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Versions: 00 01 02                                                      
Network Working Group                                          A. Newton
Internet-Draft                                                      ARIN
Intended status: Standards Track                              K. Ranjbar
Expires: September 12, 2012                                     RIPE NCC
                                                               A. Servin
                                                                  LACNIC
                                                             B. Ellacott
                                                                   APNIC
                                                          March 11, 2012


             JSON Responses to RESTful URL Queries for RIRs
             draft-newton-et-al-weirds-rir-json-response-01

Abstract

   This document describes responses in the JSON format to the RESTful
   queries described in draft-newton-et-al-weirds-rir-query.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 12, 2012.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of



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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Signalling for JSON  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  JSON Naming  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   4.  Responses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     4.1.  IP Networks  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     4.2.  Autonomous Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
     4.3.  Reverse DNS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   5.  The Entity Object  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   6.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17



































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1.  Introduction

   The Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) have begun experimenting with
   RESTful web services for access to Whois data.  RIR-QUERY
   [I-D.newton-et-al-weirds-rir-query] presents uniform patterns which
   may be used to contruct URLs for accessing data from these RESTful
   web services.  This document describes responses in the JSON
   [RFC4627] serialization format to the query URLs in RIR-QUERY.

   As this document describes responses returned in JSON [RFC4627]
   format, other documents may describe responses in other formats to
   the same URL queries.







































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2.  Signalling for JSON

   To receive JSON [RFC4627] responses, clients SHOULD put the
   "application/json" MIME type in the Accept header.  Servers SHOULD
   respond with JSON responses when this MIME type is present in the
   Accept header in accordance with the preference rules for the Accept
   header in HTTP [RFC2616], however the use of multiple MIME types in
   the Accept header is NOT RECOMMENDED.











































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3.  JSON Naming

   Clients processing JSON [RFC4627] responses SHOULD ignore values
   associated with unrecognized names.  Servers MAY insert values
   signified by names into the JSON responses which are not specified in
   this document.  Insertion of unspecified values into JSON responses
   SHOULD have names prefixed with a short identifier followed by an
   underscore followed by a meaningful name.

   For example, "handle" is specified in this document as the name of a
   value which is a string containing an RIR unique identifier for a
   registration.  The RIR of the Moon might desire to insert a value
   specific to their services denoting that a registration occured
   before or after the first moon landing.  The name for such a value
   might take the form "lunarNic_beforeOneSmallStep".

   JSON names SHOULD only consist of the alphabetic ASCII characters A
   through Z in both uppercase and lowercase, underscore characters, and
   SHOULD NOT begin with an underscore character or the characters
   "xml".  This restriction is a union of the Ruby programming language
   identifier syntax and the XML element name syntax and has two
   purposes.  First, client implementers using modern programming
   languages such as Ruby or Java may use libraries that automatically
   promote JSON values to first order object attributes or members (e.g.
   using the example above, the values may be referenced as
   network.handle or network.lunarNic_beforeOneSmallStep).  Second, a
   clean mapping between JSON and XML is easy to accomplish using the
   JSON representation.

   Clients processing JSON responses MUST be prepared for values
   specified in this document to be absent from a response as no JSON
   value listed in this document is required to appear in the response.
   In other words, servers MAY remove values as is needed by the
   policies of the server operator.

















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4.  Responses

   As specified in RIR-QUERY [I-D.newton-et-al-weirds-rir-query],
   queries for resources and information can be made for three types of
   information: 1) information about IP networks, 2) information about
   autonomous system numbers, and 3) information about reverse DNS
   delegations.  Queries for each of these three types can be
   constructed to target specific information:

   o  operator information (e.g. "/operator")

   o  contacts of the operator (e.g "/operator/contacts")

   o  specific types of contacts of the operator (e.g. "/operator/
      contacts/abuse")

   o  registration information about the networks, AS numbers, or DNS
      delegations (e.g. "/registration")

   o  all of the above (e.g. "/")

4.1.  IP Networks

   The following is an elided example of a JSON [RFC4627] response
   object to a query for both registration and operator information of
   an IP network


   {
     "network":
     {
       ...
     },
     "operator":
     {
       ...
     }
   }


                                 Figure 1

   The "network" member, which may be queried for directly as the
   registration information (i.e. "/registration") of the IP network is
   described below.






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   The following is an example of the JSON object for the network
   registration information


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX-RIR",
     "startAddress" : "10.0.0.0",
     "endAddress" : "10.0.0.255",
     "ipVersion" : 4,
     "name": "NET-RTR-1",
     "description" : [ "A network used for routing" ],
     "type" : "DIRECT ALLOCATION",
     "country" : "AU",
     "parentHandle" : "YYYY-RIR",
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",
       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "parent",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/yyyy"
       },
       {
         "type" : "held",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
       }
     ],
     "registrationDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
   }


   The following is a description of the members of this object:

   handle  -- a string representing an RIR unique identifier of the
      network registration

   startAddress  -- the starting IP address of the network, either IPv4
      [RFC0791] or IPv6 [RFC5952]






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   endAddress  -- the ending IP address of the network, either IPv4 or
      IPv6

   ipVersion  -- an integer signifying the IP protocol version of the
      network: 4 signifying an IPv4 network, 6 signifing an IPv6 network

   name  -- an identifier assigned to the network registration by the
      registration holder

   description  -- an array of strings containing descriptive text about
      the network registration

   type  -- a string containing an RIR specific classification of the
      network

   country  -- a string containing the name of the country of the
      network which MAY be in ISO 3166 2 character code [ISO.3166.1988]
      format

   parendHandle  -- a string containing an RIR unique identifier of the
      parent network of this network registration

   The members "remarks", "uris", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate",
   and "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same
   name of the entity object (Section 5).

   The "operator" member of Figure 1, which maybe queried for directly
   using the "/operator" path, is described below.























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   The following is an elided example of a JSON response object for
   operator information


   {
     "entity":
     {
       ...
     },
     "contacts":
     {
       "tech": [
         ...
       ],
       "admin": [
         ...
       ],
       "abuse": [
         ...
       ]
     }
   }


                                 Figure 2

   The "entity" member of Figure 2 is an object and is specified in
   Section 5.  The "contacts" member is an object containing three
   arrays: "tech", "admin", and "abuse".  Each of these arrays contains
   entities (Section 5).  That is, the "tech" array contains entity
   objects, each representing a tech contact, etc...

4.2.  Autonomous Systems

   An autonomous number query for both the registration and operator
   and/or contact information yields an object containing an "autnum"
   member and an "operator" member.  The "operator" member is as
   specified in Section 4.1.  Additionally, queries specifically for the
   operator and/or contact information take the same form as in
   Section 4.1.

   The "autnum" member mentioned above as well as queries directly for
   the registration information take the form of a JSON [RFC4627]
   object.







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   The following is an example of a JSON object representing an autnum.


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX-RIR",
     "startAutnum" : "10",
     "endAutnum" : "15",
     "name": "AS-RTR-1",
     "description" : [ "AS for Exchange" ],
     "type" : "DIRECT ALLOCATION",
     "country": "AU",
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",
       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/autnum/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "parent",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/autnum/yyyy"
       },
       {
         "type" : "held",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
       }
     ],
     "registrationDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
   }


   The following is a description of the members of this object:

   handle  -- a string representing an RIR unique identifier of the
      autnum registration

   startAutnum  -- the starting number [RFC5396] in the block of
      autonomous system numbers

   endAutnum  -- the ending number [RFC5396] in the block of autonomous
      system numbers






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   name  an identifier assigned to the autnum registration by the
      registration holder

   description  -- an array of strings containing descriptive text about
      the autnum registration

   type  -- a string containing an RIR specific classification of the
      autnum

   country  -- a string containing the name of the country of the autnum
      which MAY be in ISO 3166 2 character code [ISO.3166.1988] format

   The members "remarks", "uris", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate",
   and "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same
   name of the entity object (Section 5).

4.3.  Reverse DNS

   A reverse DNS delegation query for both the registration and operator
   and/or contact information yields an object containing an "rdns"
   member and an "operator" member.  The "operator" member is as
   specified in Section 4.1.  Additionally, queries specifically for the
   operator and/or contact information take the same form as in
   Section 4.1.

   The "rdns" member mentioned above as well as queries directly for the
   reverse DNS information take the form of a JSON [RFC4627] object.
























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   The following is an example of a JSON object representing an reverse
   DNS delegation.


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX-RIR",
     "name" : "192.in-addr.arpa",
     "nameServers" : [ "ns1.rir.net", "ns2.rir.net" ],
     "delegationKeys" : [
       {
         "algorithm": 7,
         "digest" : "E68C017BD813B9AE2F4DD28E61AD014F859ED44C",
         "digestType" : 1,
         "keyTag" : 53814
       }
     ],
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",
       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "parent",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/yyyy"
       },
       {
         "type" : "held",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
       }
     ],
     "registrationDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
   }


   The following is a description of the members of this object:

   handle  -- a string representing an RIR unique identifier of the
      reverse DNS delegation







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   name  -- a string denoting the DNS zone name, see [RFC4343]

   nameservers  -- an array of strings, each being a fully qualified DNS
      name [RFC4343] of a namesever

   delegationKeys  -- an array of objects, each with the following
      members:

      algorithm  -- an integer as specified by the algorithm field of a
         DNS DS record as specified by RFC 4034 [RFC4034] in
         presentation format

      digest  -- an string as specified by the digest field of a DNS DS
         record as specified by RFC 4034 in presentation format

      digestType  -- an integer as specified by the digest type field of
         a DNS DS record as specified by RFC 4034 in presetnation format

      keyTag  -- an integer as specified by the key tag field of a DNS
         DS record as specified by RFC 4034 in presentation format

   The members "remarks", "uris", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate",
   and "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same
   name of the entity object (Section 5).



























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5.  The Entity Object

   Throughout this document there is a need to represent the identity
   and contact information of organizations, corporations, governments,
   non-profits, clubs, individual persons, and informal groups of
   people.  All of these representations are so similar that it is best
   to represent them in JSON [RFC4627] with one construct, the entity
   object, to aid in the re-use of code by implementers.

   The following is an example of an entity:


       {
         "handle" : "XXXX-RIR",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" : [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
         {
           "type" : "source",
           "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/contact/xxxx"
         },
         {
           "type" : "held",
           "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
         }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "20110509",
         "lastChangedDate" : "20110509",
         "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
       }





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   This object as the following members.

   handle  -- a string representing an RIR unique identifier of the
      entity

   names  -- an array of strings, each signifying the name of the entity

   postalAddress  -- an array of string, each representing a line in a
      postal address.

   emails  -- an array of strings, each containing an email address
      [RFC5322] for the entity

   phones  -- an object containg telephone information associated with
      the entity, with the following members:

      office  -- an array of strings, each being a telephone number

      fax  -- an array of strings, each being a telephone number

      mobile  -- an array of strings, each being a telephone number

   remarks  -- an array of strings, each containing comments about the
      entity

   uris  -- an array of objects, each object having the following
      members:

      type  -- a string denoting the application type of the "uri" value

      uri  -- a string containing a URI [RFC3986]

   registrationDate  -- a string containing the date the entity was
      registered, which SHOULD be in RFC 3339 [RFC3339] format

   lastChangedDate  -- a string containing the date of last change made
      to the entity, which SHOULD be in RFC 3339 format

   lastChangedBy  -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      responsible for the last change made to the entity registration











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6.  Normative References

   [I-D.newton-et-al-weirds-rir-query]
              Newton, A., Ranjbar, K., and A. Servin, "A Uniform RESTful
              URL Query Pattern for RIRs",
              draft-newton-et-al-weirds-rir-query-00 (work in progress),
              September 2011.

   [RFC4627]  Crockford, D., "The application/json Media Type for
              JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)", RFC 4627, July 2006.

   [RFC3339]  Klyne, G., Ed. and C. Newman, "Date and Time on the
              Internet: Timestamps", RFC 3339, July 2002.

   [RFC4034]  Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D., and S.
              Rose, "Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions",
              RFC 4034, March 2005.

   [RFC0791]  Postel, J., "Internet Protocol", STD 5, RFC 791,
              September 1981.

   [RFC5952]  Kawamura, S. and M. Kawashima, "A Recommendation for IPv6
              Address Text Representation", RFC 5952, August 2010.

   [ISO.3166.1988]
              International Organization for Standardization, "Codes for
              the representation of names of countries, 3rd edition",
              ISO Standard 3166, August 1988.

   [RFC5396]  Huston, G. and G. Michaelson, "Textual Representation of
              Autonomous System (AS) Numbers", RFC 5396, December 2008.

   [RFC4343]  Eastlake, D., "Domain Name System (DNS) Case Insensitivity
              Clarification", RFC 4343, January 2006.

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
              RFC 3986, January 2005.

   [RFC5322]  Resnick, P., Ed., "Internet Message Format", RFC 5322,
              October 2008.

   [RFC2616]  Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext
              Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.






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Authors' Addresses

   Andrew Lee Newton
   American Registry for Internet Numbers
   3635 Concorde Parkway
   Chantilly, VA  20151
   US

   Email: andy@arin.net
   URI:   http://www.arin.net


   Kaveh Ranjbar
   RIPE Network Coordination Centre
   Singel 258
   Amsterdam  1016AB
   NL

   Email: kranjbar@ripe.net
   URI:   http://www.ripe.net


   Arturo L. Servin
   Latin American and Caribbean Internet Address Registry
   Rambla Republica de Mexico 6125
   Montevideo  11300
   UY

   Email: aservin@lacnic.net
   URI:   http://www.lacnic.net


   Byron J. Ellacott
   Asia Pacific Network Information Center
   6 Cordelia Street
   South Brisbane  QLD 4101
   Australia

   Email: bje@apnic.net
   URI:   http://www.apnic.net











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