WWW Distributed Authoring and                                  B. Korver
Versioning (webdav)                                               Xythos
Internet-Draft                                              L. Dusseault
Expires: April 22, 2005                                             OSAF
                                                        October 22, 2004

             Quota and Size Properties for DAV Collections

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is subject to all provisions
   of section 3 of RFC 3667.  By submitting this Internet-Draft, each
   author represents that any applicable patent or other IPR claims of
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   which he or she become aware will be disclosed, in accordance with
   RFC 3668.

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2004).


   WebDAV servers are frequently deployed with quota (size) limitations.
   This Internet-Draft discusses the properties and minor behaviors
   needed for clients to interoperate with quota implementations on
   WebDAV repositories.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     1.1   Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
     1.2   Requirement for quotas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Solution Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   3.  DAV:quota-available-bytes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   4.  DAV:quota-used-bytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   5.  Example PROPFIND request and response  . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   6.  Error reporting  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   7.  Notes  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   8.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   9.  Internationalization Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   10.   IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   11.   Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   12.   References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   12.1  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   12.2  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
       Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
       Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . 10

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1.  Introduction

1.1  Notational Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

1.2  Requirement for quotas

   WebDAV servers based on [RFC2518] have been implemented and deployed
   with quota restrictions on collections and users, so it makes sense
   to standardize this functionality to improve user experience and
   client interoperability.  This specification requires WebDAV because
   it requires PROPFIND support and relies on the WebDAV definition of
   collections and properties, including the definitions for live and
   protected properties.

   The reasons why WebDAV servers frequently have quotas enforced are
   the same reasons why any storage system comes with quotas.

   o  Sometimes the storage service charges according to quota

   o  Sometimes the storage service is provided free, but the storage
      service provider has limited storage space (e.g.  www.example.com
      and university-provided student accounts)

   o  Even in cases where the storage can be upgraded, the storage
      managers may choose to limit quota in order to encourage users to
      limit the files they store on the system and to clean up obsolete
      files.  (e.g.  IT departments within corporations)

   In order to work best with repositories that support quotas, client
   software should be able to determine and display the quota-available
   on collections.  Further, client software should have some way of
   fairly reliably determining how much storage space is already counted
   towards that quota.

   In addition to displaying the quota-available and quota-used on
   collections, this specification does not forbid these properties on
   any resource.

2.  Solution Overview

   The approach to meeting the requirements and scenarios outlined above
   is to define three live properties.  This specification can be met on
   a server by implementing both quota-available and quota-used on

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   collections only.  Implementing both quota-available and quota- used
   on all resources is RECOMMENDED.

   A <DAV:allprop> PROPFIND request SHOULD NOT return any of the
   properties defined by this document.  However, these property names
   MUST be returned in a <DAV:propname> request for a resource that
   supports the properties, except in the case of infinite limits which
   are explained below.

   The quota-available and quota-used definitions below borrow heavily
   from the quota definitions in the NFS [RFC3010] specification.

3.  DAV:quota-available-bytes

   Name: quota-available-bytes

   Namespace: DAV:

   Purpose: Indicates the maximum amount of additional storage available
      to be allocated to a resource.

   DTD: <!ELEMENT quota-available-bytes (#PCDATA) >

   The DAV:quota-available-bytes property value is the value in octets
   representing the amount of additional disk space beyond the current
   allocation that can be allocated to this file or directory before
   further allocations will be refused.  It is understood that this
   space may be consumed by allocations to other files or directories.

   Support for this property is REQUIRED on collections, and OPTIONAL on
   other resources.  A server SHOULD implement this property for each
   resource that has the DAV:quota-used-bytes property.

   Clients SHOULD expect that as the quota-available on a file or
   directory approaches 0, further allocations to that file or directory
   may be refused.  A value of 0 indicates that users will probably not
   be able to perform operations that write additional information (e.g.
   a PUT inside a collection), but may be able to replace through
   overwrite an existing resource of equal size.

   Note that there may be a number of distinct but overlapping limits,
   which may even include physical media limits.  When reporting quota-
   available, the server is at liberty to choose any of those limits but
   SHOULD do so in a repeatable way.  The rule may be configured per
   repository, or may be "choose the smallest number".

   If a resource has no quota enforced or unlimited storage ("infinite
   limits"), the server MAY choose not to return this property (404 Not

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   Found response in Multi-Status), although this specification
   RECOMMENDS that servers return some appropriate value (e.g.  the
   amount of free disc space).  A client cannot entirely assume that
   there is no quota enforced on a resource that does not have this
   property, but might as well act as if there is no quota.

   The value of this property is protected.  A 403 Forbidden response is
   RECOMMENDED for attempts to write a protected property.

4.  DAV:quota-used-bytes

   Name: quota-used-bytes

   Namespace: DAV:

   Purpose: Contains the amount of storage counted against the quota on
      a resource.

   DTD: <!ELEMENT quota-used-bytes (#PCDATA) >

   The DAV:quota-used-bytes value is the value in octets representing
   the amount of space used by this file or directory and possibly a
   number of other similar files or directories, where the set of
   "similar" meets at least the criterion that allocating space to any
   file or directory in the set will count against the quota-available.
   It MUST include the total count including usage derived from sub-
   resources if appropriate.  It SHOULD include metadata storage size if
   metadata storage is counted against the quota-available.

   Note that there may be a number of distinct but overlapping sets of
   files or directories for which a quota-used is maintained (e.g.  "all
   files with a given owner", "all files with a given group owner",
   etc.).  The server is at liberty to choose any of those sets but
   SHOULD do so in a repeatable way.  The rule may be configured per

   Support for this property is REQUIRED on collections, and OPTIONAL on
   other resources.  A server SHOULD implement this property for each
   resource that has the DAV:quota-available-bytes property.

   Support for this property enhances the client experience, because
   together with DAV:quota-available-bytes, the client has a chance of
   managing its files to avoid running out of allocated storage space.
   Clients may not be able to calculate the value as accurately on their
   own, depending on how total space used is calculated by the server.

5.  Example PROPFIND request and response

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         PROPFIND /~milele/public/ HTTP/1.1
         Depth: 0
         Host: www.example.com
         Content-Type: text/xml
         Content-Length: xxx

         <?xml version="1.0" ?>
         <D:propfind xmlns:D="DAV:">


         HTTP/1.1 207 Multi-Status
         Date: Tue, 16 Oct 2001 22:13:39 GMT
         Content-Length: xxx
         Content-Type: text/xml; charset=UTF-8

         <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
         <D:multistatus xmlns:D="DAV:">
             <D:status>HTTP/1.1 200 OK</D:status>

6.  Error reporting

   WebDAV [RFC2518] defines the status code 507 (Insufficient Storage).
   This status code SHOULD be used when a client request (e.g.  a PUT,
   PROPFIND, MKCOL, MOVE or COPY) is forbidden because it would exceed
   their allotted quota.  In order to differentiate the response from
   other storage problems, the server SHOULD include an XML error body
   as defined by DeltaV [RFC3253] with the <DAV:storage-quota-reached/>
   precondition tag.

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   Example error response:

      HTTP/1.1 507 Insufficient Storage
      Content-Length: 100
      Content-Type: text/xml

      <?xml version="1.0">
      <error xmlns="DAV:">

7.  Notes

   Server implementations store and account for their data in many
   different ways.  Some of the challenges:

   o  Some server implementations find it prohibitive to count storage
      used for metadata, others may choose to do so for better

   o  Older versions of resources may be stored as well.

   o  Variants of one resource may exist with different content lengths

   o  Content may be dynamically generated.

   o  Resource bodies can be compressed

   o  Some resources may be stored for "free", not counting against

   Since server storage accounting can vary so much, clients should
   expect the following:

   o  The size of a file on the client's file system, or in a PUT
      message, may not correspond to the amount of storage required by
      the server to store the resource.  Thus, the client cannot predict
      with 100% accuracy whether a given file will be allowed given the
      storage quota.

   o  Deleting or overwriting a resource may not free up the same amount
      of storage as indicated by the DAV:getcontentlength property
      defined in [RFC2518] for the resource.  If deleting a resource
      does not free up any space, the file may have been moved to a
      "trash" folder or "recycle bin", or retained as in versioning
      systems ([RFC3253]).

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   o  The total size of a collection, DAV:quota-used-bytes, is not
      necessarily a sum of the DAV:getcontentlength properties for
      resources stored in the collection.

   o  On some systems where quota is counted by collection and not by
      user, a quota on a sub-collection may be larger than the quota on
      its parent collection that contains it.  For example, the quota on
      /~milele/ may be 100 MB, but the quota on /~milele/public/ may be
      unlimited.  This allows the space used by /~milele/public/ to be
      as large as the quota on /~milele/ allows (depending on the other
      contents of /~milele/) even if the quota on /~milele/ is changed.
      Thus, even when the quota on a parent collection is changed, it is
      not necessarily required to change the quota on every child or
      descendant collection.

8.  Security Considerations

   A hacker may prefer to store files in collections with a large quota.
   This isn't strictly a security concern because it doesn't make it any
   easier to store files.  On the other hand, the DAV:quota-used-bytes
   property may make it easier to detect tampering or misuse.

   If a server chooses to make the DAV:quota-assigned-bytes writable by
   clients with sufficient authorization, then it is opening up a
   certain amount of near-administration functionality to clients.
   However, it is not required for the DAV:quota-assigned-bytes property
   to be writeable by any clients, so a server can easily avoid this

9.  Internationalization Considerations

   Quota is counted in Arabic numerals expressed in strings.  There are
   no internationalization considerations.

10.  IANA Considerations

   There are no IANA considerations.

11.  Acknowledgements

   Stefan Eissing, Jim Luther, Julian Reschke, and Jim Whitehead and
   provided valuable comments on this document.

12.  References

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12.1  Normative References

   [RFC2026]  Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process - Revision
              3", RFC 2026, October 1996.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2518]  Goland, Y., Whitehead, E., Faizi, A., Carter, S. and D.
              Jensen, "HTTP Extensions for Distributed Authoring --
              WebDAV", RFC 2518, February 1999.

   [RFC3253]  Clemm, G., Amsden, J., Ellison, T., Kaler, C. and J.
              Whitehead, "Versioning Extensions to WebDAV (Web
              Distributed Authoring and Versioning)", RFC 3253, March

12.2  Informative References

   [RFC3010]  Shepler, S., Callaghan, B., Robinson, D., Thurlow, R.,
              Beame, C., Eisler, M. and D. Noveck, "NFS version 4
              Protocol", RFC 3530, December 2000.

Authors' Addresses

   Brian Korver
   Xythos Software
   One Bush Street
   Suite 600
   San Francisco, CA  94104

   Phone: +1 415 248-3800
   EMail: briank@xythos.com

   Lisa Dusseault
   Open Source Applications Foundation
   543 Howard Street
   5th Floor
   San Francisco, CA  94105

   Phone: +1 415 946-3040
   EMail: lisa@osafoundation.org

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Copyright Statement

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