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Versions: 00 01 02                                                      
anima Working Group                                        M. Richardson
Internet-Draft                                  Sandelman Software Works
Updates: RFC8366 (if approved)                                 T. Werner
Intended status: Standards Track                                 Siemens
Expires: 26 January 2022                                    25 July 2021


        JWS signed Voucher Artifacts for Bootstrapping Protocols
                 draft-richardson-anima-jose-voucher-02

Abstract

   RFC8366 defines a digital artifact called voucher as a YANG-defined
   JSON document that has been signed using a Cryptographic Message
   Syntax (CMS) structure.  This memo introduces a variant of the
   voucher structure in which CMS is replaced by the JSON Object Signing
   and Encryption (JOSE) mechanism described in RFC7515 to better
   support use-cases in which JOSE is preferred over CMS.

   In addition to explaining how the format is created, MIME types are
   registered and examples are provided.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on 26 January 2022.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2021 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (https://trustee.ietf.org/
   license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document.
   Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights



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   and restrictions with respect to this document.  Code Components
   extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text
   as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are
   provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  JSON Web Signatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  Unprotected Header  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.2.  Protected Header  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Privacy Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     6.1.  Media-Type Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       6.1.1.  application/voucher-jws+json  . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   7.  Changelog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Appendix A.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     A.1.  Example Voucher Request (from Pledge to Registrar)  . . .   8
     A.2.  Example Parboiled Voucher Request (from Registrar to
           MASA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     A.3.  Example Voucher Result (from MASA to Pledge, via
           Registrar)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16

1.  Introduction

   "A Voucher Artifact for Bootstrapping Protocols", [RFC8366] describes
   a voucher artifact used in "Bootstrapping Remote Secure Key
   Infrastructure" [BRSKI] and "Secure Zero Touch Provisioning" [SZTP]
   to transfer ownership of a device to from a manufacturer to an owner.
   That document defines the base YANG module, and also the initial
   serialization to JSON [RFC8259], with a signature provided by
   [RFC5652].

   Other work, [I-D.ietf-anima-constrained-voucher] provides a mapping
   of the YANG to CBOR [RFC8949] with a signature format of COSE
   [RFC8812].

   This document provides an equivalent mapping of JSON format with the
   signature format in JOSE format [RFC7515].  The encoding specified in
   this document is required for [I-D.ietf-anima-brski-async-enroll] and
   may be required and/or preferred in other use-cases, for example when
   JOSE is already used in other parts of the use-case, but CMS is not.



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   This document does not extend the YANG definition of [RFC8366] at
   all, but accepts that other efforts such as
   [I-D.richardson-anima-voucher-delegation],
   [I-D.friel-anima-brski-cloud], and
   [I-D.ietf-anima-brski-async-enroll] do.  This document supports
   signing any of the extended schemas defined in those documents and
   any new documents that may appear after this one.

   With the availability of different encoded vouchers, it is up to an
   industry specific application statement to indicate/decide which
   voucher format is to be used.  There is no provision across the
   different voucher formats that a receiver could safely recognize
   which format it uses unless additional context is provided.  For
   example, [BRSKI] provides this context via the MIME-Type for the
   voucher payload.

   This document should be considered an Update to [RFC8366] in the
   category of "See Also" as per [I-D.kuehlewind-update-tag].

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  JSON Web Signatures

   [RFC7515] defines two serializations: the JWS Compact Serialization
   and the JWS JSON Serialization.  The two serializations are mostly
   equivalent, and the JWS Compact Serialization (JWT) format has better
   library support in web frameworks, so this document restricts itself
   to that choice.

   The [RFC8366] JSON structure consists of a nested map, the outer part
   of which is:

   { "ietf-voucher:voucher" : { some inner items }}

   this is considered the JSON payload as described in [RFC7515] section
   3.

   The JSON Compact Serialization is explained in section 3.1 or section
   7.1, and works out to:






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         BASE64URL(UTF8(JWS Protected Header)) || '.' ||
         BASE64URL(JWS Payload) || '.' ||
         BASE64URL(JWS Signature)

   Note that this results in a long base64 content (with two
   interspersed dots).  When using HTTPS, the voucher is transmitted in
   base64 format, even though HTTP can accommodate binary content.  This
   is done to be most convenient for available JWT libraries, and for
   humans who are debugging.

   There are a number of attributes.  They are:

3.1.  Unprotected Header

   There is no unprotected header in the Compact Serialization format.

3.2.  Protected Header

   The standard "typ" and "alg" values described in [RFC7515] are
   expected in the protected headers.

   It remains to be determined (XXX), what values, if any, should go
   into the "typ" header, as in the [BRSKI] use cases, there are
   additional HTTP MIME type headers to indicate content types.

   The "alg" should contain the algorithm type such as "ES256".

   If PKIX [RFC5280] format certificates are used then the [RFC7515]
   section 4.1.6 "x5c" certificate chain SHOULD be used to contain the
   certificate and chain.  Vouchers will often need all certificates in
   the chain, including what would be considered the trust anchor
   certificate because intermediate devices (such as the Registrar) may
   need to audit the artifact, or end systems may need to pin a trust
   anchor for future operations.  This is consistent with [BRSKI]
   section 5.5.2.

4.  Privacy Considerations

   The Voucher Request reveals the IDevID of the system that is on-
   boarding.

   This request occurs over HTTPS, however the Pledge to Registrar
   transaction is over a provisional TLS session, and it is subject to
   disclosure via by a Dolev-Yao attacker (a "malicious
   messenger")[onpath].  This is explained in [BRSKI] section 10.2.

   The use of a JWS header brings no new privacy considerations.




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5.  Security Considerations

   The issues of how [RFC8366] vouchers are used in a [BRSKI] system is
   addressed in section 11 of that document.  This document does not
   change any of those issues, it just changes the signature technology
   used for vouchers and voucher requests.

   [SZTP] section 9 deals with voucher use in Secure Zero Touch
   Provisioning, and this document also makes no changes to security.

6.  IANA Considerations

6.1.  Media-Type Registry

   This section registers the 'application/voucher-jws+json' in the
   "Media Types" registry.

6.1.1.  application/voucher-jws+json

   Type name:  application
   Subtype name:  voucher-jwt+json
   Required parameters:  none
   Optional parameters:  none
   Encoding considerations:  JWS+JSON vouchers are JOSE objects
                             signed with one signer.
   Security considerations:  See Security Considerations, Section
   Interoperability considerations:  The format is designed to be
     broadly interoperable.
   Published specification:  THIS RFC.
   Applications that use this media type:  ANIMA, 6tisch, and other
     zero-touch imprinting systems
   Additional information:
     Magic number(s):  None
     File extension(s):  .vjj
     Macintosh file type code(s):  none
   Person & email address to contact for further information:  IETF
     ANIMA WG
   Intended usage:  LIMITED
   Restrictions on usage:  NONE
   Author:  ANIMA WG
   Change controller:  IETF
   Provisional registration? (standards tree only):  NO

7.  Changelog

   *  Added adoption call comments from Toerless.  Changed from
      [RFCxxxx] to [THING] style for some key references.




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8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [BRSKI]    Pritikin, M., Richardson, M., Eckert, T., Behringer, M.,
              and K. Watsen, "Bootstrapping Remote Secure Key
              Infrastructure (BRSKI)", RFC 8995, DOI 10.17487/RFC8995,
              May 2021, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8995>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC7515]  Jones, M., Bradley, J., and N. Sakimura, "JSON Web
              Signature (JWS)", RFC 7515, DOI 10.17487/RFC7515, May
              2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7515>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8259]  Bray, T., Ed., "The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data
              Interchange Format", STD 90, RFC 8259,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8259, December 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8259>.

   [RFC8366]  Watsen, K., Richardson, M., Pritikin, M., and T. Eckert,
              "A Voucher Artifact for Bootstrapping Protocols",
              RFC 8366, DOI 10.17487/RFC8366, May 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8366>.

   [SZTP]     Watsen, K., Farrer, I., and M. Abrahamsson, "Secure Zero
              Touch Provisioning (SZTP)", RFC 8572,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8572, April 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8572>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.friel-anima-brski-cloud]
              Friel, O., Shekh-Yusef, R., and M. Richardson, "BRSKI
              Cloud Registrar", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-
              friel-anima-brski-cloud-04, 6 April 2021,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-friel-anima-brski-
              cloud-04.txt>.






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   [I-D.ietf-anima-brski-async-enroll]
              Fries, S., Brockhaus, H., Lear, E., and T. Werner,
              "Support of asynchronous Enrollment in BRSKI (BRSKI-AE)",
              Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-anima-brski-
              async-enroll-03, 24 June 2021,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-anima-brski-
              async-enroll-03.txt>.

   [I-D.ietf-anima-constrained-voucher]
              Richardson, M., Stok, P. V. D., Kampanakis, P., and E.
              Dijk, "Constrained Voucher Artifacts for Bootstrapping
              Protocols", Work in Progress, Internet-Draft, draft-ietf-
              anima-constrained-voucher-12, 11 July 2021,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-ietf-anima-
              constrained-voucher-12.txt>.

   [I-D.kuehlewind-update-tag]
              Kuehlewind, M. and S. Krishnan, "Definition of new tags
              for relations between RFCs", Work in Progress, Internet-
              Draft, draft-kuehlewind-update-tag-04, 12 July 2021,
              <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-kuehlewind-update-
              tag-04.txt>.

   [I-D.richardson-anima-voucher-delegation]
              Richardson, M. and W. Pan, "Delegated Authority for
              Bootstrap Voucher Artifacts", Work in Progress, Internet-
              Draft, draft-richardson-anima-voucher-delegation-03, 22
              March 2021, <https://www.ietf.org/archive/id/draft-
              richardson-anima-voucher-delegation-03.txt>.

   [onpath]   "can an on-path attacker drop traffic?", n.d.,
              <https://mailarchive.ietf.org/arch/msg/saag/
              m1r9uo4xYznOcf85Eyk0Rhut598/>.

   [RFC5280]  Cooper, D., Santesson, S., Farrell, S., Boeyen, S.,
              Housley, R., and W. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key
              Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List
              (CRL) Profile", RFC 5280, DOI 10.17487/RFC5280, May 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5280>.

   [RFC5652]  Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", STD 70,
              RFC 5652, DOI 10.17487/RFC5652, September 2009,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5652>.

   [RFC8792]  Watsen, K., Auerswald, E., Farrel, A., and Q. Wu,
              "Handling Long Lines in Content of Internet-Drafts and
              RFCs", RFC 8792, DOI 10.17487/RFC8792, June 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8792>.



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   [RFC8812]  Jones, M., "CBOR Object Signing and Encryption (COSE) and
              JSON Object Signing and Encryption (JOSE) Registrations
              for Web Authentication (WebAuthn) Algorithms", RFC 8812,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8812, August 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8812>.

   [RFC8949]  Bormann, C. and P. Hoffman, "Concise Binary Object
              Representation (CBOR)", STD 94, RFC 8949,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8949, December 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8949>.

Appendix A.  Examples

   These examples are folded according to [RFC8792] Single Backslash
   rule.

A.1.  Example Voucher Request (from Pledge to Registrar)

   The following is an example request sent from a Pledge to the
   Registrar.  This example is from the Siemens reference Registrar
   system.

   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_request_01.b64"
   eyJhbGciOiAiRVMyNTYiLCAieDVjIjogWyJNSUlCMmpDQ0FZQ2dBd0lCQWd\
   R0FXZWdkY1NMTUFvR0NDcUdTTTQ5QkFNQ01EMHhDekFKQmdOVkJBWVRBa0Z\
   TVJVd0V3WURWUVFLREF4S2FXNW5TbWx1WjBOdmNuQXhGekFWQmdOVkJBTU1\
   a3BwYm1kS2FXNW5WR1Z6ZEVOQk1DQVhEVEU0TVRJeE1qQXpNamcxTVZvWUR\
   azVPVGt4TWpNeE1qTTFPVFU1V2pCU01Rc3dDUVlEVlFRR0V3SkJVVEVWTUJ\
   R0ExVUVDZ3dNU21sdVowcHBibWREYjNKd01STXdFUVlEVlFRRkV3b3dNVEl\
   TkRVMk56ZzVNUmN3RlFZRFZRUUREQTVLYVc1blNtbHVaMFJsZG1salpUQlp\
   Qk1HQnlxR1NNNDlBZ0VHQ0NxR1NNNDlBd0VIQTBJQUJNVkdHOFo1cGpmNWp\
   bnlyVXJYeVoxa1BncUJlM05YdTFkVEFEZStyL3Y2SnpJSGwzNTVJZ2NIQzN\
   eHBpYnFKTS9iV1JhRXlqcWNDSmo0akprb3dDdWpWVEJUTUN3R0NTc0dBUVF\
   Z3U1U0FnUWZEQjF0WVhOaExYUmxjM1F1YzJsbGJXVnVjeTFpZEM1dVpYUTZ\
   VFEwTXpBVEJnTlZIU1VFRERBS0JnZ3JCZ0VGQlFjREFqQU9CZ05WSFE4QkF\
   OEVCQU1DQjRBd0NnWUlLb1pJemowRUF3SURTQUF3UlFJZ1d0UHpJSVhZMml\
   UlhKdEV4S0VoaFpkYTRYK0VwbFpvbUVJMnpBMGRzam9DSVFDM0pwUW1SWE1\
   bi9wNEJ1OWl6aWk5MmVjbFR4NC9PNHJsbTdNeUxxa2hkQT09Il19.eyJpZX\
   mLXZvdWNoZXItcmVxdWVzdDp2b3VjaGVyIjogeyJjcmVhdGVkLW9uIjogIj\
   wMjAtMTAtMjJUMDI6Mzc6MzkuMDAwWiIsICJub25jZSI6ICJlRHMrKy9GdU\
   IR1VuUnhOM0UxNENRPT0iLCAic2VyaWFsLW51bWJlciI6ICIwMTIzNDU2Nz\
   5In19.Vj9pyo43KDEq0e5tokwHpNhVM0uUkLCatwNQxfsCKH8GRQ2iTT2fq\
   39k40M-7S-vheDHHuBHFSWb502EPwkdA
   <CODE ENDS>

   It contains the following three parts:

   Header:



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   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_request_01-header.b64"
   {
     "alg": "ES256",
     "x5c": [
       "MIIB2jCCAYCgAwIBAgIGAWegdcSLMAoGCCqGSM49BAMCMD0xCzAJBg\
   VBAYTAkFRMRUwEwYDVQQKDAxKaW5nSmluZ0NvcnAxFzAVBgNVBAMMDkppbm\
   KaW5nVGVzdENBMCAXDTE4MTIxMjAzMjg1MVoYDzk5OTkxMjMxMjM1OTU5Wj\
   SMQswCQYDVQQGEwJBUTEVMBMGA1UECgwMSmluZ0ppbmdDb3JwMRMwEQYDVQ\
   FEwowMTIzNDU2Nzg5MRcwFQYDVQQDDA5KaW5nSmluZ0RldmljZTBZMBMGBy\
   GSM49AgEGCCqGSM49AwEHA0IABMVGG8Z5pjf5jXnyrUrXyZ1kPgqBe3NXu1\
   TADe+r/v6JzIHl355IgcHC3axpibqJM/bWRaEyjqcCJj4jJkowCujVTBTMC\
   GCSsGAQQBgu5SAgQfDB1tYXNhLXRlc3Quc2llbWVucy1idC5uZXQ6OTQ0Mz\
   TBgNVHSUEDDAKBggrBgEFBQcDAjAOBgNVHQ8BAf8EBAMCB4AwCgYIKoZIzj\
   EAwIDSAAwRQIgWtPzIIXY2ixRXJtExKEhhZda4X+EplZomEI2zA0dsjoCIQ\
   3JpQmRXMGn/p4Bu9izii92eclTx4/O4rlm7MyLqkhdA=="
     ]
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

   Payload:

   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_request_01-payload.b64"
   {
     "ietf-voucher-request:voucher": {
       "created-on": "2020-10-22T02:37:39.000Z",
       "nonce": "eDs++/FuDHGUnRxN3E14CQ==",
       "serial-number": "0123456789"
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

   Signature:

   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_request_01-signature.b64"
   Vj9pyo43KDEq0e5tokwHpNhVM0uUkLCatwNQxfsCKH8GRQ2iTT2fqD39k40\
   -7S-vheDHHuBHFSWb502EPwkdA
   <CODE ENDS>

A.2.  Example Parboiled Voucher Request (from Registrar to MASA)

   The term parboiled refers to food which is partially cooked.  In
   [BRSKI], the term refers to a voucher-request which has been received
   by the Registrar, and then has been processed by the Registrar
   ("cooked"), and is now being forwarded to the MASA.







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   The following is an example request sent from the Registrar to the
   MASA.  This example is from the Siemens reference Registrar system.
   Note that the previous voucher request can be seen in the payload as
   "prior-signed-voucher-request".

   <CODE BEGINS> file "parboiled_voucher_request_01.b64"
   eyJhbGciOiJFUzI1NiIsIng1YyI6WyJNSUlCb3pDQ0FVcWdBd0lCQWdJR0F\
   MGVMdUlGTUFvR0NDcUdTTTQ5QkFNQ01EVXhFekFSQmdOVkJBb01DazE1UW5\
   emFXNWxjM014RFRBTEJnTlZCQWNNQkZOcGRHVXhEekFOQmdOVkJBTU1CbFJ\
   YzNSRFFUQWVGdzB4T1RBNU1URXdNak0zTXpKYUZ3MHlPVEE1TVRFd01qTTN\
   ekphTUZReEV6QVJCZ05WQkFvTUNrMTVRblZ6YVc1bGMzTXhEVEFMQmdOVkJ\
   Y01CRk5wZEdVeExqQXNCZ05WQkFNTUpWSmxaMmx6ZEhKaGNpQldiM1ZqYUd\
   eUlGSmxjWFZsYzNRZ1UybG5ibWx1WnlCTFpYa3dXVEFUQmdjcWhrak9QUUl\
   QmdncWhrak9QUU1CQndOQ0FBVDZ4VnZBdnFUejFaVWl1TldoWHBRc2thUHk\
   QUhIUUx3WGlKMGlFTHQ2dU5QYW5BTjBRbldNWU8vMENERWpJa0JRb2J3OFl\
   cWp0eEpIVlNHVGo5S09veWN3SlRBVEJnTlZIU1VFRERBS0JnZ3JCZ0VGQlF\
   REhEQU9CZ05WSFE4QkFmOEVCQU1DQjRBd0NnWUlLb1pJemowRUF3SURSd0F\
   UkFJZ1lyMkxmcW9hQ0tERjRSQWNNbUppK05DWnFkU2l1VnVnSVNBN09oS1J\
   M1lDSUR4blBNTW5wWEFNVHJQSnVQV3ljZUVSMTFQeEhPbiswQ3BTSGkycWd\
   V1giLCJNSUlCcERDQ0FVbWdBd0lCQWdJR0FXMGVMdUgrTUFvR0NDcUdTTTQ\
   QkFNQ01EVXhFekFSQmdOVkJBb01DazE1UW5WemFXNWxjM014RFRBTEJnTlZ\
   QWNNQkZOcGRHVXhEekFOQmdOVkJBTU1CbFJsYzNSRFFUQWVGdzB4T1RBNU1\
   RXdNak0zTXpKYUZ3MHlPVEE1TVRFd01qTTNNekphTURVeEV6QVJCZ05WQkF\
   TUNrMTVRblZ6YVc1bGMzTXhEVEFMQmdOVkJBY01CRk5wZEdVeER6QU5CZ05\
   QkFNTUJsUmxjM1JEUVRCWk1CTUdCeXFHU000OUFnRUdDQ3FHU000OUF3RUh\
   MElBQk9rdmtUSHU4UWxUM0ZISjFVYUk3K1dzSE9iMFVTM1NBTHRHNXd1S1F\
   amlleDA2L1NjWTVQSmlidmdIVEIrRi9RVGpnZWxIR3kxWUtwd2NOTWNzU3l\
   alJUQkRNQklHQTFVZEV3RUIvd1FJTUFZQkFmOENBUUV3RGdZRFZSMFBBUUg\
   QkFRREFnSUVNQjBHQTFVZERnUVdCQlRvWklNelFkc0Qvai8rZ1gvN2NCSnV\
   SC9YbWpBS0JnZ3Foa2pPUFFRREFnTkpBREJHQWlFQXR4UTMrSUxHQlBJdFN\
   NGI5V1hoWE51aHFTUDZIK2IvTEMvZlZZRGpRNm9DSVFERzJ1UkNIbFZxM3l\
   QjU4VFhNVWJ6SDgrT2xoV1V2T2xSRDNWRXFEZGNRdz09Il19.eyJpZXRmLX\
   vdWNoZXItcmVxdWVzdDp2b3VjaGVyIjp7InNlcmlhbC1udW1iZXIiOiIwMT\
   zNDU2Nzg5Iiwibm9uY2UiOiJlRHMrKy9GdURIR1VuUnhOM0UxNENRPT0iLC\
   wcmlvci1zaWduZWQtdm91Y2hlci1yZXF1ZXN0IjoiZXlKaGJHY2lPaUFpUl\
   NeU5UWWlMQ0FpZURWaklqb2dXeUpOU1VsQ01tcERRMEZaUTJkQmQwbENRV2\
   KUjBGWFpXZGtZMU5NVFVGdlIwTkRjVWRUVFRRNVFrRk5RMDFFTUhoRGVrRk\
   RbWRPVmtKQldWUkJhMFpTVFZKVmQwVjNXVVJXVVZGTFJFRjRTMkZYTlc1VG\
   XeDFXakJPZG1OdVFYaEdla0ZXUW1kT1ZrSkJUVTFFYTNCd1ltMWtTMkZYTl\
   1V1IxWjZaRVZPUWsxRFFWaEVWRVUwVFZSSmVFMXFRWHBOYW1jeFRWWnZXVV\
   2YXpWUFZHdDRUV3BOZUUxcVRURlBWRlUxVjJwQ1UwMVJjM2REVVZsRVZsRl\
   SMFYzU2tKVlZFVldUVUpOUjBFeFZVVkRaM2ROVTIxc2RWb3djSEJpYldSRV\
   qTktkMDFTVFhkRlVWbEVWbEZSUmtWM2IzZE5WRWw2VGtSVk1rNTZaelZOVW\
   OM1JsRlpSRlpSVVVSRVFUVkxZVmMxYmxOdGJIVmFNRkpzWkcxc2FscFVRbH\
   OUWsxSFFubHhSMU5OTkRsQlowVkhRME54UjFOTk5EbEJkMFZJUVRCSlFVSk\
   Wa2RIT0ZvMWNHcG1OV3BZYm5seVZYSlllVm94YTFCbmNVSmxNMDVZZFRGa1\
   FRkVaU3R5TDNZMlNucEpTR3d6TlRWSloyTklRek5oZUhCcFluRktUUzlpVj\
   KaFJYbHFjV05EU21vMGFrcHJiM2REZFdwV1ZFSlVUVU4zUjBOVGMwZEJVVk\



Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 10]


Internet-Draft                 JWS-voucher                     July 2021


   DWjNVMVUwRm5VV1pFUWpGMFdWaE9hRXhZVW14ak0xRjFZekpzYkdKWFZuVm\
   lVEZwWkVNMWRWcFlVVFpQVkZFd1RYcEJWRUpuVGxaSVUxVkZSRVJCUzBKbl\
   zSkNaMFZHUWxGalJFRnFRVTlDWjA1V1NGRTRRa0ZtT0VWQ1FVMURRalJCZD\
   ObldVbExiMXBKZW1vd1JVRjNTVVJUUVVGM1VsRkpaMWQwVUhwSlNWaFpNbW\
   0VWxoS2RFVjRTMFZvYUZwa1lUUllLMFZ3YkZwdmJVVkpNbnBCTUdSemFtOU\
   TVkZETTBwd1VXMVNXRTFIYmk5d05FSjFPV2w2YVdrNU1tVmpiRlI0TkM5UE\
   ISnNiVGROZVV4eGEyaGtRVDA5SWwxOS5leUpwWlhSbUxYWnZkV05vWlhJdG\
   tVnhkV1Z6ZERwMmIzVmphR1Z5SWpvZ2V5SmpjbVZoZEdWa0xXOXVJam9nSW\
   Jd01qQXRNVEF0TWpKVU1ESTZNemM2TXprdU1EQXdXaUlzSUNKdWIyNWpaU0\
   2SUNKbFJITXJLeTlHZFVSSVIxVnVVbmhPTTBVeE5FTlJQVDBpTENBaWMyVn\
   hV0ZzTFc1MWJXSmxjaUk2SUNJd01USXpORFUyTnpnNUluMTkuVmo5cHlvND\
   LREVxMGU1dG9rd0hwTmhWTTB1VWtMQ2F0d05ReGZzQ0tIOEdSUTJpVFQyZn\
   EMzlrNDBNLTdTLXZoZURISHVCSEZTV2I1MDJFUHdrZEEiLCJjcmVhdGVkLW\
   uIjoiMjAyMC0xMC0yMlQwMjozNzozOS4yMzVaIn19.S3BRYIKHbsqwQEZsB\
   J1COIVAxO2NPEc5oo_BnXK_JkQfStTIeHFCALdv5MzYdTu9myJO1muaSFEI\
   _NFMSFjA
   <CODE ENDS>

   It contains the following three parts:

   Header:






























Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 11]


Internet-Draft                 JWS-voucher                     July 2021


   <CODE BEGINS> file "parboiled_voucher_request_01-header.b64"
   {
     "alg": "ES256",
     "x5c": [
       "MIIBozCCAUqgAwIBAgIGAW0eLuIFMAoGCCqGSM49BAMCMDUxEzARBg\
   VBAoMCk15QnVzaW5lc3MxDTALBgNVBAcMBFNpdGUxDzANBgNVBAMMBlRlc3\
   DQTAeFw0xOTA5MTEwMjM3MzJaFw0yOTA5MTEwMjM3MzJaMFQxEzARBgNVBA\
   MCk15QnVzaW5lc3MxDTALBgNVBAcMBFNpdGUxLjAsBgNVBAMMJVJlZ2lzdH\
   hciBWb3VjaGVyIFJlcXVlc3QgU2lnbmluZyBLZXkwWTATBgcqhkjOPQIBBg\
   qhkjOPQMBBwNCAAT6xVvAvqTz1ZUiuNWhXpQskaPy7AHHQLwXiJ0iELt6uN\
   anAN0QnWMYO/0CDEjIkBQobw8YKqjtxJHVSGTj9KOoycwJTATBgNVHSUEDD\
   KBggrBgEFBQcDHDAOBgNVHQ8BAf8EBAMCB4AwCgYIKoZIzj0EAwIDRwAwRA\
   gYr2LfqoaCKDF4RAcMmJi+NCZqdSiuVugISA7OhKRq3YCIDxnPMMnpXAMTr\
   JuPWyceER11PxHOn+0CpSHi2qgpWX",
       "MIIBpDCCAUmgAwIBAgIGAW0eLuH+MAoGCCqGSM49BAMCMDUxEzARBg\
   VBAoMCk15QnVzaW5lc3MxDTALBgNVBAcMBFNpdGUxDzANBgNVBAMMBlRlc3\
   DQTAeFw0xOTA5MTEwMjM3MzJaFw0yOTA5MTEwMjM3MzJaMDUxEzARBgNVBA\
   MCk15QnVzaW5lc3MxDTALBgNVBAcMBFNpdGUxDzANBgNVBAMMBlRlc3RDQT\
   ZMBMGByqGSM49AgEGCCqGSM49AwEHA0IABOkvkTHu8QlT3FHJ1UaI7+WsHO\
   0US3SALtG5wuKQDjiex06/ScY5PJibvgHTB+F/QTjgelHGy1YKpwcNMcsSy\
   jRTBDMBIGA1UdEwEB/wQIMAYBAf8CAQEwDgYDVR0PAQH/BAQDAgIEMB0GA1\
   dDgQWBBToZIMzQdsD/j/+gX/7cBJucH/XmjAKBggqhkjOPQQDAgNJADBGAi\
   AtxQ3+ILGBPItSh4b9WXhXNuhqSP6H+b/LC/fVYDjQ6oCIQDG2uRCHlVq3y\
   B58TXMUbzH8+OlhWUvOlRD3VEqDdcQw=="
     ]
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

   Payload:






















Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 12]


Internet-Draft                 JWS-voucher                     July 2021


   <CODE BEGINS> file "parboiled_voucher_request_01-payload.b64"
   {
     "ietf-voucher-request:voucher": {
       "serial-number": "0123456789",
       "nonce": "eDs++/FuDHGUnRxN3E14CQ==",
       "prior-signed-voucher-request": "eyJhbGciOiAiRVMyNTYiLC\
   ieDVjIjogWyJNSUlCMmpDQ0FZQ2dBd0lCQWdJR0FXZWdkY1NMTUFvR0NDcU\
   TTTQ5QkFNQ01EMHhDekFKQmdOVkJBWVRBa0ZSTVJVd0V3WURWUVFLREF4S2\
   XNW5TbWx1WjBOdmNuQXhGekFWQmdOVkJBTU1Ea3BwYm1kS2FXNW5WR1Z6ZE\
   OQk1DQVhEVEU0TVRJeE1qQXpNamcxTVZvWUR6azVPVGt4TWpNeE1qTTFPVF\
   1V2pCU01Rc3dDUVlEVlFRR0V3SkJVVEVWTUJNR0ExVUVDZ3dNU21sdVowcH\
   ibWREYjNKd01STXdFUVlEVlFRRkV3b3dNVEl6TkRVMk56ZzVNUmN3RlFZRF\
   RUUREQTVLYVc1blNtbHVaMFJsZG1salpUQlpNQk1HQnlxR1NNNDlBZ0VHQ0\
   xR1NNNDlBd0VIQTBJQUJNVkdHOFo1cGpmNWpYbnlyVXJYeVoxa1BncUJlM0\
   YdTFkVEFEZStyL3Y2SnpJSGwzNTVJZ2NIQzNheHBpYnFKTS9iV1JhRXlqcW\
   DSmo0akprb3dDdWpWVEJUTUN3R0NTc0dBUVFCZ3U1U0FnUWZEQjF0WVhOaE\
   YUmxjM1F1YzJsbGJXVnVjeTFpZEM1dVpYUTZPVFEwTXpBVEJnTlZIU1VFRE\
   BS0JnZ3JCZ0VGQlFjREFqQU9CZ05WSFE4QkFmOEVCQU1DQjRBd0NnWUlLb1\
   JemowRUF3SURTQUF3UlFJZ1d0UHpJSVhZMml4UlhKdEV4S0VoaFpkYTRYK0\
   wbFpvbUVJMnpBMGRzam9DSVFDM0pwUW1SWE1Hbi9wNEJ1OWl6aWk5MmVjbF\
   4NC9PNHJsbTdNeUxxa2hkQT09Il19.eyJpZXRmLXZvdWNoZXItcmVxdWVzd\
   p2b3VjaGVyIjogeyJjcmVhdGVkLW9uIjogIjIwMjAtMTAtMjJUMDI6Mzc6M\
   kuMDAwWiIsICJub25jZSI6ICJlRHMrKy9GdURIR1VuUnhOM0UxNENRPT0iL\
   Aic2VyaWFsLW51bWJlciI6ICIwMTIzNDU2Nzg5In19.Vj9pyo43KDEq0e5t\
   kwHpNhVM0uUkLCatwNQxfsCKH8GRQ2iTT2fqD39k40M-7S-vheDHHuBHFSW\
   502EPwkdA",
       "created-on": "2020-10-22T02:37:39.235Z"
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

   Signature:

   <CODE BEGINS> file "parboiled_voucher_request_01-signature.b64"
   S3BRYIKHbsqwQEZsBgJ1COIVAxO2NPEc5oo_BnXK_JkQfStTIeHFCALdv5M\
   YdTu9myJO1muaSFEIu_NFMSFjA
   <CODE ENDS>

A.3.  Example Voucher Result (from MASA to Pledge, via Registrar)

   The following is an example voucher sent from the Registrar to the
   MASA.  This example is from the Siemens reference MASA system.









Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 13]


Internet-Draft                 JWS-voucher                     July 2021


   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_01.b64"
   eyJhbGciOiJFUzI1NiIsIng1YyI6WyJNSUlCa3pDQ0FUaWdBd0lCQWdJR0F\
   RkJqQ2tZTUFvR0NDcUdTTTQ5QkFNQ01EMHhDekFKQmdOVkJBWVRBa0ZSTVJ\
   d0V3WURWUVFLREF4S2FXNW5TbWx1WjBOdmNuQXhGekFWQmdOVkJBTU1Ea3B\
   Ym1kS2FXNW5WR1Z6ZEVOQk1CNFhEVEU0TURFeU9URXdOVEkwTUZvWERUSTR\
   REV5T1RFd05USTBNRm93VHpFTE1Ba0dBMVVFQmhNQ1FWRXhGVEFUQmdOVkJ\
   b01ERXBwYm1kS2FXNW5RMjl5Y0RFcE1DY0dBMVVFQXd3Z1NtbHVaMHBwYm1\
   RGIzSndJRlp2ZFdOb1pYSWdVMmxuYm1sdVp5QkxaWGt3V1RBVEJnY3Foa2p\
   UFFJQkJnZ3Foa2pPUFFNQkJ3TkNBQVNDNmJlTEFtZXExVnc2aVFyUnM4UjB\
   Vys0YjFHV3lkbVdzMkdBTUZXd2JpdGYybklYSDNPcUhLVnU4czJSdmlCR05\
   dk9LR0JISHRCZGlGRVpadmI3b3hJd0VEQU9CZ05WSFE4QkFmOEVCQU1DQjR\
   d0NnWUlLb1pJemowRUF3SURTUUF3UmdJaEFJNFBZYnh0c3NIUDJWSHgvdHp\
   b1EvU3N5ZEwzMERRSU5FdGNOOW1DVFhQQWlFQXZJYjNvK0ZPM0JUbmNMRnN\
   SlpSQWtkN3pPdXNuLy9aS09hRUtic1ZEaVU9Il19.eyJpZXRmLXZvdWNoZX\
   6dm91Y2hlciI6eyJhc3NlcnRpb24iOiJsb2dnZWQiLCJzZXJpYWwtbnVtYm\
   yIjoiMDEyMzQ1Njc4OSIsIm5vbmNlIjoiZURzKysvRnVESEdVblJ4TjNFMT\
   DUT09IiwiY3JlYXRlZC1vbiI6IjIwMjAtMTAtMjJUMDI6Mzc6MzkuOTIxWi\
   sInBpbm5lZC1kb21haW4tY2VydCI6Ik1JSUJwRENDQVVtZ0F3SUJBZ0lHQV\
   wZUx1SCtNQW9HQ0NxR1NNNDlCQU1DTURVeEV6QVJCZ05WQkFvTUNrMTVRbl\
   6YVc1bGMzTXhEVEFMQmdOVkJBY01CRk5wZEdVeER6QU5CZ05WQkFNTUJsUm\
   jM1JEUVRBZUZ3MHhPVEE1TVRFd01qTTNNekphRncweU9UQTVNVEV3TWpNM0\
   6SmFNRFV4RXpBUkJnTlZCQW9NQ2sxNVFuVnphVzVsYzNNeERUQUxCZ05WQk\
   jTUJGTnBkR1V4RHpBTkJnTlZCQU1NQmxSbGMzUkRRVEJaTUJNR0J5cUdTTT\
   5QWdFR0NDcUdTTTQ5QXdFSEEwSUFCT2t2a1RIdThRbFQzRkhKMVVhSTcrV3\
   IT2IwVVMzU0FMdEc1d3VLUURqaWV4MDYvU2NZNVBKaWJ2Z0hUQitGL1FUam\
   lbEhHeTFZS3B3Y05NY3NTeWFqUlRCRE1CSUdBMVVkRXdFQi93UUlNQVlCQW\
   4Q0FRRXdEZ1lEVlIwUEFRSC9CQVFEQWdJRU1CMEdBMVVkRGdRV0JCVG9aSU\
   6UWRzRC9qLytnWC83Y0JKdWNIL1htakFLQmdncWhrak9QUVFEQWdOSkFEQk\
   BaUVBdHhRMytJTEdCUEl0U2g0YjlXWGhYTnVocVNQNkgrYi9MQy9mVllEal\
   2b0NJUURHMnVSQ0hsVnEzeWhCNThUWE1VYnpIOCtPbGhXVXZPbFJEM1ZFcU\
   kY1F3PT0ifX0.u1iO_VB6xIhE8QuhKDGgCxkzsnR20IoL0p6qYKpYBDtgkR\
   2ykDO_QFjk7W8P5ATW-CQnWlJ3ILSeiwMf9nI0g
   <CODE ENDS>

   It contains the following three parts:

   Header:














Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 14]


Internet-Draft                 JWS-voucher                     July 2021


   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_01-header.b64"
   {
     "alg": "ES256",
     "x5c": [
       "MIIBkzCCATigAwIBAgIGAWFBjCkYMAoGCCqGSM49BAMCMD0xCzAJBg\
   VBAYTAkFRMRUwEwYDVQQKDAxKaW5nSmluZ0NvcnAxFzAVBgNVBAMMDkppbm\
   KaW5nVGVzdENBMB4XDTE4MDEyOTEwNTI0MFoXDTI4MDEyOTEwNTI0MFowTz\
   LMAkGA1UEBhMCQVExFTATBgNVBAoMDEppbmdKaW5nQ29ycDEpMCcGA1UEAw\
   gSmluZ0ppbmdDb3JwIFZvdWNoZXIgU2lnbmluZyBLZXkwWTATBgcqhkjOPQ\
   BBggqhkjOPQMBBwNCAASC6beLAmeq1Vw6iQrRs8R0ZW+4b1GWydmWs2GAMF\
   wbitf2nIXH3OqHKVu8s2RviBGNivOKGBHHtBdiFEZZvb7oxIwEDAOBgNVHQ\
   BAf8EBAMCB4AwCgYIKoZIzj0EAwIDSQAwRgIhAI4PYbxtssHP2VHx/tzUoQ\
   SsydL30DQINEtcN9mCTXPAiEAvIb3o+FO3BTncLFsaJZRAkd7zOusn//ZKO\
   EKbsVDiU="
     ]
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

   Payload:

   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_01-payload.b64"
   {
     "ietf-voucher:voucher": {
       "assertion": "logged",
       "serial-number": "0123456789",
       "nonce": "eDs++/FuDHGUnRxN3E14CQ==",
       "created-on": "2020-10-22T02:37:39.921Z",
       "pinned-domain-cert": "MIIBpDCCAUmgAwIBAgIGAW0eLuH+MAoG\
   CqGSM49BAMCMDUxEzARBgNVBAoMCk15QnVzaW5lc3MxDTALBgNVBAcMBFNp\
   GUxDzANBgNVBAMMBlRlc3RDQTAeFw0xOTA5MTEwMjM3MzJaFw0yOTA5MTEw\
   jM3MzJaMDUxEzARBgNVBAoMCk15QnVzaW5lc3MxDTALBgNVBAcMBFNpdGUx\
   zANBgNVBAMMBlRlc3RDQTBZMBMGByqGSM49AgEGCCqGSM49AwEHA0IABOkv\
   THu8QlT3FHJ1UaI7+WsHOb0US3SALtG5wuKQDjiex06/ScY5PJibvgHTB+F\
   QTjgelHGy1YKpwcNMcsSyajRTBDMBIGA1UdEwEB/wQIMAYBAf8CAQEwDgYD\
   R0PAQH/BAQDAgIEMB0GA1UdDgQWBBToZIMzQdsD/j/+gX/7cBJucH/XmjAK\
   ggqhkjOPQQDAgNJADBGAiEAtxQ3+ILGBPItSh4b9WXhXNuhqSP6H+b/LC/f\
   YDjQ6oCIQDG2uRCHlVq3yhB58TXMUbzH8+OlhWUvOlRD3VEqDdcQw=="
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>

   Signature:

   <CODE BEGINS> file "voucher_01-signature.b64"
   u1iO_VB6xIhE8QuhKDGgCxkzsnR20IoL0p6qYKpYBDtgkRT2ykDO_QFjk7W\
   P5ATW-CQnWlJ3ILSeiwMf9nI0g
   <CODE ENDS>




Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 15]


Internet-Draft                 JWS-voucher                     July 2021


Authors' Addresses

   Michael Richardson
   Sandelman Software Works

   Email: mcr+ietf@sandelman.ca


   Thomas Werner
   Siemens

   Email: thomas-werner@siemens.com







































Richardson & Werner      Expires 26 January 2022               [Page 16]