Tunneling
                                Protocol (L2TP), Section 4.3";
                 }
                 leaf signaling-type {
                   type leafref {
                     path "../../../../signaling-type";
                   }
                   description
                     "VPN signaling type.";
                 }
                 choice signaling-option {
                   description
                     "Choice for the signaling-option.";
                   case bgp {
                     description
                       "BGP is used as the signaling protocol.";
                     choice bgp-type {
                       description
                         "Choice for the BGP type.";
                       case l2vpn-bgp {
                         description
                           "Container for BGP L2VPN.";
                         leaf ce-range {
                           type uint16;



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                           description
                             "Determines the number of remote CEs with
                              which a given CE can communicate in the
                               context of a VPN.";
                           reference
                             "RFC 6624: Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks
                                        Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and
                                        Signaling";
                         }
                         leaf pw-encapsulation-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base iana-bgp-l2-encaps:bgp-l2-encaps-type;
                           }
                           description
                             "PW encapsulation type.";
                         }
                         container vpls-instance {
                           when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../"
                              + "vpn-type, 'vpn-common:vpls')" {
                             description
                               "Only applies for VPLS.";
                           }
                           description
                             "VPLS instance.";
                           leaf vpls-edge-id {
                             type uint16;
                             description
                               "VPLS Edge Identifier (VE ID). This is
                                used when the same VE ID is configured
                                for the PE.";
                             reference
                               "RFC 4761: Virtual Private LAN Service
                                          (VPLS) Using BGP for Auto-
                                          Discovery and Signaling,
                                          Section 3.5";
                           }
                           leaf vpls-edge-id-range {
                             type uint16;
                             description
                               "Specifies the size of the range of
                                VE ID in a VPLS service. The range
                                controls the size of the label
                                block advertised in the context of
                                a VPLS instance.";
                             reference
                               "RFC 4761: Virtual Private LAN Service
                                          (VPLS) Using BGP for Auto-
                                          Discovery and Signaling";



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                           }
                         }
                       }
                       case evpn-bgp {
                         description
                           "Used for EVPN.";
                         leaf evpn-type {
                           type leafref {
                             path "../../bgp-auto-discovery/evpn-type";
                           }
                           description
                             "EVPN type.";
                         }
                         leaf service-interface-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base evpn-service-interface-type;
                           }
                           description
                             "EVPN service interface type.";
                         }
                         container evpn-policies {
                           description
                             "Includes a set of EVPN policies such
                              as those related to handling MAC
                              addresses.";
                           leaf mac-learning-mode {
                             type identityref {
                               base mac-learning-mode;
                             }
                             description
                               "Indicates through which plane MAC
                                addresses are advertised.";
                           }
                           leaf ingress-replication {
                             type boolean;
                             description
                               "Controls whether ingress replication is
                                enabled ('true') or disabled ('false').";
                             reference
                               "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN,
                                          Section 8.3.1.1";
                           }
                           leaf p2mp-replication {
                             type boolean;
                             description
                               "Controles whether P2MP replication is
                                enabled ('true') or disabled ('false')";
                             reference



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                               "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN,
                                          Section 8.3.1.2";
                           }
                           container arp-proxy {
                             if-feature "vpn-common:ipv4";
                             description
                               "Top container for the ARP proxy.";
                             leaf enable {
                               type boolean;
                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Enables (when set to 'true') or
                                  disables (when set to 'false')
                                  ARP proxy.";
                               reference
                                 "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN,
                                            Section 10";
                             }
                             leaf arp-suppression {
                               type boolean;
                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Enables (when set to 'true') or
                                  disables (when set to 'false') ARP
                                  suppression.";
                               reference
                                 "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet
                                            VPN";
                             }
                             leaf ip-mobility-threshold {
                               type uint16;
                               description
                                 "It is possible for a given host (as
                                  defined by its IP address) to move
                                  from one ES  to another.
                                  IP mobility threshold specifies the
                                  number of IP mobility events
                                  that are detected for a given IP
                                  address within the
                                  detection-threshold before it
                                  is identified as a duplicate IP
                                  address.
                                  Once the detection threshold is
                                  reached, updates for the IP address
                                  are suppressed.";
                             }
                             leaf duplicate-ip-detection-interval {
                               type uint16;



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                               units "seconds";
                               description
                                 "The time interval used in detecting a
                                  duplicate IP address. Duplicate IP
                                  address detection number of host moves
                                  are allowed within this interval
                                  period.";
                             }
                           }
                           container nd-proxy {
                             if-feature "vpn-common:ipv6";
                             description
                               "Top container for the ND proxy.";
                             leaf enable {
                               type boolean;
                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Enables (when set to 'true') or
                                  disables (when set to 'false') ND
                                  proxy.";
                               reference
                                 "RFC 7432: BGP MPLS-Based Ethernet VPN,
                                            Section 10";
                             }
                             leaf nd-suppression {
                               type boolean;
                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Enables (when set to 'true') or
                                  disables (when set to 'false')
                                  Neighbor Discovery (ND) message
                                  suppression.
                                  ND suppression is a technique that
                                  is used to reduce the amount of ND
                                  packets flooding within individual
                                  segments, that is between hosts
                                  connected to the same logical
                                  switch.";
                             }
                             leaf ip-mobility-threshold {
                               type uint16;
                               description
                                 "It is possible for a given host (as
                                  defined by its IP address) to move
                                  from one ES to another.
                                  IP mobility threshold specifies the
                                  number of IP mobility events
                                  that are detected for a given IP



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                                  address within the
                                  detection-threshold before it
                                  is identified as a duplicate IP
                                  address.
                                  Once the detection threshold is
                                  reached, updates for the IP address
                                  are suppressed.";
                             }
                             leaf duplicate-ip-detection-interval {
                               type uint16;
                               units "seconds";
                               description
                                 "The time interval used in detecting a
                                  duplicate IP address. Duplicate IP
                                  address detection number of host moves
                                  are allowed within this interval
                                  period.";
                             }
                           }
                           leaf underlay-multicast {
                             type boolean;
                             default "false";
                             description
                               "Enables (when set to 'true') or disables
                                (when set to 'false') underlay
                                multicast.";
                           }
                           leaf flood-unknown-unicast-supression {
                             type boolean;
                             default "false";
                             description
                               "Enables (when set to 'true') or disables
                                (when set to 'false') unknown flood
                                unicast suppression.";
                           }
                           leaf vpws-vlan-aware {
                             type boolean;
                             default "false";
                             description
                               "Enables (when set to 'true') or disables
                                (when set to 'false') VPWS VLAN-aware.";
                           }
                           container bum-management {
                             description
                               "Broadcast-unknown-unicast-multicast
                                management.";
                             leaf discard-broadcast {
                               type boolean;



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                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Discards broadcast, when enabled.";
                             }
                             leaf discard-unknown-multicast {
                               type boolean;
                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Discards unknown multicast, when
                                  enabled.";
                             }
                             leaf discard-unknown-unicast {
                               type boolean;
                               default "false";
                               description
                                 "Discards unknown unicast, when
                                  enabled.";
                             }
                           }
                           container pbb {
                             when "derived-from-or-self("
                                + "../../evpn-type, 'pbb-evpn')" {
                               description
                                 "Only applies for PBB EVPN.";
                             }
                             description
                               "PBB parameters container.";
                             reference
                               "IEEE 802.1ah: Provider Backbone Bridge";
                             leaf backbone-src-mac {
                               type yang:mac-address;
                               description
                                 "Includes provider backbone MAC (B-MAC)
                                  address.";
                               reference
                                 "RFC 7623: Provider Backbone Bridging
                                            Combined with Ethernet VPN
                                            (PBB-EVPN), Section 8.1";
                             }
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                   }
                   container ldp-or-l2tp {
                     description
                       "Container for LDP or L2TP-signaled PWs
                        choice.";



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                     leaf agi {
                       type rt-types:route-distinguisher;
                       description
                         "Attachment Group Identifier. Also, called
                          VPLS-Id.";
                       reference
                         "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
                                    (L2VPN) Extensions for Layer 2
                                    Tunneling Protocol (L2TP),
                                    Section 4.3
                          RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)
                                    Using Label Distribution Protocol
                                    (LDP) Signaling, Section 6.1.1";
                     }
                     leaf saii {
                       type uint32;
                       description
                         "Source Attachment Individual Identifier
                          (SAII).";
                       reference
                         "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
                                    (L2VPN) Extensions for Layer 2
                                    Tunneling Protocol (L2TP),
                                    Section 3";
                     }
                     list remote-targets {
                       key "taii";
                       description
                         "List of allowed target Attachment Individual
                          Identifier (AII) and peers.";
                       reference
                         "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
                                    (L2VPN) Extensions for Layer 2
                                    Tunneling Protocol (L2TP),
                                    Section 5";
                       leaf taii {
                         type uint32;
                         description
                           "Target Attachment Individual Identifier.";
                         reference
                           "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
                                      (L2VPN) Extensions for Layer 2
                                      Tunneling  Protocol (L2TP),
                                      Section 3";
                       }
                       leaf peer-addr {
                         type inet:ip-address;
                         description



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                           "Indicates the peer forwarder's IP address.";
                       }
                     }
                     choice ldp-or-l2tp {
                       description
                         "Choice of LDP or L2TP-signaled PWs.";
                       case ldp {
                         description
                           "Container for T-LDP PW configurations.";
                         leaf t-ldp-pw-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base t-ldp-pw-type;
                           }
                           description
                             "T-LDP PW type.";
                         }
                         leaf pw-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base ldp-pw-type;
                           }
                           description
                             "PW encapsulation type.";
                           reference
                             "RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service
                                        (VPLS) Using Label Distribution
                                        Protocol (LDP) Signaling,
                                        Section 6.1.1";
                         }
                         leaf pw-description {
                           type string;
                           description
                             "Includes a human-readable description
                              of the interface. This may be used when
                              communicating with a remote peer.";
                           reference
                             "RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service
                                        (VPLS) Using Label Distribution
                                        Protocol (LDP) Signaling,
                                        Section 6.1.1";
                         }
                         leaf mac-addr-withdraw {
                           type boolean;
                           description
                             "If set to 'true', then MAC address
                              withdrawal is enabled.  If 'false',
                              then MAC address withdrawal is
                              disabled.";
                           reference



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                             "RFC 4762: Virtual Private LAN Service
                                        (VPLS) Using Label Distribution
                                        Protocol (LDP) Signaling,
                                        Section 6.2";
                         }
                         list pw-peer-list {
                           key "peer-addr vc-id";
                           description
                             "List of AC and PW bindings.";
                           leaf peer-addr {
                             type inet:ip-address;
                             description
                               "Indicates the peer's IP address.";
                           }
                           leaf vc-id {
                             type string;
                             description
                               "VC label used to identify a PW.";
                           }
                           leaf pw-priority {
                             type uint32;
                             description
                               "Defines the priority for the PW.
                                The higher the pw-priority value, the
                                higher the preference of the PW will
                                be.";
                           }
                         }
                         container qinq {
                           when "derived-from-or-self("
                              + "../t-ldp-pw-type, 'hvpls')" {
                             description
                               "Only applies when t-ldp pw type
                                is h-vpls.";
                           }
                           description
                             "Container for QinQ.";
                           leaf s-tag {
                             type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                             mandatory true;
                             description
                               "S-TAG.";
                           }
                           leaf c-tag {
                             type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                             mandatory true;
                             description
                               "C-TAG.";



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                           }
                         }
                       }
                       case l2tp {
                         description
                           "Container for L2TP PWs.";
                         leaf router-id {
                           type rt-types:router-id;
                           description
                             "A 32-bit number in the dotted-quad format
                              that is used to uniquely identify a node
                              within a service provider network.";
                           reference
                             "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
                                        (L2VPN) Extensions for Layer 2
                                        Tunneling Protocol (L2TP),
                                        Section 4.2";
                         }
                         leaf pseudowire-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base iana-pw-types:iana-pw-types;
                           }
                           description
                             "Encapsulation type.";
                           reference
                             "RFC 4667: Layer 2 Virtual Private Network
                                        (L2VPN) Extensions for Layer 2
                                        Tunneling Protocol (L2TP),
                                        Section 4.2";
                         }
                       }
                     }
                   }
                 }
               }
               container vpn-network-accesses {
                 description
                   "Main container for VPN network accesses.";
                 list vpn-network-access {
                   key "id";
                   description
                     "List of VPN network accesses.";
                   leaf id {
                     type vpn-common:vpn-id;
                     description
                       "Identifier of the network access";
                   }
                   leaf description {



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                     type string;
                     description
                       "A textual description of the VPN network
                        access.";
                   }
                   leaf interface-id {
                     type string;
                     description
                       "Refers to a physical or logical interface.";
                   }
                   leaf active-vpn-node-profile {
                     type leafref {
                         path "../../.."
                          + "/active-global-parameters-profiles"
                          + "/global-parameters-profile/profile-id";
                     }
                     description
                       "An identifier of an active VPN instance
                        profile.";
                   }
                   uses vpn-common:service-status;
                   container connection {
                     description
                       "Container for the bearer and AC.";
                     leaf l2-termination-point {
                       type string;
                       description
                         "Specifies a reference to a local Layer 2
                          termination point such as a Layer 2
                          sub-interface.";
                     }
                     leaf local-bridge-reference {
                       type string;
                       description
                         "Specifies a local bridge reference to
                          accommodate, for example, implementations
                          that require internal bridging.
                          A reference may be a local bridge domain.";
                     }
                     leaf bearer-reference {
                       if-feature "vpn-common:bearer-reference";
                       type string;
                       description
                         "This is an internal reference for the service
                          provider to identify the bearer associated
                          with this VPN.";
                     }
                     container encapsulation {



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                       description
                         "Container for Layer 2 encapsulation.";
                       leaf encap-type {
                         type identityref {
                           base vpn-common:encapsulation-type;
                         }
                         default "vpn-common:priority-tagged";
                         description
                           "Tagged interface type. By default, the
                            type of the tagged interface is
                            'priority-tagged'.";
                       }
                       container dot1q {
                         when "derived-from-or-self(../encap-type, "
                            + "'vpn-common:dot1q')" {
                           description
                             "Only applies when the type of the
                              tagged interface is 'dot1q'.";
                         }
                         description
                           "Tagged interface.";
                         leaf tag-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base vpn-common:tag-type;
                           }
                           default "vpn-common:c-vlan";
                           description
                             "Tag type. By default, the tag type is
                              'c-vlan'.";
                         }
                         leaf cvlan-id {
                           type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                           description
                             "VLAN identifier.";
                         }
                         container tag-operations {
                           description
                             "Sets the tag manipulation policy for this
                              VPN network access. It defines a set of
                              tag manipulations that allow for the
                              insertion, removal, or rewriting
                              of 802.1Q VLAN tags. These operations are
                              indicated for the CE-PE direction.
                              By default, tag operations are symmetric.
                              As such, the reverse tag operation is
                              assumed on the PE-CE direction.";
                           choice op-choice {
                             description



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                               "Selects the tag rewriting policy for a
                                VPN network access.";
                             leaf pop {
                               type empty;
                               description
                                 "Pop the outer tag.";
                             }
                             leaf push {
                               type empty;
                               description
                                 "Push one or two tags defined by the
                                  tag-1 and tag-2 leaves. It is
                                  assumed that, absent any policy, the
                                  default value of 0 will be used for
                                  PCP setting.";
                             }
                             leaf translate {
                               type empty;
                               description
                                 "Translate the outer tag to one or two
                                  tags. PCP bits are preserved.";
                             }
                           }
                           leaf tag-1 {
                             when 'not(../pop)';
                             type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                             description
                               "A first tag to be used for push or
                                translate operations. This tag will be
                                used as the outermost tag as a result
                                of the tag operation.";
                           }
                           leaf tag-1-type {
                             type dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type;
                             default "dot1q-types:s-vlan";
                             description
                               "Specifies a specific 802.1Q tag type
                                of tag-1.";
                           }
                           leaf tag-2 {
                             when '(../translate)';
                             type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                             description
                               "A second tag to be used for
                                translation.";
                           }
                           leaf tag-2-type {
                             type dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type;



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                             default "dot1q-types:c-vlan";
                             description
                               "Specifies a specific 802.1Q tag type
                                of tag-2.";
                           }
                         }
                       }
                       container priority-tagged {
                         when "derived-from-or-self(../encap-type, "
                            + "'vpn-common:priority-tagged')" {
                           description
                             "Only applies when the type of the
                              tagged interface is 'priority-tagged'.";
                         }
                         description
                           "Priority tagged container.";
                         leaf tag-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base vpn-common:tag-type;
                           }
                           default "vpn-common:c-vlan";
                           description
                             "Tag type. By default, the tag type is
                              'c-vlan'.";
                         }
                       }
                       container qinq {
                         when "derived-from-or-self(../encap-type, "
                            + "'vpn-common:qinq')" {
                           description
                             "Only applies when the type of the tagged
                              interface is QinQ.";
                         }
                         description
                           "Includes QinQ parameters.";
                         leaf tag-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base vpn-common:tag-type;
                           }
                           default "vpn-common:s-c-vlan";
                           description
                             "Tag type. By default, the tag type is
                              's-c-vlan'.";
                         }
                         leaf svlan-id {
                           type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                           mandatory true;
                           description



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                             "S-VLAN identifier.";
                         }
                         leaf cvlan-id {
                           type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                           mandatory true;
                           description
                             "C-VLAN identifier.";
                         }
                         container tag-operations {
                           description
                             "Sets the tag manipulation policy for this
                              VPN network access. It defines a set of
                              tag manipulations that allow for the
                              insertion, removal, or rewriting
                              of 802.1Q VLAN tags. These operations are
                              indicated for the CE-PE direction.
                              By default, tag operations are symmetric.
                              As such, the reverse tag operation is
                              assumed on the PE-CE direction.";
                           choice op-choice {
                             description
                               "Selects the tag rewriting policy for a
                                VPN network access.";
                             leaf pop {
                               type uint8 {
                                 range "1|2";
                               }
                               description
                                 "Pop one or two tags as a function
                                  of the indicated pop value.";
                             }
                             leaf push {
                               type empty;
                               description
                                 "Push one or two tags defined by the
                                  tag-1 and tag-2 leaves. It is
                                  assumed that, absent any policy, the
                                  default value of 0 will be used for
                                  PCP setting.";
                             }
                             leaf translate {
                               type uint8 {
                                 range "1|2";
                               }
                               description
                                 "Translate one or two outer tags. PCP
                                  bits are preserved.




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                                  The following operations are
                                  supported:

                                  - translate 1 with tag-1 leaf is
                                    provided: only the outermost tag is
                                    translated to the value in tag-1.

                                  - translate 2 with both tag-1 and
                                    tag-2 leaves are provided: both
                                    outer and inner tags are translated
                                    to the values in tag-1 and tag-2,
                                    respectively.

                                  - translate 2 with tag-1 leaf is
                                    provided: the outer tag is popped
                                    while the inner tag is translated
                                    to the value in tag-1.";
                             }
                           }
                           leaf tag-1 {
                             when 'not(../pop)';
                             type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                             description
                               "A first tag to be used for push or
                                translate operations. This tag will be
                                used as the outermost tag as a result
                                of the tag operation.";
                           }
                           leaf tag-1-type {
                             type dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type;
                             default "dot1q-types:s-vlan";
                             description
                               "Specifies a specific 802.1Q tag type
                                of tag-1.";
                           }
                           leaf tag-2 {
                             when 'not(../pop)';
                             type dot1q-types:vlanid;
                             description
                               "A second tag to be used for push or
                                translate operations.";
                           }
                           leaf tag-2-type {
                             type dot1q-types:dot1q-tag-type;
                             default "dot1q-types:c-vlan";
                             description
                               "Specifies a specific 802.1Q tag type
                                of tag-2.";



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                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                     container lag-interface {
                       if-feature "vpn-common:lag-interface";
                       description
                         "Container of LAG interface attributes
                          configuration.";
                       leaf lag-interface-id {
                         type string;
                         description
                           "LAG interface identifier.";
                       }
                       container lacp {
                         description
                           "Container for LACP.";
                         leaf lacp-state {
                           type boolean;
                           default "false";
                           description
                             "Controls whether LACP is enabled.";
                         }
                         leaf mode {
                           type identityref {
                             base lacp-mode;
                           }
                           description
                             "Indicates the LACP mode.";
                         }
                         leaf speed {
                           type uint32;
                           units "mbps";
                           default "10";
                           description
                             "LACP speed. This low default value
                              is inherited from the L2SM.";
                         }
                         leaf mini-link-num {
                           type uint32;
                           description
                             "Defines the minimum number of links that
                              must be active before the aggregating
                              link is put into service.";
                         }
                         leaf system-id {
                           type yang:mac-address;
                           description



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                             "Indicates the System ID used by LACP.";
                         }
                         leaf admin-key {
                           type uint16;
                           description
                             "Indicates the value of the key used for
                              the aggregate interface.";
                         }
                         leaf system-priority {
                           type uint16 {
                             range "0..65535";
                           }
                           default "32768";
                           description
                             "Indicates the LACP priority for the
                              system.";
                         }
                         container member-link-list {
                           description
                             "Container of Member link list.";
                           list member-link {
                             key "name";
                             description
                               "Member link.";
                             leaf name {
                               type string;
                               description
                                 "Member link name.";
                             }
                             leaf speed {
                               type uint32;
                               units "mbps";
                               default "10";
                               description
                                 "Port speed.";
                             }
                             leaf mode {
                               type identityref {
                                 base vpn-common:neg-mode;
                               }
                               description
                                 "Negotiation mode.";
                             }
                             leaf link-mtu {
                               type uint32;
                               units "bytes";
                               description
                                 "Link MTU size.";



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                             }
                             container oam-802.3ah-link {
                               if-feature "oam-3ah";
                               description
                                 "Container for oam 802.3ah link.";
                               leaf enable {
                                 type boolean;
                                 default "false";
                                 description
                                   "Indicates support of OAM 802.3ah
                                    link.";
                               }
                             }
                           }
                         }
                         leaf flow-control {
                           type boolean;
                           default "false";
                           description
                             "Indicates whether flow control is
                              supported.";
                         }
                         leaf lldp {
                           type boolean;
                           default "false";
                           description
                             "Indicates whether Link Layer Discovery
                              Protocol (LLDP) is supported.";
                         }
                       }
                       container split-horizon {
                         description
                           "Configuration with split horizon enabled.";
                         leaf group-name {
                           type string;
                           description
                             "Group name of the Split Horizon.";
                         }
                       }
                     }
                   }
                   choice signaling-option {
                     description
                       "Choice for the signaling-option.";
                     case bgp {
                       description
                         "BGP is used as the signaling protocol.";
                       choice bgp-type {



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                         description
                           "Choice for the BGP type.";
                         case l2vpn-bgp {
                           description
                             "Container for BGP L2VPN.";
                           leaf ce-id {
                             type uint16;
                             description
                               "Identifies the CE within the VPN.";
                             reference
                               "RFC 6624: Layer 2 Virtual Private
                                          Networks Using BGP for
                                          Auto-Discovery and
                                          Signaling";
                           }
                           leaf remote-ce-id {
                             type uint16;
                             description
                               "Indicates the identifier of the remote
                                CE.";
                           }
                           container vpls-instance {
                             when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../../"
                                + "vpn-type, 'vpn-common:vpls')" {
                               description
                                 "Only applies for VPLS.";
                             }
                             description
                               "VPLS instance.";
                             leaf vpls-edge-id {
                               type uint16;
                               description
                                 "VPLS Edge Identifier (VE ID).";
                               reference
                                 "RFC 4761: Virtual Private LAN Service
                                            (VPLS) Using BGP for Auto-
                                            Discovery and Signaling,
                                            Section 3.2.1";
                             }
                           }
                         }
                         case evpn-bgp {
                           description
                             "Used for EVPN.";
                           leaf df-preference {
                             type uint16;
                             default "32767";
                             description



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                               "Defines a 2-octet value that indicates
                                the PE preference to become the DF in
                                the ES.

                                The preference value is only applicable
                                to the preference based method.";
                             reference
                               "RFC 8584: Framework for Ethernet VPN
                                          Designated Forwarder Election
                                          Extensibility";
                           }
                           container vpws-service-instance {
                             when "derived-from-or-self(../../../../../"
                                + "vpn-type, 'vpn-common:vpws-evpn')" {
                               description
                                 "Only applies for EVPN-VPWS.";
                             }
                             description
                               "Local and remote VPWS Service Instance
                                (VSI)";
                             reference
                               "RFC 8214: Virtual Private Wire Service
                                          Support in Ethernet VPN";
                             choice local-vsi-choice {
                               description
                                 "Choices for assigning local VSI.";
                               case directly-assigned {
                                 description
                                   "Explicitly assign a local VSI.";
                                 leaf local-vpws-service-instance {
                                   type uint32 {
                                     range "1..16777215";
                                   }
                                   description
                                     "Indicates the assigned local
                                      VSI.";
                                 }
                               }
                               case auto-assigned {
                                 description
                                   "The local VSI is auto-assigned.";
                                 container local-vsi-auto {
                                   description
                                     "The local VSI is auto-assigned.";
                                   choice auto-mode {
                                     description
                                       "Indicates the auto-assignment
                                        mode of local VSI. VSI can be



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                                        automatically assigned either
                                        with or without indicating a
                                        pool from which the VSI
                                        should be taken.

                                        For both cases, the server
                                        will auto-assign a local VSI
                                        value and use that value.";
                                     case from-pool {
                                       leaf vsi-pool-name {
                                         type string;
                                         description
                                           "The auto-assignment will be
                                            made from this pool.";
                                       }
                                     }
                                     case full-auto {
                                       leaf auto {
                                         type empty;
                                         description
                                           "Indicates that a local VSI
                                            is fully auto-assigned.";
                                       }
                                     }
                                   }
                                   leaf auto-local-vsi {
                                     type uint32 {
                                       range "1..16777215";
                                     }
                                     config false;
                                     description
                                       "The value of the auto-assigned
                                        local VSI.";
                                   }
                                 }
                               }
                             }
                             choice remote-vsi-choice {
                               description
                                 "Choice for assigning the remote VSI.";
                               case directly-assigned {
                                 description
                                   "Explicitly assign a remote VSI.";
                                 leaf remote-vpws-service-instance {
                                   type uint32 {
                                     range "1..16777215";
                                   }
                                   description



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                                     "Indicates the value of the remote
                                      VSI.";
                                 }
                               }
                               case auto-assigned {
                                 description
                                   "The remote VSI is auto-assigned.";
                                 container remote-vsi-auto {
                                   description
                                     "The remote VSI is auto-assigned.";
                                   choice auto-mode {
                                     description
                                       "Indicates the auto-assignment
                                        mode of remote VSI. VSI can be
                                        automatically assigned either
                                        with or without indicating a
                                        pool from which the VSI
                                        should be taken.

                                        For both cases, the server
                                        will auto-assign a remote VSI
                                        value and use that value.";
                                     case from-pool {
                                       leaf vsi-pool-name {
                                         type string;
                                         description
                                           "The auto-assignment will be
                                            made from this pool.";
                                       }
                                     }
                                     case full-auto {
                                       leaf auto {
                                         type empty;
                                         description
                                           "Indicates that a remote VSI
                                            is fully auto-assigned.";
                                       }
                                     }
                                   }
                                   leaf auto-remote-vsi {
                                     type uint32 {
                                       range "1..16777215";
                                     }
                                     config false;
                                     description
                                       "The value of the auto-assigned
                                        remote VSI.";
                                   }



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                                 }
                               }
                             }
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                   }
                   list group {
                     key "group-id";
                     description
                       "List of group-ids.";
                     leaf group-id {
                       type string;
                       description
                         "Indicates the group-id to which the network
                          access belongs to.";
                     }
                     leaf precedence {
                       type identityref {
                         base precedence-type;
                       }
                       description
                         "Defining service redundancy in transport
                          network.";
                     }
                     leaf ethernet-segment-identifier {
                       type l2vpn-es:es-ref;
                       description
                         "Reference to the ESI associated with the VPN
                          network access.";
                     }
                   }
                   container ethernet-service-oam {
                     description
                       "Container for Ethernet service OAM.";
                     leaf md-name {
                       type string;
                       description
                         "Maintenance domain name.";
                     }
                     leaf md-level {
                       type uint8;
                       description
                         "Maintenance domain level.";
                     }
                     container cfm-802.1-ag {
                       description



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                         "Container of 802.1ag CFM configurations.";
                       list n2-uni-c {
                         key "maid";
                         description
                           "List of UNI-N to UNI-C.";
                         uses cfm-802;
                       }
                       list n2-uni-n {
                         key "maid";
                         description
                           "List of UNI-N to UNI-N.";
                         uses cfm-802;
                       }
                     }
                     uses y-1731;
                   }
                   container service {
                     description
                       "Container for service";
                     leaf mtu {
                       type uint32;
                       units "bytes";
                       description
                         "Layer 2 MTU, it is also known as the maximum
                          transmission unit or maximum frame size.";
                     }
                     container svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth {
                       if-feature "vpn-common:inbound-bw";
                       description
                         "From the customer site's perspective, the
                          service inbound bandwidth of the connection
                          or download bandwidth from the service
                          provider the site. Note that the L2SM uses
                          'input-bandwidth' to refer to the same
                          concept.";
                       list pe-to-ce-bandwidth {
                         key "bw-type";
                         description
                           "List for PE-to-CE bandwidth data nodes.";
                         leaf bw-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base vpn-common:bw-type;
                           }
                           description
                             "Indicates the bandwidth type.";
                         }
                         choice type {
                           description



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                             "Choice based upon bandwidth type.";
                           case per-cos {
                             description
                               "Bandwidth per CoS.";
                             list cos {
                               key "cos-id";
                               description
                                 "List of class of services.";
                               leaf cos-id {
                                 type uint8;
                                 description
                                   "Identifier of the CoS, indicated by
                                    DSCP or a CE-CLAN CoS (802.1p) value
                                    in the service frame.";
                                 reference
                                   "IEEE Std 802.1Q: Bridges and Bridged
                                                     Networks";
                               }
                               uses bandwidth-parameters;
                             }
                           }
                           case other {
                             description
                               "Other bandwidth types.";
                             uses bandwidth-parameters;
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                     container svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth {
                       if-feature "vpn-common:outbound-bw";
                       description
                         "From the customer site's perspective,
                          the service outbound bandwidth of the
                          connection or upload bandwidth from
                          the CE to the PE. Note that the L2SM uses
                          'output-bandwidth' to refer to the same
                          concept.";
                       list ce-to-pe-bandwidth {
                         key "bw-type";
                         description
                           "List for CE-to-PE bandwidth.";
                         leaf bw-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base vpn-common:bw-type;
                           }
                           description
                             "Indicates the bandwidth type.";



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                         }
                         choice type {
                           description
                             "Choice based upon bandwidth type.";
                           case per-cos {
                             description
                               "Bandwidth per CoS.";
                             list cos {
                               key "cos-id";
                               description
                                 "List of class of services.";
                               leaf cos-id {
                                 type uint8;
                                 description
                                   "Identifier of the CoS, indicated by
                                    DSCP or a CE-CLAN CoS (802.1p) value
                                    in the service frame.";
                                 reference
                                   "IEEE Std 802.1Q: Bridges and Bridged
                                                     Networks";
                               }
                               uses bandwidth-parameters;
                             }
                           }
                           case other {
                             description
                               "Other non CoS-aware bandwidth types.";
                             uses bandwidth-parameters;
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                     container qos {
                       if-feature "vpn-common:qos";
                       description
                         "QoS configuration.";
                       container qos-classification-policy {
                         description
                           "Configuration of the traffic classification
                            policy.";
                         list rule {
                           key "id";
                           ordered-by user;
                           description
                             "List of classification rules.";
                           leaf id {
                             type string;
                             description



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                               "A description identifying the QoS
                                classification policy rule.";
                           }
                           choice match-type {
                             default "match-flow";
                             description
                               "Choice for classification.";
                             case match-flow {
                               container match-flow {
                                 description
                                   "Describes flow-matching criteria.";
                                 leaf dscp {
                                   type inet:dscp;
                                   description
                                     "DSCP value.";
                                 }
                                 leaf dot1q {
                                   type uint16;
                                   description
                                     "802.1Q matching. It is a VLAN tag
                                      added into a frame.";
                                   reference
                                     "IEEE Std 802.1Q: Bridges and
                                                       Bridged
                                                       Networks";
                                 }
                                 leaf pcp {
                                   type uint8 {
                                     range "0..7";
                                   }
                                   description
                                     "Priority Code Point (PCP) value.";
                                 }
                                 leaf src-mac-address {
                                   type yang:mac-address;
                                   description
                                     "Source MAC address.";
                                 }
                                 leaf dst-mac-address {
                                   type yang:mac-address;
                                   description
                                     "Destination MAC address.";
                                 }
                                 leaf color-type {
                                   type identityref {
                                     base color-type;
                                   }
                                   description



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                                     "Color type.";
                                 }
                                 leaf any {
                                   type empty;
                                   description
                                     "Allows all.";
                                 }
                               }
                             }
                             case match-application {
                               leaf match-application {
                                 type identityref {
                                   base vpn-common:customer-application;
                                 }
                                 description
                                   "Defines the application to match.";
                               }
                             }
                           }
                           leaf target-class-id {
                             type string;
                             description
                               "Identification of the CoS.
                                This identifier is internal to the
                                administration.";
                           }
                         }
                       }
                       container qos-profile {
                         description
                           "QoS profile configuration.";
                         list qos-profile {
                           key "profile";
                           description
                             "QoS profile.
                              Can be standard profile or customized
                              profile.";
                           leaf profile {
                             type leafref {
                               path "/l2vpn-ntw/vpn-profiles"
                                  + "/valid-provider-identifiers"
                                  + "/qos-profile-identifier/id";
                             }
                             description
                               "QoS profile to be used.";
                           }
                           leaf direction {
                             type identityref {



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                               base vpn-common:qos-profile-direction;
                             }
                             default "vpn-common:both";
                             description
                               "The direction to which the QoS profile
                                is applied.";
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                     container mac-policies {
                       description
                         "Container for MAC-related policies.";
                       list access-control-list {
                         key "name";
                         description
                           "Container for access control List.";
                         leaf name {
                           type string;
                           description
                             "Specifies the name of the ACL.";
                         }
                         leaf-list src-mac-address {
                           type yang:mac-address;
                           description
                             "Specifies the source MAC address.";
                         }
                         leaf-list src-mac-address-mask {
                           type yang:mac-address;
                           description
                             "Specifies the source MAC address mask.";
                         }
                         leaf-list dst-mac-address {
                           type yang:mac-address;
                           description
                             "Specifies the destination MAC address.";
                         }
                         leaf-list dst-mac-address-mask {
                           type yang:mac-address;
                           description
                             "Specifies the destination MAC address
                              mask.";
                         }
                         leaf action {
                           type identityref {
                             base mac-action;
                           }
                           default "drop";



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                           description
                             "Specifies the filtering action.";
                         }
                         leaf rate-limit {
                           when "derived-from-or-self(../action, "
                              + "'flood')" {
                             description
                               "Rate-limit is valid only when the action
                                is to accept the matching frame.";
                           }
                           type decimal64 {
                             fraction-digits 2;
                           }
                           units "bytes per second";
                           description
                             "Specifies how to rate-limit the traffic.";
                         }
                       }
                       container mac-loop-prevention {
                         description
                           "Container of MAC loop prevention.";
                         leaf window {
                           type uint32;
                           units "seconds";
                           default "180";
                           description
                             "The timer when a MAC mobility event is
                              detected.";
                         }
                         leaf frequency {
                           type uint32;
                           default "5";
                           description
                             "The number of times to detect MAC
                              duplication, where a 'duplicate MAC
                              address' situation has occurred and
                              the duplicate MAC address has been
                              added to a list of duplicate MAC
                              addresses.";
                         }
                         leaf retry-timer {
                           type uint32;
                           units "seconds";
                           description
                             "The retry timer. When the retry timer
                              expires, the duplicate MAC address will
                              be flushed from the MAC-VRF.";
                         }



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                         leaf protection-type {
                           type identityref {
                             base loop-prevention-type;
                           }
                           default "trap";
                           description
                             "Protection type";
                         }
                       }
                       container mac-addr-limit {
                         description
                           "Container of MAC-Addr limit configurations";
                         leaf limit-number {
                           type uint16;
                           default "2";
                           description
                             "Maximum number of MAC addresses learned
                              from the subscriber for a single service
                              instance.";
                         }
                         leaf time-interval {
                           type uint32;
                           units "milliseconds";
                           default "300";
                           description
                             "The aging time of the mac address.";
                         }
                         leaf action {
                           type identityref {
                             base mac-action;
                           }
                           default "warning";
                           description
                             "Specifies the action when the upper limit
                              is exceeded: drop the packet, flood the
                              packet, or log a warning message (without
                              dropping the packet).";
                         }
                       }
                     }
                     container broadcast-unknown-unicast-multicast {
                       description
                         "Container of broadcast, unknown unicast, and
                          multicast configurations";
                       leaf multicast-site-type {
                         type enumeration {
                           enum receiver-only {
                             description



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                               "The site only has receivers.";
                           }
                           enum source-only {
                             description
                               "The site only has sources.";
                           }
                           enum source-receiver {
                             description
                               "The site has both sources and
                                receivers.";
                           }
                         }
                         default "source-receiver";
                         description
                           "Type of the multicast site.";
                       }
                       list multicast-gp-address-mapping {
                         key "id";
                         description
                           "List of Port to group mappings.";
                         leaf id {
                           type uint16;
                           description
                             "Unique identifier for the mapping.";
                         }
                         leaf vlan-id {
                           type uint32;
                           mandatory true;
                           description
                             "The VLAN ID of the multicast group.";
                         }
                         leaf mac-gp-address {
                           type yang:mac-address;
                           mandatory true;
                           description
                             "The MAC address of the multicast group.";
                         }
                         leaf port-lag-number {
                           type uint32;
                           description
                             "The port/LAG belonging to the multicast
                              group.";
                         }
                       }
                       leaf bum-overall-rate {
                         type uint64;
                         units "bps";
                         description



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                           "Overall rate for BUM.";
                       }
                     }
                   }
                 }
               }
             }
           }
         }
       }
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

9.  Security Considerations

   The YANG modules specified in this document defines schemas for data
   that are designed to be accessed via network management protocols
   such as NETCONF [RFC6241] or RESTCONF [RFC8040].  The lowest NETCONF
   layer is the secure transport layer, and the mandatory-to-implement
   secure transport is Secure Shell (SSH) [RFC6242].  The lowest
   RESTCONF layer is HTTPS, and the mandatory-to-implement secure
   transport is TLS [RFC8446].

   The Network Configuration Access Control Model (NACM) [RFC8341]
   provides the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF or
   RESTCONF users to a preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF or
   RESTCONF protocol operations and content.

   There are a number of data nodes defined in "ietf-l2vpn-ntw" and
   "ietf-ethernet-segment" YANG modules that are writable/creatable/
   deletable (i.e., config true, which is the default).  These data
   nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network
   environments.  Write operations (e.g., edit-config) and delete
   operations to these data nodes without proper protection or
   authentication can have a negative effect on network operations.
   These are the subtrees and data nodes and their sensitivity/
   vulnerability in the "ietf-l2vpn-ntw" and "ietf-ethernet-segment"
   modules:

   *  'vpn-profiles': This container includes a set of sensitive data
      that influence how the L3VPN service is delivered.  For example,
      an attacker who has access to these data nodes may be able to
      manipulate routing policies, QoS policies, or encryption
      properties.  These data nodes are defined with "nacm:default-deny-
      write" tagging [RFC9181].





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   *  'ethernet-segments' and 'vpn-services': An attacker who is able to
      access network nodes can undertake various attacks, such as
      deleting a running L2VPN service, interrupting all the traffic of
      a client.  In addition, an attacker may modify the attributes of a
      running service (e.g., QoS, bandwidth) or an ES, leading to
      malfunctioning of the service and therefore to SLA violations.  In
      addition, an attacker could attempt to create an L2VPN service,
      add a new network access, or intercept/redirect the traffic to a
      non-authorized node.  In addition to using NACM to prevent
      authorized access, such activity can be detected by adequately
      monitoring and tracking network configuration changes.

   Some of the readable data nodes in the "ietf-l2vpn-ntw" YANG module
   may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network
   environments.  It is thus important to control read access (e.g., via
   get, get-config, or notification) to these data nodes.  These are the
   subtrees and data nodes and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

   *  'customer-name' and 'ip-connection': An attacker can retrieve
      privacy-related information which can be used to track a customer.
      Disclosing such information may be considered as a violation of
      the customer-provider trust relationship.

   Both "iana-bgp-l2-encaps" and "iana-pseudowire-types" modules define
   YANG identities for encapsulation/pseudowires types.  These
   identities are intended to be referenced by other YANG modules, and
   by themselves do not expose any nodes which are writable, contain
   read-only state, or RPCs.

10.  IANA Considerations

10.1.  Registering YANG Modules

   This document requests IANA to register the following URIs in the
   "ns" subregistry within the "IETF XML Registry" [RFC3688]:
















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         URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-bgp-l2-encaps
         Registrant Contact: The IESG.
         XML: N/A; the requested URI is an XML namespace.

         URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-pseudowire-types
         Registrant Contact: The IESG.
         XML: N/A; the requested URI is an XML namespace.

         URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ethernet-segment
         Registrant Contact: The IESG.
         XML: N/A; the requested URI is an XML namespace.

         URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2vpn-ntw
         Registrant Contact: The IESG.
         XML: N/A; the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   This document requests IANA to register the following YANG modules in
   the "YANG Module Names" subregistry [RFC6020] within the "YANG
   Parameters" registry:

         name: iana-bgp-l2-encaps
         namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-bgp-l2-encaps
         maintained by IANA: Y
         prefix: iana-bgp-l2-encaps
         reference: RFC XXXX

         name: iana-pseudowire-types
         namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:iana-pseudowire-types
         maintained by IANA: Y
         prefix: iana-pw-types
         reference: RFC XXXX

         name: ietf-ethernet-segment
         namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-ethernet-segment
         maintained by IANA: N
         prefix: l2vpn-es
         reference: RFC XXXX

         name: ietf-l2vpn-ntw
         namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2vpn-ntw
         maintained by IANA: N
         prefix: l2vpn-ntw
         reference: RFC XXXX








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10.2.  BGP Layer 2 Encapsulation Types

   This document defines the initial version of the IANA-maintained
   "iana-bgp-l2-encaps" YANG module (Section 8.1).  IANA is requested to
   add this note to the registry:

      BGP Layer 2 encapsulation types must not be directly added to the
      "iana-bgp-l2-encaps" YANG module.  They must instead be added to
      the "BGP Layer 2 Encapsulation Types" registry [IANA-BGP-L2].

   When a Layer 2 encapsulation type is added to the "BGP Layer 2
   Encapsulation Types" registry, a new "identity" statement must be
   added to the "iana-bgp-l2-encaps" YANG module.  The name of the
   "identity" is a lower-case version of the encapsulation name provided
   in the description.  The "identity" statement should have the
   following sub-statements defined:

   "base":        Contains 'bgp-l2-encaps-type'.

   "description":  Replicates the description from the registry.

   "reference":   Replicates the reference from the registry with the
                  title of the document added.

   Unassigned or reserved values are not present in the module.

   When the "iana-bgp-l2-encaps" YANG module is updated, a new
   "revision" statement with a unique revision date must be added in
   front of the existing revision statements.

   IANA is requested to add this note to [IANA-BGP-L2]:

      When this registry is modified, the YANG module "iana-bgp-
      l2-encaps" must be updated as defined in RFCXXXX.

10.3.  Pseudowire Types

   This document defines the initial version of the IANA-maintained
   "iana-pseudowire-types" YANG module (Section 8.2).  IANA is requested
   to add this note to the registry:

      MPLS pseudowire types must not be directly added to the "iana-bgp-
      l2-encaps" YANG module.  They must instead be added to the "MPLS
      Pseudowire Types" registry [IANA-PW-Types].

   When a pseudowire type is added to the "iana-pseudowire-types"
   registry, a new "identity" statement must be added to the "iana-
   pseudowire-types" YANG module.  The name of the "identity" is a



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   lower-case version of the encapsulation name provided in the
   description.  The "identity" statement should have the following sub-
   statements defined:

   "base":        Contains 'iana-pw-types'.

   "description":  Replicates the description from the registry.

   "reference":   Replicates the reference from the registry with the
                  title of the document added

   Unassigned or reserved values are not present in the module.

   When the "iana-pseudowire-types" YANG module is updated, a new
   "revision" statement with a unique revision date must be added in
   front of the existing revision statements.

   IANA is requested to add this note to [IANA-PW-Types]:

      When this registry is modified, the YANG module "iana-pseudowire-
      types" must be updated as defined in RFCXXXX.

11.  References

11.1.  Normative References

   [IANA-BGP-L2]
              IANA, "BGP Layer 2 Encapsulation Types",
              <https://www.iana.org/assignments/bgp-parameters/bgp-
              parameters.xhtml#bgp-l2-encapsulation-types-registry>.

   [IANA-PW-Types]
              IANA, "MPLS Pseudowire Types Registry",
              <http://www.iana.org/assignments/pwe3-parameters/
              pwe3-parameters.xhtml#pwe3-parameters-2>.

   [IEEE-802-1ag]
              IEEE, "802.1ag - 2007 - IEEE Standard for Local and
              Metropolitan Area Networks - Virtual Bridged Local Area
              Networks Amendment 5: Connectivity Fault Management",
              2007, <DOI 10.1109/IEEESTD.2007.4431836>.

   [IEEE802.1Qcp-2018]
              IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area
              networks--Bridges and Bridged Networks--Amendment 30: YANG
              Data Model", September 2018,
              <https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8467507>.




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   [ITU-T-Y-1731]
              Union, I. T., "Operations, administration and maintenance
              (OAM) functions and mechanisms for Ethernet-based
              networks", August 2015,
              <https://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-Y.1731/en>.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC4026]  Andersson, L. and T. Madsen, "Provider Provisioned Virtual
              Private Network (VPN) Terminology", RFC 4026,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4026, March 2005,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4026>.

   [RFC4446]  Martini, L., "IANA Allocations for Pseudowire Edge to Edge
              Emulation (PWE3)", BCP 116, RFC 4446,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4446, April 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4446>.

   [RFC4667]  Luo, W., "Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN)
              Extensions for Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP)",
              RFC 4667, DOI 10.17487/RFC4667, September 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4667>.

   [RFC4761]  Kompella, K., Ed. and Y. Rekhter, Ed., "Virtual Private
              LAN Service (VPLS) Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and
              Signaling", RFC 4761, DOI 10.17487/RFC4761, January 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4761>.

   [RFC4762]  Lasserre, M., Ed. and V. Kompella, Ed., "Virtual Private
              LAN Service (VPLS) Using Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
              Signaling", RFC 4762, DOI 10.17487/RFC4762, January 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4762>.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for
              the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6020, October 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6020>.

   [RFC6074]  Rosen, E., Davie, B., Radoaca, V., and W. Luo,
              "Provisioning, Auto-Discovery, and Signaling in Layer 2
              Virtual Private Networks (L2VPNs)", RFC 6074,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6074, January 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6074>.






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   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6242]  Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
              Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.

   [RFC6624]  Kompella, K., Kothari, B., and R. Cherukuri, "Layer 2
              Virtual Private Networks Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and
              Signaling", RFC 6624, DOI 10.17487/RFC6624, May 2012,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6624>.

   [RFC6991]  Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types",
              RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, July 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6991>.

   [RFC7432]  Sajassi, A., Ed., Aggarwal, R., Bitar, N., Isaac, A.,
              Uttaro, J., Drake, J., and W. Henderickx, "BGP MPLS-Based
              Ethernet VPN", RFC 7432, DOI 10.17487/RFC7432, February
              2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7432>.

   [RFC7623]  Sajassi, A., Ed., Salam, S., Bitar, N., Isaac, A., and W.
              Henderickx, "Provider Backbone Bridging Combined with
              Ethernet VPN (PBB-EVPN)", RFC 7623, DOI 10.17487/RFC7623,
              September 2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7623>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8040]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.

   [RFC8077]  Martini, L., Ed. and G. Heron, Ed., "Pseudowire Setup and
              Maintenance Using the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)",
              STD 84, RFC 8077, DOI 10.17487/RFC8077, February 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8077>.

   [RFC8214]  Boutros, S., Sajassi, A., Salam, S., Drake, J., and J.
              Rabadan, "Virtual Private Wire Service Support in Ethernet
              VPN", RFC 8214, DOI 10.17487/RFC8214, August 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8214>.






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   [RFC8294]  Liu, X., Qu, Y., Lindem, A., Hopps, C., and L. Berger,
              "Common YANG Data Types for the Routing Area", RFC 8294,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8294, December 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8294>.

   [RFC8341]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8341>.

   [RFC8342]  Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore Architecture
              (NMDA)", RFC 8342, DOI 10.17487/RFC8342, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8342>.

   [RFC8365]  Sajassi, A., Ed., Drake, J., Ed., Bitar, N., Shekhar, R.,
              Uttaro, J., and W. Henderickx, "A Network Virtualization
              Overlay Solution Using Ethernet VPN (EVPN)", RFC 8365,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8365, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8365>.

   [RFC8446]  Rescorla, E., "The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol
              Version 1.3", RFC 8446, DOI 10.17487/RFC8446, August 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8446>.

   [RFC8466]  Wen, B., Fioccola, G., Ed., Xie, C., and L. Jalil, "A YANG
              Data Model for Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN)
              Service Delivery", RFC 8466, DOI 10.17487/RFC8466, October
              2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8466>.

   [RFC8584]  Rabadan, J., Ed., Mohanty, S., Ed., Sajassi, A., Drake,
              J., Nagaraj, K., and S. Sathappan, "Framework for Ethernet
              VPN Designated Forwarder Election Extensibility",
              RFC 8584, DOI 10.17487/RFC8584, April 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8584>.

   [RFC9181]  Barguil, S., Gonzalez de Dios, O., Ed., Boucadair, M.,
              Ed., and Q. Wu, "A Common YANG Data Model for Layer 2 and
              Layer 3 VPNs", RFC 9181, DOI 10.17487/RFC9181, February
              2022, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc9181>.

11.2.  Informative References









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   [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-pref-df]
              Rabadan, J., Sathappan, S., Przygienda, T., Lin, W.,
              Drake, J., Sajassi, A., and S. Mohanty, "Preference-based
              EVPN DF Election", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft,
              draft-ietf-bess-evpn-pref-df-08, 23 September 2021,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-bess-evpn-
              pref-df-08.txt>.

   [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-yang]
              Brissette, P., Shah, H., Hussain, I., Tiruveedhula, K.,
              and J. Rabadan, "Yang Data Model for EVPN", Work in
              Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-bess-evpn-yang-07, 11
              March 2019, <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-
              bess-evpn-yang-07.txt>.

   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-model]
              Jethanandani, M., Patel, K., Hares, S., and J. Haas, "BGP
              YANG Model for Service Provider Networks", Work in
              Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-idr-bgp-model-13, 6
              March 2022, <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-
              idr-bgp-model-13.txt>.

   [I-D.ietf-opsawg-sap]
              Boucadair, M., Dios, O. G. D., Barguil, S., Wu, Q., and V.
              Lopez, "A Network YANG Model for Service Attachment Points
              (SAPs)", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
              opsawg-sap-07, 20 May 2022,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-opsawg-sap-
              07.txt>.

   [I-D.ietf-teas-enhanced-vpn]
              Dong, J., Bryant, S., Li, Z., Miyasaka, T., and Y. Lee, "A
              Framework for Enhanced Virtual Private Network (VPN+)
              Services", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
              teas-enhanced-vpn-10, 6 March 2022,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-teas-enhanced-
              vpn-10.txt>.

   [I-D.ietf-teas-ietf-network-slices]
              Farrel, A., Drake, J., Rokui, R., Homma, S., Makhijani,
              K., Contreras, L. M., and J. Tantsura, "Framework for IETF
              Network Slices", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-
              ietf-teas-ietf-network-slices-10, 27 March 2022,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-teas-ietf-
              network-slices-10.txt>.






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   [I-D.ietf-teas-te-service-mapping-yang]
              Lee, Y., Dhody, D., Fioccola, G., Wu, Q., Ceccarelli, D.,
              and J. Tantsura, "Traffic Engineering (TE) and Service
              Mapping YANG Model", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft,
              draft-ietf-teas-te-service-mapping-yang-10, 7 March 2022,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-teas-te-
              service-mapping-yang-10.txt>.

   [IEEE-802-1ah]
              IEEE, "IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area
              networks -- Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks Amendment
              7: Provider Backbone Bridges", IEEE Std 801.3AH-2008,
              2008,
              <https://standards.ieee.org/standard/802_1ah-2008.html>.

   [IEEE-802-3ah]
              IEEE, "802.3ah - 2004 - IEEE Standard for Information
              technology-- Local and metropolitan area networks-- Part
              3: CSMA/CD Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications
              Amendment: Media Access Control Parameters, Physical
              Layers, and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access
              Networks", IEEE Std 802.3AH-2004, 2004, <DOI 10.1109/
              IEEESTD.2004.94617>.

   [IEEE802.1AX]
              "Link Aggregation", IEEE Std 802.1AX-2020, 2020.

   [IEEE802.1Q]
              "Bridges and Bridged Networks", IEEE Std 802.1Q-2018, 6
              July 2018, <https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8403927>.

   [MFA]      "The Use of Virtual Trunks for ATM/MPLS Control Plane
              Interworking Specification", MFA Forum 9.0.0 , February
              2006.

   [PYANG]    "pyang", November 2020,
              <https://github.com/mbj4668/pyang>.

   [RFC2507]  Degermark, M., Nordgren, B., and S. Pink, "IP Header
              Compression", RFC 2507, DOI 10.17487/RFC2507, February
              1999, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2507>.

   [RFC2508]  Casner, S. and V. Jacobson, "Compressing IP/UDP/RTP
              Headers for Low-Speed Serial Links", RFC 2508,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2508, February 1999,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2508>.





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   [RFC3032]  Rosen, E., Tappan, D., Fedorkow, G., Rekhter, Y.,
              Farinacci, D., Li, T., and A. Conta, "MPLS Label Stack
              Encoding", RFC 3032, DOI 10.17487/RFC3032, January 2001,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3032>.

   [RFC3545]  Koren, T., Casner, S., Geevarghese, J., Thompson, B., and
              P. Ruddy, "Enhanced Compressed RTP (CRTP) for Links with
              High Delay, Packet Loss and Reordering", RFC 3545,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3545, July 2003,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3545>.

   [RFC3644]  Snir, Y., Ramberg, Y., Strassner, J., Cohen, R., and B.
              Moore, "Policy Quality of Service (QoS) Information
              Model", RFC 3644, DOI 10.17487/RFC3644, November 2003,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3644>.

   [RFC4448]  Martini, L., Ed., Rosen, E., El-Aawar, N., and G. Heron,
              "Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet over MPLS
              Networks", RFC 4448, DOI 10.17487/RFC4448, April 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4448>.

   [RFC4553]  Vainshtein, A., Ed. and YJ. Stein, Ed., "Structure-
              Agnostic Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) over Packet
              (SAToP)", RFC 4553, DOI 10.17487/RFC4553, June 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4553>.

   [RFC4618]  Martini, L., Rosen, E., Heron, G., and A. Malis,
              "Encapsulation Methods for Transport of PPP/High-Level
              Data Link Control (HDLC) over MPLS Networks", RFC 4618,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4618, September 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4618>.

   [RFC4619]  Martini, L., Ed., Kawa, C., Ed., and A. Malis, Ed.,
              "Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Frame Relay over
              Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Networks", RFC 4619,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4619, September 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4619>.

   [RFC4664]  Andersson, L., Ed. and E. Rosen, Ed., "Framework for Layer
              2 Virtual Private Networks (L2VPNs)", RFC 4664,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4664, September 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4664>.

   [RFC4717]  Martini, L., Jayakumar, J., Bocci, M., El-Aawar, N.,
              Brayley, J., and G. Koleyni, "Encapsulation Methods for
              Transport of Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) over MPLS
              Networks", RFC 4717, DOI 10.17487/RFC4717, December 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4717>.



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   [RFC4816]  Malis, A., Martini, L., Brayley, J., and T. Walsh,
              "Pseudowire Emulation Edge-to-Edge (PWE3) Asynchronous
              Transfer Mode (ATM) Transparent Cell Transport Service",
              RFC 4816, DOI 10.17487/RFC4816, February 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4816>.

   [RFC4842]  Malis, A., Pate, P., Cohen, R., Ed., and D. Zelig,
              "Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
              (SONET/SDH) Circuit Emulation over Packet (CEP)",
              RFC 4842, DOI 10.17487/RFC4842, April 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4842>.

   [RFC4863]  Martini, L. and G. Swallow, "Wildcard Pseudowire Type",
              RFC 4863, DOI 10.17487/RFC4863, May 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4863>.

   [RFC4901]  Ash, J., Ed., Hand, J., Ed., and A. Malis, Ed., "Protocol
              Extensions for Header Compression over MPLS", RFC 4901,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4901, June 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4901>.

   [RFC5086]  Vainshtein, A., Ed., Sasson, I., Metz, E., Frost, T., and
              P. Pate, "Structure-Aware Time Division Multiplexed (TDM)
              Circuit Emulation Service over Packet Switched Network
              (CESoPSN)", RFC 5086, DOI 10.17487/RFC5086, December 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5086>.

   [RFC5087]  Stein, Y(J)., Shashoua, R., Insler, R., and M. Anavi,
              "Time Division Multiplexing over IP (TDMoIP)", RFC 5087,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5087, December 2007,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5087>.

   [RFC5143]  Malis, A., Brayley, J., Shirron, J., Martini, L., and S.
              Vogelsang, "Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous
              Digital Hierarchy (SONET/SDH) Circuit Emulation Service
              over MPLS (CEM) Encapsulation", RFC 5143,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5143, February 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5143>.

   [RFC5795]  Sandlund, K., Pelletier, G., and L-E. Jonsson, "The RObust
              Header Compression (ROHC) Framework", RFC 5795,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5795, March 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5795>.

   [RFC5880]  Katz, D. and D. Ward, "Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
              (BFD)", RFC 5880, DOI 10.17487/RFC5880, June 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5880>.




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   [RFC6307]  Black, D., Ed., Dunbar, L., Ed., Roth, M., and R. Solomon,
              "Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Fibre Channel
              Traffic over MPLS Networks", RFC 6307,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6307, April 2012,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6307>.

   [RFC7209]  Sajassi, A., Aggarwal, R., Uttaro, J., Bitar, N.,
              Henderickx, W., and A. Isaac, "Requirements for Ethernet
              VPN (EVPN)", RFC 7209, DOI 10.17487/RFC7209, May 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7209>.

   [RFC7267]  Martini, L., Ed., Bocci, M., Ed., and F. Balus, Ed.,
              "Dynamic Placement of Multi-Segment Pseudowires",
              RFC 7267, DOI 10.17487/RFC7267, June 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7267>.

   [RFC7297]  Boucadair, M., Jacquenet, C., and N. Wang, "IP
              Connectivity Provisioning Profile (CPP)", RFC 7297,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7297, July 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7297>.

   [RFC7951]  Lhotka, L., "JSON Encoding of Data Modeled with YANG",
              RFC 7951, DOI 10.17487/RFC7951, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7951>.

   [RFC8309]  Wu, Q., Liu, W., and A. Farrel, "Service Models
              Explained", RFC 8309, DOI 10.17487/RFC8309, January 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8309>.

   [RFC8340]  Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, Ed., "YANG Tree Diagrams",
              BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8340>.

   [RFC8343]  Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface
              Management", RFC 8343, DOI 10.17487/RFC8343, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8343>.

   [RFC8345]  Clemm, A., Medved, J., Varga, R., Bahadur, N.,
              Ananthakrishnan, H., and X. Liu, "A YANG Data Model for
              Network Topologies", RFC 8345, DOI 10.17487/RFC8345, March
              2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8345>.

   [RFC8453]  Ceccarelli, D., Ed. and Y. Lee, Ed., "Framework for
              Abstraction and Control of TE Networks (ACTN)", RFC 8453,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8453, August 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8453>.





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   [RFC8519]  Jethanandani, M., Agarwal, S., Huang, L., and D. Blair,
              "YANG Data Model for Network Access Control Lists (ACLs)",
              RFC 8519, DOI 10.17487/RFC8519, March 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8519>.

   [RFC8792]  Watsen, K., Auerswald, E., Farrel, A., and Q. Wu,
              "Handling Long Lines in Content of Internet-Drafts and
              RFCs", RFC 8792, DOI 10.17487/RFC8792, June 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8792>.

   [RFC8960]  Saad, T., Raza, K., Gandhi, R., Liu, X., and V. Beeram, "A
              YANG Data Model for MPLS Base", RFC 8960,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8960, December 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8960>.

   [RFC8969]  Wu, Q., Ed., Boucadair, M., Ed., Lopez, D., Xie, C., and
              L. Geng, "A Framework for Automating Service and Network
              Management with YANG", RFC 8969, DOI 10.17487/RFC8969,
              January 2021, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8969>.

Appendix A.  Examples

   This section includes a non-exhaustive list of examples to illustrate
   the use of the L2NM.

   In the following subsections, only the content of the message bodies
   is shown using JSON notations [RFC7951].

   The examples use the folding defined in [RFC8792] for long lines.

A.1.  BGP-based VPLS

   This section provides an example to illustrate how the L2NM can be
   used to manage BGP-based VPLS.  We consider the sample VPLS service
   delivered using the architecture depicted in Figure 23.  In
   accordance with [RFC4761], we assume that a full mesh is established
   between all PEs.  The details about such full mesh are not detailed
   here.













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                      +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+
         +----+       | PE1 |===|              |===| PE3 |       +----+
         | CE1+-------+     |   |              |   |     +-------+ CE3|
         +----+       +-----+   |              |   +-----+       +----+
                                |     Core     |
         +----+       +-----+   |              |   +-----+       +----+
         |CE2 +-------+     |   |              |   |     +-------+ CE4|
         +----+       | PE2 |===|              |===| PE4 |       +----+
                      +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+

                       Figure 23: An Example of VPLS

   Figure 24 show an example of a message body used to configure a VPLS
   instance using the L2NM.  In this example, BGP is used for both auto-
   discovery and signaling.  The 'signaling-type' data node is set to
   'vpn-common:bgp-signaling'.

=============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

{
  "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:l2vpn-ntw": {
    "vpn-services": {
      "vpn-service": [
        {
          "vpn-id": "vpls7714825356",
          "vpn-description": "Sample BGP-based VPLS",
          "customer-name": "customer-7714825356",
          "vpn-type": "ietf-vpn-common:vpls",
          "bgp-ad-enabled": true,
          "signaling-type": "ietf-vpn-common:bgp-signaling",
          "global-parameters-profiles": {
            "global-parameters-profile": [
              {
                "profile-id": "simple-profile",
                "local-autonomous-system": 65535,
                "svc-mtu": 1518,
                "rd-suffix": 1,
                "vpn-target": [
                  {
                    "id": 1,
                    "route-targets": [
                      {
                        "route-target": "0:65535:1"
                      }
                    ],
                    "route-target-type": "both"
                  }
                ]



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              }
            ]
          },
          "vpn-nodes": {
            "vpn-node": [
              {
                "vpn-node-id": "pe1",
                "ne-id": "198.51.100.1",
                "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                  "global-parameters-profile": [
                    {
                      "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                    }
                  ]
                },
                "bgp-auto-discovery": {
                  "vpn-id": "1"
                },
                "signaling-option": {
                  "pw-encapsulation-type": "iana-bgp-l2-encaps:ethernet\
-tagged-mode",
                  "vpls-instance": {
                    "vpls-edge-id": 1,
                    "vpls-edge-id-range": 100
                  }
                },
                "vpn-network-accesses": {
                  "vpn-network-access": [
                    {
                      "id": "1/1/1.1",
                      "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                      "description": "Interface to CE1",
                      "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                      "status": {
                        "admin-status": {
                          "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                        }
                      },
                      "connection": {
                        "encapsulation": {
                          "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                          "dot1q": {
                            "cvlan-id": 1
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  ]



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                }
              },
              {
                "vpn-node-id": "pe2",
                "ne-id": "198.51.100.2",
                "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                  "global-parameters-profile": [
                    {
                      "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                    }
                  ]
                },
                "bgp-auto-discovery": {
                  "vpn-id": "1"
                },
                "signaling-option": {
                  "pw-encapsulation-type": "iana-bgp-l2-encaps:ethernet\
-tagged-mode",
                  "vpls-instance": {
                    "vpls-edge-id": 2,
                    "vpls-edge-id-range": 100
                  }
                },
                "vpn-network-accesses": {
                  "vpn-network-access": [
                    {
                      "id": "1/1/1.1",
                      "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                      "description": "Interface to CE2",
                      "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                      "status": {
                        "admin-status": {
                          "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                        }
                      },
                      "connection": {
                        "encapsulation": {
                          "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                          "dot1q": {
                            "cvlan-id": 1
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              },
              {



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                "vpn-node-id": "pe3",
                "ne-id": "198.51.100.3",
                "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                  "global-parameters-profile": [
                    {
                      "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                    }
                  ]
                },
                "bgp-auto-discovery": {
                  "vpn-id": "1"
                },
                "signaling-option": {
                  "pw-encapsulation-type": "iana-bgp-l2-encaps:ethernet\
-tagged-mode",
                  "vpls-instance": {
                    "vpls-edge-id": 3,
                    "vpls-edge-id-range": 100
                  }
                },
                "vpn-network-accesses": {
                  "vpn-network-access": [
                    {
                      "id": "1/1/1.1",
                      "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                      "description": "Interface to CE3",
                      "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                      "status": {
                        "admin-status": {
                          "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                        }
                      },
                      "connection": {
                        "encapsulation": {
                          "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                          "dot1q": {
                            "cvlan-id": 1
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              },
              {
                "vpn-node-id": "pe4",
                "ne-id": "198.51.100.4",
                "active-global-parameters-profiles": {



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                  "global-parameters-profile": [
                    {
                      "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                    }
                  ]
                },
                "bgp-auto-discovery": {
                  "vpn-id": "1"
                },
                "signaling-option": {
                  "pw-encapsulation-type": "iana-bgp-l2-encaps:ethernet\
-tagged-mode",
                  "vpls-instance": {
                    "vpls-edge-id": 4,
                    "vpls-edge-id-range": 100
                  }
                },
                "vpn-network-accesses": {
                  "vpn-network-access": [
                    {
                      "id": "1/1/1.1",
                      "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                      "description": "Interface to CE4",
                      "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                      "status": {
                        "admin-status": {
                          "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                        }
                      },
                      "connection": {
                        "encapsulation": {
                          "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                          "dot1q": {
                            "cvlan-id": 1
                          }
                        }
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }
}



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Figure 24: Example of L2NM Message Body to Configure a BGP-based VPLS


A.2.  BGP-based VPWS with LDP Signaling

   Let's consider the simple architecture depicted in Figure 25 to offer
   a VPWS between CE1 and CE2.  The service uses BGP for auto-discovery
   and LDP for signaling.


                      +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+
         +----+       | PE1 |===|              |===| PE2 |       +----+
         | CE1+-------+     |   |     Core     |   |     +-------+ CE2|
         +----+       +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+       +----+
                site1                                      site2

                       Figure 25: An Example of VPLS

   {
     "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:l2vpn-ntw": {
       "vpn-services": {
         "vpn-service": [
           {
             "vpn-id": "vpws12345",
             "vpn-description": "Sample VPWS",
             "customer-name": "customer-12345",
             "vpn-type": "ietf-vpn-common:vpws",
             "bgp-ad-enabled": true,
             "signaling-type": "ietf-vpn-common:ldp-signaling",
             "global-parameters-profiles": {
               "global-parameters-profile": [
                 {
                   "profile-id": "simple-profile",
                   "local-autonomous-system": 65550,
                   "rd-auto": {
                     "auto": [
                       null
                     ]
                   },
                   "vpn-target": [
                     {
                       "id": 1,
                       "route-targets": [
                         {
                           "route-target": "0:65535:1"
                         }
                       ],
                       "route-target-type": "both"



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                     }
                   ]
                 }
               ]
             },
             "vpn-nodes": {
               "vpn-node": [
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe1",
                   "ne-id": "2001:db8:100::1",
                   "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                     "global-parameters-profile": [
                       {
                         "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                       }
                     ]
                   },
                   "bgp-auto-discovery": {
                     "vpn-id": "587"
                   },
                   "signaling-option": {
                     "advertise-mtu": true,
                     "ldp-or-l2tp": {
                       "saii": 1,
                       "remote-targets": [
                         {
                           "taii": 2
                         }
                       ],
                       "t-ldp-pw-type": "ethernet"
                     }
                   },
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "1/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                         "description": "Interface to CE1",
                         "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },



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                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe2",
                   "ne-id": "2001:db8:200::1",
                   "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                     "global-parameters-profile": [
                       {
                         "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                       }
                     ]
                   },
                   "bgp-auto-discovery": {
                     "vpn-id": "587"
                   },
                   "signaling-option": {
                     "advertise-mtu": true,
                     "ldp-or-l2tp": {
                       "saii": 2,
                       "remote-targets": [
                         {
                           "taii": 1
                         }
                       ],
                       "t-ldp-pw-type": "ethernet"
                     }
                   },
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "5/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "5/1/1",
                         "description": "Interface to CE2",
                         "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 }
               ]
             }
           }
         ]
       }
     }
   }



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      Figure 26: Example of L2NM Message Body to Configure a BGP-based
                          VPWS with LDP Signaling


A.3.  LDP-based VPLS

   This section provides an example to illustrate how the L2NM can be
   used to manage a VPLS with LDP signaling.  The connectivity between
   the CE and the PE is direct using Dot1q encapsulation [IEEE802.1Q].
   We consider the sample service delivered using the architecture
   depicted in Figure 27.


                     +----------  VPLS "1543" ----------+

                     +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+
         +----+      | PE1 |===|              |===| PE2 |       +----+
         | CE1 +-----+"450"|   |     MPLS     |   |"451"+-------+ CE2|
         +----+      +-----+   |              |   +-----+       +----+
                               |     Core     |
                               +--------------+

                   Figure 27: An Example of VPLS topology

   Figure 28 shows how the L2NM is used to instruct both PE1 and PE2 to
   use the targeted LDP session between them to establish the VPLS
   "1543" between the ends.  A single VPN service is created for this
   purpose.  Additionally, two VPN Nodes and each with a corresponding
   VPN network access is also created.

 =============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

 {
   "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:l2vpn-ntw": {
     "vpn-services": {
       "vpn-service": [
         {
           "vpn-id": "450",
           "vpn-name": "CORPO-EXAMPLE",
           "vpn-description": "SEDE_CENTRO_450",
           "customer-name": "EXAMPLE",
           "vpn-type": "ietf-vpn-common:vpls",
           "vpn-service-topology": "ietf-vpn-common:hub-spoke",
           "bgp-ad-enabled": false,
           "signaling-type": "ietf-vpn-common:ldp-signaling",
           "global-parameters-profiles": {
             "global-parameters-profile": [
               {



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                 "profile-id": "simple-profile",
                 "ce-vlan-preservation": true,
                 "ce-vlan-cos-preservation": true
               }
             ]
           },
           "vpn-nodes": {
             "vpn-node": [
               {
                 "vpn-node-id": "450",
                 "description": "SEDE_CENTRO_450",
                 "ne-id": "2001:db8:5::1",
                 "role": "ietf-vpn-common:hub-role",
                 "status": {
                   "admin-status": {
                     "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                   }
                 },
                 "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                   "global-parameters-profile": [
                     {
                       "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                     }
                   ]
                 },
                 "signaling-option": {
                   "ldp-or-l2tp": {
                     "t-ldp-pw-type": "vpls-type",
                     "pw-peer-list": [
                       {
                         "peer-addr": "2001:db8:50::1",
                         "vc-id": "1543"
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },
                 "vpn-network-accesses": {
                   "vpn-network-access": [
                     {
                       "id": "4508671287",
                       "description": "VPN_450_SNA",
                       "interface-id": "gigabithethernet0/0/1",
                       "status": {
                         "admin-status": {
                           "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                         }
                       },
                       "connection": {



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                         "l2-termination-point": "550",
                         "encapsulation": {
                           "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                           "dot1q": {
                             "tag-type": "ietf-vpn-common:c-vlan",
                             "cvlan-id": 550
                           }
                         }
                       },
                       "service": {
                         "mtu": 1550,
                         "svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth": {
                           "pe-to-ce-bandwidth": [
                             {
                               "bw-type": "ietf-vpn-common:bw-per-port",
                               "cir": "20480000"
                             }
                           ]
                         },
                         "svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth": {
                           "ce-to-pe-bandwidth": [
                             {
                               "bw-type": "ietf-vpn-common:bw-per-port",
                               "cir": "20480000"
                             }
                           ]
                         },
                         "qos": {
                           "qos-profile": {
                             "qos-profile": [
                               {
                                 "profile": "QoS_Profile_A",
                                 "direction": "ietf-vpn-common:both"
                               }
                             ]
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                   ]
                 }
               },
               {
                 "vpn-node-id": "451",
                 "description": "SEDE_CHAPINERO_451",
                 "ne-id": "2001:db8:50::1",
                 "role": "ietf-vpn-common:spoke-role",
                 "status": {



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                   "admin-status": {
                     "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                   }
                 },
                 "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                   "global-parameters-profile": [
                     {
                       "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                     }
                   ]
                 },
                 "signaling-option": {
                   "ldp-or-l2tp": {
                     "t-ldp-pw-type": "vpls-type",
                     "pw-peer-list": [
                       {
                         "peer-addr": "2001:db8:5::1",
                         "vc-id": "1543"
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },
                 "vpn-network-accesses": {
                   "vpn-network-access": [
                     {
                       "id": "4508671288",
                       "description": "VPN_450_SNA",
                       "interface-id": "gigabithethernet0/0/1",
                       "status": {
                         "admin-status": {
                           "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                         }
                       },
                       "connection": {
                         "l2-termination-point": "550",
                         "encapsulation": {
                           "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                           "dot1q": {
                             "tag-type": "ietf-vpn-common:c-vlan",
                             "cvlan-id": 550
                           }
                         }
                       },
                       "service": {
                         "mtu": 1550,
                         "svc-pe-to-ce-bandwidth": {
                           "pe-to-ce-bandwidth": [
                             {



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                               "bw-type": "ietf-vpn-common:bw-per-port",
                               "cir": "20480000"
                             }
                           ]
                         },
                         "svc-ce-to-pe-bandwidth": {
                           "ce-to-pe-bandwidth": [
                             {
                               "bw-type": "ietf-vpn-common:bw-per-port",
                               "cir": "20480000"
                             }
                           ]
                         },
                         "qos": {
                           "qos-profile": {
                             "qos-profile": [
                               {
                                 "profile": "QoS_Profile_A",
                                 "direction": "ietf-vpn-common:both"
                               }
                             ]
                           }
                         }
                       }
                     }
                   ]
                 }
               }
             ]
           }
         }
       ]
     }
   }
 }

       Figure 28: Example of L2NM Message Body for LDP-based VPLS

A.4.  VPWS-EVPN Service Instance

   Figure 29 depicts a sample architecture to offer VPWS-EVPN service
   between CE1 and CE2.  Both CEs are multi-homed.  BGP sessions are
   maintained between these PEs as per [RFC8214].  In this EVPN
   instance, an All-Active redundancy mode is used.







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                      |<-------- EVPN Instance --------->|
                      |                                  |
                ESI1  V                                  V  ESI2
                |     +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+  |
         +----+ |     | PE1 |===|              |===| PE3 |  |    +----+
         |    +-------+     |   |              |   |     +-------+    |
         |    | |     +-----+   |              |   +-----+  |    |    |
         | CE1| |               |     Core     |            |    |CE2 |
         |    | |     +-----+   |              |   +-----+  |    |    |
         |    +-------+     |   |              |   |     +-------+    |
         +----+ |     | PE2 |===|              |===| PE4 |  |    +----+
              ^ |     +-----+   +--------------+   +-----+  |    ^
              | ESI1                                        ESI2 |
              |<-------------- Emulated Service ---------------->|

                     Figure 29: An Example of VPWS-EVPN

   Let's first suppose that the following ES was created (Figure 30).

   =============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

   {
     "ietf-ethernet-segment:ethernet-segments": {
       "ethernet-segment": [
         {
           "name": "esi1",
           "ethernet-segment-identifier": "00:11:11:11:11:11:11:\
   11:11:11",
           "esi-redundancy-mode": "all-active"
         },
         {
           "name": "esi2",
           "ethernet-segment-identifier": "00:22:22:22:22:22:22:\
   22:22:22",
           "esi-redundancy-mode": "all-active"
         }
       ]
     }
   }

      Figure 30: Example of L2NM Message Body to Configure an Ethernet
                                  Segment

   Figure 29 shows a simplified configuration to illustrate the use of
   the L2NM to configured VPWS-EVPN instance.






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   {
     "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:l2vpn-ntw": {
       "vpn-services": {
         "vpn-service": [
           {
             "vpn-id": "vpws15432855",
             "vpn-description": "Sample VPWS-EVPN",
             "customer-name": "customer_15432855",
             "vpn-type": "ietf-vpn-common:vpws-evpn",
             "bgp-ad-enabled": true,
             "signaling-type": "ietf-vpn-common:bgp-signaling",
             "global-parameters-profiles": {
               "global-parameters-profile": [
                 {
                   "profile-id": "simple-profile",
                   "local-autonomous-system": 65535,
                   "rd-suffix": 1,
                   "vpn-target": [
                     {
                       "id": 1,
                       "route-targets": [
                         {
                           "route-target": "0:65535:1"
                         }
                       ],
                       "route-target-type": "both"
                     }
                   ]
                 }
               ]
             },
             "vpn-nodes": {
               "vpn-node": [
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe1",
                   "ne-id": "198.51.100.1",
                   "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                     "global-parameters-profile": [
                       {
                         "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                       }
                     ]
                   },
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "1/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "1/1/1",



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                         "description": "Interface to CE1",
                         "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         },
                         "connection": {
                           "encapsulation": {
                             "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                             "dot1q": {
                               "cvlan-id": 1
                             }
                           }
                         },
                         "vpws-service-instance": {
                           "local-vpws-service-instance": 1111,
                           "remote-vpws-service-instance": 1112
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "gr1",
                             "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi1"
                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe2",
                   "ne-id": "198.51.100.2",
                   "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                     "global-parameters-profile": [
                       {
                         "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                       }
                     ]
                   },
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "1/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                         "description": "Interface to CE1",
                         "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {



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                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         },
                         "connection": {
                           "encapsulation": {
                             "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                             "dot1q": {
                               "cvlan-id": 1
                             }
                           }
                         },
                         "vpws-service-instance": {
                           "local-vpws-service-instance": 1111,
                           "remote-vpws-service-instance": 1112
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "gr1",
                             "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi1"
                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe3",
                   "ne-id": "198.51.100.3",
                   "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                     "global-parameters-profile": [
                       {
                         "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                       }
                     ]
                   },
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "1/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                         "description": "Interface to CE2",
                         "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         },
                         "connection": {



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                           "encapsulation": {
                             "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                             "dot1q": {
                               "cvlan-id": 1
                             }
                           }
                         },
                         "vpws-service-instance": {
                           "local-vpws-service-instance": 1112,
                           "remote-vpws-service-instance": 1111
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "gr1",
                             "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi2"
                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe4",
                   "ne-id": "198.51.100.4",
                   "active-global-parameters-profiles": {
                     "global-parameters-profile": [
                       {
                         "profile-id": "simple-profile"
                       }
                     ]
                   },
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "1/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                         "description": "Interface to CE2",
                         "active-vpn-node-profile": "simple-profile",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         },
                         "connection": {
                           "encapsulation": {
                             "encap-type": "ietf-vpn-common:dot1q",
                             "dot1q": {
                               "cvlan-id": 1



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                             }
                           }
                         },
                         "vpws-service-instance": {
                           "local-vpws-service-instance": 1112,
                           "remote-vpws-service-instance": 1111
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "gr1",
                             "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi2"
                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 }
               ]
             }
           }
         ]
       }
     }
   }

      Figure 31: Example of L2NM Message Body to Configure a VPWS-EVPN
                                  Instance


A.5.  Automatic ESI Assignment

   This section provides an example to illustrate how the L2NM can be
   used to manage ESI auto-assignment.  We consider the sample EVPN
   service delivered using the architecture depicted in Figure 32.


              ES
              |     +-----+      +--------------+   +-----+
       +----+ |     | PE1 |======|              |===| PE3 |       +----+
       |    +-------+     |      |              |   |     +-------+ CE3|
       |    | |     +-----+      |              |   +-----+       +----+
       | CE1| |                  |     Core     |
       |    | |     +-----+      |              |   +-----+       +----+
       |    +-------+     |      |              |   |     +-------+ CE2|
       +----+ |     | PE2 |======|              |===| PE4 |       +----+
              |     +-----+      +--------------+   +-----+
            LACP




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           Figure 32: An Example of Automatic ESI Assignment

   Figure 33 and Figure 34 show how the L2NM is used to instruct both
   PE1 and PE2 to auto-assign the ESI to identify the ES used with CE1.
   In this example, we suppose that LACP is enabled and that a Type 1
   (T=0x01) is used as per Section 5 of [RFC7432].  Note that this
   example does not include all the details to configure the EVPN
   service, but focuses only on the ESI management part.

   {
     "ietf-ethernet-segment:ethernet-segments": {
       "ethernet-segment": [
         {
           "name": "esi1",
           "esi-type": "esi-type-1-lacp",
           "esi-redundancy-mode": "all-active"
         }
       ]
     }
   }

      Figure 33: Example of L2NM Message Body to Auto-Assign Ethernet
                            Segment Identifiers

   {
     "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:l2vpn-ntw": {
       "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:vpn-services": {
         "vpn-service": [
           {
             "vpn-id": "auto-esi-lacp",
             "vpn-description": "Sample to illustrate auto-ESI",
             "vpn-type": "ietf-vpn-common:vpws-evpn",
             "vpn-nodes": {
               "vpn-node": [
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe1",
                   "ne-id": "198.51.100.1",
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "1/1/1.1",
                         "interface-id": "1/1/1",
                         "description": "Interface to CE1",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         },



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                         "connection": {
                           "lag-interface": {
                             "lag-interface-id": "1",
                             "lacp": {
                               "lacp-state": true,
                               "system-id": "11:00:11:00:11:11",
                               "admin-key": 154
                             }
                           }
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "gr1",
                             "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi1"
                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 },
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "pe2",
                   "ne-id": "198.51.100.2",
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "2/2/2.5",
                         "interface-id": "2/2/2",
                         "description": "Interface to CE1",
                         "status": {
                           "admin-status": {
                             "status": "ietf-vpn-common:admin-up"
                           }
                         },
                         "connection": {
                           "lag-interface": {
                             "lag-interface-id": "1",
                             "lacp": {
                               "lacp-state": true,
                               "system-id": "11:00:11:00:11:11",
                               "admin-key": 154
                             }
                           }
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "gr1",
                             "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi1"



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                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 }
               ]
             }
           }
         ]
       }
     }
   }

     Figure 34: An Example of L2NM Message Body for ESI Auto-Assignment

   The auto-assigned ESI can be retrieved using, e.g., a GET RESTCONF
   method.  The assigned value will be then returned as shown in the
   'esi-auto' data node in Figure 35.

   =============== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per RFC 8792 ================

   {
     "ietf-ethernet-segment:ethernet-segments": {
       "ethernet-segment": [
         {
           "name": "esi1",
           "ethernet-segment-identifier": "esi-type-1-lacp",
           "esi-auto": {
             "auto-ethernet-segment-identifier": "01:11:00:11:00:11:\
   11:9a:00:00"
           },
           "esi-redundancy-mode": "all-active"
         }
       ]
     }
   }

         Figure 35: An Example of L2NM Message Body to Retrieve the
                                Assigned ESI

A.6.  VPN Network Access Precedence

   In reference to the example depicted in Figure 36, an L2VPN service
   involves two VPN network accesses to sites that belong to the same
   customer.





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                +--------------+
                |VPN-NODE      |
                |           +--+-------+
                |           | NET-ACC-1| Primary
                |           |          +------------------
                |           +--+-------+
                |              |
                |           +--+-------+
                |           | NET-ACC-2| Secondary
                |           |          +------------------
                |           +--+-------+
                |              |
                +--------------+

            Figure 36: Example of Multiple VPN Network Accesses

   In order to tag one of these VPN network accesses as "primary" and
   the other one as "secondary", Figure 37 shows an excerpt of the
   corresponding L2NM configuration.  In such a configuration, both
   accesses are bound to the same "group-id" and the "precedence" data
   node set as function of the intended role of each access (primary or
   secondary).





























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   {
     "ietf-l2vpn-ntw:l2vpn-ntw": {
       "vpn-services": {
         "vpn-service": [
           {
             "vpn-id": "Sample-Service",
             "vpn-nodes": {
               "vpn-node": [
                 {
                   "vpn-node-id": "VPN-NODE",
                   "vpn-network-accesses": {
                     "vpn-network-access": [
                       {
                         "id": "NET-ACC-1",
                         "connection": {
                           "bearer-reference": "br1"
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "1",
                             "precedence": "primary"
                           }
                         ]
                       },
                       {
                         "id": "NET-ACC-2",
                         "connection": {
                           "bearer-reference": "br2"
                         },
                         "group": [
                           {
                             "group-id": "1",
                             "precedence": "secondary"
                           }
                         ]
                       }
                     ]
                   }
                 }
               ]
             }
           }
         ]
       }
     }
   }





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      Figure 37: Example of Message Body to Associate Priority Levels
                         with VPN Network Accesses


Acknowledgements

   During the discussions of this work, helpful comments, suggestions,
   and reviews were received from: Sergio Belotti, Italo Busi, Miguel
   Cros Cecilia, Joe Clarke, Dhruv Dhody, Adrian Farrel, Roque Gagliano,
   Christian Jacquenet, Kireeti Kompella, Julian Lucek, Moti
   Morgenstern, Erez Segev, and Tom Petch.  Many thanks to them.

   Luay Jalil, Jichun Ma, Daniel King, and Zhang Guiyu contributed to an
   early version of this document.

   Thanks to Yingzhen Qu and Himanshu Shah for the rtgdir reviews,
   Ladislav Lhotka for the yangdoctors review, Chris Lonvick for the
   secdir review, and Dale Worley for the gen-art review.  Special
   thanks to Adrian Farrel for the careful Shepherd review.

   Thanks to Robert Wilton for the careful AD review and various
   suggestions to enhance the model.

   Thanks to Lars Eggert, Erik Kline, Roman Danyliw, Francesca
   Palombini, Zaheduzzaman Sarker, and Eric Vyncke for the IESG review.

   A YANG module for Ethernet segments was first defined in the context
   of the EVPN device module [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-yang].

   This work is partially supported by the European Commission under
   Horizon 2020 grant agreement number 101015857 Secured autonomic
   traffic management for a Tera of SDN flows (Teraflow).

Contributors

   Victor Lopez
   Nokia
   Email: victor.lopez@nokia.com

   Qin Wu
   Huawei
   Email: bill.wu@huawei.com

   Raul Arco
   Nokia
   Email: raul.arco@nokia.com





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Authors' Addresses

   Mohamed Boucadair (editor)
   Orange
   Rennes
   France
   Email: mohamed.boucadair@orange.com


   Oscar Gonzalez de Dios (editor)
   Telefonica
   Madrid
   Spain
   Email: oscar.gonzalezdedios@telefonica.com


   Samier Barguil
   Telefonica
   Madrid
   Spain
   Email: samier.barguilgiraldo.ext@telefonica.com


   Luis Angel Munoz
   Vodafone
   Spain
   Email: luis-angel.munoz@vodafone.com
























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