E. Rescorla, A. Schiffman INTERNET-DRAFT Enterprise Integration Technologies <draft-ietf-wts-shtml-00.txt> Feb 1996 (Expires August-96) Security Extensions For HTML Status of this Memo This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as ``work in progress.'' To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the ``1id-abstracts.txt'' listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa), nic.nordu.net (Europe), munnari.oz.au (Pacific Rim), ds.internic.net (US East Coast), or ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast). This document was originally part of [SHTTP] but has been broken out to reflect it's independence from the protocol aspects of S-HTTP. Abstract This memo describes a syntax for embedding S-HTTP negotiation parame- ters in HTML documents. S-HTTP as described by draft-ietf-wts-shttp- 01.txt contains the concept of negotation headers which reflect the potential receiver of a message's preferences as to which crypto- graphic enhancements should be applied to the message. This document describes a syntax for binding these negotiation parameters to HTML anchors. 1. Introduction 2. Anchor Attributes We define the following new anchor (and form submission) attributes: DN -- The distinguished name of the principal for whom the request should be encrypted when dereferencing the anchor's URL. This need not be specified, but failure to do so runs the risk that the client will be unable to determine the DN and therefore will be unable to encrypt. This should be Rescorla, Schiffman [Page 1]Internet-Draft HTML Security Extensions specified in the form of RFC1485, using SGML quoting con- ventions as needed. NONCE -- A free-format string (appropriately SGML quoted) which is to be included in a SHTTP-Nonce: header (after SGML quoting is removed) when the anchor is dereferenced. CRYPTOPTS -- Cryptographic option information as described in [SHTTP]. If multiline, this must be quoted to protect the line break information. 2.1. CERTS Element A new CERTS HTML element is defined, which carries a (not necessarily related) group of certificates provided as advisory data. The element contents are not intended to be displayed to the user. Certificate groups may be provided appropriate for either PEM or PKCS-7 implemen- tations. Such certificates are supplied in the HTML document for the convenience of the recipient, who might otherwise be unable to retrieve the certificate (chain) corresponding to a DN specified in an anchor. The format should be the same as that of the 'Certificate-Info' header line, of [SHTTP] except that the <Cert-Fmt> specifier should be provided as the FMT attribute in the tag. Multiple CERTS elements are permitted; it is suggested that CERTS elements themselves be included in the HTML document's HEAD element (in the hope that the data will not be displayed by S-HTTP oblivious but HTML compliant browsers. 2.2. CRYPTOPTS Element Cryptopts may also be broken out into an element and referred to in anchors by name. The NAME attribute specifies the name by which this element may be referred to in a CRYPTOPTS attribute in an anchor. Names must have a # as the leading character. 2.3. HTML Example An example of cryptographic data embedded in an anchor, proceeded by a certificate group is provided below. Note the SGML quoting syntax used to supply embedded quotation marks. Rescorla, Schiffman [Page 2]Internet-Draft HTML Security Extensions <CERTS FMT=PKCS-7> MIAGCSqGSIb3DQEHAqCAMIACAQExADCABgkqhkiG9w0BBwEAAKCAM IIBrTCCAUkCAgC2MA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAgUAME0xCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVTMSAwH gYDVQQKExdSU0EgRGF0YSBTZWN1cml0eSwgSW5jLjEcMBoGA1UECxMTUGVyc 29uYSBDZXJ0aWZpY2F0ZTAeFw05NDA0MDkwMDUwMzdaFw05NDA4MDIxODM4N TdaMGcxCzAJBgNVBAYTAlVTMSAwHgYDVQQKExdSU0EgRGF0YSBTZWN1cml0e SwgSW5jLjEcMBoGA1UECxMTUGVyc29uYSBDZXJ0aWZpY2F0ZTEYMBYGA1UEA xMPU2V0ZWMgQXN0cm9ub215MFwwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADSwAwSAJBAMy8Q cW7RMrB4sTdQ8Nmb2DFmJmkWn+el+NdeamIDElX/qw9mIQu4xNj1FfepfJNx zPvA0OtMKhy6+bkrlyMEU8CAwEAATANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQIFAANPAAYn7jDgi rhiIL4wnP8nGzUisGSpsFsF4/7z2P2wqne6Qk8Cg/Dstu3RyaN78vAMGP8d8 2H5+Ndfhi2mRp4YHiGHz0HlK6VbPfnyvS2wdjCCAccwggFRAgUCQAAAFDANB gkqhkiG9w0BAQIFADBfMQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzEgMB4GA1UEChMXUlNBIERhd GEgU2VjdXJpdHksIEluYy4xLjAsBgNVBAsTJUxvdyBBc3N1cmFuY2UgQ2Vyd GlmaWNhdGlvbiBBdXRob3JpdHkwHhcNOTQwMTA3MDAwMDAwWhcNOTYwMTA3M jM1OTU5WjBNMQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzEgMB4GA1UEChMXUlNBIERhdGEgU2Vjd XJpdHksIEluYy4xHDAaBgNVBAsTE1BlcnNvbmEgQ2VydGlmaWNhdGUwaTANB gkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAANYADBVAk4GqghQDa9Xi/2zAdYEqJVIcYhlLN1FpI9tX Q1m6zZ39PYXK8Uhoj0Es7kWRv8hC04vqkOKwndWbzVtvoHQOmP8nOkkuBi+A QvgFoRcgOUCAwEAATANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQIFAANhAD/5Uo7xDdp49oZm9GoNc PhZcW1e+nojLvHXWAU/CBkwfcR+FSf4hQ5eFu1AjYv6Wqf430Xe9Et5+jgnM Tiq4LnwgTdA8xQX4elJz9QzQobkE3XVOjVAtCFcmiin80RB8AAAMYAAAAAAA AAAAA== </CERTS> <A name=foobar DN="CN=Setec Astronomy, OU=Persona Certificate, O="RSA Data Security, Inc.", C=US" CRYPTOPTS="SHTTP-Privacy-Enhancements: recv-refused=encrypt SHTTP-Signature-Algorithms: recv-required=NIST-DSS" HREF="shttp://research.nsa.gov/skipjack-holes.html"> Don't read this. </A> Rescorla, Schiffman [Page 3]Internet-Draft HTML Security Extensions References [SHTTP] Rescorla, E., Schiffman, A.M., "The Secure HyperText Transfer Protocol", draft-ietf-wts-shttp-01.txt, Feb 1996. Security Considerations This entire document is about security.